« EdellinenJatka »
Nicholson, J, £iunmersdalo, Curabeilaml, Ironfounder. (Clennel, and Saul.
Pa^e, W. Lime-street, spirit-merchant. (Farlow.
Paine,K. Little Chart* Kent, paper-maker. (Klwyn and Fisher, and Pudlow.
Parker, R. Whitchurch, Salop, stationer and lo >k-seller, (blocker and Co. and Brooks, and Lee.
Parr, J. Strand-lane, Pilkins^on, check-manufacturer. (Perkins, and Frampton.
Pattison, C. St. Neols, Huntingdonshire, iron-
Potter, T. Manchester, publican. (Shaw, and
Kendall, J. Bridport,painter. (Nicholeth,Allien.
Rickett, H. Shoreditch, grocer. (Amory A Coles.
Rirkhain, G. Lancaster, merchant. (Chippendall, and Robinson.
Kivolta, A. Brook-street Holborn, Iooking-gla*sinanufacturer. (Jones.
Ritchie, J. Richard»on, F. and Ritchie, J. ware-
Saunders, J. Coventry, auetioner. (Mullis, and
Smith, H. St. Martin's-lane, woollen-draper.
Stair, K.aml Winson, W. Staff, Norwich, brick-
Staff, H. A. Norwich, soap-m.imifacturer. (U»thank and F-o.'ter, and Lytligoe,
Staff, C. and Staff, W. W. Cheapside, bombazine
manufacturers. (Goodwin, and Abbott. Staples, G. C. Halifax, wooMapler. (Wigleswortt. Temple, N. Fleet-street, wine and jpiritmeiehin'.
factors. (Pullen and Sou, and Brutton.
and Caught. Townsend, J. Honiton, Devon, and Brooke G.
Whimple, bankers. (Luxunoore and Flood,
and Mules. Turner, G. Liverpool, merchant. (Taylor & Routt*. Warner, R. Huntingdon, iron-monger. (Manle,
and Egan, and Waterman.
(Battye end Pearson.
Alder an.i Co. Liverpool.
son, J. Bath.
Fraser, A. Norfolk-street.
Fry, J. Dorfet^treet, Balisbury-
Gaiton, S. Cheapside.
Gent, F. Piccadilly.
Gilbert, W. R. Leicester.
Gordon, J. Coptfcall-court.
Gratrix and S~ns, Manchester.
Gowland, F. Gt. Winche*ter-st.
Green. J. Oxford.street.
Grose, P. Commercial-road.
Handley, S. Hilderstone,SUflbrd-
Hammnn, E. Threadneedle-st.
Harris, J. Redbridge, Hants.
Hattersley, M. Bilton, Yorkshire.
Hers haw, J. Gloucester-place.
11 nili>-, J. Goswe 11-st reet-road.
Holmes, J. and J. Carlisle.
Jarman, W. jun. Knightsbrldga.
Jeffs, J. Coventry.
King, W. Worcester.
Kirk man, C. F. Deal.
Knott, J. liars ton, Kent.
Kruse, A. Broad-street.
Ladkin, W. Levi, Leicester shire.
Landon, T. Harfurd, Cheshire.
Lander, G. Birmingham.
Leeson, G. Cheapside.
Lent, W. Bridlington.
Lewis, G- Llanbister, RadnoTsh.
Little, T. Bodiham, Sussex.
Longridgeand Pringle, Durham.
Lucy, HT Tnpsley, Herefordshire.
Marr, R.C. Rathbone place.
Matson, R. Barston, Kent.
Matthews, J. Coventry.
Nash, J. Birmingham.
Ned by, W- Lamb's Conduit-st.
Neville, R. Colchester.
Newman, J. M.Broomsgrove.
Owen, O. New Bond street.
Atrop, S. Manchester.
Patsons, G. Liverpool
Lime-street. Stodart, R. and M. Strand. Sutton, G. Lambs Con doit-street.
Taylor, J. Shoreditch.
Thutkle,G.M. New street square, Fetter-lane.
Tidy, M. Southgate.
Timmins, J. Birmingham.
Vaughan and Applelou, Liverpool.
Vice, J. Blackfriars.
Warburton, G. Nortawich, Cheshirt.
Watts and Bach, Bristol.
Watts, G. Chichester.
Whalley and What ley, Friday-st.
Wheat ley, H. Coventry.
Wildashe, T. R. Aylresford,Kent.
Wilson, W. Feuchurch street.
Wood, J. Thomas, and Wood, J. Wakefield.
Wood, S.Bolton, Lancashire.
Wor*lej, J. Liverpool.
POLITICAL AFFAIRS IN DECEMBER.
^OME accessions to ministerial J5 power have taken place, and some «old-blooded cyphers have retired, or are about to retire. The Marquess Wellesley is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; the Duke of Montrose, Lord Chamberlain; the Marquess Conynghain, Lord Steward; and the Duke of Dorset, Master of the Horse. The Grenville party are also to receive appointments; but the arrangement which most gratifies the public is the substitution of Mr. Peele for Lord Sidmouth as Home Secretary. A change in this department was devoutly to be wished, as in the liberal and magnanimous performance of its duties depends so much of the happiness of the people. The following account of the Monies assessed and levied in England and Wales, for the relief of the Poor, will prove the state of pauperism to which high rents and taxes are driving the mass of the people.
An account of the average price of Wheat per quarter, in England and Wales, from the 25th of March, 1811, to the 25th of March, 1821.
Total ef England and Wales 7,329,594 7
Expended in Towns 1,371,495 17
Expended in other Parishes....... 5,958,098 10
Average of 10 Years 84 11 A decision of the Bank Directors to discount inland bills at 95 days, will assist both commerce and agriculture; but the reported reduction of one per cent, on the interest of the funds is a consummation devoutly to be wished; for while it would relieve us from ten millions of taxes, it would place funded and other property more nearly on a level.
The sufferings of the poor tenantry of Ireland have contributed to excite them to most frightful outrages. They assemble by night in the south western counties, and they rob and murder, or they burn the houses of all whom they consider as oppressors of the peoplq. Every night increases their numbers and their victims. We have not heard of any concessions or commissions of enquiry with a view to cure the disease by destroying the causes; but a legal commission has been appointed to sit at Limerick to try the offenders, and subject them to the'penalties of the law. Already four convicted murderers have expiated their crimes; and it is said that a hundred others remain for trial.
The arrival of the Marquess Wellesley is, therefore, anxiously looked for, in the hope that he has full powers to apply his true Irish feelings to the grievances of his country. If our opinion reach him we conjure him to bear in mind that in allaying irritation, gentle means are the only specifics, and that "a spoonful of oil always goes further than a quart of vinegar."
In our last we alluded briefly to one of the most savage massacres on record, and we now give place to the proceedings relative to it, before the Coroner's inquest.
Nicholas Shea, of Seven Acres, farmer, deposed, that he is brother of the deceased Edmond Shea; knows the bodies of Edmond Shea, Mary Shea, Edmond Shea, jun., Mary Shea, jun. Nicholas Shea, jun., Wm. Shea, and Margaret Shea. Witness was called out of his bed on the morning of the 20th instant, by John Butler, about
the one or two o'clock, who told him that his brother's house was ou fire; when he arrived there, the house was on fire, and the roof had fallen in. Witness, about the hour of nine o'clock that morning, went to the door and saw the bodies of several persons lying On the floor, who had been burnt to death. Saw the bodies of 16 persons taken out of the house that morning.
John Mulcahy, of Ballywalter, farmer, deposed, that he knew the bodies of Patrick Mullally, Michael Mullally, and Catherine Mullally; saw them lying dead at the house of the deceased Edmond Shea, on the morning of the 20th instant.
William Williams, of Gurtnapish, labourer, deposed, that on the night of Monday, the 19th instant, he got up to look after a pig; saw Edmond Shea's house on fire; went towards the house, but was afraid to go on in consequence of bearing several shots fired about the house. A man of the name of Phillip Dillon fired a shot towards Shea's house, which was returned by one or two shots from persons about the house on fire, who shouted and desired Dillon to come on if he dared.
Philip Dillon, of Gurtnapish, farmer, deposed, that William Williams called him out of bed on the night between the 19th and 20th inst. who told him that Edmond Shea's house was on fire. He desired Williams to call some neighbours; he then advanced towards Shea's house, which was in a blaze, and fired a shot, and called out, " Oh, you rascals," which was returned by two shots, and he was desired to advance if he dare. Heard several shots about Shea's house.
The Jury found "that Edmond Shea, Mary Shea, Edmond Shea, jun. Mary Shea, jun., Nicholas Shea, jun., William Shea, Margaret Shea, Michael Butler, Patrick Mullally, Michael Mullally, Catherine Mullally, Mary Shea, Margaret Power, and three men (labourers to us unknown,) were wilfully and maliciously burned to death, by some persons, to us unknown, setting fire to the dwellinghouse of Edmond Shea, the deceased, on the night between the 19th and 20th of November inst."
The Moniteur of the 15th contains an ordinance of the King for the appoinment of a new administration, as follows:—
Louis, by the grace of God, &c. We have ordered, and do order as follows: The Sieur Peyronnet, member of the Chamberof Deputies, is appointed Minister Secretary of State for the department of Justice and Keeper of the Seals. , Viscount Montmorency, Peer of France, Minister Secretary of State for the department of Foreign Affairs.
Marshal tha Duke of Belluno, Peer of France, MinisterSecretary of State for the Department of War.
The Sieur Corbiere, member of the Chamber of Deputies, Minister Secretary of State for the Department of the Interior.
The Marquis de Clermont Tonnere, Peer of France, Minister Secretary of State for the Department of the Marine.
The Sieur de Villele, member of the Chamber of Deputies, Minister Secretary of State for the Department of Finance.
Our Minister Secretary of State for the Department of our Household is charged with the execution of the present ordinance.
This event has occasioned great sensation in France, and may lead to a more liberal system, but in regard to great principles of liberty, we ask cur Bono? One benefit has, however, resulted. An insulting proposition of the late ministers, to continue the censorship 5 years longer, has been withdrawn.
The new ministers have obtained an anticipation of one-fourth of the taxes, taken at 890 millions of francs, or 37 millions sterling.
The presses under the insolent dominat ion of legitimacy, having laboured incessantly to misrepresent the state of Spain, a committee of the Cortes on the 9th inst. reported on the state of the country as follows :—
The committee state, that they hate carefully examined all the documents laid before them, have heard in several different sittings the secretaries of state and the deputies of the province of Cadiz, and have, from all these sources of information, drawn up a narrative of the events in question. They commence with the affairs of Cadiz—the appointment by ha Majesty of the Marquis de la Reunion to the government of that city^the fernientatiqn caused at Cadiz by this nomination —the petitions of the inhabitants to appoint another person, and the refusal of the Marquis to accept the office, which rendered it unnecessary for the king to revoke his choice, and his Majesty's nomination of the Baron d'Andilla. The committee then detail all the circumstances of the disobedience of the people of Cadiz to his Majesty's orders, in refusing to suffer the Baron d'Andilla to assume the government of that city.
The report then details the proceedings at Sevile, which immediately followed those of Cadiz, and were precisely of the same nature. The committee limits its report to the affairs of Cadiz and Seville, they being the only ones referred in the communication c£ the government to the Cortes, and regret that they cannot give a less afflictiBg picture of them, They observe, that the
question is wholly distinct from the merits or demerits of the ministers, and involves ouly the disobedience of the royal authority: his Majesty has the constitutional power of filling all civil and military employments, and every Spaniard outjht to respect It, though he also has the right to censure the conduct of the minister who authorizes an improper measure, or accuse him if he violates the law.
It iB true public offices ought only to be Pfiven to thoss who have given positive proof of their attachment to the political constitution of the monarchy: and nobody can be more persuaded of this than the members of the committee; but from the documents laid before them, it is Evident that no objection whatever was made to the Marquis d'Andilla by the people of Cadiz, or to Don Tomas Marino Daolz and Dou Joaquin Alvista by those of Seville. The committee find that there is more excuse for the people of Cadiz than those of Seville, the latter not having any ground of complaint whatever, but only wishing to retain Don Manuel Velano and D. Ramon Luis de Escovedo; so that those two persons have been more regarded than the respect due to the government, the tranquillity of a whole province—more than the reputation of the Spainards among foreign nations—more than the constitution and the sacred empire of the laws. Whereas the people of Cadiz had some motive of dissatisfaction at least, though none that could authorize the mode of conduct which they adopted.
The committee, therefore, does not confound the events at Cadiz with those at Seville, in the latter of which it cannot help recognising a certain character of faction; whereas in those of Cadiz it is persuaded that the whole has proceeded from an error, from an excessive ardour, and a distrust which cannot be wholly condemned in those who love liberty, and have suffered much for it: the error in some points, and the aberration of some persons in others, are not such that the committee attributes them to the will, and they cannot but merit the indulgence of the. Cortes. But the national Congress cannot but expressly disapprove in the face of all Europe, the disobedience and illegal proceedings of those authorities, which will doubtless suffice to make them return to their duty, acknowledging that they have erred.
The Cortes may be pleased to examine, in the first place, this point; and above all, let the observance of the constitution, and obedience to the royal authority, in' conformity with it, be secured. These two things are inseparable: the question is not of the ministers, but of Government, and of the power which the constitution assigns to the King, The ministers may Monthly Mag. No. 362.
be culpable; but the government and authority of the King, when they remain within the constitutional limits, ought to be sacred to all. What would become of liberty if the laws did not govern?—and how shall they govern, if it is lawful to disobey him who is charged to execute them, when he does not act contrary to them? Under pretence of supporting the constitution, it has been scandalously vio-' lated at Cadiz and Seville, by creating, under the title of Juntas, authorities unknown to the constitution, attacking prerogatives which the constitution consecrates, and resisting orders which the same constitution commands to be obeyed. Illegitimate organs erect themselves into interpreters of the public opinion, and usurp the functions of all the powers of the state. Weakness and irreflection have yielded to their impulse, and for the first time been precipitated into disobedience. The Cortes may fear that those evils will increase, unless they are stopped at their origin.
For these reasons the committee, though it thinks other measures adviseable in our present situation, proposes them to the Cortes in the second part of this report, which it presents sealed, Intimating that in its opinion the dignity of the throne, the decorum of the Cortes, the welfare of the nation, and the cause of liberty, imperiously requ:re that no debate be opened till in a future sitting distinct from that in which they communicate to the government the resolution which the Cortes may take on their first part, and confining itself at present to the message of the King, and the exposition of his ministers, " the Congress make a solemn declaration, by means of another exposition to his Majesty, conceived in the terms which it now presents separately, as a part of this report."
Before their departure from Barcelona on December 8, MM. Pariset, Bally, Francois, and Andouard, the French physician s.rcpl ied to di tferent questions. They declared that the nature of the evil was the yellow fever, and that the disease was exotic and contagious. They do not point out any effectual remedy against the contagion; but they observe that the best treatment cannot produce any effectual result except by a well-regulated sanatory police. They say the disease is a kind of poison, which attacks from the commencement the interior organs of human life, such as the lungs, heart, stomach, and bowels, which become irritated, inflamed, gangrened, and paralytic. The kidnies are also Attacked, and experience acute pains. It has been discovered by dissections, that a deposit of a glutinous oil takes 4 B place plMe in this part of the body, and that the blood is decomposed, dissolved, and evacuated externally by transpiration. The best remedy known is the melarnbo taken as the kina.
Letters, dated the 27th October, have been received from Pernambuco. A great change has been produced in the situation of affairs there, by the arrival of orders from Lisbon, in pursuance of the decrees of the Cortes,—1. For the recall of the Governor.' 2. For the formation of a Provisional Government by the votes of the College of Electors. 3. For licensing the militia for a given period. 4. For the removal of the European troops to Lisbon. In consequence of these orders, the election of the members of the Junta took place on the 26th,when the choice, as might have been expected, fell principally upon the native Brazilians. The turn the elections had taken created so much disgust in the Portuguese, that nearly all the families of respectability were preparing to quit Pernambuco, either for Lisbon or for Bahia, a revolution and declaration of independence being inevitable.
Sant J Ago, Aug. 15.—It is not possible to describe the demonstrations of joy with which the people of Chili celebrated the news received of the liberation of the capital of Peru, accomplished by the valour and wisdom of Gen. San Martin.
GAZETTE OF THE GOVERNMENT OF INDEPENDENT LIMA, 18th July, 1821. First year of the Independence of Peru. By a communication from Bujama, under the date of the 13th inst. we have the following: "The enemy continue their precipitous flight, and leave in their march spectacles which would excite horror in the most insensible minds. From the time of our departure from Lurin we have scarcely gone a step without traces of their barbarity. More 'than thirty dead bodies, some from weakness, some from disease, and others shot on the way because unable to pursue their march, have presented themselves to our sight, as the food of birds of prey. Rodil, according to unvarying accounts, has been the person who sacrificed the greater part of those victims. During yesterday and to-day we have met with 39 sick, of whom five have died. I do not believe that the half will survive. The whole of these have been found jn the open fields, but some remain likewise in this town,
where a small hospital has beeu formed."
Another letter from the same place, and the same dale, is'expressed as follows: We have arrived at this place in pursuit of the enemy, who, proceeding in their cowardly flight, leave on the road indubitable evidence of their atrocity. I feel a horror at the crimes committed by ftodil and Valdes, and even endanger my credit by mentioning them. They shoot all the soldiers who, cither by fatigue or infirmity, cannot continue'Jheir march, saying to them— 'Die, wretches, rather than become our enemies.' Their dead are consequently numerous; many fugitives present themselves to us daily,without including the infinite number who escape by bye ways. These cowards, out of terror of our troops, have proceeded by indirect roads to the Sierra, committing at every step injuries and outrages. At thisdate the loss is not less than 500 men; and, further on, on account of the difficulty of the roads, the loss will be greater."
On Thursday, the 27th of September, the inhabitants of this capital had the infinite satisfaction of receiving the i Liberating Army of the Three Guarantees, with its -.vorthy commander, Don Agustin de Iturbide. The general was received at the principal gate of the Temple by the illustrious archbishop, dressed in pontificals, &c. A solemn Te Dewn was performed by the whole orchestra, the sublime harmony of which expanded the hearts of the spectators in the great temple, which was illuminated and adorned. The. Te Deum was followed by a salute of artillery and peals of bells. The procession then returned in the same order (o the palace, where a magnificent dinner was served up, which had been prepared by the Ayuntamiento, and of which more than COO guests partook.
On the following day the Provisional Junta of the government was installed with the greatest splendour and solemnity, when they took the oath, conceived in the following terms:—
"Will you, Senors, . . . swear, by God and the Holy Evangelists, to keep, and cause to be kept, the'treaties concluded on the 24th of August, in the Villa de Cordoba, by the Excellent Senor, First Chief of the Tri-guarantee Army, as representative of the Mexican empire, and the Excellent Senor Don Juan O'Donoju, as Captain General, and Superior Political Chief for his Catholic Majesty?