Sivut kuvina

lie found a lizard imbedded in the stone. . rounded and waving upon the edges. It was about an inch and a quarter long, The stones which were completely or of a brownish yellow colour, and had a partly wrought, had not at all changed round head, with bright sparkling pro- in their nature, but the fragments of jecting eyes. It was apparently dead, the board, and the instruments, and but after being about five minutes ex- the pieces of instruments of wood, had posed to the air it showed signs of life. been changed into agates, which were It soon ran about with much celcrity; very fine and agreeably coloured. and after half an hour was brushed off Here then (observes Count B.) we have the stone and killed. When found, it traces of a work executed by the hand was coiled up in a round cavity of its of man, placed at the depth of fifty own form, being an exact impression feet, and covered with eleven beds of of the animal. There were about foure compact limestone-every thing tendteen feet of earth above the lock, and ing to prove that this work had been the block in which the lizard was executed upon the spot where the traces found was seven or eight feet deep in existed. The presence of man had then the lock; so that the whole depth of preceded the formation of this stone, the animal from the surface was twen- and that very considerably, since he ty-one or twenty-two feet. The stone had already arrived at such a degree of ha: no fissure, was quite hard, and one civilization that the arts were known of the best to be got from the quarry of to him, and that he wrought stone and Cullaloe-reckoned perhaps the best in formed columns out of it. Scotland.

FRANCE. COUNT DE BOURNON'S Mineralogy At a late meeting of the Academy of states, that during the years 1786,7, and Sciences, M. Cuvier presented to the 8, they were occupied near Aix in Pro- Society the head of Des Cartes, which vence, in France, in quarrying stone M. Berzelius had forwarded from Swefor rebuilding, upon a vast scale, the den. He read the history of the head, Palace of Justice. The stone was a and the details which proved its aulimestone of a deep grey, and of that thenticity. M. Cuvier also produced a kind which is tender when it comes picture of Des Cartes, and remarked out of the quarry, but hardens by ex- that the bony parts seemed of the posure to the air. The strata were same character as those in the head separated from one another by a bed of sent by M. Berzelius, which gave sand mixed with clay, more or less strength to the idea that it was the gecalcareous. The first which were nuine head of that great philosopher. wrought presented no appearance of The academy deferred its decision on any foreign bodies; but, after the work the means of preserving it as a precious men had removed the first ten beds, relic. they were astonished, on taking away: Intelligence has arrived relative to the eleventh, to find its inferior sur M. Dreux, architect of Paris, now ju face, at the depth of forty or fifty feet, the Levant. In September last he was covered with shells. The stone of this at Athens, returned from his excurbed having been removed, as they were sions in the different parts of Greece taking away a stratum of argillaceous and on the coast of Asia Minor. He sand, which separated the eleventh bed has discovered and measured a great from the twelfth, they found stumps of number of monuments hitherto uncolumns and fragments of stones half known, or but slightly examined ; wrought, the stone being exactly similar among others, several ancient theatres to that of the quarry. They found in better preservation than any edifice moreover coins, handles of hammers, of the kind in Italy. He has conand other tools, or fragments of tools, structed plans and panoramic views ir wood. But what principally com- that will give a just idea of their situamanded their attention, was a board tion and the surrounding districts. about one inch thick and seven or eight The Lancasterian system makes a feet long; it was broken into many rapid progress in France; in the depieces, of which wone were missing, partment of the Moselle there are, of and it was possible to join them again an age to go to school, 27,507 boys, and one to another, and to restore to the 24,593 girls ; of these 23,916 hoys, and board or plate its original forin, which 21,040 girls, attend the schools. was that of the boards of the same kind. The printing presses of Paris are at used by the masons and quarry men: this time in great activity: many great it was worn in the same manner, and expensive series are in course of

publication, publication, and many original works the country, and of those concerned are announced. The sale of books is in this publication, favourable to these extensive specula. From the great influx of manufactions. Among the number of works tured stuffs, and the considerable stock thus in progress are :

on hand, the prices of Manchester, GlasA pocket edition of the English Poets, gow, and other goods, at the LAST in sixty volumes, to be edited by Sir EASTER LEIFSIC FAIR, taken in the JOHN BYERLEY.

aggregate, have fallen from 10 to 20 A pocket edition of the Latin Clas- per cent. and the introduction of the sics, in sixty-two volumes.

recent improvements in machinery An edition of Oriental Works, in throughout Germany, &c. affords proof Sanscrit, Persian, Arabic, &c. en that the British manufactories will graved in the lithographic manner. soon meet with powerful rivals, parti. "The Natural History of Mammiferous cularly with regard to calicoes; as the Animals, by MM. St. HILAIRE and Mulhausen goods, both in body and CUVIER.

colour, have a decided preference. The Anatomy of Man, by MM. In literature much business has been BEELARD and CLOQUET, with 240 done, and notwithstanding the restric. engravings in lithography, by COUNT tions laid by the Congress on the liberty LASTEYRIE, whose lithographic per of the press, the general complaint of formances are the wonder of all Eu- there being little demand for books, rope.

owing to the general depression on the Reports of the Speeches and Opinions minds of the people, from the circumdelivered in the Public Assemblies of stances which always succeed a long France between 1789 and 1815, in 21 war, we learn by the Leipsic hallvolumes; forming a body of political yearly Universal Catalogue, that 393 opinions and senatorial eloquence with German booksellers have delivered no out parallel.

less than 3,322 new articles. This The CHEVALIER DUPIN'S great far exceeds the publication of former work on the Public Establishments of years, a sign that human learning, in Great Britain, is in progress, the naval spite of various hindrances, stands part being now in the press. This work higher and higher in the scale of peris a compliment to our nation which has fection, and reflects great honour on never been exceeded, and merits the the author, publisher, printer, and attention and respect of every British engraver, whose industry must produce patriot.

the happiest effects on the public mind Most of the books of education, on in the civilized parts of the world.the English interrogative system, have Among these publications are:been printed or are translating with all 704 Pedagogical Books of Instruction ; expedition in France for the use of the 172 Childs', Juvenile, and School Books : public and other schools.

11 Introductions to Writing, and Specimen GENERAL JOUBERT is printing an of Penmanship ; 204 Philological and Uniaccount of his travels and sufferings in

versal Grammar ; 21 Antiquities; 35 on Persia, which have a general interest,

Persection in the German Language ; 350 for the variety of their information ;

on Learning Modern Languages ; 42 on

Arithmetic; 32 on Mathematics; 7 On Astroand a special interest in England, owing

nomy ; 136 on Geography and Statistics ; 73 to the disgraceful policy of which he

Charts; 10 Atlases; 8 on Universal History of was the victim.

Nature; 235 on Medicine and Surgery for Men ITALY.

and Animals.-- From the Muses, 74 Poems; Capova has just finished a master single and collections ; with 58 Plays to · piece on the subject of Theseus slaying cheer the mind and heart ; 252 Miscellaneous a Centaur.

Works, to employ and misemploy the times, GERMANY.

among which are 157 Romances and Novels; M. Gau, the architect, a native of

18 of Play and Gaming Treatises, for small Cologne, has just entered into an en

and great children ; 255 on Theology, Reli

gious Instruction, Dogmatic, Catholic, and gagement with Cotta, the bookseller,

Israelitish, for the cultivation of the mind at Stutgard, for the publication of his

and heart, and to give us a more perfect Travels in Egypt, Nubia, and Pales

idea of the invisible power and wisdom of tine. The drawings represent ancient God; with 45 on the Art and Science of monuments altogether unknown till destructive War. The number of Works now. This is the first tour of the kind of Pulpit Eloquence appear to be on the deundertaken by a Gerinan, and the re- cline. sult will add greatly to the honour of Translations of Gifford's Abridgement of Blackstone, Ivanhoe, Kenil. to a belief that the whole of the mateworth, the Cavalier, and Fotheringay rials have been hove up by the operaCastle, are publishing at Leipzic, &c. tion of volcanic fire from the depths of


The Brothers Wilmans, of Frank, the ocean. fort on the Main, are publishing pros

· INDIA. pects of Hamburg, Lubeck, and Bre. A satisfactory report has been remen, in addition to their views of ceived at Rome, from the Dominican Frankfort, with. topographical de- missionaries in Tonquin. The letters scriptions, by learned residents of are dated Feb. 22, 1819. This vicariat the respective places, which do them is considered as the best supplied in all great honour ; and in regard to the Asia with ministers of the Christian painter and engravers, they need not religion. The missionaries live in perblush to have their works placed in fect security, and their forms of worcomparison with the landscapes of ship are treated with respect. They Hearne, Byrne, Middiman, and Heath. have two colleges, in which a number

Messrs. Perthes and Besser, of Ham- of young persons are prosecuting useful burg, have published an excellent studies in theology, the Latin tongue, translation of Thomson's Liberty, by a ethics, &c. These are a nursery for Clergyman, with elaborate illustrative future catechists and priests connected notes.

with the missions. There were six Professor ZIMMERMAN, of the Gym- Spanish and thirty Chinese Dominicans, nasium of Hamburg, has finished the also twenty-four secular priests. At first three months delivery of the the above date, baptisms of children, Dramatic Criticisms, which he com- 5,585, of adults, 338, communicants, menced in January in quarto numbers. 146,430, and marriages, 955. The pocket editions of SiR WALTER

EGYPT. SCOTT and LORD BYRON published at In the journey to Dongolah, in comZwickan, in Upper Saxony, meet with pany with the expedition under the many admirers on the continent. direction of Ismael Bey, M. Frederick AMERICA.

Caillaud halted some time at Thebes, Vessels from the lands situated to where he made an interesting discovery. the south of Cape Horn have arrived in On the 17th of August last, he found different ports, with cargoes of seal in one of the subterraneans of Thebes, skins. The regions visited by the New a mummy coeval with the time of the York navigators lie in about 62 degs. Greeks. 'On the head of the embalmed lat. where vegetable life is so rare, that personage, is a gilt crown, in the form a little grass, in a few favoured places, of a lotus. The body is wrapped up in and some moss on the rocks, are all the bandelets, after the Egyptian manner. forms of it that exist. The dreary cli. On the case or sarcophagus, which enmate exhibits, during the entire sum- velopes the mummy, inscriptions are mer, perpetual snow and ice; not a visible, some in Greek and others in tree, nor even a shrub appears. The hieroglyphics. On the right side, there minerals brought home by Mr. B. As- appears tied with fillets, a manuscript tor, are partly primitive and partly on papyrus, in the Greek language. volcanic. The samples produced to The linen that covers the mummy is Dr. Mitchell are-1. Quartz, in com- overspread with Egyptian subjects and pact and crystallized forms. 2. Ame- hieroglyphic signs. In the interior of thyst, in crystals. 3. Porphyry, in the case, the signs of the zodiack are small masses. 4. Rough onyx, in peb- represented. bles. 5. Lumps of coarse flint. 6. Ele- . This valuable- monument is in exgant zeolite," like that of the Ferro cellent preservation, though the design, Groupe in the North Atlantic Ocean. the ornaments, and the colours are not 7. Pumice stone. 8. Pyrites surcharged so perfect as in some more ancient with sulphur. The manuscript chart works. It appears from hence that made by Mr. Hampton Stewart, is an the Egyptians attained, under the instructive addition to geography, and Greeks, an acquaintance with hieroought to be incorporated in the charts glyphics. The famous stone of Rosetof the globe. Geologists will learn ta had already proved this, as it regards with surprise that the high grounds the epoch of Ptolemy Epiphanes; and and summits of the rocks, in several of certain inscriptions recently found at the spots that have been visited, are the feet of the Sphinx, in the excava. strewed with skeletons of whales, and tions of Capt. Caviglia warrant the relics of other marine animals, leading opinion that the art of their writing had


been preserved to a certain time under toilet, and even ancient bread in good the Romans.

preservation. In some recent excavations, by the In concert with M. Letorzee, M. Arabs, at Thebes, a tomb was opened, Caillaud has been engaged in geograwherein were ten or twelve cases of phical investigations. All the points mummies, three of which had Greek which they visited have been deterinscriptions by the side of hieroglyphics! mined in longitude and latitude, by a

The annexed is a translation of one number of celestial observations which of them :-Tomb of Typhon, son of do not differ above a second from each Heraclius Soter and of Seraposis. He other. They have taken the longi. was born on the second day of Athur, tudes by the distances, and not with in the 5th year of our Lord Adrian. He the chronometer; an instrument not so died on the 20th of the month Mechéir, in well adapted to an elevated and varia. the lith year of the same Lord, at the age ble temperature, of six years, two months, and twenty days. On the 25th of September, M. CailHe was buried on the 12th of Athur, in laud obtained from the Pasha of Egypt, the 12th year of Adrian.

new firmauns, assuring him of escorts This inscription must have lasted and such labourers as he might have 1631 years, Adrian having commenced occasion for, in visiting the countries his reign in the year 117 of the Chris- situated between the upper Nile and tian Era,

the Red Sea ; authorising him also to M. Caillaud has moreover found in explore the mines which, according to the catacombs of Thebes, a number of the testimony of ancient authors, exdifferent objects that shed a new light isted formerly in the Isle of Meroe. on the manners and customs of the A de ailed account of these travels is Egyptians, such as furniture, apparel preparing for the Journal of Voyages for the legs and feet, ornaments for the and Travels.


A DISCOVERY has been recently made held. By this means every sheet becomes A of a new application of the air-pump equally impregnated, without loss or inby Mr. John OLDHAM, of the Bank of Ire- jury to the fabric paper ; when made, can land, that promises to lead to some useful be uniformly dyed any colour by the same advantages. The sizing of paper in large process. Also silk, flax, cotton, and woolquantities, as now usually practised by the len staples, either raw, spun, or when manufacturer, is a process tedious, uncer- woven, and in the most superior manner. tain in its effects, and destructive to its All kinds of animal and vegetable suboriginal texture. By the improved method stances can be much better preserved, than the difficulties and mischief's proceeding by the usual tedious and uncertain method from the causes stated, are effectually ob- commonly resorted to of boiling, soaking, viated : thus, let paper of equal dimensions, and pickling, air being the great enemy to to any amount from the coarsest to the all such preparations. The air being disfinest sabstance, be piled as evenly as pos. charged in the first instance, as mentioned, sible, and placed within an air-tight vessel, the briny fluid will immediately strike into in such a manner as to be prevented from the most intricate interstitial joints of floating upon any of the fuids to be used, every kind of meat, and by pricking the that is then to be poured in, until the pile outsides of the larger vegetables with any is covered to the depth the paper occupies, sharp instrument, the acids, in the same but which should not entirely fill this ves. way, will instantaneously enter into every sel, when the lid is closely fitted and fast. pore. The outside of meat intended to be ened thereon, proceed to exhaust the space preserved fresh by pyrolignous acid, can over the fiuid with a suitable air-pump,' be much better impregnated to the depth the air within, on becoming rarified, will of the meat's surface that is required, than cause what is contained within the paper by the method proposed, of dipping, soakto rush out on all sides to the top, which ing, or painting the joints with this acid will consequently escape with the rest and a brush. In short, every thing that through the vallies of the pump by its requires to be partially or wholly impregcontinued action. On re-admitting the at- nated with the fluids to be appropriated to mosphere, the fluid prevents the ingress of their respective uses, must always be ef. the air again into the paper or substance to fccted infinitely better by this plan than he saturated, and can only serve by the any other at present known. A complete pressure natural to it to force the denser apparatus of this kind is now erected in element into the possession of every minute the printing-office of the Bank of Ireland, receptacle it previously so tenaciously for wetting bank-note paper preparatory to MONTHLY MAG. No. 357.


its being printed on, that fully answers in during his voyage. In the month of Oct. practice the end proposed. Ten thousand 1820, he restored me the specimen. On sheets of the thinnest description of bank- comparing it with that left at home I could note paper, perhaps ever made, is wet at perceive no sensible difference. On the once with scarcely any delay, and no loss 21st of December followiug, I caused both or injury whatever is now sustained, as to be thoroughly boiled, and when served formerly.

up, they were declared by several gentleM. HEMPTINNE, of Brussels, has shewn, men who tasted them with me, to be perthat ice for summer use should be taken fectly fresh and sweet, and, with the addifrom the river on a very cold day, and be tion of salt and vegetables, a palatable and exposed on the following night to the open wholesome dish.” air, till its temperature is in equilibrio with Results of experiments on the stiffness the cold of the atmosphere. It should be and strengths of various specimens of then placed in the ice-house, about six Wood, by JOHN WHITE, Esq. The trials o'clock in the morning, when the air be- were made upon pieces carefully selected comes warmer. In order to prove the ad- as to quality and grain, and were, in subvantages of that method he supposes that stance, two feet long, one inch square ; two ice-houses have been filled with ice, they were all from split portions of timber. one with ice at 32°, and the other with ice at The order of stiffness was, avoirdupois. 14°. When a sixth part of the ice at 32 is No. 1. Long Sound timber, bent melted, the ice at 14o will be untouched, half an inch in the middle by 261 lb but its temperature will have risen to 32o. 2. Christiana white spruce fir .261 One-sixth part of the whole, therefore, has 3. English oak, young wood, supbeen saved by laying it up at a low tempe pose 60 years; from King's rature.

Langley, Herts

237 It is pretended that Capt. Kater, Dr. 4. American pine, yellow or soft; Olbers, and others, lately saw a Voicano in from Quebec

237 the Moon. But we doubt the fact, as it 5. Riga oak (commonly called would indicate more activity in the compo. wainscot) . nent parts of that satellite than has yet been 6. White spruce, from Quebec 180 suspected to exist. It would, ho'vever, in 7. English oak, from Godalmin, dicate an atmosphere, or that the medium suppose 200 years; old tim . of space were a supporter of combus ber



. 103 tiou,-a notion which the phenomena of The order of strength, as ascertained by comets confirm. ...

their being broken by the application of The value of the vinegar of wood, lately weight, was,

B avoird. successfully used for the purpose of pre 1. English oak, King's Langley 482 serving meat for a great length of time, 2. Long Sound yellow fir? 396 even in warm climates, has been proved by 3. Riga oak (wainscot) . 357 M.J. STANLEY, M.D. as follows:

4. Christiana white spruce ... 343 “Having previously made several expe 5. American pine, from Quebec 329 riments with the acid, which were favour 6. White spruce fir, from Quebec 285 able, on the 6th of October, 1819, I prepared 7. English oak, from Godalmin 218 two pieces of fresh meat (beef) with the Other trials of strength were as follows: purified acid, applying it lightly over their 1. Alice Holt forest, full grown surfaces by means of a small brush. After timber, No. 1

455 hanging up in my kitchen till the 12th of 2. Dantzic fir, yellow .. 435 November following, I gave one of the spe- 3. Alice Holt forest, full grown cimens to the captain of a vessel bound for timber, No. 2

405 the West Indies, with directions to observe 4. Christiana yellow fir

nevellow fir

370 and pote any change that might take place 5. Archangel, ditto




U Provision for the gradual Resump- Provision for the gradual Resumption tion of Payments in Cash by the Bank of Payments in Cash by the Bank of of England.-May 7th, 1821.

Ireland.-May 7th, 1821. I. and II. Bank of England may pay CAP. XXVIII. For abolishing the Notes in Coin, and Persons offered to be African Company, and transferring to, paid in Coin, not allowed to demand Pay- and vesting in, his Majesty all the ment in Ingots.

Forts, Possessions, and Property now V. Bank may pay in One Pound Notes belonging to or held by them.- May 7th, or in Gold.


1. The

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