« EdellinenJatka »
ing the order and the security of the State, and of restoring the tranquillity of its inhabitants. Superior orders have in consequence been transmitted iuto my well-de fended provinces, bearing the power, in virtue of a Sublime Fetwa, which proceeds from the brilliant law, of punishing those Rayas in full revolt who dare to combat against the Islamites, of seizing their properties, and making their families captive.
JHy sublime will being pronounced for the observance of the principle, that those subjects who conduct themselves in a peaceable and tranquil manner, occupying themselves with their own affairs only, or those who having been once guilty of sedition or revolt, shall have returned since into the paths of submission and a sincere repentance, shall be placed as before under the beneficent protection and shield of my Sublime Porte; and although 1 do not suffer any action opposed to this will manifested upon my part, I have learned in a positive manner that in some places this principle has not been observed. Violence has been employed against peaceable and defenceless subjects who have taken no part in the revolt, and some persons have had the temerity to seize upon their property, their families, and their churches. It requires no further declaration to make it known that such a conduct is conformable neither to law nor to reason, that it is diametrically opposed to the principles uniformly pursued in my great empire, and that it is, in every particular, in contradiction to the Divine will, as well as to my Imperial order. It is consequently manifest that such conduct is dictated only by men who are incapable of distinguishing circumstances and relations.
Therefore it is that I am now about to send my particular commands, with reference to this matter, to the three divisions of Anatolia and of Romelia.
My will is, then, that you Vizirs, Mirimiranes, Mollas, Judges, Sub-Judges, and other authorities, should make known this manner of viewing affairs in all places within your districts and jurisdictions, and that you should hasten to intimate to every person who may have the audacity to attack peaceable and innocent subjects, who manifest no seditious intentions, and carry about no signs of revolt, that he shall be responsible to me for his conduct in that respect. You must exert all your cares to relieve peaceable subjects from all vexation, and take all necessary measures that they may perfectly enjoy my high imperial protection, and that they who may be guilty of such excesses shall be severely punished on the spot.
Let all my subjects be immediately apprised of these commands, and when you shall be informed that it is my supreme will
that yon shall take the utmost care not to suffer, in contravention of the sublime law and of my commands, peaceable and innocent subjects to be exposed to injuries and vexations, public or private, and that the slightest neglect or omission with respect to this particular will expose yourselves to responsibility; you must act in conformity with it, you must execute my commands and my sublime will, evince a knowledge in necessary matters, and sedulously avoid permitting it in any instance to be violated.
Given in the days of the middle of the month of Siskide, 1236: that is to say, in the middle of August, 1821.
The conditions demanded by Russia of the Porte, since the departure of Baron de Strogonoff, are sain to be—
1. The re-establishment of the churches, and the repair of the Patriarchal Basilica, where the remains of the Patriarch Gregory should be deposited in a magnificent tomb.
2. The restitution of the confiscated property of the Greek families whose most distinguished individuals have perished in the revolution.
3. The indefinite liberty of the orthodox worship, under the protection of the ambassadors and consuls of the Emperor of Russia, who will, for this purpose, establish agents wherever he shall judge it proper for the support of the worship of the members of the clergy and of the Christians of the orthodox church.
4. By way of security, the occupation of the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, and of the Turkish fortresses on the right bank of the Danube, by Russian troops.
5. In order the better to ensure the execution of the stipulations, the Emperor of Russia demands, that one of the ports in the Archipelago which he may judge convenient shall be delivered up to him, where he will station a squadron, the expence of which, as well as that of the army of occupation in the ultra Danubian provinces, shall be defrayed by the Turkish government.
SOUTH AMERICA. The following are the official details of the victory alluded to in our last:
BATTLE OP CARABOBO.
The paper of Angostura, en titled Correo Extraordinario del Orinoco, dated July 25, contains Bolivar's despatch on the victory of Carabobo.
Most Excellent Sib,— Yesterday, the political birth of the republic of Columbia was confirmed by a splendid victory.
The divisions of the liberating army having joined in the plains of Tinaquillo on the 23d,' we marched yesterday morning on the deadquarters of the enemy in Carabobo.
The first division composed of the brave
British battalion, the bravo of tbe Apure, and 1,500 cavalry, under tbe orders of General Paez. Tbe second composed of the second brigade of Guards, the battalions of Tirailleurs, Boyaca and Vargas, and tbe sacred squadron commanded by tbe undaunted Colonel Aramendi, under the orders of General Sedeno. The third composed of the first brigade of Guards, the battalions of Rifles, -Grenadiers, vanquisher of Boyaca, Anzoategui, and tbe intrepid Colonel Rondon's regiment of cavalry, under the orders of Colonel Plaza.
Our march across the mountains and through tbe defiles, which separated us from the enemy's camp, was rapid aad orderly. At 11 in the morning we defiled by our left in front of the enemy, and under his fire; we crossed a rivulet, where only one man could pass at once, in presence of an army placed on an inaccessible level height, commanding us in every direction.
The gallant General Paez, at the head of the two battalions of his division, and tbe brave Colonel Munoz's regiment of cavalry, attacked the enemy's right with such iury, that in half an hour he was thrown into confusion and completely routed. It is impossible to do sufficient honour to the valour of our troops. The British battalion, commanded by the meritorious Colonel Farriar, distinguished itself amongst so many other brave men, and suffered a heavy loss of officers.
The conduct of General Paez in this lost and most glorious victory of Columbia, renders him deserving of tbe high military rank; and I therefore, in the name of the Congress, offered on the field of battle to appoint bim General in Chief of the army.
None of the second division partook in the action, except a part of the Tirailleurs of the Guard, commanded by the worthy commandant Heras. But its General, enraged that all his division could not from the obstacles of the ground, join in the battle, charged singly a mass of infantry, and fell in its centre in the manner that ought to close the glorious career of the bravest of Columbia's brave. In General Sedeno the Republic has lost a
staunch supporter both is peace and war; none more valiant than be, none more obedient to bis government. I recommended th» ashes of the gallunt hero to the Sovereign Congress, that tbe honours of a solemn triumph may be paid to bis memory.
Like grief does the Republic suffer in the fall of the daantless Colonel Plaza, who filled with an unpurelleled enthusiasm, threw himself on a battalion of the enemy, desiring it to surrender. Colonel Plaza is deserving of Columbia's tears, and that Congress oonfer on bim the honours due to such distiiir guished heroism.
The enemy being dispersed, the ardour of our chiefs and officers was so great In the pursuit, that we sustained considerable loss in that high class of the army. The bulletin will communicate their illustrious names.
The Spanish army exceeded 6,000 men, composed of all the best of the pacificatory expeditions. That army has ceased to exist: only 400 men will have this day taken refuge in Puerto Cabello.
The Liberating Army had an equal force to that of the enemy, but not more than a fifth part of it decided the fortune of the day. Our loss is not great—hardly 200 in killed and wounded.
Colonel Rangell, who did, as he always does, prodigies, marched this day to take up a line against Puerto Cabello.
May it please the Sovere'gn Congress to accept in tbe name of the heroes whom I have tbe honour to command, tbe homage of a. conquered army, the most numerous and tb» finest that ever in Columbia carried arms in a field of battle. Valencia, June, 25,1821. BOLIVAR.
Puerto Cabello has since been abandoned by the Royalists, and Columbia is free.
If accounts just received are to be relied on, General San Martin hav been repulsed before Lima, with heavy loss; and Peru continues under the yoke of foreign government.
INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES, And DEATHS IN AND NEAR LONDON,
With Biographical Memoirs of distinguished Characters recently deceased.
CHRONOLOGY OF THE MONTH.
A •>>! A " inquest was held on the Aug. to. ^ body of E geU^ a priyate
watchman, who was found robbed and murdered on the preceding day, at Highgate. Verdict—wilful murder.
— 27. Several persons brought up to Marlborough-street, charged with being concerned in the late affray with the soldiery at Knightsbridge. Oue of themheld to bail, and the rest discharged.
— 28. Mr. Sheri ft Waithman addressed a letter to Earl Bathurst, describing the •utragecommitted on him at Knightsbridge, and calling for an enquiry into the conduct ■ Monthlvmac. No, 359.
of the military in that affair, but no satisfactory answer has yet been received.
Sept. 9. A fire broke out on the premises of Messrs. Southall and Fossick, umbrella manufacturers, Gracechurch-street, which soon destroyed the three adjoining houses, a meeting-house, and materially injured several others. Four individuals perished under the ruins while attempting to rescue tbe property.
— 10. A fire broke out on the premises ofMr.Myers, Prince's-street,Soho, which consumed the three adjoining bouses, and four individuals, the son of Mr. M., a father and two children perished in the flames.
8 M 11. At
— 11. At a Court of Common Council held this day, thanks were voted to Mr. Sheriff Waithmau, u tor the presence of mind, temper, firmness and courage displayed by him at the affray with the solT diery at Knightsbridge, on the 26th Aug."
— 12. After fourteen days laborious and public-spirited attendance, the Coroner's jury on Richard Honey returned a verdict of " Manslaughter against the officers and men of the 1st regt.of Life Guards, who were on duty between Tyburn-turnpike and Park-Iaiie, on the day R. Honey was shot, Aug. 14, 1821."
— 15. Two bills of indictment, preferred by the Bridge-street Association, against Mr. Hone, for his "Non mi ricordo" and "Matrimonial Ladder;" and one by its secretary against the News, for publishing .Mr. Waithman's speech at the last Common
Hall, were thrown out by the Grand Juries of London and Middlesex.
Same day the King arrived in town from Ireland, and on the 24th he left London for the Continent.
— 20. In the Gazette of this day, a memorandum from the War Office announces -that " the King has been pleased to remove Major. General Sir Robert Thomas Wilson from the British army." A public subscription has since been set on foot, to indemnify him, by a gentleman who has subscribed £'500.
Francis Cresswell, esq. jun. of Blackheath, to Rachel, 2d daughter of J. Fry, esq. banker, London.
At Mary-le-bone Church, William Cahusac, esq. to Emily Sarah, 2d daughter of H. Borche,esq.
At Ashtead, E. Lomax, esq. of Lincoln's Inn, to Hester, eldest daughter of E. Smith, esq.
W. J. Chlng, esq. Barrister at Law, to Mary-Ann, eldest daughter of Samuel Col»yn, esq.
Mr. H. L. Robins, of Covent Garden, to Miss Howis, of South Lambeth.
The Rev. W. Brant, of Putney Heath, to Isabella Anne, daughter of the late Rev. G. Wright.
The Rev. John Primate Maud, of Hilliugdon, to Miss Matilda Elizabeth Hains, of Swainswick.
Lieut. W. H. Nicholls, R.N. to Jemima Jane, youngest daughter of Thomas Medlycott, esq. Heme Hill, Surrey.
T. S. Carter, esq. Barrister at Law, to Eliza Sophia, only daughter of the late R. Fowis, esq. of Sedcoft, Kent.
Alexander James Scott, esq. of Euston Square, to Julia, second daughter of James Deacon, esq.
At Stepney, W. Fergus, esq. to Miss Cairns, daughter of Mr. James C., R.N.
At Mary-le-bone, Sir R. D. Haugan, to Marianne Wolff James, only daughter of the late Col James lanes, of Madras.
David Howell, esq. to Frances, youngest daughter of Thomas Russell,esq.
At St. George's, Hanover Square, the Rev. Richard Boyse, of Utile Hadham, Herts, to Winifred Berners, 4th daughter 'of the late Sir T. B.
At St. Ann's, Soho,P. J. Macdonald,esq. to Eliza, youngest daughter of William Overton, .esq.
At Islington, Mr M. Joseph, of Birchinlane, Corah ill, to Miss Surah, Georgiana Brown.
At St. George's, Hanover Square, James Scott, esq. of Greenock, to Susan, eldest daughter of the late Mr. Daniel M'Kellar, of that place.
At Abinger, Surrey, John Campbell, esq. of Lincoln's Inn, Barrister at Law, to Mary Elizabeth, eldest daughter of James Scarlett, esq. M.P.
At St. Mary's, Whitechape), Henry Augustus Hope, to Bennet, youngest daughter of the late Edward Blaxlaiul, esq. Ospringe, Kent.
At Hampstead, Edward Toller, jun. esq. of Doctors' Commons, to Margaret, youngest daughter of the late John Edington, esq. • At St. John's, Hackney, Mr. Thomaa Kingsbury, of Leadenhall street, to Mart ha, daughter of the late Joseph Luck, esq. of Clapton.
Mr. J. R. Pizey, of Laurence Pountneylane, to Caroline, eldest daughter of Edward Cherrill, esq. of Clerkenwell.
At Mortlake, Surrey, the Rev. K. James, M.A., to Sarah, eldest daughter of Frederick Reevf s, esq. of East Sheen.
At St. Martin's in the Fields, Mr. Peter Adams, of Throginorton-street, solicitor, to Eliza, only daughter of the late John Roake, esq.
Henry Mann, esq. of Brixton Common, to Anna, youngest daughter of the late John Chester, esq.
At Mary-la-bonne Church, Capt. George Digby, R.N. to Elizabeth, only daughter of Sir John Walsh, bart. of Warfield, Berks.
At St. Giles's in the Fields, John Daubney Harvey, esq. to fanny, 2d daughter of the late W. Dyne, esq. of Lincoln's Inn Fields.
At Tottenham, Capt. James Hodgson, of the 17th Madras Infantry, to Miss Pratt.
At St. George's, Hanover Square, Lieut. Col. Fearon, 31st, to Miss Palmer. DIED.
At Hampstead, 83, Mrs. Chipeate.
Amelia Maria, wife of Mr. Lannoy H. Forbes.
At Bromley, Mr. John Blucke, of the Secretary's Office, Chelsea College.
At Hammersmith, Ann, the wife of T. Smith, esq. of New Bridge-street.
At Elsted, Surrey, John Fouliet, esq. formerly an eminent solicitor in London.
W. J. Waldle, esq. of Queen-street, Cheapside.
Mrs. Mrs. Ann Carter, of Peckham. In Budge-row, Mr. Edward Gillow, youngest son of Thomas G. esq. of St. Nicholas, Thanet.
At Islington, Mrs. E. Toone, relict of the late Capt. John T. aged 72.
In Harley-street, Simeon Droz, esq. In South Audley-street, Miss Stlina Thistlewaite.
In George-street, Hanover Square, the wife of T. C. Carry, esq. of Monaghan.
At Twickenham, 44, the Rev. H. P. Beauchamp.
AtBrompton, Mr. Thomas Sorel Banister.
At Kensington, the Rev. Joseph Bullcr. 85, William Hunt, esq. of the South Sea House.
At Homerton, 55, Mrs. Helen Cowley. Sophia Elizabeth Fitzherbert, only daughter of P. F. esq. of Bristol.
On Paddingtpn Green, 74, Jos. Thrupp, esq.
42, Lydia, wife of Mr- George Lamb, of Camberwell jGrove.
In London-street, Fitzroy Square, 59, David Sutherland, esq.
At Percy-street, Bedford-square, Mrs. Tandy.
37, John Taylor, esq. of St. George's Terrace, Hyde ParkOn the Terrace, High-street, Mary-lebone, 74, George Elwes, esq., son of the notorious miser of that name.
Julia Clara, 2d daughter of J.Mazzinghi, of Sloane-street, Chelsea, after a short illness from eating melon.
Thomas Stallard Penoyre, esq. of Leadenhall-street.
At Battersea Rise, 75, Richard Budd, M.D.
In Upper ThOrnhaugh-street, 72, Rev. Thomas Exon.
At Putney, Mary, wife of Mr. J. Charlwood.
W.Kinnaird,esq. sen. magistrate of the Thames Police Office, and a druggist in Holborn.
In Devonshire-street, Portland-place, 52, Edward Charles Howell Shepherd^ esq. Mr. Henry Bolt, of Leadenhall-street. At Sunbury Common, Robert Jones, esq. At Queen's Row, Walworth, 65, E. Adams, esq.
At Tottenham, 68, Mr. James Norman, 67, Edward Griffin, esq. many years Secretary to the Sun Fire Office.
At Springfield Lodge, Camberwell, 80, Arianna Margaretta, widow of the late Col. Chalmers.
After a short illness, 85, Mr. George Crane, of Rathbone-place.
At Fulham, Louisa, wife of the Rev. H. Wat.
At Harrow, Mr. James Oldfield. Lately at his residence inGreat Pulteneystreet, Dr. Polidori, who accompanied
Lord Byron ab.oad as his domestic physician. The servant, not finding him rise at the usual hour, went to his room between eleven and twelve o'clock, and found him groaning, apparently in the agonies of death. An alarm was given, and medical aid immediately called, but before the arrival of the surgeons, he had expired in a fit of apoplexy. "At Westbourne-place, Sloane square, Mr. Robert War dell.
At Camberwell, 59, Sarah Ann, wife of Mr.B.Lowett, sen.
At Petitonville, Margaret, youngest daughter of E. Cornwell, esq. of Fridaystreet.
In Dover-street, Piccadilly, Mary Ann, wife of Charles March, esq.
At Fenchurch-street, Mr. Christopher Wilson.
At Upper Tooting, 16, Adam, eldest son of Adam Oldham, esq.
68, Henry Robins, esq. of the Great Piazza, Covent Garden, many years known to the public as an auctioneer in a considerable business, which he conducted with a degree of probity which ensured success and the accumulation of a considerable fortune.
Suddenly, Abraham Mendes Furtado^
esq. better known by the name of Charles
Furtado, the celebrated piano-forte player.
At Hayes, 84, Mr. Robert Heel.
At Dulwich, Harriet, wife of Thomas
At Tunbridge, 69, after a short illness, the Rev. Vicessimus Knox, D.D. of the Adelpui, London. This respectable end distinguished divine was born in London, in 1752, his father being then master of St. Paul's School, where he received his first education. He was then removed to St, John's College, Oxford, and on an exhibition in 1779, took the degree of A.M. and obtained a fellowship. By his father's interest, and his own merits, he was appointed master of Tunbridge School, which he raised to the highest character among classical seminaries, where he married the daughter of a respectable bookseller, and discharged his onerous duties with singular credit till 1812, when he resigned in favour of his son, the Rev. Thomas Knox, of Brazen Nose College, Oxford and settled in theAdelplii, where he passed the remainder of his days in the undisturbed enjoyment of a literary life. The degree of D.D. wns conferred en him by an American university. In the course of h is active and useful life he has written many excellent works, some of which will lust as long as the language, and endure as a testimony of his talents and excellent principles. The first met with are "Essays, Moral and Literary," in one volume 8vo. published without a name. The success of this work induced him to enlarge it, and to print it with his name, in 2 vols. 8vo. 1798, since which it has run through at least twenty editions, and done much towards forming the
learning (earning mid taste of the age. In 1781, he published " liberal Education, or a Practical Treatise on the Methods of acquiring Useful and Polite Learning," and no work was ever • written abonnding In finer principles, drawn from tbe models of antiquity. This was enlarged to 2 vols. 1785. He also edited the well known "Elegant Extracts in Prose, Verse, and Epistles," 1783. "Winter Evenings, or Lucubrations on Life and Letters" came out in 1788. "Sermons Intended to Promote Faith, Hope, and Charity," 1792. "Personal Nobility, or Letters to a Young Nobleman," a work which ought to be found in every respectable family in tbe empire. On the JOth of August, 1793, he preached a truly Christian sermon at Brighton, recommending peace, but although he was strongly attached to the establishment, yet the high church politics of the day induced some person to be offended with bis opinions, as too liberal, and some coxcombs In military uniforms, the next time be appeared In tbe theatre, Insulted blm in so gross a manner as to oblige h:m to leave the place. He noon ufter published a narrative of tbese transactions, a circumstance which at the time created a great public sensation; and soon after printed " The Spirit of Despotism," without his name, and subsequently suppressedj; a work which has recently been reprinted, and which as his, as well as from its'great in • trinsic merit, will rank as the first political classic in our language. His " Family Lectures'' came out in 1795, large 8vo. "Christian Philosophy," 2 vols. 12mo. in 1795. "Considerations on the Nature and Efficacy of the Lord's Supper," 2 vols. !2mo. 1790, a cheap edition of wbich was published at the desire of Dr. Hor»ley. He also published several single sermons, all characterized by tbe elegance of their style, and the correctness of their sentiments. But the grave must not be permitted to close upon this eminent writer, scholar, and divine, without our tribute of respect. Dr. Knox was uniformly an asserter of civil and religions liberty; a zealous friend of the established religion (as bis various theological treatises evince,) and he considered its perfect security consistent with the most liberal toleration of all denominations of Christians. His polished style had long ranked him, as an author, among the classics of his country—especially in Belles Lettres. In the pulpit he possessed a most commanding eloquence; in private life none conciliated more affection and esteem. There was a singleness of heart that displayed itself In all bis words and actions; bis manners were unassuming, and his habits unobtrusive; but when not under the influence of an occasional depression, there was a fervour in his language that gave a peculiar and delightful animation to his conversation, which was enriched with all the stores of literature. The grand and distinguishing feature of bis character was a noble independence of sentiment, that made him scorn the concealment of bis "pinions, (however injurious personally to
himself might be llielr avowal) wherever and whenever he felt, that the interests of learning, liberty, or truth, were endangered. One of his objects was to inculcate a general feeling of Vae folly and wickedness of war. It is a subject he frequently recurs to in his miscellaneous pieces. He translated a tract of Erasmus, entitled " Bellum dulce inexpertis," nnd named it " Antipolemus," and a respecttabltt society has since been formed, who have taken ike appellation of Antipolemists. His last production was a pamphlet, written a few months since, upon the national advantages of " Classical Learning." In-person he was rather about the middle size, his physiognomy bespoke his contemplative habits, his complexion was dark, and his entire demeanor such as became a perfect philosopher.
[Mrs. Elizabeth Inchbald, (whosedeath we noticed in our last) was the daughter of Mr. Simpson, a respectable farmer at Stuningflcld, near Bury, Suffolk. She was born in 1756, and at an early age was remarkable for the Beauty of her person, and a particular fondness for reading. Losing her father in her infancy, Miss Simpson was left under the care of her mother, who continued to occupy the farm. Her natural predilection for books soon induced her to form a romantic idea of visiting the metropolis, and finding that step discountenanced by her family, she eloped from them in Feb. 1772. After experiencing a variety of incidents, she attracted the notice of a performer of Drury-lane, who learning her situation, recommended her to the stage, and offered to instruct her, in spite of an impediment in her speech. She soon however ascertained that his designs were far from being honourable, and accordingly applied to the manager of the Bristol Theatre. She next applied to Mr. Inchbald, with whom she had hitherto become acquainted, and wb° re" commended her to a theatrical friend; her oonfidence in her new patron was however soon destroyed, and indignant at his dishonourable proposals, she hastened to Mr. Inchbald, who endeavouring to soothe her sorrow, was married to her in a few days. Mr. Inchbald first introduced his wife on the stage at Edinburgh, where she continued four years. In consequence of the uppearance of Mrs. Yates, she quitted Edinburgh for York; but her health declining, she and her husband wnet to France, where she stayed about a year, and two years after her return to England in 1779, Mr. Inchbald died. She now returned to London, and continued to act four years at Covent Garden Theatre. She next visited Dublin, on quitting which place she returned to Covent Garden Theatre, where she continued to perform for some time, but retiring from the stage, she devoted her attention to dramatic writing, and in 1784, produced a farce called the Mogul Tale, the success of which induced her to go on, and she soon completed a comedy called "I'll tell You What," which ultimately met with great success. The tide of Mrs. Inchbald's fortune now began to turn; and in 1789, she quitted