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exhales miasmata, not perceptible to the senses, which attach it to tedding, clothes, furniture, and even the walls of the apartments (as, from numerous facts, there is reason to believe,) which there become capable of infecting individuals, more or less promptly according to their pre-disposition. The disease appears to have its seat in the nervous system. It successively paralyzes the different viscera. The kidneys cease their functions first. The body, which may be called a corpse still animated, exhibits all the symptoms of decomposition. Some patients, after exhibiting all the signs of complete dissolution, have by degrees returned to life^ and have teen cured. It requires courage, I assure you, and the most jHTfect self-resignation, toapproach anil touch certain patients. The stomach appears to be the most constant point of attack. It is subject to a kind of irritation which is quite tut generis. Its state must not be confounded with ja phlegmasia, though gangrenous parts are often found in its interior. There iis no inflammatory appearance in the yellow fever. After the convulsive spasms which mark the commencement, atomy soon takes place, and the extinction of life follows. At this moment the intensity of the disease appears to have abated, but still from one to two hundred die daily. Scarcely a week ago the numter was from two to three hundred."
Barcelona, Oct. 17.—I wrote to you by the last courier, at a moment when I was scarcely able to hold the pen, in a state of high fever. I have forgotten all the details which I sent you. Ah, my dear brother, if you beheld my situation! I am the most wretched of men. We were eight in numter, shut up in this one house. From the 7tli of December we had communication with no human creature. What a mischance! when on the 10th instant we heard knocking at tlie door. We went to look out of the window— jSanlapan is called for, in order to be informed that his son was taken ill. At this np'wg the wretched father Cried out repeatedly," my son! my son has taken the infection; I will see him!"' The mother, who was in the house, appeared a* wretched as the father. They went but in haste, and returned in a quarter of an hour with their sick son. It was \fl vain that we remonstrated with them upon the danger of introducing him. As they were the porters of the house,
we could not prevent their entering. Heavens! what imprudence! what calamity ensued! The son was put to bed—in 24 hours he expired. The mother was soon seized with the contagion —also the father. Between the 10th and 14th, the eight of us had caught it. Of these eight, five were carried off, and iny daughter is in her last hour. The French physicians visit us twice a day, Bnd give some hopes of recovery. To be prepared for the worst, I have made my will, which is deposited at the parish church of St. Michael. To-day I have teen upon the ramparts, searching for some herbs for my daughter. On my way along I encountered at least twenty carts loaded with dead. There are still 10,000 dead in the town. At Barcelonetta there is not a soul left— "All the world" is dead. The worst of it is, the bodies are left to horrible putrefaction in the houses. It is impossible to stir out without shedding tears. Terror is at its utmost. At this moment I am looking on, whilst the beds, the inattrasses, the coverings, and the bodies of the victims are thrown out of the windows into the street. In some streets there is not a sufficiency of carts, and some hundred bodies are left in heaps upon the pavements. If I said the deaths are a thousand a day, I should not exaggerate. I believe the number is greater. I believe all those in the town will perish. M/Pariret, the French physician, has this instant visited my daughter for the last time. He announces to me the death of one of his colleagues, M. Mozet. Another, M. Uaily, is dangerously ill. They will no longer remain in the town, because the General1, who commands the first cordon, will not consent to fall back a league. Our doctors wished that every body should go out of the town, and since that is not allowed, it is impossible to check the plague.
Two events of the past month open delightful prospects to mankind, and give us hopes, in spite of the Machiavelian doctrines of the European economists, and the selfish policy of those who consider industry as their property. We hllude to the surrender of Lima, which consolidates the republican government of La Plata, Chili, and Peru, and in them gives rise to a vast empire equal to that of the United States of North America in various climates and resources, and we hope also in public liberty.
The other event we trust is not less certain, though not yet matured, viz.: the independence of the fine isthmus of Mexico—a country, which, from its position between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, cannot fail .under a free and wise government, to become the emporium of the world. To the exhausted and distracted people of Europe, Mexico presents every variety of temperature, a fertile soil, easy and short communications,, and fine ports in two seas, uniting the east and the west, the north and the south.
Late events also have terminated the bloody contest which former usurpations have long waged against the unhappy people of Venezuela, and that finely situated province and the vast district called New Granada, are now an independent republic under the name of Columbia.
All these new states will become great by the troubles and bad policy of many countries in Europe, where abuses have accumulated (perhaps unavoidably), and they present so many lands of Canaan to those who, in many parts of the old continent, are borne down by monopoly, luxury, and fluctuations, which rob virtuous industry of its reward.
The patriots and royalists of Mexico have come to an agreement, of which we have the terms in several articles of adjustment entered into at Cordova, on the 24th of August, between Don Juan O'Donoju, Viceroy, and Don Manuel Iturbide, Commander in Chief of the Imperial Mexican Forces. The first of the articles declares the sovereignty and independency of Mexico under the title of the Mexican Empire; the second, that its Government shall be a moderate Constitutional Monarchy; the third, that Ferdinand the Seventh shall reign on coming to Mexico; and the fourth makes it imperative on him to fix his court in Mexico. The powers of the monarch are to be ascertained and limited by a Representative Constitution. In case that Ferdinand declines to visit the new imperial territory, such member of the reigning family as the Cortes should prefer, is to succeed him, who is to govern until the Cortes shall have met, and in the name of the nation fix on the sovereign of their choice. All the inhabitants, without distinction of origin or colour, are free citizens.
Corfu, Sept. 30.—The central government of the Greeks at Modou pub
lishes bulletins on the advantages gained by its troops. Their style is very original, as may be seen by the following specimens:—
THIRTY-SECOND BULLETIN OF LIBERTY.
Honour to God the Almighty! and to the Holy Church of the East! honour to the Empire of the Hellenists, to the ArchlStrategos, Prince Demetrius Ypsilanti, and to all the Chiefs of the Hellenists! Peace to the brave victims of the struggle for liberty—This day (August 28) reports have been received from the camp of the Hellenists near Navarrin; the following is the tenour of the words of liberty :—The tyrant Jussuf Pacha, the Chief of these barbarians, children of Hell, who believe in the devil's emiss <ry Mohammed, has attacked the Hellenists, accustomed to victory ,who were encamped before the fortres* of Navarrin, under the orders of Theodore Spartaki. God has humbled his pride, he has chastised his blind audacity. The barbarians have been repulsed, and confusion prevails in their ranks; they lost 600 men, three of whom are Bimbachas, and 200 were made prisoners, and their lives spared. The Greeks, under the manifest protection of God, lost only 36 men, who were buried with all military honours on the field of battle. May the earth press lightly on them, for they died for thei r country! The reinforcement of600 men from Calmata, with two guns and ammunition, have put the conquerors in a condition to cannonade the fortress. Perhaps the next report will bring us joy and ho n»ur. God bless the Hellenists.
(which appeared Sept.l.) Honour to God the Almighty, &c—-The news of the capture of Artas has this instant arrived in this happy town. The inhabitants have surrendered by capitula tion; the number of barbarians found in the citadel were but few, and theiv lives were spared, In general the Hellenists conduct themselves with great model ation. Prince Demetrius Ypsilanti is arrixed at Patras, where there are about 10,00 * Hellenists. The powerful navarques Ithe Isle of Hydra have again announc othe capture of three large Turkish shipso <war. God and the Hellenists.
In this manner was published the cap ture of Coran, of Napoli, and varioiisj ther small castles. The bulletins sometiines contain local ordinances of the Senate, remarkable for their moderation. Forejgn merchants are treated with considerate n. The Hellenists are badly clothed, a:id worse armed. The traffic in.gunpowd.r (from eight to ten piastres the okkena) is very advantageous to the foreign merchants. The number of troops in the Peloponnesus may amount to 30,000, a third of whom are provided with muskets. The arrival of
Prince Demetrius Ypsllanti has put an end to the species of war which existed between the Senates of Calmata and Modou. RUSSIA. Recent advices receive! from St. Petersburg"-, announce, that notwithstanding the colouring given to the negotiations currying on, war between Russia and Turkey is inevitable. The greatest care has been taken to disguise the real intentions of the Emperor, so as to make the professions he has so repeatedly uttered to the States of Europe hide the secret policy by which his Cjuncils are actuated; but his journey to the head-quarters of his army, the
great stir in the War Department, the extensive preparations made, and, above all, the state of public opinion in Russia, warrant the conclusion that it is no longer in the power of the Emperor himself to stop the enterprise.
We give place to the preceding paragraph, but as the cause of the Greeks is considered as identified with that of Liberty and Jacobinism, a lukewarm and even hostile feeling towards them is believed to actuate many cabinets, and to counterbalance the policy of the Russian government, and thegenerou* feelings of the people in the east of Europe.
INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS In And Near LONDON, IPith Biographical Memoirs of distinguished Characters recently deceased.
CHRONOLOGY OF THE MONTH.
Oct. A PUBLIC meeting was held at 25. J\_ the City of Loudon Tavern, for promoting a subscription to indemnify Sir Robert Wilson. The Marquis of Tavistock, the Hon. H. Grey Bennett, Mr. Lambtou, Sir F. Burdett, and several other public characters, uominated as a committee to co-operate with the Southwark committee. The subscription proceeds well; but the greater claims of the families of Honey and Francis are cruelly neglecte d.
— 26. At a Court of Common Council held this day, a resolution was passed " to present the thanks of the Court and the freedom of the City, in a gold box, value one hundred guineas, to Joseph Hume, Esq. for his pirliamcntury exertions to reduce the public expenditure, and his indefatigable labours for the introduction of practical economy.
Nov. 3. A fire broke out on the premises of Mr. George Hoppe corn-merchant, in Old Gravel-lane, Wapping. The flames communicated to the granary, and consumed the whole, and materially damaged the adjoining houses.
— 8. The King arrived in town from Hanover, after a very satisfactory journey.
— 9. Alderman Maguay sworn in Lord Mayor. The only difference in the civic procession from that of former years, was the omission of obnoxious soldiers and of men in armour.
— 15. Mary Ann Carlile, tried in July last at Guildhall, for publishing a libel, was this day brought up for judgment in the Court of King's Bench. Mr. Justice Bayley pronounced a very severe sentence, as follows :—" That you, Mary Ann Carlile, do pay to the King a fiue of £500.; and that you be imprisoned in Dorchester gaol, for a period of twelve months; that at the expiration of that time, you do find sureties for your good behaviour during five years,
yourself in £1000. and two other persons in £100. each." A fine of £5001. on a wretched female, probably not worth as many farthings, seems to be contrary to the spirit of our law, aud particularly to a Clause in the Bill of Rights. It is true the object is obnoxious, but against such feelings the administration of the law ought to be on its guard. If not remitted, it seems equivalent to a sentence of perpetual imprisonment.
— 16. The Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, aud Aldermen, presented the addresses to the King, to both of which his Majesty returned suitable answers.
— 24. The King's Bench sentenced Messrs. Shackell and ArroWsmith, for a libel on the late Lady Wrottesley, in the John Bull newspaper, to nine months' imprisonment, and a fiue of £500. each; and Weaver, the printer, to a like imprisonment, aud a fine of £100., with securities for good behaviour for five years.
— 26. The same Court sentenced the Rev. Richard Blacow, for a libel on the late Queen, in a sermon at Liverpool, to six months' imprisonment, and a tine of £100., with securities for good behaviour for five years It also sentenced Williams, Mayor of Chester, to six months' imprison-, meut and a fine of £1000. for partiality duriug the last city election.
The same day accounts received of continued disturbances in the county of Limerick, and of the horrid massacre of a middle-man, his wife, children, aud friends, to the number of seventeen persons. MARRIED.
H. F. Hawker, esq. 19th foot, to Elizabeth Josephine, youngest daughter of Joseph Wheeler, esq.
Mr. Thomas Fletcher, of Queenhithe, to Miss R. M. Browne, of Winchmore Hill.
J. H. Cohen, esq. of Kingston, Jamaica, to Miss Cohen, of Heme Hill Cottage.
Mr. Waton Barwise, of St. Martin'slane, to Frances, eldest daughter of C. Baumor, esq. of Piccadilly.
Edward Thomley Bond, esq. of Nuneaton, Warwickshire, to Miss Susannah Sykes, of Stoke Newhigton.
Capt. F. C. Penrose, of the Hon. East India Company's Service, to Hiss Barlow, ofBrompton.
Heimeli Schroder Cousin, esq. of Old Broad-street, to Miss Caroline Moses, of Edmonton.
Mr. Poole, of Northampton-square, to Miss Matilda Davis, of Jtidd-place.
Mr. Joseph Hedge, of Redcross-street, to Miss Jane Highani, second daughter of Edward Higham, esq. of Faultbourne, Essex.
Mr. R. Welham, to Eliza, daughter of the late Captain Smyth.
T. D. Belfield, esq. of Mincing-'.ine, lo Elizabeth Anne, eldest daughter of W. Eversley, esq. of Barbadoes.
James Hopkins, esq. of Queen Vsquare, to Mary, youngest daughter of the late John El.iott, esq. of Calcutta
Mr. Thomas Goldsworthy Sard, to Jane Philippa, only daughter of Mr. Sard, of Berkeley-square.
At Lower Tooting, Thomas Holmes, ju n. esq.to Miss Scott.
Josephus J. Kendrick, esq. to Frances Mary, only daughter of the late James Dods, esq.
Henry Pilgrim, esq. of Kensington, to MissHolford, of Hampstead.'
Mr. G. A. White, of Pentonville, to Miss Jones, of John-street, Bedford-row.
Mr. VV. Thomas, of New Bond-street, to Mary Elizabeth, eldest daughter of William Yews, esq. of Clapham.
Mr.C. Lonsdale, to Miss M. A. Mills.
W.C.ShevilJun. esq. to Sarah, youngest daughter of the late Edward Clarke, esq. ofSpitalfields.
Sir W. J. Hope, M.P. to the Countess of Athlone.
John Den I, esq. to Miss Madison.
Mr. Thomas Strahan, of the Minories, to Miss Sarah Wells, of Bermondsey. DIED.
In Euston Cresceut, New Road, after a few days illness, 34, Mr. William Bertford, universally respected by all who knew him.
In Mornington-place, 28, Edward West, esq. deeply regretted by a numerous and highly-respectable circle of friends and relations.
At Clareroont Terrace, Pentonville, Master .Francisco Lore da Costa.
In the Kent Road, 67, Abraham Purshouse Driver, esq. to the inexpressible grief of his disconsolate widow and family. He was a man of great activity in his profession as a surveyor and auctioneer, Mao. No. 361.
nnd much respected by a very extensive connexion.
In New Bond street, 13, Miss Summers.
Iu Charlotte-street, Bedford-square, 54, Mrs. llobarts.
In Upper Thames-street, 48, Mr. Christopher Jackson, sugar-factor.
At Poplar, Catherine, widow of the late Capt. Josiah Pryce, many years in the Hon. East India Company's service.
Mr. Thomas Harvey, 38, late captain of the Eclipse steam-packet, in which capacity, as well as in private life, he conciliated the esteem and respect of all who knew him, by the unusual suavity of his manners.
At her-son-in-law's, John Mitchell, M.D. Mrs. RawUn.ris
At Long Ditton, 67, Frances, relict of Saudeforth Streatfield, esq.
In Great Portland-street, 69, Elizabeth, wife of Mr. James Huson.
In Kiug-street, Holborn, 72, Elizabeth, wife of Edward Barlow, esq. sincerely lamented by her family and friends.
In Bedford-street, Bedford-row, 25, Sarah, wife of Mr. Wm. Legg, jun.
In Great Marlborouirh-street, 73, Mrs. Lnyar, late of Colchest :r.
58, John Lamb, esq. accountant to the South Sea Company, in which establishment he had served upwards of forty years.
In Bridge Road, Lambeth, Sophia, wife of David Allan, esq.
In Hyde-street, Bloomsbury, 63, Mr. D Humphrey.
In St. Alban's-place, 68, Mr. W. Roberts, v
In Southampton-street, Bloomsbury, at an advanced age, Samuel Pctre, esq. formerly M.P. whose name will long be celebrated in the records of contested elections, in which at Cricklade, he expended a considerable fortune for the public good.
In Cheapside, 30, Mrs. Danrto, wife of Mr. N.D.
At Cainden-town, Mrs. Mary James, of the Bedford Anns.
At Putney, Tyson Chapman, esq.
At Belle Vue, Brixton, 27, liichard, the youngest son of Samuel Wilde, es.q. of New Palace Yard.
In Charterhouse-square, 80, Alexander Gordon, esq.
89, Benjamin Hates, esq. formerly a partner in the firm of Messrs. Jukes, Coulson, and Co. of Upper Thames-street. He retained his faculties till within a short period of his decease, and displayed his accustomed kindness and consideration for the happiness of those around him; and in his death he testified the excellence of those Christian principles, which it had been his unremitting aim, by a consistent life, to adorn.
3 N 84, Mrs.
84, Mrs. Mary Sikes, relict of the late Bartholomew Sikes, esq. inventor of the new hydrometer.
In Coleman-street, Mrs. E. Dobson. In Mansell-street, 71, Mr. Abraham Torchinn.
At Croydon, 69, Mr. Alexander Bissen, M.A.
In Burton Crescent, Mary Eliza, wife of Gilbert Stuart Bruce, esq.
Much regretted by all who knew him, Mr. Thomas Edgley, of Essex Wharf, Strand, after a few days illness occasioned by a severe fall.
In Old Manor-street, Chelsea, Caroline Matilda, daughter of John Gurnell, esq.
In JefFrys-squarc, 70, Mr. Other Gammon.
At Mill Hill, Hendon, Mr. Henry Humphreys, of the Stock Exchange.
In Suffolk-lane, 61, Thomas Britton, esq. deeply lamented by his numerous family and friends.
At Hoxton, 76, Mrs. Elizabeth Scarr. In Felix Terrace, Islington, Miss Atkinson.
At Reigate, 76, Mrs. Joliffe, relict of the late William Joliffe, esq! M.P.for Petersfield, universally respected for the uniform liberality of her disposition, and highly esteemed by all classes in her neighbourhood. The deceased was daughter and sole heiresss of Sir Richard Hylton, of Hayton Castle, in the county of Cumberland, bart. the lineal descendant from the Lords de Hylton, and claimant of that ancient barony.
At Reigate, 74, Robert Salexbury Cotson, esq. a friend of the preceding.
At Norwood, 30, Mr. Samuel Graves, late of Sherborne-lane, printer.
At Upper Islington, 73, Ely Scott, esq. At Ewell, 70, Mr. Richard Mason. At Belle Vue, Reigate, 58, WilliamBaj* ter, esq. deeply lamented by all who knew him.
At Isleworth, Thomas Whutely, esq. At Kingsland, after a lingering illness, Thomas Holah, esq. partner in the firm of Holah, Johnson, and Co. tea-dealers, of Nicholas-lane.
At Middle-grove House, Ealing, Miss Elizabeth James, deeply regretted. In Craven-street, Mrs. Best. In York-street, Portman-square, 73, .Rose Fuller, esq.
In Bolton-street, 73, John Smith, esq. In High-street, Borough, Susannah, wife of Mr. Edward Kent, sincerely regretted by her family and friends.
At Hackney, 63, Mr. Joseph Williams. At Shepherd's Bush, Elizabeth, relict of the late Richard Hunt, esq.
In the Strand, 34, Mr. Thomas Grimes, jun. woollen-draper, deeply regretted by all his friends and relatives. At WanBtead, 73, Thomas Sparks, esq.
At Brixton, 62, C. C. Ifatt, esq.
At Holloway, after a long and painful illness, 47, Mrs. Seabrook.
At Clapham Road School, 77, Mrs. Richardson.
In Queen Anne-street, 71, Sir William Young, G.C.B. Admiral of the Red, and Vice Admiral of Great Britain, memoirs of whom will appear in our next.
At Hyde Park Corner, John Warner, esq. upwards of thirty years magistrate of Middlesex.
At Carshalton, Mr. Charrington.
At Southgate, W. Cunliffe Shau; esq.
At Long Ditton, Elizabeth, wife of Charles Brooke, esq.
In Essex-street, Strand, Francis Fladgate, esq.
At Lambeth Palace, Mr. James Fenn.
At Croydon, W.Bradshaw Clinton, esq. in consequence of an anurism.
At Battersea, 49, Mr. John Ireson.
At Kdmoutoii, Anna, daughter of Osgood Iliinbury, jun.esq.
At Twickenham, 105, Mrs. Mary Brittal.
At Holloway, 48, Mr. John Thurston, one of the most ingenious and tasteful designers of his age, and a man whose modesty retarded his distinction in society. He was a native of Scarborough, but has for many years resided in the vicinity of Loudon, and has been much celebrated for the beauty of his designs in various elegant publications, though his retired habits caused him to be personally unknown beyond the circle of his family and a few friends. A delicate form of body and intense application to his profession, combined to shorten his life, and deprive an orphan family of his further protection and support.
In a fit of apoplexy, at his house in James-street, Westminster, Rear-Admiral James Burney, the son of the late justly celebrated Charles Burney, Mus. Doct. author of the elegant History of Music, and several other works. James Burney was his eldest son, and sent early into the navy, and perhaps no man ever paid more attention to his duty or succeeded better, both as a practical and theoretical seaman. He was sent out twice with that excellent seaman Capt. Cook; first as a midshipman, and on his return was promoted to be a lieutenant. He sailed with that much lamented officer as lieutenant, and contributed much to the success of his perilous and important voyage. By the death of the two commanders, Cook and Clerke, he returned in command of the smallest ship, the Discovery. . On his return he was confirmed in the rank of master and commander, and soon after promoted to that of post captain. In that capacity he was sent in command of the Bristol man of war, to India, and was present in most of the ac