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Political Affairs in July.
(Aog. 1 The Lord Chancellor then prorogued ing the people where their voices were Parliament till Thursday the 20th of not likely to be troublesome, by causing September.
all the theatres to be opened gratis, by The semi-barbarous feudal pageant the ascent of a balloon from the Park of a CORONATION took place on the during the ceremony, and by exhidi19th. In these days of illumination, tions of fire-works and other shows in when the law happily triumphs by hą. the evening. When the public finances bit, such a ceremony, in a constitu- can afford such concessions, we are glad tional sense, is wholly superfluous. It to see them employed in adding to was as weakly as insolently pretended, the bilarity of a virtuous and indus. that the employment afforded by the trious people. money taken from the public at large We have introduced a fac simile view in the preparation of the shining bau- of the subsequent Banquet, of which bles exhibited on this occasion, was a from 320 to 350 persons partook ; but public benefii--as though those from we have not room for a list of the costly whom the money was taken could not, viands, which consisted of a variety with greater advantage, have spent equal to 100lbs. weight, and two or three their own money; and as though the dozen of wine, per guest. taking the labour of a few cooks, triu. One feature of this ceremony de. ket-makers, and embroiderers, com- serves to be recorded. The Queen had pensated for the waste of two or three asserted her right to be crowned also; days productive labour of the indus- and the question had been formally artrious population of this metropolis, gued by Mr. Brougham, in a most able and nearly of the whole empire. In speech, before the Court of Claims, but. truth, such a ceremony, conducted as rejected. She then demanded to be presuch ceremonies usually are, with pue- sent: but this, also, being peremptorily rile ostentation, and the most profuse refused, she announced her determina. expenditure, is not only below the tion to demand admission; and, acaverage intelligence of the country, but cordingly, at six in the morping, she incompatible with the state of the public presented herself at the western door finances, and the domestic distress of the Abbey, but was refused; she which at this time pervades nearly then proceeded to the Hall, but the every class of society.
gates were shut in her face; and after. We were among the spectators, and, wards proceeded on foot to the western though disposed to be gratified by su- door of the Abbey, with no better sucperior works of art, and by all ma- cess. She then retired, amidst the ennifestations of public spirit, yet in this thusiastic plaudits of the assembled pageantry nothing was exhibited but people, multitudes of whom followed ber glitter, which might have been ex. carriage, and wreaked their vengeance ceeded in the 12th century; a too pal- on various houses of ministers and cour. pable feeling of self-gratification in tiers, where they found illuminations ministers and other chief actors, he prepared. neath the masculine understanding ; The determination to exclude this and a system of cunning management favourite lady from the ceremony hav. to give effect to the plaudits of depend- ing excited great public irritation, miants and partizans. About 5000 horse nisters were on the alert to counteract and foot soldiery, 500 constables, and it, and hence thousands of soldiers were 20 or 30 prize-fighters, occupied the assembled in arms, the streets were chief stations, and excluded the public barricadoed, and every precaution from the areas which surround the Ab- adopted against apprehended tumult. bey and the Hall; and a slip of at most The whole passed off, however, without 2000 persons obtained wretched stand. disturbance, or serious accident of any ing between the end of Parliament. kind; and indeed, to those who constreet and George-street. The other sider such a pageant as necessary, noportions of the space were covered with thing could be more imposing and gragalleries, let at extravagant rates; and tifying. We are, perhaps, too Spartan the Abbey and the Hall were occupied in our views of such subjects, and too by those who had interest enough to great friends of popular rights, to couget seats. At the same time, nothing ceive that a constitutional king should could be more orderly than the people, undergo such a ceremony, except amid though it is suspected they added to the unanimous plaudits of his freely their past offences, by loudly vociferat- assembled people. To our feeling, the ing 6 Queen! - Queen!"
entire affair savoured too much of those We give minister's credit for indulg. Fétes in honour of the Grand Monarque
in a neighbouring nation, where a Fête which I will cause scrupulously to be ob. is too often received as a substitute for served, requires. the essentials of good governinent. We “ I also thank the Congress for the genedisliked the appearance of so many rosity with which it has provided for the military; and if the state of the public
wants and the dignity of my Royal Housemind rendered them necessary, then
hold and my family, as well as for the authe ceremony should have been defer
thorisation granted to the Government to red. The release of crown debtors and
have means for covering the more urgent the pardon of political offenders, the
public expences. admission of the Queen, some moderate
“ Our relations of good understanding
and friendship with other Powers have exsteps towards reform, and some other
perienced no change since the opening of concessions, more, perlaps, in name the Session; and I will seek to preserve and spirit than in substance, would them by all possible means which shall be have rendered the people themselves worthy of the heroic nation which I am the best guards of the ceremony. proud of ruling. SPAIN.
“I have made known to the Cortes my The following is the patriotic speech sentiments on the subject of the affairs of of Ferdinand at the close of the Session Naples and Piedmont. Some malevolent of the Cortes on the 30th of June.
persons have wished to give to these events, « Gentlemen Deputies, I have already
with respect to Spain, an importance which had once the satisfaction of presenting my
they could in nowise have. " self to this Congress, which, full of iofor
“The interior of the kingdom enjoys mation, of patriotism, and virtues, has
tranquillity; the only band of factious men, given in the present Legislature new proofs
which has existed in small numbers, has of its constant care for the public happi- been dispersed and defeated by means of ness. Its efforts to conclude and perfect the energetic dispositions of the Governour political, regeneration have been. if ment, and the zeal of our troops. It is to possible, beyond my hopes, and the na- be hoped that this ill success, and the tion will be eternally indebted to it for the amelioration of the public spirit, will great and numerous measures which it has cause enterprises so mad to be hencefortaken in the short space of its sittings, of ward abaxdoned, impotent as they are to which I proposed the prolongation for the impede the majestic progress of our system. term which our fundamental law admits. “ Agriculture, industry, arts, and considering it, as it has been, conducive sciences, already feel the ameliorations to the public good.
due to our constitutional system. All these « In effect, the new organization of the sources of public prosperity will be furarmy, so well adapted to the true end of ther improved as soon as they experience its institution. is the work of the Congress. the effects of the Decrees passed for their The decree respecting public instruction, encouragement. But this is not the affair divided into different classes of instruction,
of a moment; the seed which is thrown into from the first letters to the highest degree
the earth does not produce its effect in one of knowledge, will diffuse illumination and day. Commerce will prosper in proporuseful knowledge throughout all classes of tion; and especially when the Cortes shall the State: that of the reduction of tythes. be able to give it aid, and that the Spanish: by which the necessary endowment of the nation shall have for its protection such a Clergy is preserved, the labourer is con- . navy as it ought to have. siderably reliered-thus encouraging agri
“I have seen with not less satisfaction, culture, an inexhaustible source of our that the Cortes have turned their eyes towealth ; and, in fine, the system of Finance,
wards the administration of justice, which which suppressing burdensome and useless
they have strengthened by measures taken imposts or means of raising money, has
has to this end. fixed public Revenues in contributions less “I will make all efforts to obtain the reheavy and already known to the Spanish establishment of order in the provinces bepeople, and in new contributions conform- yond sea ; and my government, urged by able to the principles of the political Con- · the Cortes to take the measures which it may stitution of the Monarchy, and adopted deem suitable for their happiness, taking with success by the most civilized nations: into consideration the state of those coulall these objects are alike the work of the tries, will do it without delay, and with all Congress.
possible liberality. The Spaniards of both “I offer to the Cortes the expression of hemispheres mu
hemispheres must be convinced that I de all my gratitude, for the zeal and wisdom sire nothing so much as their happiness, that they have displayed in these measures founded on the integrity of the monarchy of the highest importance to the State. The and an observance of the Constitution. Government will not neglect any means for “It, as I doubt not, the next Cortes their execution, as its own dignity and the imitate the noble example of the present, stability of the Constitutional' Syatem, in their respect, their attachment to the
Throne, and their love to the country, I Christian Greeks, which desolates not shall promptly have the satisfaction to see only European Turkey and Greece, but consolidated, in all these points, the system has extended to Asia Minor, where the which is the object of my wishes.” - fine city of Smyrna has been burnt by
The President of the Cortes, in his reply, the Turks to avenge themselves of the thanked the King for the convocation of Franks. who constituted its industri. the extraordinary Cortes. He observed, ous and commerxial population. In that “ in the midst of their vast occupa
this case the interference of Russia tions, the Cortes limited by the constitu
- and Austria has become desirable ; but tion to a fixed time for the duration of the session, and in spite of the foresight of
their mutual aggrandizement is dreadyour Majesty in prolonging it, saw, Sire, that
hat ed, and the Greeks who fight for liberty, term approach without it being possible
ble will gain nothing by passing from one for them to terminate all the important despotism to another. affairs submitted to them, and the ship of
SOUTH AMERICA. the State floating between the hope of see- It is lamentable that human blood ing its future destiny secured, and the fear should continue to be shed in the that its new pilots should make it take an Spanish provinces under the enopposite direction.”
lightened "auspices of the Spanish PORTUGAL.
Cortes. These legislators have yet it The King and his court returned seems to learn that colonies are of no from the Brazils on the 4th of July.. other use to a state than to extend undue His first act was to take an oath to pre- influence and power of corruption, and serve the new Constitution; while the that even commerce is improved by Cortes on the occasion acted with a de- freedom. The Independents, however, gree of firmness and consistency which proceed successfully, though subdivided, has procured them the respect of all by the meliorations in Old Spain ; and Europe. We hope, therefore, that the if the last accounts are to be credited, liberties of Spain and Portugal are Mexico is likely to be raised into an inbeyond the reach of danger.
dependent republic: and as such, we preTURKEY.
dict that it will soon become the most The countries, under this name con- important state ou the globe. In the Catinue to exhibit the same frightful pic- raccas success vaccilates; and in Peru ture of desolation and slaughter as the Chilian army still keeps the field, were noticed in our two last numbers. apparently in the hope of wearing It is a civil war of the few Mahomedan down the royalists without a battle. masters against the more numerous
INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS IN AND NEAR LONDON,
CHRONOLOGY OF THE MONTH.
July 5. Official account of the Revenue I AUDABLE exertions have for the quarter ended this day :
" U been made by Mr. Sheriff Customs ... £1,898,699 Waithman to correct the abuses that prevail . Excise . . 6,298,810 in special juries. At a Court of Common Stamps . . 1,518,493 Council held this day, it was ordered that . Post Office
318,000 new lists should be made of the persons Assessed Taxes
2,328,040 qualified to serve in London.
445,366 July 2d. This day, W.Floyer, esq.a ma Miscellaneous
64,972 gistrate of Staffordshire, for an alleged libel, was sentenced to be imprisoned 3
£12,872,380 months, to pay a fine of 10001., and to find decrease in the Quarter's sureties for 5 years.
407,893 - 5. Aldermen Garrett and Venables making a deficiency within the year, of elected sheriffs for London and Middlesex. £1,928,730. and leaving the consolidated
The Queen's claim to be crowned fund minus £10,446,787. was heard before the Privy Council. The
A committee of the House of Comarguments of Messrs. Brougham and Den- mons resolved « that it is expedient to man were founded on an immemorial cus- permit his Majesty's subjects to carry on tom; the common law, the law of Parlia trade directly and circuitously, between ment, the coronation of Kings, &c. resting any ports within the limits of the East only upon usage. On the 7th, the Attorney India Company's charter, except the domiGeneral replied. On the 10th. an answer, nions of the Emperor of China, and between in the negative was given.
any ports beyond the limits of the said
charter, belonging to any state or countries Population of Mary-le-bone parish.in amity with his Majesty."
Inhabitants, 96,040; inhabited houses, July 5. The late ex-sheriff, Mr. Parkins, 10,065. Increase of the former, 20,606, of brought a charge of illegal conspiracy the latter 1689. against the Bridge-street Association, be.
MARRIED. fore the Lord Mayor Thorpe, which was G. Thornton, esq. of the Grenadier discharged for want of evidence to bring Guards, to Susannah,daughter of the late J. the crime home to the parties.
Dixon, esq. of Cecil Lodge, .-6. The Judges at Westminster decided J. Campbell, esq. to Louisa, daughter of that the 4th of Geo. II. cap. 7. which J. Shuttleworth, esq. of Ilford, Essex. speaks of juries generally, does not apply T. Dunbar, esq. second son of the late to special juries; a decision which unhap- Sir George D. baronet, to Miss Trickey, pily leaves it open to particular men to of Upper Charlotte Street. derive an income by serving constantly on · Captain Evelyn, only son of J. E. esq. special juries, a practice which, if con- of Wootton, Surrey, to Miss M. Dawson, tinued, must prove fatal to the purity and of New Forest, Tipperary. independence of juries, and consequently H. Jessop, esq. of Clifford's Inn, to Miss to trial by jury, the best bulwark of our Good, daughter of W.G. esq. of Brompton. public liberties. The words of the act are, C. Austin, esq. of Luton, Bedfordshire, “No person shall bereturned or summoned to Agnes, daughter of the late J. Addingto serve as a juror at Nisi Prius in Mid- ton, esq. of Barnet. dlesex, who has been returned or summon. W.J. Pocock, esq. second son of the late ed in the two terms or vacations next pre- N. P. esq. of Great George-street, Westceding.” How this excludes special minster, to Anne, only daughter of T. jurors from its operation, we are at a loss Wilson, esq. of Maidenhead. to conceive; but the question is of vital A t Bow, J. Julin, esq. to Amelia second importance, if it ought to be considered as daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Lindsay. a question.
· The Rev. C. A. L'Oste, to Catherine - 18. An indictment for extorting daughter of the late Rev. C. Atkinson. money, &c., found by the Grand Jary at J. Jolly, esq. of Upper Belgrave Place, the Old Bailey, against Sir John Sewell, one Pinilico, to Miss Braysher, of Dulwich. Murray, Sharpe, and others, said to have R. Limond, esq. surgeon, to Catherine, combined, under pretence of preserving daughter of R. Simpson, esq. of York Place. our glorious constitution.
0. Markham, esq. Comptroller of the - 19. The Coronation of George IV. at Barrack Department, to Miss Jewis, Westminster, when, after a grand proces- daughter of the late Capt. J. sion, 320 public characters dined in the H. Tennant, esq. barrister, of Lincoln's Westminster Hall. The same event cele- Inn, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of G. R. brated in every part of the kingdom. Roupel, esq. of Great Ormond Street.
- 23. The first indictment which had Spencer Percival, esq. eldest son of the been obtained by the Bridge-street Con- late Right Hon. S. P. to A. Eliza, youngest spiracy, tried in the case of Miss Carlisle, daughter of the late General Macleod. when, as the jury in nineteen hours had not The Rev. E. Williams, of St. George's, agreed on their verdict, they were dis- Hanover Square, to Elizabeth, youngest charged without coming to a decision, by daughter of the late J. Charrington, esq. the mutual consent of the counsel. Mr. T. Gordon, esq. of Islington, to Sarah, COOPER, of Norwich, made his debut for fourth daughter of the late W. Oakley esq. the defendant, on this occasion, in a speech Mr. E. Chase, of Luton, to Sarah, daughwhich affords the highest promise of a ter of R. Pearce, esq. of Pimlico. brilliant career in his profession.
J. Holmes, esq. of Montague-street, to The value of merchandize from the free Miss Roberts, of Harrow Weald. traders of Great Britain to India, which C. Pepys, esq. of Lincoln's Inn, to C. amounted, in 1815, to 870,1171., had in Elizabeth, second daughter of W. Wingcreased, in 1819, to 3,052,7411. This ap- field, esq. of Lincoln's Inn. pears from an official statement lately laid At Greenwich, the Rev. W. Jones, to before the House of Commons.
Sarah, only daughter of T. Lynne, esq. From the year 1814, the number of R. Rickards, esq. of Chiswell-street to acres under hop cultivation in England, Rebecca, second daughter of the late Mr. has been regularly on the increase. In W. Reid of Bristol. 1814, 40,571 acres; in 1820, 50,148 acres. Col. H. Baillie, of Mortimer-street, Ca.
Value of cloth of all sorts, blankets, car- vendish Square, to Mary, daughter of the pets, hosiery and woollen yarn, exported in late T. S. esq. of Castleton Hall, Lancathe following years :
shire. 1815 £10,200,227 | 1818 · £9,047,960 Lieut. Col. Lewis, eldest son of C. L. esq. 1816 • 8,400,538 | 1819. 6,899,691 of St. Pierre, Monmouthshire, to Jane, 1817 7,958,927 | 1820 , 6,279,164 third daughter of the late D. Bucknal, esq.
At Bookham Grove, Surrey, in, her 53d At Pentonville, J. Thetford, esq. a prin. year, the Hon. Catherine Dawney, sister cipal clerk in the Bank o England upwards of Lord Viscount Downe, of 36 years.
In Cleveland Row, Sir J. W. Compton, In Lower Brook-street, 85, T. Bodding- late Judge of the Vice Admiralty Court at ton, esq. an eminent merchant and Bank Barbadoes. director.
Of wounds received from some of the In bis 81st year, W. Nettleship, esq. of Foot Guards in celebrating the anniversary Gower-street, Bedford Square.
of Waterloo, William Cogle, paper hanger, In Blackheath Road, Greenwich, Sarah, in Orchard-street, Westminster. Coroner's wife of Major Benwell.
Inquest, wilful murder against James MacIn Duke-street, Westminster, in his 22d carthy, a drummer, and four others. Several year, Edmund, eldest son of E. Smith, esq. other individuals were wounded. Five of
In Warwick-street, 77, 7. H. Littler, the rioters have since been tried for the esq.
murder, when two were convicted of mauIn Half Moon-street, Piccadilly, the lady slaughter, and three acquitled. of Lieut. General Merrick, of Cheltenham. At Hoxton, 60, of apoplexy in bed, Sir
At Sanderstead, Surrey, the Rev. A. Jonathan Miles, proprietor of a celebrated Wigsell.
house for lupatics, and sheriff of London, At Croydon, Mrs. M. Chatfield, relict of 1806-7. the late W.C. esq.
At Dr. Williams's Library, Redcross. At Cobham, T. Nisbitt, jun.esq.
street, 68, the Rev. Thomas Morgan, the Elizabeth, wife of the Rev. J. Rogers, much respected librarian of that instituof Frensham, Surrey,
tion, colleague of Dr. Aikin in the BiograAt Greenwich, in her 35th year, Caroline, phical Dictionary, formerly writer of the wife of W. Ellis, esq.
literary department of the New Annual; In Bevis Marks, St. Mary Axe, 74, D. Register, and author and editor of many J. De Castro, esq. an eminent merchant.. other works of respectability. He was a
H. Powell, esq. treasurer of St. Bar- man of retired habits and character, and tholemew's Hospital.
much esteemed by an exteusive circle. Mrs. C. Briand, 62, of St. Paul's Chain, At Clapham Common, 65, Richard Doctors' Commons.
Rothwell, esq. Alderman of the Ward of In Highbury Place, 35, Esther, wife of Cheap, and Sheriff in the past year. He, T. French, esq. of Skinner-street. · was a political partisan without sufficient
At Brompton, Rachael, eldest daughter intelligence; and rendered himself conof the late J. Falconer, esq. of Bombay. spicuous by presiding at a meeting which
At Lambeth, Mrs. M. C. Ash, relict of applauded the massacre at Manchester, the late Rev, S. A. and eldest daughter of and by becoming treasurer to the disgracethe late Z. Bailey, esq. of Bath.
ful association against the liberty of the At the London Coffee House, in bis 85th press, held in Bridge street. year, Sir Watkin Lewes, Senior Alderman At Leige, 56, James Tatlock, esq. broand Father of the city; Sheriff in 1772; ther-in-law to the late Ald. Combe, formerly Lord Mayor in 1779; and several times an eminent silk-broker of London, and elected for the city in the popular interest often distinguished for his energetic pa-, which he deserted. He passed the last 25 triotism at the Common Halls of the Livery years chiefly in the rules of the King's of London. Bench and Fleet, owing to the law's delay, [The late Abel Worth, esq. of Devonand the knavery of its agents.
shire, has left 2,5001. to the London Hos.. At Walworth, Mr. G. Dowse, of Cheap- pital, Whitechapel; 20001. to the Hospital side.
for Deaf and Dumb, Kent Road; 2000). to At Camberwell, in his 79th year, the the Asylum for the Blind, in St. George's Rev. W. Smith, A.M.
Fields; 20001, to the Society for relief of
The Rev. H. Gwyther, A.B. late curate sion.
of St. Mary's Chapel, Birmingham, to the
The Rev. J. V. Stewart, to the rectory of
tory of St. Olave's, Southwark.
The Rev. J. Blackburn; to the rectory 27, William, fourth son of R. Vincent, of Romald Kirk. osq. of South Mimms.