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same spirit of benevolence and philosophy which leads the author to do ample justice to, and to bestow appropriate eulogiums upon every thing which appears to him grand, useful, or beautiful in our institutions, our operations, our establishments, our edifices, and our public works. In his introduction, he says—
"Let us geek, above all, to do justice to the measures which have been conceived and executed by the English government, to raise: their navy to the degree of strength and splendour, which have been produced by laws full of prudence, grandeur, and wisdom. Nothing cun give us so high an opinion of this government as an examination of its conduct to its own agents. We shall then see it religiously strict in its respect towards acquired rights, and, above all, faithful to its promises; magnificent in exciting future, and generous in rewarding past, services; careful of the happiness and health of its defenders, and sparing of their lives; finally, compassionate to its invalid servants, charitable to their widows, and fatherly to their orphans. These are virtues worthy of imitation by all nations: these are virtues, the benefits of which, distributed with liberality, have produced those noble sentiments of gratitude, devotedness, and enthusiasm, which have led to the undertaking of actions so great, and to the achievement of triumphs so glorious to the navy of Great Britain."
The naval part of the Travels of Mr. Dupin will add greatly to the just celebrity which he has acquired by his former labours, and will certainly be regarded as an appropriate monument in honour of the British navy, at a period when this navy has been raised to the highest degree of effect and perfection. Mr. Dupin's descriptions are not merely confined to the materiel of the establishments, and the physical part of their works; he makes us acquainted with the nature and spirit of the different institutions, and the relations of the legislature and the executive puwer with maritime operations. In our next Number we snail give an extended account of Mr. Dupin's new work.
Shortly will be published, a Voyage to Africa; including a particular narrative of an 'Embassy to one of the interior Kingdoms, in the year 1820, by William Hutton, late acting Consul for Ashantee, and an Officer in the African Company's service: in one vol. 8vo with maps and plates.
Sir S. E. Brydges is printing a Tale, called the Hall of Hellingsley, in two volumes.
A Voyage of Discovery Into the South Sea and Beering's Straits, for the purpose of finding out a North East Passage; undertaken in the years 1815, 16, 17, and 18, at the expenoe of the Chancellor of the Empire, Count Romanzoff, in the ship Rurick, under the command of the Lieutenant in the Russian imperial navy Otto Von Kotzebue, will be published immediately, in three vols. 8vo, illustrated with maps.
The same interesting Voyage of Discovery will be given in the two next Numbers of the Journal of New Voyages with numerous plates and Travels.
A new volume of Sermons, selected from the Manuscripts of the late Dr. James Lindsay, is preparing for the press by his son-in-law, the Rev. Dr. Barclay, and will be published by subscription.
At St. George's Medical and Chemical School, the Courses will commence the first week of October.
1. On the Practice of Physic, with the Laws of the Animal (Economy; by George Pearson, M.D. F.R.S. Senior Physician to St. George's Hospital, &c.
2. Oh Chemistry; by W. T. Brande, Professor Royal Institution, Sec. RS. &c.
3. On Therapeutics with Materia Medica; by George Pearson, M.D. F.R.S. &c. &c.
Mr. J. S. Buckingham will speedily publish his Travels in Palestine; through the Countries of Baslian and Gilead, east of the River Jordan: including a visit to the cities of Geraza, and Gamala, in the Decapolis; a more interesting work on these countries has not appeared.
Dr. Wardlaw, of Glasgow, is about to publish his Lectures on the Ecclesiastes, in two volumes. 8vo.
The Three Voyages of Captain James Cook, round the World, a uew edition, complete in seven volumes, 8vo. with plates, will be published immediately.
A Treatise on the Game of Chess, is in the press, on a plan of progressive improvement, hitherto unattempted; comprising a regular series of lessons, adapted to every class of players, by J. H. Sarratt. Professor of Chess.
Mr. David Booth is preparing for publication^ Letter to the Rev. T. R. Malthus, M.A. F.R.S., relative to the Reply (inserted in the 70th Number of the Edinburgh Review) to Mr. Godwin's Inquiry concerning Population; in which theerroneousnessofthe Theories of Mr. Malthus will be more fully illustrated.
Two expeditions for the interior of North Africa, are about to proceed, under the patronage of the British government; one of them by the African Association. They take their departure from Tripoli, under the protection of the Pey, and with his recommendation to the black princes of the country. The two companies proceed in conjunction from Tripoli to Mourzouk, the capital of Fezzan. There they separate; the one directing their course eastward by the temple of Jupiter Ammon into Egypt; the other eastward to the Niger. Thus some of the grand problems of African Geography have a good chance of being speedily and satisfactorily solved.
A Treatise on the Law, Principles, and Utility of Insurance upon Lives, including summary Remarks on Insurance Companies, their high rates of premium, &c.; also Tables exhibiting the rates of annual premiums, and the probabilities of duration and expectations of human- lifet together with a synoptical arrangement of the principles and dissimilarity of the various Insurance Offices, will speedily be pubv lished by Frederick Blaynby, author of a Treatise on. Life Annuities. ■
A silver goblet was presented to Sir John Sinclair, on the third day of "the Holkham sheep-shearing, (Wednesday, 4th of July, 1821). Mr. Coke, on that occasion, stated his entire approbation of the Code of Agriculture, which he considered to be the best book that had hitherto been published on that subject; and his satisfaction at having an opportunity of publicly expressing his friendship and regard for its author. At the Workington Agricultural Meeting, a cup was also presented to Sir John Sinclair, Bart, forhis agricultural exertions. The inscription on the cup is^-" Presented to Sir John Sinclair, Bart, by the Workington Agricultural Society, as a mark of the high sense entertained by that Society of the great benefits derived to agriculture from his unremitting exertions. 1821." We most sincerely unite our voice to those of Messrs. Coke and Curwen, in the tribute due to the patriotic exertions of Sir John Sinclair, whom we consider one of the greatest, because most useful, practical philosophers that "England ever produced.
A new edition is printing of Arthur Young's Farmer's Kalendar, in 12mo. under -the superintendance of John Middleton, esq. author of the Survey of Middlesex, &c.
- A small volume is in the press, containing Eight Ballads on the Fictions of the Ancient Irish, and several Miscellaneous Poems, by RICHARD RYAN, author of " A Biographical Dictionary of 1-lie Worthies of Ireland."
The same gentleman is preparing for publication, a Catalogue.of Works, in various languages, relative to the History, Antiquities, and Language of the Irish; with remarks, critical and biographical.
'Shortly will be published a new work, entitled the Duellist, or a cursory view of the Rise, Progress, and Practice of Duelling, with illustrative anecdotes from history, by the author of " The Retreat," &c. &c.
A Monthly Journal of Popular Medicine, explaining the nature, causes, and prevention of Disease, the immediate management of Accidents, and the means of preserving Health, has been undertaken by Charles Thomas Haden, surgeon to the Chelsea and Brompton Dispensary, &c, of which four Numbers have appeared. The objects for which this publication was first instituted, were, to lay before the public, in familiar language, as much of the principles of medical science as may enable them to understand and recognize the state of health when present; to know the mode in which disorder of the healthy-functions is produced, and consequently the principles which lead to a rational system of diet, exercise, and clothing; to distinguish between the state of health and that of disease, and therefore to mark the approach of coming diseases; and to become alive to the important truth of, how simple the remedial means are, which will remove a commencing disease, and lead a complaining patient back again to health. ■ The second and third (or last) series of Church of England Theology, by the Rev: Richard Warner, consisting of ten Sermons in each series, on points of Christian Practice, and on the Parables of Jesus Christ, printed in manuscript characters, for the use of young Divines, and Candidates for Holy Orders, are now in the press, and will be published in the present month.
Mental Discipline, or Hints on the Cultivation of Intellectual Habits, addressed particularly to Students in Theology and young Preachers, isprinting, by Henry Foster Burder, M.A.
The Rev. Mark Wi Lks is preparing an English edition of the Old Cevennel, by Rabaut de St. Etienne. Shortly
Shortly will be published a Pictnreof Ancient Times, and a Sketch of Modern History, In a most exact Chronological Order, forming a pair of Maps for the study of universal history, by Miss Thomson.
Mr. J. G. Jackson, who has published descriptive works of Sont hern and Western Barbary, and who has more than once crossed the chain of Mount Atlas, has published an observation which calls for an accurate investigation. Prom observations made by Mr. Cole.brook, in India, on the heights of Mount Hiraala, his calculation is (hat from some of the crests of that enormous range, being visible at the distance of 211 English miles, their elevation should be 28,000 feet above the sea. Mr. Jackson has applied this rule to measure the height of certain elevated points of Atlas, on the eastern side of Morocco, which are visible at sea, 20 miles from the coast, westerly, and in the direction of Mogad«re. Hence it will follow that the elevation of these heights would be more than twenty-nine thousand English feet above the level of the Atlantic, and of course the highest on the globe, as to any known measurement.
The dangerous ledge of Atkin's Rock has been marked and observed very narrowly by Capt. Cork, of the Barnet, from Demerara to Liverpool. Its position had not been determined exactly, but the captain announces its situation to be precisely in 54° 5t latitude and 12 degrees west longitude from Greenwich.
A school of arts has been established in Edinburgh, for the instruction of mechanics in such branches of science as are of practical application in their several trades. Lectures on practical mechanics and practical chemistry will be delivered twice a week, during (he winter season. A library, containing books on popular and practical science, has already been established. The institution is conducted under the direction of a committee of fourteen, having a clerk and librarian.
The last American journals eon tain details relative io the lands newly dicsovered in the Antarctic seas. They place N«w South Shetlaud in the 62d degree of south latitude, and the 63d of west longitude. Capt. Daniel W. Clark, of the ship Hersilia, reports that he penetrated to the 66th degree of latitude, where he observed lands stretching further to the south, the extremities
Monthly Mag. No. 35U.
lie could not ascertain. The whole, even in summer, was blocked up with snow and ice, except in particular places frequented by seals.
The Russian frigate, the Wattorck, Capt. H. Henhouseu, and a sloop of war, have been on a Voyage of Discovery in the Arctic ocean. Their account states the number of seals in New Shetland to be much inferior to what has been published by the Amecan navigators. The harbour, however, was full of vessels.
Several vessels have been to New Shetland, and have returned with cargoes of seal-skins. The John of London, Captain Walker, brought home 12,000. The extent of country explored from east to west, from Clarence Isle to Smith's Cape, is from 54 to 64 degrees west longitude, and from 61 to 64 degrees south latitude, and the land seen to the southward, as far as the eye can reach. The country already explored consists of numerous islands, without a vestige o.f vegetation. A species of inoss only is found upon the rocks near the shore; eternal snows covering the more remote parts, which are mountainous. Although nature, in those regions, assumes the most sterile and forbidding ieaiures,lhe thermometer was at no time below the freezing point; but the melting snows near the shore so completely saturate the soil as to check all vegetation, A species of coal was found in abundance, which burnt very well, a specimen of which we have seen; thus affording the means, if wanted, of replenishing the fuel. The rise and fall of tlie tide is about twelve feet. The islands, headlands, &c. have been named, and the observations ascertaining the latitude and longitude, from repeated experiments, found true; so that we may soon hope to see a correct chart, from the surveys which have been taken, on the arrival of Captain Smith, in the Blythe, who is shortly expected. Part of an anchor stock, evidently Spanish, being bolted with copper, and bearing certain marks, ■was found on shore, and is presumed to be. the only vestige now remaining of a 74 gun ship of that nation, which sailed from Spain, bound to Lima, about eighteen month or two years ago, and lias not since been heard of.
A new pharos or light-house in the Shetland Isles was first set up Jan. 15, last, and is intended to burn constantly from the close of day till next morning. This light-house is at Sum2 I burghead, burghead, one extremity of the Isle of Mainland, the largest of the Shetland Islands, in 59" 52' North latitude, and 1° 281 West longitude. It is about twenty miles SW. from Hangcliff Head, on the Isle of Noss. The light will be visible to all ships sailing in the southern parts of the Shetland Islands, between Foula island and Nosshead. The flame will be fixed, but accompanied with reflector lamps; the elevation 300 feet above the mean level of the sea. At the distance of six or seven leagues, it will appear like a star of the first magnitude.
IRELAND. The works for the construction of the Port of Dunleary, consist of two jetties, the eastern is already 3000 feet in length, by 200 in breadth; the western, commencing near the old port of Dunleary, is about 500 feet in length. Behind the eastern jetty, ships may at present find shelter against the rough easterly winds, if the tide or other causes hinder the approach to Dublin. The depth at the extremity of this jetty is 23 feet at low water, and 38 at high tides. The materials of the jetty consist of rocks and huge blocks of stone in two lines from SW. to NE. Dunleary lies in the bay, about four miles and a half from Dublin.—It appears from a public notice, that beacon towers are erecting on Brownstown and Great Newtown Capes, in the county of Waterford, to point out the situation of the bay of Tramore. The intention is to warn mariners to keep at a certain distance, as a strong dangerous current frequently sets into the bay.
The French clergy consists of three cardinals, with appointments valued at 90,000 francs; 9 archbishops and 41 bishops, 912,198; Royal Chapter of St. Denis, 200,000; 109 vicars general and 416 canons, 867,500; 2885 parish priests, 2,940,000; 26,152 inferior offieiating ministers 15,500,000; about 4000 vicars with 3500 linages, i. e. where mass is said twice a day, 1,840,000; 1216 Diocesan Bourses (a sort of fellowship) and 2218 demi-bourses, 940,400; 183 pastors of Calvinists, and 174 do. of Lutherans, 485,000. Of these 18 bourses and 36 half bourses.
A public notice is given in the French Maritime Journal, in case of ships being wrecked on the coasts of Barbary, or Fez and Morocco, that no resistance be made to the Arabs, which would be useless and very dangerous,
but that an account of their situation be expedited to the French agent at Mogadon*., accompanied with a promise of twenty piasters payable by the agent to whom the letter is addressed. The shipwrecked persons are counselled not to separate, as it would be almost impossible to reassemble them if dispersed in the desarts.
A prize being offered for the discovery of an horizontal direction in aerostation, M. Mingreli, of Bologna, M. Pietripoli, of Venice, and M. Lemberger, of Nuremberg, have each assumed the merit of resolving this problem. It does not appear, that any one of these has come forward, to establish by practical experiment, the validity of his claim, but a pamphlet has been lately reprinted at Paris (first printed at Vienne) on this subject, addressed to all the learned societies of Europe. The following passage appears in the work: "Professor Robertson proposes to construct an aerostatic machine, 150 feet in diameter, to be capable of raising 72,954 kilograms, equivalent to 149,037 pounds weight (French). To be capable of conveying all necessaries for the support and safety of 60 individuals, scientific characters, to be selected by the academicians and the aerial navigation, to last for some months, exploring different heights and climates, &c. in all seasons. If from accident or wear, the machine elevated above the ocean, should fail in its functions, to be furnished with a ship that will insure the ret urn of the aeronauts." ITALY.
Some further interesting discoveries of lost works have been made by M. Maio, among which are several parts of the mutilated and lost books of Polybius, of Diodorus, of Dion Cassius, some fragments of Aristotle, of Ephorus, of Timeus, of Hyperides, of Demetrius of Phalaris, &c. some parts of the unknown writings of Eunapius, of Menander of Byzantium, of Priscus, and of Peter the Protector. Among the unedited works of Polybius are prologues of the lost books, and the entire conclusion of the 39th, in which the author takes a review of his history, and devotes his 40th book to chronology. The fragments of Diodorus and of Dion are numerous and most precious. Among them is a rapid recital of many of the wars of Rome; a narrative of the civil, Punic, Social or Italic, and Macedonian wars; those of Epirus, Syria, Gaul, Spain, Portugal,
and Persia. Parts of the history of the Greeks and oilier nations, and that of the successors of Alexander, &c. are among these. They were discovered in a MS. containing the harangues of the rhetorician Aristides, from a large collection of ancient writings, made by order of Constantinus Porpnyrogenetes, of which only a small part are known to be extant. The writing appears to be of the 11th century. M. Maio has also met with an unedited Latin grammarian, who cites a number of lost writers, and a Latin rhetorician now unknown; also a Greek collection containing fragments of the lost works of Philo. He has also found writings of the Greek and Latin fathers prior to St Jerome, with Other valuable works, all of which he intends shortly to publish.
Brussels can boast of some of the best conducted literary establishments in Europe. Among others that of M. De Mat of the Grand Place claims our respectful notice. This establishment contains under one spacious roof an extensive collection of modern literature in all languages—a magazine of classical and scarce old books, almost unrivalled in value and extent—a printing office of great perfection and capability—a copper-plate establishment— and a book-binding shop. In its way it resembles a bee-hive in activity and industry, and cannot fail to excite the surprize and pleasure of all who are permitted to view it. M. de Mat is chiefly engaged in reprinting standard French works, which the low price of labour and materials in the Netherlands enables him to offer to foreign countries full 30 per cent cheaper than the Paris editions. He is besides engaged in many original works of the Belgic literati; and above all, in a Catalogue Raisnnneeai his own stock of old books, which will extend to three or four volumes in octavo.
A letter from Mr. M'Connor, Oriental Syrian Missionary, dated Acre, Feb. 28, 1820, states as follows: "My last informed you of my transactions in Cyprus, and that I was ready to set out for Syria. I arrived at Beyrout, on the 13th inst. and there met with the Archbishop of Jerusalem, who had arrived the evening before from Europe after passing through Egypt. The inhabitants of Beyrout are in number about 10,000, of whom 3000 are Turks,
and the others Christians of different denominations. On the 16th early, I set out for Said, where I arrived at night, after travelling by the foot of Mount Libanus. Said contains about 15,000 individuals, of whom 2000 are Christians, chiefly Maronites, and 400 Jews. I gave a psalter in Arabic, to a Maronite for a small service which he had rendered me. He sat down and began to read it: he was soon surrounded by a number of persons, among whom was M. Bertrand, the first physician in the city. This gentleman is a native of Said, but of French origin; with great alacrity he offered me his services to promote trie distribution of the Bible in Arabic, and expected great effects from it in Syria. On the 18th at night, I arrived at Sour, the ancient. Tyre, and lodged there with the Catholic Greek Archbishop, From him I learn that there are at Sour, 1200 Greek Catholics, 100 Maronites and 100 Greek schismatics, 2000 Motualis or sectators of Ali and about 100 Turks. Every where are seen remains of ancient splendour, magnificent aqueducts, and a number of superb columns overthrown or half buried upright in the sand, which has been accumulating for ages. On the 21st I repaired to Acre. Here are about 10,000 inhabitants, of whom 3000 are Turks; the lest consist of Arabs, Jews and Catholics, which last, however, form the majority. After passing through the villages of Sephoury and Cana in Galilee, I entered Nazareth, which contains about 3000 inhabitants, 500 of whom are Turks, and the rest schismatic Greeks under the Patriarch of Jerusalem.
A letter from a missionary at Amboyna has the following: At my entering a large negari (village) called Lileboo, N.E. of Amboyna, 800 persons and more came to meet me, and to convince me of their believing in one only God, they had brought all their idols, confessing their superstitions. I desired them to pack the whole together in a large chest, heaped up with stones, and throw it intothesca,in my presence.
The following appeared in a late number of the Bombay Courier, in a letter dated, country of Guzurat, Oct. 1819. The Jaina Baniashave a practice of fasting eight days in every year. One of them took the resolution of fasting for thirty days together. He began July 2G, and finished Aug. 25. He then took some nourishment during