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ignorant abuse, they by their weakness expose the cause they espouse, and strengthen the truths they affect to destroy.

I shall close these observations by quoting two old and good-humoured lines.

Treason does never prosper—what's the reason ?
When it prospers-it is never treason!

This trial of Mr. Paine, and these sentences, subverted of course the very ends they were intended to effect.

In

Mr. Paine was acknowledged deputy for Calais, the 21st of September, 1792. France, during the early part of the revolution, his time was almost wholly occupied as a deputy of the convention and as a mem

worth his notice, and as a proof of the truth of these observations: for instance, these informations state that Thomas Paine, being a wicked, malicious, seditious, and evil disposed person, hath, with force of arms, and most wicked cunning, written and published a certain false, scandalous, malicious, and seditious libel; in one part thereof to the tenor and effect following, that is to say&c. &c.

ber of the committee of constitution. His company was now coveted and sought after universally among every description of people, and by many who for some reasons never chose to avow it. With the Earl of Lauderdale, and Dr. Moore, whose company he was fond of, he dined every Friday, till Lord Gower's departure made it necessary for them to quit France, which was early in 1793.

About this period he removed from White's Hotel to one near the Rue de Richelieu, where he was so plagued and interrupted by numerous visitors, and sometimes by adventurers, that in order to have some time to himself he appropriated two mornings in a week for his levee days.* To this indeed he

was

Among these adventurers was a person who called bimself Major Lisle: Mr. Paine was at breakfast when he was announced; he stated himself to be lately arrived from Ireland; he was drest in the Irish uniform, and wore a green cockade; he appeared to be a well informed man, and was gentlemanly in his manners, but extremely voluble. He ran over the number of sieges and battles he had been at, and ended with professing a zealous desire to serve the republic, wishing Mr. Paine to give him a letter of recom

extremely averse, from the fuss and formality attending it, but he was nevertheless obliged to adopt it.

Annoyed and disconcerted with a life so contrary to his wishes and habits, and so inimical to his views, he retired to the Faux- .. bourg St. Dennis, where he occupied part of the hotel that Madame de Pompadour once resided in.

a good garden well laid out, and here too our mutual friend Mr. Choppin occupied apartments: at this residence, which for a town one was very quiet, he lived a life of retirement and philosophical ease, while it was believed he was gone into the country

Here was

mendation to the minister at war. Mr. Paine was extremely observing, shrewd, and cautious; he treated him with hospitality and politeness, and enquired after some of the leading characters in Ireland, with whom he found the major not at all acquainted; be then recommended him to take the credentials of his services to the military committee, but declined every importunity to interfere himself. This adventurer turned out afterwards to be the notorious Major Semple.

for his health, which by this time indeed was much impaired by intense application to business, and by the anxious solicitude he felt for the welfare of public affairs.

Here with a chosen few he unbent himself; among whom were Brissot, the Marquis de Chatelet le Roi of the gallerie de honore, and an old friend of Dr. Franklin's, Bançal, and sometimes General Miranda, His English associates were Christie and family, Mrs. Wolstonecraft, Mr. and Mrs. Stone, &c. Among his American friends were Capt. Imlay, Joel Barlow, &c. &c. to these parties the French inmates were generally invited.

It was about this time a gentleman at Paris thus writes of him to his friend :“ An English lady of our acquaintance,

not less remarkable for her talents than for “ her elegance of manners, entreated me to “ contrive that she might have an interview " with Mr. Paine. In consequence of this “ I invited him to dinner on a day when

we were to be favored with her company.

" For above four hours he kept every " one in astonishment and admiration of his

memory, his keen observation of men and

manners, his numberless anecdotes of the “ American Indians, of the American war, of “ Franklin, Washington, and even of his

Majesty, of whom he told several curious “ facts of humour and benevolence. His

remarks on genius and taste can never be forgotten by those present.”

Joel Barlow was many years Mr. Paine's intimate friend, and it was from Mr. Paine he derived much of the great knowledge and acuteness of talent he possessed. Joel Barlow was a great philosopher, and a great poet; but there are spots in the sun, and I instance the following littleness in his conduct as a warning, and to prove how much of honest fame and character is lost by any thing like tergiversation. Joel Barlow has omitted the name of Mr. Paine in his very

" The Columbiad ;' a name essential to the work as the principal founder of the American republic and of the happiness of its citizens. Omitting the name of Mr.

fine poem

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