« EdellinenJatka »
position in which the enemy would hare found themselves, would have been worth an army to me.
Will it now be credited that the man who had combined and arranged all the parts,of this great manoeuvre, should have been prevented entirely from seeing the execution of it by his own fault? This fact however is established by evidence.
Without any political necessity, but solely to tranquillize the empress, I dispatched a courier to her with a detailed plan of all the operations which I was about to put in force. Unfortunately this courier fell into the hands of the enemy, and with him all my dispatches. This misfortune cost me a throne!
We now hasten to close this interesting volume by a few extracts under the head of" Waterloo:-1
I began the campaign by successes; the inconceivable battle of Waterloo destroyed all, except what was not permitted to mortals to deprive me. of, viz: the great actions of my brilliant career.
Were I not an enemy to fatalism, I should believe that Waterloo was written from all eternity to the advantage of the English and the Prussians. We commenced the battle like warriors accustomed to conquer, but one half of our army terminated it like militia, who stood fire for the first time. Were I to live for ages, when speaking of Waterloo, I should never alter my opinion.
Wellington in that day, passed from one extremity to the other. He had posted his army in such a manner as to have rendered it liable to have been cut to pieees even to the last soldier.
Marshal Ney who immediately perceived it, told me, that probably the English general had betted in London,
that he should be defeated at Mont St. Jean. However, the Prussians came up and circumstances were no longer the same. The allies gained a complete victory. In point of easy glory the English general was fully gratified. He was indebted to the Prussians for his commission of a " great captain;" and it only remains for him to prove his title to it. I ought to have the more credit for what I say in this respect, as I always took pleasure in rendering justice to those generals who fought against me.
It only remains for me to make a declaration to my age and to posterity, and one which I do with the most heartfelt pleasure.
If I have displayed in misfortune a rare firmness, a constancy superior to the evil intentions of my oppressors, these great qualities are not entirely owing to the force of my mind: but friendship comes in for its share in the stoicism of which I have given proof!
Bertrand, the Montholons, Las-Casas, Gourgaud, Marchand, and in fine, generally all those who followed me to the rock of exile, what have they not done in order to render my residence more supportable? What have they not imagined to extend over my misfortunes the veil of hope? They did not always abuse my patience; but from lime to time, I took delight in the sweet illusions which they created. These were so many happy moments snatched from the mass of my sorrows. Who will recompence these heroes of fidelity? Mankind? I doubt it. My consort or my son? Will the power be left them? It is then to Him who governs the universe, to whom I bequeath this sacred duty: if He be what I love to believe, the incomparable devotion of my generous friends will receive an incomparable reward.
NEW PATENTS AND MECHANICAL INVENTIONS.
To George Shoobridge, of Houndsditch, and William Shoobridge, ofMarden, Kent, for a Substitutefor Flax, or Hemp, and for Manufacturing the same.—Feb. 1820. THE substitute for flax or hemp here proposed, is the fibrous substance which nature produces between the pith or core, and the outer bark or rind of the hop-bind, and the said fibrous substance is separated from the said pith or core, and from the said bark
or rind, and is manufactured or made fit for the puiposes to which flax or hemp are applied, in the following manner:—
First, We take the hop-binds in their green state immediately after the hops nave been gathered, and we cut them into lengths of about four feet (or more or less,) and when so cut into lengths, we tie them up in bundles of any size convenient to be handled, and not too large for the depth of the water into which they are to foe immersed, as hereafter described. The sooner (his is done after the hops are gathered (he better, as the difficulty of afterwards separating the fibrous part is increased if the hop-binds be suffered to dry before the process commences.
Second, The said bundles, without suffering them to dry, are to be immersed in hot or boiling water in vessels of sufficient capacity, and kept in hot or boiling water till, on the trial, the fibrous or flaxy part is found to separate easily from the pith or core; or, which is a more economical method than that which we usually follow, the said bundles of hop-binds, cut into lengths as aforesaid, are immersed in running or in standing water, the softer the wafer is (he better it answers, and are kept under the same by stones' or weights laid npon them till, on trial, it was found that (he fibrous or flaxy part can be easily stripped from the pith or core. This is seldom effected •in less than eight days, and sometimes it requires two or three weeks, according as the hops have been suffered to remain ungathered for a longer or shorter time by favourable or unfavourable weather, and depending also ©n the quality of the water in which the bundles are kept immersed.
Third, When the steeped hop-binds are found ready for the process, the fibrous or flaxy substance is, along with the outer bark or rind, separated from the pith or core in the following manner: posts or benches, of heights convenient for the men, women, and children employed, are provided; into these are driven iron nails in pairs, or pieces of iron in pairs, presenting angular edges in such a manner, that the tops of the said nails or pieces of iron shall stand a few inches above the posts or benches in which they are fastened, and be close at the bottom, and a little open at the top of each pair. To these pairs of nails, or of pieces of iron, we give the name of strippers, and they are used as follows: the work people take the pieces of hop-bind by one end, one or two pieces at a time, and, placing them in the strippers, which they enter to a greater or less depth, according to their respective sizes or diameters, the work-people draw them through the strippers more or less often, till the fibre and bark is stripped from the pith or core, drawn up in balls or lumps at the back of the strippers. Fourth, The said balls or lumps of
fibre and bark are taken off from the back of the strippers as quickly as (hey are produced, by women or children. whose business it is to draw them out again into length with their fingers, and to lay them down, in order that they may, when dried as hereafter directed, be in a fit state for the subsequent manipulations.
Fifth, When the fibre and bark have been disentangled from the lumpy state in which they are found at the back of the strippers, and brought into longitudinal arrangement, they should be taken up in convenient handfuls and rinced in water, to separate, as much as can in this way be separated, of the vegetable gluten or mucilage which adheres to the fibre.
Sixth, The fibious or flaxy material thus separated from the pith or core, and rinced or washed as has been directed, is to be spread out to dry in the sun and air, or, if the weather be unfavourable, on hurdles or any kind of shelves made under sheds, or it may be dried by stoves or on kilns. The sooner this is done the better.
Seventh, When thoroughly dry, the fibrous material is beaten by the hand with mallets, batons, or rods, or any other means, for the purpose of breaking and reducing the bark or rind that still adheres to it, to a state of powder: a great part of which may then be shaken from the flaxy fibre, which is then to be dressed by hackling, or all or any of the usual means employed to dress and prepare hemp or flax, for the different purposes of manufacture. Eighth, When we wish to obtain the fibrous substance in its longest state, which is more useful for some purposes of manufacture; then, instead of drawing the steeped hop-binds through the strippers as before directed, we cause the work-people to peel off by hand the fibrous substance with its rind, which is then to be dried, and afterwards beaten and dressed as before directed. To William Annesly, of Belfast, for Improvements in the construction of Ships' Boats and other Vessels.— June, 1821.
The improvement in consfrncting ships' boats and other vessels consists in making the hull of the same of three or more layers of planks, the direction of the grain of the alternate layers proceeding from bow to stern, and that of the intermediate layer passing from one gunwale around and under the vessel to the other gunwale without being cut
or separated by the keel, the whole of the planks being well pinned, trenailed. or bolted together, without frame timbers, beams, knees, breast-hooks, or stern. The thickness and number of layers of planks must depend upon the strength required for the tonnage of the vessel, and the service in which she is intended to be employed.
The next improvement consists in making the keel in three thicknesses; the middle, called the core of the keel, being of.timber keyed together, and lying horizontally fore and aft, which is to be cased with planks placed vertically on each side crossing the core, together with a horizontal plank under the whole, called the sole, for the purpose of protecting the ends of the cross planking.
Tile third part of the improvement consists in producing, from a given model on a small scale, a set of temporary frames, or moulds, for the purpose of giving to the hulk of the vessel the same figure and relative proportion as the model. To effect this object a model is made put of a solid piece of soft wood to the shape required, according to the service for which the vessel is intended, upon a scale of not less than a quarter of an inch to a foot; to this are affixed a keel and cutwater, in such a manner as to be capable of being detached from the hull. This model is then cut through at right angles to the keel, in as many places as the builder intends to provide temporary frames for giving the layers of planking their proper support and figure, ■while building the vessel.
In the third course it is proposed to lay sheathing-paper dipped in tar, the joints being slightly caulked. The fourth course is also to he covered with sheathing fastened by wooden pegs, so that no iron may be in the way of the augur; and the whole of the work may be payed over with hot stuff and the paper put on instantly, so as to adhere without pegs and shew a fair surface to the last course, by which moisture will be effectually resisted, and a considerable expense saved. A composition of quick lime and linseed oil made fine, should be well pressed into the seams each course, and a very thin coat laid over the last planking, would tend to preserve the wood from decay and secure it from damp; or white lead and od in some cases may be preferred in laying on the wales, bends, mouldings, &c.
To Charles Phillips, of Albemarle Street, London, for Improvements in the Apparatas for propelling Vessels; and an Improvement in the construction of Vessels so propelled. —July, 1821.
This invention consists in a method of propelling vessels on water by means of paddle-wheels which revolve hori-1 zou tally. It includes also a method of constructing and applying moveable paddles, which are made to descend into the water at that point of the ■wheel's revolution where the paddle is to be brought into the action of rowing, and to ascend again out of the water when the full effective stroke is given. It is proposed to enclose between decks, all but the paddles in immediate operation; by which contrivance, it is conceived, that vessels may be propelled in high or rolling seas with greater effect, and will hence, be more safe and generally suitable,
LIST OF PATENTS FOB NEW INVENTIONS.
To James Gardner, of Banbury, ironmonger, for his machine preparatory to melting, in the manufacture of tallow, soap, and candles', and which machine may be used for other similar purposes.
To John Bates, of Bradford, machinemaker, for certain machinery for the purpose of feeding furnaces of every description, steam engines, and other boilers, with coal, coke, and fuel of every kind.
To William Westley Richards, of Birmingham, gun-maker, for his improvement in the construction of gun and pistol locks.
To William Penrose, of Sturmmorgangs, Yorkshire, miller, for his various improvements in the machinery for propelling vessels, and in vessels so propelled.
To Edward Bowles Symes, of Lincoln's Inn, esq. for his expanding hydrostatic piston to resist the pressure of certain fluids, and slide easily in an imperfect cylinder.
To Joseph Grout, of Gutter-lane, Cheapside, London, crape manufacturer, lor his new manufacture of crape, which he conceives will be of great public utility.
To Neil Arnott, M.D. of Bedford-square, for his improvements connected with the production and agency of beat in furnaces, steam aad air engine?, distilling, evaporating, and brewing apparatus.
To Richard Macnamara, of Canterburybuildings, Lambeth, esq. for bis improvement in paving, pitching,and covering streets, roads, and other places.
To John Collinge, of Lambeth, Surrey, engineer, for his improvements on hinges, which he conceives will be of public utility.
To Henry Robinson Palmer, of Hackney, civil engineer, for his improvements in the construction of railways, or trainroads, and of the carriage or carriages.
VARIETIES, THE revived art of Engraving on Wood, is about to be extensively and effectually applied to the illustration of Bibles, Testaments, and Common Prayer Books. In February will be published, in all the usual sizes, and varied bindings, at an advance of only four, five, or six shillings each, on different sized editions, the Holy Bible, with Three Hundred Engravings, copied by W. M. Craig, esq. from the designs of the great masters in the different schools of painting, and engraved in a style of superior effect and beauty. Whatever may have been the attempts hitherto made to illustrate Bibles in a pleasing and popular manner, this undertaking will unquestionably be the cheapest, most comprehensive, and complete that has ever been submitted to the world. For Pocket Bibles, impressions of one hundred and fifty, or upwards, of the best subjects will be taken on India Paper as proofs, and this edition, at the same extra cost of live Shillings, will form the most exquisitely beautiful edition of the Bible ever offered to the world. Ornamented Testaments of all sizes may in like manner be had, each illustrated by one hundred engravings, at two shillings above the usual price; and the cheapest School Testaments will be prepared at only one shilling extra. Ornamented Common Prayer Books will also be prepared of every size, from the large octavo to the small 32mo, illustrated with sixty engravings, and may be had at one shilling and sixpence, or one shilling extra in every variety. By changing the inscriptions the engravings will be adapted to Bibles and Testaments in all languages. Foreign booksellers and Missionary Societies, may be supplied with sets of the engravings with inscriptions in any language for the ornament and illustration of Bibles and Testaments, whatever be the language in which they are printed. The English editions into which the engravings will be introduced, will be the best that are produced at the authorised presses of the United Kingdom; and the Bibles, Testaments, and Common Prayer Books, thus offered to the world, will, in consequence, unite eveiy point of perfection.
VARIETIES, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL,
Including Notices of Works in Hand, Domestic and Foreign.
Illustrations of Shakspeare, are at this time in course of publication, from
pictures painted'expressly, by Robert Smirke, esq. R.A. and" engraved in the finest style by the most eminent historical engravers. The editions having for the most part been published without embellishments, or encumbered with engravings so indifferent, as' to make their possessors consider them "when so adorned, adorned the least;" it is to supply such editions that the present work Jia3 been undertaken Each play will-furnish subjects for five elegant engravings, in addition to a vignette: the aggregate number, therefore, of the plates will be two hundred and twenty-two!
We are happy in having occasion to notice as being in the press, a Tour through Belgium, by his Grace the Duke of Rutland, embellished with plates after drawings by his accomplished Duchess. The riches and capabilities of Belgium deserve to be better known to the world, and it is pleasing to see the task undertaken by a Noble Author.
An interesting volume is printing in square duodecimo, Brevier type, under the title of the Anecdote Library. It will contain a Selection of the best Anecdotes that ever have been printed; and constitute a volume of universal gratification and use. Close printing has enabled the editor to include as much letter-press as is contained in Andrews, Rede, Adams, and Seward united, and at a sixth of the expense. It will comprise above 2000 anecdotes.
The Miscellaneous Tracts of the late W. Withering, M.D. F.R.S. &c. &c with a Memoir of the Author, by W. Withering, esq. F.L.S. &c. &c. embellished with a portrait of Dr. Withering, in 2 vols, 8vo, are nearly ready.
The Miscellaneous Works of Henry Grattan are preparing for publication in one volume, 8vo.
Travels multiply so fast, and are also so expensive, that it has been determined to compress the really valuable substance of the best Modern Travels in all parts of the World, into a single Volume in duodecimo, under the title of the Universal Traveller. To add further to the intrinsic interest of the work, it will be enriched with 100 engravings of the principal objects which arrest the attention of travellers, and excite the curiosity of readers.
Mr. Campbell having finished his Survey of the Districts in Ireland and Scotland, which were the scenes of the events iu OSSIAN, will immediately put to press an edition of those immortal Poems,with .such notes, illustrations, adf'.Lions, and improvements, as will command the respect of the literary world.
Mr. Pearson, F.It.S.F.L.S. M.R.I. will shortly publish the Life of William Hey, F. It. S. late Senior Surgeon of the General Imfirmary at Leeds, in two parts; Part I. will contain the professional Life, with remarks on his writings, and Part II. the moral and social Life, with appendices.
A work is preparing for publication, in one vol. 8vo. called Europe; or, a general survey of the present situation of the principal powers, with conjectures on their future prospects; by a citizen of the' United States.
As some Teachers of Youth prefer the form of Simple Question with Answer, to the principle of Questions without Answers; Mr. Mitchell, author of several Elementaly Works, has prepared a general view of every important branch of knowledge, in a volume which he calls the Universal Catechist. To give it greater effect, the subjects will be illustrated with 200 engravings, and it will be printed in a new manner, according to the invention by which Messrs, Applegath and Cowper proposed to confer so much beauty on Bank Notes. In matter, manner and form, it will constitute an unique volume.
Dr. J. C. Pritchard, F.L.S. &c. lias ready for publication a Treatise on the Diseases of the Nervous System, vol. 1. comprising convulsive and maniacal affections. The design of this work is to illustrate, by numerous cases of epilepsy, mania, chorea, and the different forms of paralysis; the connection between affections of this class and a variety of disorders
Dr. Forbes is preparing a Translation of a treatise on the diseases of the Chest, in which they are described according to their anatomical characters, and their diognoses, established on a new principle, by means of acoustic instruments.
An edition is printing in London, with certain national variations of the celebrated Lemons Franpaises, which Messrs. Noel and La Place recently prepared for the schools and Universities of France, and which has received the highest sanctions in France. The Paris edition is in two volumes, octavo, Monthly Mac. No. 362.
but the London one, will, with a view to economy, be printed in one duodecimo.
The great French work on Egypt is to be continued under the sanction of the King of France, and agents are appointed in London to receive subscriptions for twenty-five monthly volumes of text, at 7s. 6d., and for 180 parts, of five plates, at 12s. 6d. It will constitute (he greatest literary production that ever appeared.
We have been assured that the sale of Scottish novels has been unduly exaggerated, and that not more than 12,000 of one novel has ever been sold. The profits, therefore, are not more than a third of our late estimate.
A new edition of Mr. Young's Farmer's Kalendar being called for, and the world being deprived by death of his further labours; Mr. John MidDleton, author of the Middlesex Survey, liberally volunteered his services to confer on this national volume every possible perfection, and the edition thus revised, will appear in a few days, in duodecimo, with engravings.
Mr. James Hogg, the Ettrick Shepherd, will shortly publish in 3 vols, the Perils of Man; or War, Women, and Witchcraft.
Early in the ensuing month will be published Conversations on Mineralogy, with plates engraved by Mr. Lowry, in I2mo.
The next part of the Monthly Journal of New Voyages and Travels will consist of a Ifalk through the Maritime Provinces of China, by an Officer of an English Ship, wrecked on the Coast. Similar opportunities for viewing that secluded people never before were presented to any European.—The next part of the same Monthly Journal will contain the Narrative of a late Wreck of the Sophia on the Coast of Africa, with the extraordinary adventures and discoveries of the crew, in their march through the interior. It is accompanied by fine drawings, and forms the most interesting original work on Africa which has lately appeared.
Illustrations are announced of the History, Manners, and Customs, Arts, Sciences, and Literature of Japan, selected from Japanese manuscripts and printed works, by M. Titsingh, formerly Chief Agent of the Dutch East India Company at Nangasaki; a gentleman well known in India and Europe. This work will be accompanied by many coloured engravings, faithfully copied from original Japanese paintings. 3Y- That