« EdellinenJatka »
Weft, J. R. Louth, coach maker. (Phillips, Lou tir and Edmunds, L.
White,J. Tarporley, Chester, innkeeper. (Kelsal, Chester,and Milne and Co. L.
Wildash, T. R. Aylesford, Kent, farmer. (Lowe and Co. L.
Wilkes, T. Liverpool, bell hanger. (Kavenhill and Co. L.
Williams, R. Llangefni, Anglesea, draper. (Jackson, Manchester, and Adlington, L.
Cannon-street and Leeds. Cater, S. and Co. Watling-street, Clay, R. Stamford. Cole, D. Wolverhampton. Collins. R. Maidstone. Cowl, W. Weston Colville. Cox, D. High-street, Southwark. CrOwe, E. Wyinondhain. Day, R. H. Tovill Devey, W. and Co. Albion Coal
Wharf, Christ Church, Surrey. Dowley, T. and J. Bankside,
Surrey. Dubois,J. F. and J. Alderman's
Walk. Dunn, W. Hoxton. Edwards, J. Vine-street, Spital
tield*. Farmer, N. East-lane, Bermond
sey. F.iningfon, J. Liverpool. Fisher, J. Milby, York. Forster, J. R. Old Broad-street. Foulartoy, J. Upper Bedford
Place, Bloomnbury. Fox, R. jun. Norwich.
Frank, R. sen. Newark-it ponTrent.
Friend, H. Southwark.
Fuller, H. Befhnall Green-road.
Fuller, J. , Neat Houses, St. George's, Hanover Square.
Garbult, T. Manchester.
Gerard. J. G. Basinghall-sfrcet.
Gibbons, T. jun. Wells, Norfolk.
Guns ton, T. J. Liverpool.
Hancock, J. Limeliouse Hole.
Harris, T. Worcester.
Hart, J. Lewisham.
Hoffman, J. Mile Knd Road.
Holt, R. I,v iiim, Chester.
Hobbs, J. Tilehfield.
Hubbard, T. jun. Coventry.
Hudson, B. Old City Chambers.
Humphreys, S. Charlotte-street, Portland Place.
Jackson, C. Cleator, Cumberland.
Jackson, S. Romsey, Hants.
Johnson, T. jun. Wakefield.
Johnson, J. Leamington, Warwick.
Johnson, J. LlnndafT.
Keating, A. Strand.
Cornhill. Lyon, J. Marsham-street. Lyon, J. Milbank-street. Marsh,C. Wolverhampton. Martin, P. Little Harrowden,
Northamptonshire. Maggie, J. Derby. Millard, J. Cheapside. Molyneux, M. Birmingham. Moore, J. and Co. Bishop Monck
ton, and Tennant, J. Leeds. Motley, T. Strand. Mulligan, T, Bath. Nichols, S. and M. New Wood«
stock, Oxford. NowcII,J. Cheapside. Payne, T. late of Banbury.
Parkes, B. A Merman bury.
Percivaf, G. G. Walcot, Somerset.
Philpots, R. Banbury, Oxon.
Pitt, J. Cirencester.
Powell, T. and Brown, WLiverpool.
Powles, M. Ross.
Rice, J. New Shoreham.
Richardson, A. York-street,
Riding, F. Birmingham.
Robinson, T. H. Manchester.
Rogers, J. and C. Plymouth.
Rootsey, G. Tooley-street.
Royde, G. Newgate-street.
Rucker, S. Old South Sea House, Broad-street.
Savery, F. Bristol.
Saunders, J. Duke-street, St. Jaines's.
Schlesinger. M. R. Church-court Lombard-street.
Shakespeare, G- Pall Mall.
Shirley, J. and B. Worship-st.
Snuggs, J. W. Lime-street.
Street, J. F. Budge Row.
Taylor, R. Commercial Place, Commercial Road.
Tennant, J .'Leeds, and Foster, J. ftishop Monckton.
Thomas, H. Hull.
Thompson. T. Lancaster.
Townsend,J. Ludgate Hill.
Treharne, E. Llandarrog, Carmarthen.
Tuesly, W. H. High-street, Southwark.
Tyrell, J. Maidstone.
Walker, W. Ramsgate. ,
Ward,J. Milton Abbot, Devon.
WeMer, J. and Co. Tower-st.
Whitechutch, J. Worship-st.
Williams, T. S. and Co. Cheltenham.
Wilson, J. Macclesfield.
POLITICAL AFFAIRS IN AUGUST:
SINCE our last publication the death of the Queen has filled the nation with grief and consternation. In a formal notice of her life, we have detailed the circumstances of her death and funeral. Both events will be remembered by this generation, and the latter will astonish posterity. In the Wean time (he King was proceeding on an excursion to Dublin, where, as the
first visit of his family, he has been received with every mark of public attention ; and with an enthusiasm bordering on idolatry by (he Orange party, who have so long profited by the system of Irish administration, and by the heads of the Catholic party, who calculate on obtaining relief through his favour. This visit is in truth considered as a healing measure) and wc hope it will prove such.
The murders committed by the soldiery at Cumberland Gate, have chiefly absorbed the attention of the nation. The resort on such an occasion to the swurd and fire-arms instead of the constable's staff; and even the attempt to foree the procession by violence in a course so contrary to public wishes, have filled the nation with mingled indignation and horror. Of course, Coroner's inquests were quickly assembled on the bodies of the deceased, and the proceedings before them have filled the newspapers and occupied public curiosity down to the time of our writing.
On the 24th one of the inquests returned a verdict of Wilful Murder against one of the soldiers of the Life Guards, but the assassin has neither avowed himself, been given up, or identified. The poor man it appears, was standing quietly with only two or three others near Tyburn Gate, and was deliberately aimed at by some wretch. who escapes for the present under the disguise of the uniform of his regiment.
The other inquest being able to identify the beardless Youth who held so delicate a command, and who ought not from his tender age to have been entrusted with the use of murderous weapons, have had a more anxious and onerous duty to perform. Their proceedings have been highly interesting, and no jury ever more patiently or honestly devoted their time to a similartinvestigation. When this article was written, seven days had been employed, and though baffled and insulted, the jury seem determined to persevere till they have satisfactorily identified the culprit. The relations of the victim authorised Alderman Waithman, the patriotic Sheriff, to conduct the enquiry in their behalf, and he has acquitted himself with his usual spirit, united with great ability and discretion.
The homicides in this case are not of simple character, hut seem to implicate authorities perhaps beyond the reach of law. The following questions on the subject present themselves:
1st Quest. Who had the right to direct the march of the procession at the late Queen's funeral?
Dr. Lushington and Mr. Wilde were her late Majesty's executors, so constituted by virtue of a power given to all Queens of England by a statute passed in the year ISOO ; and this statute gave to the executors a presumptive right to conduct the funeral.
Mr. Bailey, an undertaker, took the management of the funeral out of the hands of the executors, and directed the march of the procession in opposition to the protest of those executors. Mr. Bailey was asked by the executors, by what authority he assumed to take the management of the proceedings but of their hands ?—in reply he produced a writing.
Dr. Lushington, the executor, remarked that that writing had no signature: to which Mr. Bailey replied, he was aware of that, but that lie knew from whom the order proceeded.
If the character of executors vested in Dr. Lushington and Mr. Wilde the presumptive right of conducting the funeral, this presumptive right could not be taken from them by Mr. Bailey, without the production of a writing with a name affixed to it. On the view of that name, the executors might decide, whether they ought to yield to the demand; and if they thought that die demand had no just foundation, they would have known the person against whom they might claim redress for the Unlawful interposition.
When Mr. Bailey asked if the executors would resist by force, they answered that they would neither themselves employ force or recommend it to' others; they contented themselves with protesting against Mr. Bailey's taking possession of her Majesty's remains, and directing the march of the proces sion differently from their wishes; for tliey desired that the procession might proceed by the shortest and most direct way, through the city; that the citizens of the metropolis might have the opportunity of paying that respect to the remains of her Majesty which had beefh voted by the corporation.
Here a second question arises; were the people guilty of an illegal act by an attempt to effectuate the wishes of the e.tecutors? Those executors had the presumptive right to conduct the funeral, and the people were not guilty of an illegal act by aiding to effect the wishes of those executors, until Mr. Bailey had notified to them and to the people that he had been furnislied with an authority which superseded the right' of the executors, Mr. Bailey declined to notify either to the executors or W the people the name of that person from whom he received such an authority; how could the people be guilty of an illegal act by assisting to suppor.t the claim of the executors, when it was not
notified notified to them that Mr. Bailey had an authority which superseded the executors right?
If the people were not guilty of an illegal act. there could be no riot, and even if there was a riot, it does not follow that the military, acting as part of the posse comitates, had a right to employ carbines, pistols, and swords against the people, by which two men have been killed.
In respect to homicide, the law is as follows. He who gives the deathwound is principal in the first degree. He who is present when that deathwound is given, aiding and abetting, is principal in the second degree. He who advised and ordered those measures which lead to an homicide, is accessory before the fact, and he who has imposed impediments to the bringing him to justice who is guilty of an homicide, is accessory after the fact.
By the evidence of Sir Robt. Baker, the presiding magistrate, it appears that he was conducting the funeral down Piccadilly, and declared he would take the responsibility on himself, when an officer and party of Life Guards suddenly turned the heaise back into Hyde Park, leaving Sir Robert and the mourners to pursue it by cross streets —that Bo riot act was read—and no civil authority present to direct the soldiery, who entered into an affray on their own palpable responsibility.
On the 26th the public funerals of the unfortunate men took place with great decency and decorum. Their remains were conveyed to Hammersmith, where they were interred. The Society of Provident Brothers, and others, attended in procession, with mourning banners, and a band of music occasionally playing "The Dead March in Saul." Those who went in procession walked four abreast, and bad a very orderly appearance: the multitude that assembled through curiosity was immense. Previous to its reaching the barracks at Knightsbridge, which were shut, Sheriff Waithman, who was on horseback, accompanied by the Deputy Sheriff and the High Constable of the Division, assisted by two or three hundred constables in the neighbourhood, rode among the crowd, and recommended to them to observe silence and act with proper and necessary decorum. As the funeral passed the barracks, a brick-bat was thrown from a window among the_ crowd, which severely wounded a child, and
two or three soldiers appearing at tlie windows, some partial disapprobation was heard amongst the people. The funeral then passed on to Hammersmith, where it was joined by crowds, and the deceased were interred amidst the pity of 150,000 persons. After the procession had passed, the Sheriff rode towards Kensington, but on his return found the gates of the barracks thrown open, and a number of the Life Guards standing in the gate-way. Their presence, as might be feared, created irritation among the people, and an affray being on the point of taking place, the Sheriff rode into the gateway, exhorted the people to keep the peace, and declared that he would cause the first disturber to be taken into custody. He then conjured the soldiers to shut the gates, and on their refusing, requested to see an officer, but was told none were present. At length, however, he prevailed on them to close the gates, and quiet was restored. He then rode again towards Kensington, but on returning a second time, beheld 15 or 16 soldiers chasing the people on the causeway towards Knightsbridge, and a general affray seemed about to take place, when pushing forward his horse, he leaped over the bank between the soldiers and the people, stopping the progress of the former. A corporal now seized his bridle, and in a few minutes the soldiers drew their swords, and a sharp and frightful affray commenced. Several cuts weic aimed at the Sheriff, which were parried, partly by his own activity and partly by the constables' staves. At length one of the soldiery aimed a pistol or carbine at the Sheriff, but he was knocked down by a constable. Some superior officers at length made their appearance, and ordered the soldiers into the barracks, and thus the affray terminated. Several persons however were wounded, and one man received a cut in the eye; but the Sheriff happily escaped unhurt.
M. Bonavita, the priest, who left St. Helena in May last, has transmitted to the Princess Borghese, the following letters.
Count de MQntholon to the Princess Borghese at Rome.
"Madame.—Napoleon has charged me to give you an account of his health. The malady in his liver, which attacked him. many years ago, and which is mortal in this climate, has in the course of six weeks made a frightful progress. The ameliora
lion produced by the care of Dr. Automarch i has not continued, and many relapses took place during the concluding six months of last year, and the disease renders him weaker every day. Napoleou is extremely feeble and can scarce support half an hour's ride in a carriage with the horses walking. He can just walk in his chamber without assistance. To his liver complaint is added another disorder which belongs to this climate—his intestines are strongly attacked ; his digestive organs no longer fulfil their functions, and his stomach rejects all which it receives. For some time Napoleon has eaten neither meat nor bread, nor vegetables; he lives but upon potted meats and ices. Count Bertrand wrote in September last to Lord Liverpool, to demand the removal of the Emperor to a more favourable climate; and to convince him of the necessity of its being in the neighbourhood of mineral waters, I have given M. Bonavita a copy of this letter. The governor, Sir Hudson Lowe, refused to transmit it to his government, under the vain pretext that it gave to Napoleon the title of emperor. Monsieur BoDavita departs to-day for Rome; he has experienced the cruel influence of the climate of St. Helena ; one year's residence in this island will cost him six of his existence. The letter which M. Automarchi has written to Cardinal Fesch will give your Highness the circumstantial details of the Emperor's disease. The journals of London constantly publish letters under the head of St. Helena, which abound with lies, and which are fabricated to deceive Europe. Napoleon hopes that your Highness will endeavour to make known the real state of his malady. He dies, without succour, on a frightful rock j his agony is terrible.
Letter from General Count Bertrand to Lord Liverpool. "Longwood, Sept. 3, 1820. "My Lord,—I had the honour of writing to you on the 25th of June, 1819, to inform you of the situation of the health of the Emperor, who, since the month of October, 1817, has been attacked by a chronical complaint in the liver. Dr. Automarchi arrived here in September last: he dedicated all his care to Napoleon, who obtained from it some relief; but since this physician has declared, as appears from his notes and bulletins, that the disease had reached a point at which the aid of medicine could do nothing against the pernicious effects of the climate; that mineral watersappearedtohim to become necessary; that so long as he remained at St. Helena, his life wonld be only a long agony, and that he could hope for no relief but by returning to Europe, his strength being entirely worn out by a residence of five years in the dreadful climate of St. Helena; by
the privation of every necessary, and by the bad treatment of which he has been the object.
"Inconsequence,the Emperor commands me, my Lord, to demand, as the only means of preservation which remains to him, to be transferred to Europe. Letter from the Military Secretary to General Bertrand. "Plantation-house, Sept. 8. 1820.
"Sir,—The instructions addressed to the Governor, not permitting him to receive letters in which the title of Emperor is given to Napoleon Buonaparte, I am commanded to return that which you have addressed to Sir Hudson Lowe; you will find it inclosed.
"The Governor commands me at the same time to observe to you, that he has never received the letter which you state that you addressed to him, the 25th June, 1819, for Lord Liverpool. > Signed) "corregner, Military Sec. SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.
The friends of liberty and liberal opinions can desire nothing more gratifying than the progress of events in the Peninsula. The only error in policy is the notion that foreign colonies are of any other use to a parent state beyond that of adding to the corrupt influence of the government; and hence every obstacle is opposed to the independence of the South American provinces.
In Portugal some admirable laws, dictated by the true spirit of philosophy, have been adopted for securing the liberty of the press, which may, as. long as tbey are in force, be considered as better secured in Portugal than in, any country in Europe.
Madrid, Aug. 13.—The Miscellanea has published the proceedings instituted against the authors of the military massacres in Cadiz on the fatal 10th of March last year. The' result of the testimony of a great crowd of witnesses prove that every possible means of seduction was employed to induce the soldiers to massacre the inhabitants. Brandy and money were distributed in the taverns. The Generals Campana, Freyre, Rodriguez, and Valdez; the Colonels, Gabarre and Capacete, and many subaltern officers, are greatly compromised. The sentence will be quickly pronounced. The three generals and the superior officers are strictly guarded. The people wait with great impatience forjustice. There were 156 persons killed or severely wounded.
TURKEY AND GREECE.
The exaggerated and contradictoryaccounts accounts of the momentous and tragical occurrences in these countries have induced us to forbear the intrusion of them. But as the results now enable us to state that nearly the whole of Greece has been emancipated from the horrid Turkish yoke, we submit beneath some of the last accounts:—
"Vienna, Aug. 13.—The ordinary mail from Constantinople arrived today with letters to the 25th of July. The ultimatum of Russia had lieen delivered on the 18th ; and the time fixed by the Emperor Alexander for the answer expires on the 28th. All the subjects of Russia had quitted Constantinople: the few Russian vessels which remained in the harbour with corn had just hoisted the French flag. Baron Strogonoff, the Russian ambassador, strictly guarded by the Janissaries, was expecting at Bujukdere the resolution which the Porte would take on the 26th, and the categorical answer of the divan."
"Zante, July 20.—The sailors of Galaxidi, a town in Doris, situated at the entrance of the Gulf of Crista, who are not pirates, as they have been called, cruize with so much success from the Dardanelles of Lepante to Corinth, that this place, which is blockaded by land, and can secure no succour by sea, must soon fall. Athens has just constituted, itself a provisional republic, under the standard of the cross. Livadea, Salona, (Amphissa,) Coda, (Platea,) all the villages of Phocis, Bedia, and Megaris, have adhered to the compact of union of the Athenians. Hydra, Egina, Salamis, and Zea, have sent their adherence to the acts of the senate of the city of Minerva; and every thing allows us to hope that the destinies of Greece are going to change. The indignation of the Ionians against the English is at its height, since they see that the merchants of a free people furnish provisions to the Turks in the fortresses in the Morea, which, but for this aid, would have been long since reduced.
"Marseilles, August 15.—Thesquadron of Tri]X>li, consisting of a corvette, three ]>olaeres, a brig, and a xebeck, have fallen into the hands o(' the Greeks.
All the accounts from the Morea represent theaffairs of Greece as flourishing. The Greek vessel which came to Marseilles for arms sailed some time ago. She took on board, besides the young men and mechanics who had been waiting for her departure, thirty French officers who have gone to support the cause of Greek independence. On the eve of her departure the Greek archbishop, Maximus Mazlum, who has been for some time at Marseilles, went on board to give his blessing to the crew, and to communicate the news of the naval victory. He concluded'with a pathetic exhortation, recommending to them to render themselves worthy of their ancestors, and thecause they were going to defend.
The Bishop of Achaia, in an address, dated Calvaryta. July 2d, announces that the whole of the Peloponnesus is in possession of the Greeks, so that the colours of the cross float in nearly one thousand villages, which have been liberated from the yoke of the Turks. The intelligence of the defeat of the Ottoman fleet is confirmed in letters from Cephalonia of the 19th ult. and it is' added, that an insurrection had broken out in Cyprus, in which the patriots' had a decided advantage. Accounts from Oilessa state, that the divan was disposed to accept the mediation of Austria and England, and to give Russia the satisfaction required; but it was doubled if the Grand Seignior could" succeed in inducing the insubordinate Asiatic hordes to return to their territory without the expected spoil, or bring the inhabitants of the Porte to witness patiently the re-construction of the Christian churches which the ferocious infidels had dilapidated in their blind and infuriated zeal in support of the crescent.
INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES, And DEATHS In And Near LONDON. Iftth Biographical Memoirs of distinguished Characters recently deceased.
July 16. jyj1
TESSRS. Wailhman and Williams, Sheriffs, addressed a notice to the headboroughs of hundreds, of Middlesex, enforcing attention to the statutes respecting jurors, as in numerous instances, persons duly eutitled have been excluded from serving on special juries..
— 18. The committee of Lloyds, in concert with the society of ship-owners, addressed a circular to their agents, recommending that vessels be provided with rockets and blue lights. • —21. From a rigid enquiry set on foot by Mr. Sheriff Wailhman, three police officer* ■