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Fam'd as Miss Lesbia's bird in verse so oft Recorded, or the rabbits of Mell Toft! Hail pig! at Tunbridge born and bred,
Who singlest out his L——p there, Event that round the region spread,
And made the gaping millions stare: And strange it was to see upon my word, A pig for ever trotting with my lord.
Thrice happy hog! with Mrs. Joan,*
Who, in a chariot, cheek by jole, Did'st Jehu-like, from Tunbridge Town
To Mount's enchanting mansions roll; Where to thy levee thousands did repair, With nine fat aldermen and Mr. Mayor. The mayor and aldermen polite,
Swore that without fee or purchase, If so his lordship thoft it right,
They'd choose thee, gentle swine, for burgess, Thank ye, replied his lordship; but ods
snigs! Tho' asses sit, 'tis never granted pigs.
ORIGINAL LETTER of JAMES THOMSON, the Poet, to Mr. Paterson, found among hit papers in the cabinet of Sir ANDREW Mitchel, and transmitted by Sir William Forbes of Craigie Var and Finhay, bart. to the Earl of Buchan, October 8, 1791, and by him presented to Mr.
rn the first place, and previous to my letter, I must recommend to your favour and protection, Mr. James Smith, searcher in St. Christopher's; and I beg of you, as occasion shall serve, and you find he merits it, to advance him in the business of the customs. He is warmly recommended to me by Sargent, who in verity turns out one of the best men of our youthful acquaintance, honest, honourable, friendly, and generous. If we are not to oblige one another, life becomes a paltry, selfish affair, a pitiful morsel in a corner. Sargent is so happily married, that I could almost say,—the same case happen to us all.
That I have not answered several letters of yours, is not owing to the want of friendship, and the sincerest regard for you; but you know me well enough to account for my silence, without my saying any more upon that head; besides, I have very little to say, that is worthy to be transmitted over the great ocean. The world either
* My lady's waiting woman, t This letter appears, from the news it contains relating to the siege of Mastricht, &c. to have been written in the beginning of April, 1748.
futilizes so much, or we grow so dead to it, that its transactions make but feeble impressions on us. Retirement and nature are more and more my passion every day. And now, even now, the charming time comes on: Heaven is just upon the point, or rather in the very act, of giving earth a green gown. The voice of the nightingale is heard in our lane. You must know, that I have enlarged my rural domain, much to the same dimensions you have done yours. The two fields next (o me, from the first of which I have walled—no, nos—paled in, about as much as my garden consisted of before; so that the walk runs around the hedge, where you may figure me walking any time of the day, and sometimes under night. For you, 1 imagine you reclining under cedars, andpalmettoes; and there enjoying more magnificent slumbers than are known to the pale climates of the north; slumbers rendered awful and divine by the solemn stillness and deep fervours of the torrid moon! At other times I image yon drinking punch in groves of lime or orange trees, gathering pine-apples from hedges as commonly as we may blackberries, poetizing under lofty laurels, or making love under fullspread myrtles.
But to lower my style a little—As I am such a genuine lover of gardening, why don't you remember me in that instance, and send me some seeds of things that might succeed here during the summer, though they cannot perfect their seeds sufficiently, in this, to them, ungenial climate, to propagate. In the which case is calliloo; that, produced from the seed it bore here, came up puny, ricketty, and good for nothing. There are other things certainly with you not yet brought over hither, that might flourish here in the summer-time, and live tolerably well, provided they be sheltered in an hospitable stove or green-house during the winter. You will give me no small pleasure by sending me from time to time some of these seeds, if it were no more but to amuse me in making the trial. With regard to the brother gardeners, you ought to know, that, as they are half vegetable, the animal part of them will never have spirit enough to consent to the transplanting of the vegetable into distant dangerous climates. They, happily for themselves, have no other idea, but to dig on here, eat. drink, and sleep.
As take, they mean as ttieir last flourish in the war. May your health, which never failed you yet, still continue till you have scraped together enough to return* home, and live in some snug corner, as happy as the CoryciusSenex in Virgil's 4th Georgic, whom I recommend both to you and myself as a perfect model of the most happy life. Believe me to be ever most sincerely and affectionately, yours, &c. James Thomson.
J. H. TOOKE.
One Sunday (latter end of) May, 1811, Mr. Tooke received from the executor and successors of Mr. Jos. Johnson,of St. Paul's Church-yard, the sum of £960, being the residue of the debt due for the Epea Pterorenta. This, to
f ether with the sum before received by Ir. T. for subscriptions, &c. amounted in all to £1500. for that work, which I am told was never but once advertized.
TOOKE'S OPINIONS OF LOCKE.
Mr. Tooke considered it a lucky mistake which Mr. Locke made when he called his celebrated work An Essay on Human Understanding; "for some
Eart of the inestimable benefit of that ook has" added he, " merely on account of its title, reached to many thousands more than I fear it would have done, had he called it (what it is namely) A Grammatical Essay, or a Treatise on Words or Language. The human mind, or human understanding, appears to be a grand and a noble theme; and all men, even the most insufficient, conceive that to be a proper object for theh* contemplation; whilst inquiries into the nature of language (through which alone they can obtain any knowledge beyond the beasts) are fallen into such extreme disrepute and contempt, that,even those wno " neither have the accent of Christian, Pagan, or Man," nor can speak so many words together with as much propriety as Balaam's ass did, do yet imagine words to be infinitely beneath the concern of their exalted understanding. He was of opinion, however, that Mr. Locke in this essay never did advance one step beyond the origin of ideas and the composition of terms.
MR. COUTTS. Written at Holly Lodge, Highgaie, by th* Dulte of Gordon, and presented in Ahe Drawing-room by the Marquis of Huntley.
An ajiple, we know, caus'd old Adam's disgrace,
Who from Paradise quickly was driven, But your's, my dear Tom, is a happier case,
For a Melon transports you to heaven.
THE BRITISH CONSTITUTION
Acts by general laws, and never engrafts unlimited power on the virtue or discretion of any individual, even the first magistrate.
Stanzas to the late Duchess of
GORDON. On Spey's wild banks at Huntly's board, Where first fierce chieftains met their Lord,
In festive joy and arms! Love's gentle forces now are 3een, His daughters and the mother queen,
Arrayed in beauty's charms. Soothed in their mansions in the sky, The Huntly barons here descry,
New conquests still in view:
And strike the south anew.
And Scotia's pride shall reign!
To grace thy Tartan train.
LOUD CHIEF JUSTICE SAUNDERS.
lie succeeded the Lord Chief Justice Pemberton, in the King's Bench. According to North, in his life of the Lord Keeper Guildford," his character and beginning were equally strange. He was at first no better than a poor beggar boy, or parish foundling, without parents or relations." He is described " as very corpulent and beastly, a mere lump of morbid flesh :" and " to say nothing of brandy, he was seldom without a pot of ale at his nose or near him." While he sat in the Court of King's Bench," adds the same author, "_ he gave the rule to the great satisfaction of the lawyers; but his course of life was so different from what it had been, his business (so) incessant, and withal crabbed, and his diet and exercise (so) changed, that the constitution of his body, or head rather, could not sustain it, and he fell into an apoplexy and palsy, which numbed his parts, aud he never recovered the strength of them." This chief justice was selected for the express purpose of deciding against the liberties of the City of London, in the question of wan-ants.
All governments stand either upon will or power, or condition and contract: the first rule by force, the second by the laws. All Laws are either fundamental, and thus invariable, such as those for the punishment of robbery and murder, or temporary and alterable, such as those relating to trade, lanes, &c.
LETTER/r«n the EARL OP BUCHAN to
MR. s., relative to Thomsoniana."
Dear Sir,—Mr. Cuthbert, of Ednam, shewed me, when 1 was last in London, two or three interesting letters of Thomson's, which would be an acquisition to the editor of the Thomsoniana. Mr. Cuthbert, I believe, is now in town, and on proper solicitation would, I dare say, communicate copies of those letters. Mr. Thomas Parke, I should suppose, through George Dyer and others, is acquainted with Mr. Cuthbert, and none can possibly think of refusing to communicate what really belongs to the publick.
In the Kelso newspapers, and others, and in many of the periodical publications, there appeared, three or four years ago, a series of juvenile letters of Thomson, which may be fit for Thomsoniana—but I have not considered them with sufficient attention to say so with certainty.
Mr. Sargent, of Sussex, son of Sargent the friend of Thomson, mentioned in the curious letter which I gave you some time since, is possessed of several letters from Thomson to his father, and of an original picture of the Poet, which was given by him to the said Sargent. The Poet is represented in dishabille, but with a green velvet night-cap, selon la mode de ses jours. This is a maiden portrait, and should be engraved for the frontispiece of the Thomsoniana.
Old Sargentused to say that he never heard his friend the Poet tell an indecent story but once, which was to illustrate the power of excessive pleasure, to remove female modesty and restraint in the union of sexes.
This, and the prayer to a certain noble member, are the only amatory pieces or anecdotes of a grosser nature relating to Thomson, the poet, I have ever met with, and are not fit for publication. Thomson had his rambling days in his youth, and suffered in the wars of the Cyprian Queen. Some pieces written by him at this time I have treated as heretics, as well as the prima cura of Burn's holy Willie's prayer, which accidentally came into the hands of, dear Sir,
Your obliged humble servant, Ed. April2l,\80i. Buchan.
INFLUENCE OP LIBERTY.
William the Third, actuated like his
* A work once projected by the Editor of the Monthly Magazine
subjects, by noble principles, became the umpire of Europe, holding the balance in his own hand; for his people were just and free.
The French are cleanly in their persons, though dirty in their houses. Tinned copper baths are preferred to marble—Chinese baths on the Italian Boulevards—common ones in a noble building near the Palais Royal—floating ones on the river. They read, work, and eat in them, the refreshment being placed on a floating cask, in the shape of a vase.
Under Bonaparte all feudal distinctions vanished—equality was preserved by equality of service—wealth obtained nothing—military merit every thing. All the Lycees might be considered as military bodies; their studies, their repasts, and even their exercises, were regulated, not as before by the bell, but by a drum. The Royal Military College at Sandhurst, is exactly modelled after the French military schools.
The Minister of Justice was at the head of the police, when Bonaparte at once suppressed and subdivided this department, by a division of powers. FoucluS, with four counsellors, superintended the four different quarters, while the Maires and subordinates were anxious on their parts to defeat, denounce, and seize on all suspected persons.
All France was subdivided like Paris, with a subordinate chief in each, and a Lieutenant de Police, like a spider, placing himself in the centre, with lines of communication on every side, felt every impression, and generally inveigled tho wretched victim in the midst of that web, which he spread for his destruction.
The General Police, in the year ending Jan. 1, 1804, cost the sum of 194,887 francs, or about £8120. according to the budget, but this was surely too small for so many superior, and so many subordinate officers.
Lady Hamilton was a servant in the family of Mr. Thomas, at Bewardine, in North Wales; was born there, and brought up till 17- In her prosperity she sent some remittances to Mr. Thomas and two of his sisters.
The late Duke of Orleans wore plain bobs. The revolution banished gold rings. I saw the late Duke of Orleans with them—the present Duke has none —only old men wear them in France now. In England Charles I. had them of pearl in his ears when executed. ■napoleon.
The court of Bonaparte was the most splendid in Europe. Marshals, ambassadors, princes, sovereigns, surrounded his throne, and obeyed his mandates.
DUTCH AND FRENCH.
The Dutch are clean in their houses and dirty in their persons. The French exactly the reverse—clean in their persons, but dirty in their houses.
LEGION OF HONOUR.
Bonaparte, like Burke, had an eye to " the cheap defence of nations," after beating down all the republican forms and usages, he endeavoured to make heroes, by means of the milliner and the toy-shop—kalf-a-yard of scarlet ribbon, and a little badge of gold. These were sent, not to warriors alone, but to men of letters and men of science, and he himself holding a solemn court at the Tuilleries, in 1804, from a golden vase first bestowed these insignia on the commanders of the legion.
The Legion of - Honour possessed a palace and considerable revenues. The sons were educated at the expence of the nation, and the daughters were bred up without cost to their parents.
EDUCATION IN FRANCE.
The ancient mode of education is deemed obsolete, but the College of Louis le Grand subsists with regular degrees under the name of a Lyceum.
In the primary, which answer to our parochial schools, the Lycees Prytaneum, or central schools, are a kind of college iu which Latin and Greek are taught, together with mathematics, mechanics, astronomy, geography, and chemistry. In the Prytaneum of Paris, about 300 pupils are educated at the expence of government, and the remainder paid for at the trifling expence of about 1000 francs a year. Education under the late government assumed a martial air, and every pupil was fitted to become a soldier after the manner of antiquity. Genius was encouraged by means of appropriate progress, and still more by solemnly proclaiming the names of those who excelled, in the same manner with those of the victors at the Olympic games.
The Swedes lay earth on the Birch bark, with which they cover their houses, and thus possess aerial gardens.
The late Dr. Huck, who, I believe, was surgeon in the same regiment, was accustomed to tell, that the celebrated Gen. Lee, having been crossed and jostled by the Scotch, many of whom were put over his head, was accustomed to teach a kind of catechism, to certain young English officers. Accordingly, after dinner at the mess, he would ask: Which is the best country for the Scotch? Ans. England. How do they rise? Ans. By wooing, cringing, and fawning! What are their merits? Ans. Servile obedience and complaisance, &c. Being one day asked to dine with a Scotch Major, he accepted the invitation, but at the same time apologized for a peculiarity he had, "which was that of abusing his countrymen when a littled fuddled!" "I excuse you with all my heart," rejoins the wily Caledonian, "for I myself have a similar ill propensity, that is, on all such occasions, to beat those who abuse my country!'' Both parties met at table, and there was neither abuse nor kicking.
Wilton, three miles distant front Salisbury, possesses an invaluable collection of antiquities. In the court before the grand front of the house, stands a column of white Egyptian marble from the Arundelian collection; the statue of Venus on the top has been greatly admired. On each side of the entrance arch, Egyptian statues, and in the porch, built by Inigo Jones, is the bust of Hannibal. In the vestibule are the busts of Theophrastus, Caligula, Julia, &c.; there also are two columns of the Povonazzo, or peacock marble. The apartments generallyshewn are the great hall, the old billiard room, the white marble table room, the new dining room, the hunting room, the cube room, the colonnade room, the stone hall, and the bugle room.
DR. SMOLLETT lived in two different houses in Chelsea, and practised his profession there. A very respectable apothecary, Mr. North, when he was learning his business with Mr. Reid of that place, recollects that Dr. S. attended a young gentleman at the great school towards the end of