Sivut kuvina
PDF
ePub

When the love of unwarrantable pleasures, and of vicious companions, is allowed to amuse young persons, to engross their time, and to stir up their passions; the day of ruin, let them take heed, and beware!" the day of irrecoverable ruin begins to draw nigh. Fortune is squandered;" health, is broken; friends are offended, affronted, estranged; aged parents, perhaps, sent afflicted and mourning to the dust.

On whom does time hang so heavily, as on the slothfu. and lazy? To whom are the hours so lingering? Who are so often devoured with spleen, and obliged to fly to every expedient, which can help them to get rid of themselves. Instead of producing tranquillity, indolence produces a fret ful restlessness of mind; gives rise to cravings which are never satisfied; nourishes a sickly, effeminate delicacy, which sours, and corrupts every pleasure.

some, safe.

tenance.

[ocr errors]

SECTION VI. a Dis-trib-ute, dis-trib-úte, to di-k Im-mor-tal, Im-mor!-tal, exemp vide, deal out.

from death. 6 Grat-i-tude, grật -8-tude, duty tolt Con-tin-u-ance, kỐn-tỉno-i-inse benefactors.

permanence. C. Il-lus-tri-ous, il-lus!-tréhús, con- m Sal-u-ta-ry, sål?-lů-tå-re, whole

spicuous, noble. d Con-temp-ti-ble, kôn-têm'-te-bl, n Mit-i-gate, mit-te-gate, to soften, worthy of contempt.

alleviate. e In-fa-mous, In'-fa-màs, publickly. As-pect, ås'-pêkt, look, air, coun

scandalous. f Lonīgi-nus, lôn-j!/-nús, a Greek p Plac-id, plås-sid, gentle, mild.

philosopher and critick of Athens.9 Be-nev-o-lent, be-nèv'-O-lènt, & En-vi-ous, én'-ve-ús, infected with kind, charitable. envy or ill will.

Pro-fu-sion, pro-fu'-zhủn, extrava. k Dig-ni-ty, digʻ-ne-tė, rank, gran gance. deur, preferment,

$ . Mag.nif-i-cent, måg-nif -é-sént, Sen-si-tive, sén-sd-tiv, endowed grand, pompous, with feeling.

t Per-pet-u-al, per-pet'-tshu-al, nev

er ceasing, continual. We have seen the husbandman scattering bis seed upon įhe furrowed ground! It springs up, is gathered into his. barns, and crowns his labours with joy and plenty.–Thus the man who distributesa his fortune with generosity and prudence, is amply repaid by the gratitude of those whom he obliges, by the approbation of his own mind, and by the favour of Heaven.

Temperance, by fortifying the mind and body, leads to 1 happiness: intemperance, by enervating them, ends generally in misery

Title and ancestry render a good man more illustri

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

e sloth

emselva ces a le

[ocr errors]

bere, If envious people

ad of res óúsje out in ill one, more contemptible: Vice is infa.'

to engin mous, though in a prince; and virtue honourable, though 7 of ruir in a peasant. ecoveral An elevated genius, employed in little things, appears ed;" hrel (to use the simile of Longinus) like the sun in his evening aged; es declination: he remits his splendour, but retains his magthe dis nitude; and pleases more, though he dazzles less.

were to ask themselves, whether they would exchange their entire situations with the pery to ere sons envied, (I mean their minds, passions, notions, as well,

as their persons, fortunes, and dignities, ) --I presume the

self-love, common to human nature, would generally make which e them prefer their own condition. delicar

We have obliged some persons:- very well!-what would we have more? Is not the consciousness of doing good, a sufficient reward?

Do not hurt yourselves or others, by the pursuit of plea-, I, exe sure, Consult your whole nature. Consider yourselves

not only as sensitive, but as rational beings; not only as rational, but social; not only as social, but immortal.k

Art thou 'poor? - Show thyself active and industrious,

peaceable and contented. Art thou wealthy?_Show thy o sole self beneficent and charitable, condescending and humané.

Though religion removes not all the evils of life, though ", come it promises no continuancel of undisturbed prosperity,

(which indeed it were not salutarym for man always to b. enjoy,) yet, if it mitigates" the evils which necessarily

belong to our state, it may justly be said to give " rest to tran them wħo labour and are heavy laden.”

What a smiling aspecto does the love of parents and sémin children, of brothers and sisters, of friends and relations,

give to every surrounding object, and every returning day! With what a lustre does it gild even the small habitation,

where this placido intercourse dwells! where such scenes. this

of heartfelt satisfaction succeeded uninterruptedly to one another!

How many clear marks of benevolent, intention appear every where around us! What a profusion" of beauty and ornament is poured forth on the face of nature! What a magnificent spectacle presented to the view of man! What supply contrived for his wants: Whát a variety of objects set before him, to gratify his senses, to employ his understanding, to entertain his imagination, to cheer and gladdon his heart!

[ocr errors]

5

mild.

[ocr errors]

700

72

The hope of future happiness is a perpetual source of! . consolation to good men. Under trouble, it sooths their folic minds, amidst temptation, it supports their virtue; and a in their dying moments, enables then to say, “O death! the where is thy sting? O grave! where is thy victory?”

this s thatt

Tregu ts; bu

Soc

I bis min

De tod

SECTION VII.

Sul a A-ges-i-la-us, &-jés-e-id'-ús, king, celebrated moral philosopher, a

at his of Sparta, was son of Doryjsus, native of Athens.

he made war against Artaxerxes. In Culture, kůl'-tshůre, the act of to wh 6 In-cul-cate, in-kull-kåte, to im cultivation. press by admonition,

10 Em-i-nent-ly, em'-e-nent-lè, con. c Mot-to, mốt'-tó, a sentence added, spicuously.

philo a device.

p Phil-ip-Sid-ney, filé-lip-sid'-ne, & d Neg-li-gence, nég'-le-jense, habit celebrated military commander. of heedlessness.

lq Zut-phen, zůt'-fên, the name of a « Nox-ious, nok'-shús, hurtful, cri-l place. minal.

r Àl-ex-an-der, ål-égz-zån'-důr, sur f Ar-is-to-tle, år'-is-to-tl, a famous named the Great, king of Mace His o

philosopher, born at Stagira, pre donia. *ceptor to Alexander the Great. s In-fest, in-fêst', to harass, disturb & L'Es-trange, le-stranje', a cele-t An-to-ni-nus-Pi-us, ån-to'-ne-nús brated French fabulist.

pl-ůs, a celebrated Roman Emh Sul-ly, sůl'-lé, a celebrated states

peror. man of France.

u Pres-er-va-tion, préz-zêr-vål-shản, beture i Re-tain, ré-táne', to keep in mind, the act of preserving. keep.

v I-mag-ine, "d-måd’-jin, to fancy, Dave k Court-ier, körte'-yúr, one who at contrive.

tends the courts of princes. 20 Im-mod-e-rate-ly, im-modder I Guest, gést, visitor, stranger. råt-le, excessively. m Soc-ra-tes, sók'-rå-tèz, the most)

Agesilaus, king of Sparta, being asked, “ What thing he thought most proper for boys to learn,” answered " Those which they ought to practise when they come to de men.” A wiser than Agesilaus has inculcated the same sentiment: “Train up a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not depart from it."

An Italian philosopher expressed in his motto, that s time was his estate." An estate indeed which will promo duce nothing without cultivation; but which will always abundantly repay the labours of industry, and satisfy the most extensive desires, if no part of it be suffered to lie waste by negligence, d to be overrun with noxiouse plants, or laid out for show, rather than use.

When Aristotle' was asked, "What a man could gain oy telling a falsehood,” he replied, “not to be credited When he speaks the truth."

Sir

thigh

[ocr errors]

calley | she

linke

takes

[ocr errors]

tory?"

philosopher, Zre, the acte

commander

. the name of

-zán'-dár

, cu

arass, distal in-to-ne-ni

Roman E

-zér-válashi between David and Jonathan.

all source

L'Estrange,in his Fables, tells us that a number o. t sooths this frolicksome boys were one day watching frogs, at the side virtue

; # of a pond; and that, as any of them put their heads above Odeat the water, they pelted them down again with stones.-One

of the frogs, appealing to the humanity of the boys, made this striking observation; “ Children, you do not consider, that though this may be sport to you, it is death to us.”

Sully," the great statesman of France, always retained at his table, in his most prosperous days, the same frugality to which he had been accustomed in early life. He was

frequently reproached, by the courtiers, for this simplicie-ndat-le , cut ty; but he used to reply to them, in the words of an ancient

philosopher: “ If the guests' are men of sense, there is suf7-Sp-sidantificient for them: if they are not, I can very well dispense

with their company."

Socrates," though primarily attentive to the culture? 'of

his mind, was not negligent of his external appearance. sing of Black His cleanliness resulted from those ideas

of order and decency, which governed all his actions; and the care which ne took of his health, from his desire to preserve his mind free and tranquil. Eminently pleasing and honourable was the friendship

- I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan," said the plaintive and surviving in, to fanc, David; “ very pleasant hast thou been to me: thy love for

me was wonderful; passing the love of women.

Sir Philip Sidney, at the battle near Zutphen, was wounded by a musket ball, which broke the bone of his thigh. He was carried about a mile and a half, to the camp; and being faint with the loss of blood, and probably parched with thirst through the heat of the weather, he called for drink. It was immediately brought to him: but, as he was putting the vessel to his mouth, a poor wounded to soldier, who happened at that instant to be carried by him, looked up to it with wishful eyes. The gallant and gene

rous Sidney took the bottle from his mouth, and delivered will pro

it to the soldier, saying, “ Thy necessity is yet greater than mine."

Alexander the Great, demanded of a pirate, whom he had taken, by what right he infested the seas? "By the same right," replied he, - that Alexander enslaves the world

But I am called a robber, because I have only one small Id gain vessel; and he is styled a conqueror, because he commands

[ocr errors]

hat thing

answered

y come to ated the

shoul

[ocr errors]

to, that

I always

[ocr errors]

.tisfy the ed to lie

plants

redited

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

great fleets and armies." We too often judge of men by The splendour, and not by the merit of their actions.

Antoninus Pius, a the Roman Emperor, was an amiable and good man. When any of his courtiers attempted to inflame him with a passion for military glory, he used to answer: " That he more desired the preservation" of one subject, than the destruction of a thousand enemies."

Men are too often ingenious in making themselves miserable, by aggravating to their own fancy, beyond bounds, all the evils which they endure. They compare themselves with none but those whom they imagine' to be more hapry; and complain, that upon them alone has fallen the whole load of human sorrows. Would they look with a inore inpartial eye on

the world, they would see themselves surrounded with sufferers; and find that they are, only drinking out of that mixed cup, which providence has pre pared for all. “ I will restore thy daughter again to lise, said the eastern sage, to a prince who grieved immoderateyou for the loss of a beloved child, “ provided thou art able

engrave on her tomb, the names of three persons who pare never' mourned." The prince made inquiry after such persons; but found the inquiry vain, and was silent.

SECTION VIII. a W'rath, r8th, or råth, anger, fury, d En-e-my, én'--mé, a foe. rage.

è Righ-te-ous, rlitshe-us, just, vir B Stall, ställ, to keep in a stell or tuous.

stable, a crib in which an ox is fed.' f Slug-gard, slůg'-gård, an inactive; & Re-buke, ré-bike', to chide, re-, lazy fellow. prehend.

He that hath no rule over his own spirit, is like a city that is broken down, and without walls.

A soft answer turneth away wrath;a but grievous words stir up anger.

Beiter is a dinner of herbs where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith.

Pride goeth before destruction; and a haughty spirit before a fall.

Hear counsel, and receive instruction, that thou mayest be truly wise.

Faithful are the wounds of a friend; but the kisses of an enemy are deceitful. Open rebuke is better than secret love.

Seest thou a man wise in his own conceit? There is more hope of 26.01 ilian of him

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
« EdellinenJatka »