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SATURDAY MAGAZINE.

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VOLUME THE FOURTEENTH.

Carlisle, Thurnam.
Carmarthen, White.
Carnarvon, Potter & Co.
Chatham, Burrill.
Chelmsford, Guy.
Cheltenham, Lovesy.
Chertsey, Wetton.

Chester, Seacome; Pritch-Hertford, Simson.

ard; Boult & Catherall.
Chichester, Glover.
Clitheroe, Whalley
Cockermouth, Baily.
Colchester, Albin.
Colne, Earnshaw.
Derby, Wilkins & Son.
Devonport, Byers.
Doncaster, Brooke & Co.
Dover, Batchellor.
Dublin, Curry & Co.

Durham, Andrews.
Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd.
Exeter, Hannaford.
Faversham, Thiselton.

Berlin, A. år..

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LONDON:

JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND:

SOLD WHOLESALE BY THE FOLLOWING AGENTS, AND RETAIL BY ALL BOOKSELLERS;

M.DCCC.XXXIX.

NOWLEDGE
IT
IS
NOT
GOOD

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Glasgow, Murray.
Gloucester, Jew.
Guernsey, Moss.
Guildford, Russells.
Halifax, Whitley & Booth.
Harrogate, Blackburn.
Haslingden, Read..

Hinckley, Short.
Hoddesdon, Tuffs.
Horncastle, Babington.
Huddersfield. Lancashire.
Hull, Cussons; Goddard
& Brown; Stephenson.
Huntingdon, Edis.
Ipswich, Deck.
Jersey, P. Falle.
Kendal, Hudson & Co.
Kettering, Dash.
Kidderminster, Pennell.
Kimbolton, Ibbs.
Kirby Lonsdale, Foster.
Lancaster, Milner.
Launceston, Cater.

TO JUNE,

Leamington, Merridew.
Leeds, Baines & Newsome.
Leicester, Combe and
Crossley
Lewes, Baxter.
Lincoln, Brooke & Sons.
Liverpool, P. Burns.
Llandovery, Rees.
London, Berger.
Long Sutton, Swain."
Lyme Regis, Dunster.
Lynn, Smith.
Manchester, Bancks and

Co.; Simms.
March, Sarjeant.
Maryport, Adair.
Merthyr Tydvil, White.
Middlewich, Lindop.
Monmouth, Heath.
Neath, Hayward.
Newark, Ridge.
Newcastle-on-Tyne, Finlay
and Co.; Currie and

Bowman.

M.DCCC.XXXIX.

Northampton, Birdsall.
Norwich, Muskett; Smith.
Nottingham, Wright.
Oxford, Slatter.
Penrith, Allison, Brown,
Peterborough, Bell.
Plymouth, Nettleton."
Portsmouth, Comerford.
Preston, Clarke.
Retford, Turvey.
Richmond, Bowman & Co.
Royston, Warren.
Rugby, Combe & Co.
Salisbury, Brodie & Co.
Sandbach, Lindop.
Scarborough, Theakston.
Sheffield, Innocent.
Sherborne, Penny.
Shrewsbury, Eddowes.
Sidmouth, Harvey.
Sittingbourn, Coulter.
Skipton, Tasker.
Southampton, Skelton."
Stamford, Mortlock; Rooe.

!

-Hamburg, Perthes & Besser.-Leipsic, Black & Armstrong, (of London.)-St. Petersburgh, A. Asher
United States of America, Adlard & Co., New York.- -Upper Canada, Rowsell, Toronto,

Staffordshire Potteries
Watts, Lane End.
Stockport, Claye.
Stratford-on-Avon, Bolton
Lapworth.
Swaffham, Gowing,
Tavistock, Helms.
Totness, Hannaford
Ulverstone, Tyson.
Wakefield, Stanfield.
Warwick, Merridew; So-

den.
Weymouth, Commins.
Whitby, Rodgers.
Whitehaven, Gibson.
Wigton, Ismay.
Winchester, Jacob & Co.
Wisbeach, Leach.
Worcester, Deighton.
Workington, Kirkconel,
Worthing, Carter.
Yarmouth, Alexander
Yeovil, Porter.
York, Bellerby.

P328.17(14),

HARVARD UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

Bet 166

Nywe

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Atheus, Tower of the Winds at, 54
Attractive force of a blast of air, 219
Australia Felix, discovery of, I., 6—
II., 30

Aversions and desires, 3

Bamboo, growth of the, 110

Barton, lines by, 22

Beale, extract from, 192

Beauty and variety of Nature, 82
Bee-keeping, economy of, 69
Beings, animated, probable number of,

155

Bell, Diving, 145

Bellows, various kinds of, 29
Bethlehem, description of, 213
Bible, illustrations of, from Monu-
ments of Antiquity, 3, 26
Biography of Elias Ashmole, 173

- Samuel Richardson, 240
Bird-messenger, the, 157
Birds, vocal organs of, 141
Blair, extract from, 187
Blood and muscular fibres, structure
of, 64

Botanist, gratifications of a, 136
Britain before and after the Roman
Occupancy, 237
British colonies, statistics of the, 138
Buckingham, Duke of, discovery of
the skeleton of, at Salisbury, 129
Bustard, the, 55

Canada, Lower, winter in, 142
Canadian winter song, 131
Cardwell, extract from, 237
Carlingford, Ireland, 9
Carlisle Cathedral, 50
Castle of Sherborne, 177
Catacombs of Egypt, 241
Cathedral of Strasbourg, 89
Chalmers, extract from, 167
Child, mind of a, 198

-- formation of the character of, 223
Mrs., extracts from, 188, 198,
223, 229, 237, 243
Chillon, castle of, 193
China, swallows' nests in, 194

travelling in, 252
Churches, remarks on the consecra-
tion of, 117

ancient, accidents in, 214
Clarke, Dr. E. D., extracts from, 62
Cleopatra's Needle, 43
Clepsydra, or water-clock, 108
Clouds, rain indicated by, 247
Clyde and Clydesdale, 195
Coal-mine, description of a, 21
Colour of steam, 211
Comets, account of, 161
Companions, necessary qualities in, 5
Contrivances of ants, 11
Convict's wife, the, 85,

Cotton, Rev. W. S., extracts from, 69
Cowper, death of, 198
Cowslip, Virginian, 223
Creation, on the study of works of, 195
Cretins of Switzerland, on the, 230

INDEX

SUBJECTS IN THE FOURTEENTH VOLUME.

Death of Cowper, 19

Crimes and Punishments, 120
Critic, what constitutes the real, 139
Crocodile and alligator, difference
between, 144
Cross-bows, old English, 93
Crow, voraciousness of the, 58
Cultivation of the water-cress, 137
Curtis, extract from, 140

TO THE

Gustavus III., King of Sweden,

221

Debts, pleasure of paying, 19
Dervishes, dance of the, 63
Description of Strasbourg, 89, 105
Diving, on, 95

Bell, description of, 145, 199
Divisions of Time, 7, 53
Dog, anecdote of a, 198
Drawing, photogenic, 138
Duncan, extracts from, 67
Duty more than love, 224

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Eagle and salmon, struggle between,

102

Ear, physiology of the, 140
Early modes of measuring time, 7, 53,
83, 108, 143
Early rising, lines on, 178
Easter Eggs, 136
Eastern countries, value of water in,
248

Echoes, origin and nature of, 47, 102
Economy of Bee-keeping, 69
Edwards, William, account of, 217
Eel, voraciousness of the, 45
Effects of gentleness, 188

accumulated electricity, 194

Eggs, Easter, 136
Egypt, swarms of locusts in, 141
catacombs of, 241
Egyptians, ancient, 224
Elasticity of various bodies, 88
of air, 119, 148, 189
of liquids, 231
Electricity-VI., Electrical experi-
ments, 23-VII., 60-VIII., The
Leyden jar, 68-1X., 116-X.,
Effects of accumulated electricity,
194-XI., Electrometers, 236
Emery, on, 227
Emigration to New South Wales, 180
England in the Olden Time, 43, 71,
93, 100, 157, 196, 238, 244
Epistle in rhyme, 224
Evening primrose, 198
Evening sounds, 211
Exhibitions of trained animals, 157
Experiments, electrical, 23, 60

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Hall, Capt. Basil, anecdote by, 123
Halley's diving-bell, 145
Happiness, in what it consists, 13
Hawking, pastime of, 196
Head dresses, ladies', 82
Heber, Bp., letter of to his mother, 215
Herschel's reflecting telescope, descrip-
tion of, 166

Sir. J., extract from, 211
Himyaritic language, 63
History of navigation, 121, 200
Horizontal sun-dial, construction of,84
Horne, Bp. extracts from, 107
Hot climates, vegetation in, 102
Hour-glass, construction of, 143
Human muscles, strength of, 171
- nature, frailties of, 94
Humming bird, minute species of, 16
Hunting in the fifteenth century, 244
Hurling, ancient game of, 101
Hyena, its powers of imitation, 104
Ignorance unprofitable, 107
Illustrations of Bible, from monuments
of the antiquity-XX, Altars and
incense, 3-XXI., Wanderings in
the desert, 26
Incidents in the whale-fishery, 191 ·
"Independence day." celebration of,

119
India, fanatical murderers in, 131
Influence of science, 87

— religion on poetry, 184
Ingenuity of a spider, 176
Insects, agility and strength of, 59
Ireland, round towers of, 57
Irish jaunting-car, description of, 254

Jamieson, Mrs. extracts from, 224
Java, ship-building in, 223
Johnson, extracts from, 13, 120, 172,
220
Judgment of man, 139
Jura, brief account of, 225
Justice, love of, 187
Justs and tournaments, 71

Kalmes, Lord, extract from, 29
Knowledge, usefulness of, 107

Ladies' head-dresses, 82
Language, the Himyaritic, 63;
Laugh of the hyena, 104
Lecount, extract from, 139
Legend of the echo at Lurley, 103
Leyden-jar, 68, 116
Life-boat, origin of the, 123
Liquids, elasticity of, 231
Locks and keys, antiquity of, 132
Locusts, swarms of, 151
Looking-glass, action of, 150
manufacture of 183
Lord, prisoner of the, 109
Love of justice, 187

duty more than, 224
Lower Canada, Winter in, 142
Luminous appearance of the sea, 159,
171

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National character, best method of
attaining a knowledge of, 111
Natural philosophy, study of, 211
recreations in, 12,
88, 119, 148, 189, 231
Nature, variety in the works of, 82
unity of design in, 136
and uses of mineral waters,
97, 113
Navigation, brief history of, 5, 121-
Short sketch of the principal voy-
ages performed in modern times,
121-Ships, 123-Modern practice
of navigation, 124-VI., On Steam
navigation, 201
Neele, H., lines by, 212
New South Wales, discoveries in, 6, 30
emigration to, 180
Normandy, ramble along the coast of,

234
Norwegian carriole, 254
Nothing made in vain, 19

Old Sarum, history of, 153
Olden time, England in the, 43, 71,
93, 100, 157, 196, 238, 244
Owl, the white, 32

Palmyra, ruins of, 228
Paramatta, garden at, 6
Passion, an arbitrary tyrant, 195
Passions and affections, influence of,

219

Passover, observation of the, 118
Pen-knives, manufacture of, 120
Pesce, Nicolo, the Sicilian diver, 245
Phillips, extracts from, 198
Philosophy, recreations in natural, 12,
88, 119, 148, 189, 231
study of natural, 211
Photogenic drawing, 138
Physical science not a fit subject of
revelation, 220
Physiology of the ear, 140
Plants, resistance of, to the winds, 22
Poetry, influence of religion on, 184
Pompey's Pillar, 41

Pont y Prydd, Glamorganshire, 217
Pope, extracts from, 15, 239
Popular Astronomy, Part V., 73-

Exterior Planets, 73-Mars, 73-
The Asteroids, 75-Jupiter, 75-
Saturn, 77-Uranus, 78-VI., 161
-Comets, 161-Fixed Stars, 164
Pounce, use of, 120
Poverty, different appearances of, 172
and wealth, different tempta-
tions of, 237
Primrose, the evening, 198
Prisoner of the Lord, 109
Pulpit Rocks, Pennsylvania, 141
Punishments, crimes and, 120

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Vegetation, in hot climates, 102
Virginian cowslip, 223
Vocal organs of birds, 141
Voraciousness of the eel, 45

crow, 58
Voyages, the principal modern, 124

Wafer, preparation of, 62
Waters, general localities, nature and

uses of mineral, 97, 113
Water, machines for raising, 16, 52
clock, description of, 108
wheel, action of, 156
value of, in the east 248
cress, cultivation of, 137
Watts, selection from, 5,
Weathercock, lines on a, 31
Wellington,
Duke of, Waterloo
charger, 155
Westphalia, secret tribunals of 187
Whale-fishery, the, 191

White-owl, structure of, 32
Wife, the convict's, 85

Willmott, extracts from, 184, 198, 215,

224

Wind, caprices of the, 8

resistance of plants to, 22
Windows, stained glass, 17, 65
Winter-song, Canadian, 131
Winter in Lower Canada, 142
Wolfe, General, death of, 209
Woman, influence of, 247
Works, ancient and modern, 139
of nature, variety of, 82
Wotton, Sir. H., lines by, 15
Writing-materials-IX. Sealing-wax,
20-X. Wafers, 62-XI. Slates,
111-XII, Pen-knives and pounce,
120

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NOWLEDGE
IT
IS
NOT
GOOD

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But not their joys alone thus coarsely flow,
Their morals, like their pleasures, are but low;
For, as refinement stops, from sire to son
Unaltered, unimproved, the manners run;
And love's and friendship's finely pointed dart
Fall blunted from each indurated heart.
Some sterner virtues o'er the mountain's breast
May sit, like falcons, cowering on the nest;
But all the gentler morals, such as play
Through life's more cultured walks, and charm the way,
These, far dispersed, on timorous pinions fly,
To sport and flutter in a kinder sky.-GOLDSMITH.

THE AFGHANS.

Magazine.

NATIVES OF AFGHANISTAN.

THE inhabitants of mountain districts have in all
ages been distinguished by a boldness of character
and intrepidity of conduct which have rendered them
formidable or admirable, according as the soft civili-
ties of life have been neglected or cultivated. If
these important considerations be laid aside, we find
that the habits and customs of men are greatly, if not
altogether, influenced by the nature of the soil and
climate which they inhabit. The rugged and intrepid
mountaineer derives his character from that of his
native hills: the warm and luxurious plains of the
south impart indolence and inactivity: the cold and
barren scenes of the north produce a brisk and per-
severing energy.

If the reader will consult the map of Asia, he will
find Afghanistan, a kingdom of considerable magni-
VOL. XIV.

5TH 1839.

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PRICE

{ONE PENNY.

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Its eastern

tude, between Persia and Hindostan.
boundary is the river Indus. It is bounded on the
north by an extensive chain of snow-clad mountains,
called Hindoo Koosh and the Paropamisan range *;
on the west by Persia, with HERAT for its frontier
town; and south by Beloochistan. It is situated
between the twenty-ninth and thirty-sixth degrees of
northern latitude, and the sixty-first and seventy-first
of eastern longitude. This country is peculiarly inte-
resting at the present time, as being the seat of war
between the Persians, favoured by the Russians, on
one side, and the Afghans, assisted by the combined
forces of Runjeet Singh and the British, on the other.
The reader will probably remember that on a former
occasion we gave an account of that extraordinary
individual, Runjeet Singh, whose name and character
have been for several weeks past objects of public
interest in our journals †

It is not of course our object to enter into the political question which at present agitates the Afghans. We

The elevation of the mountains of Hindoo Koosh seems to be greater than that of the Andes. One of the peaks of this range has been estimated by Lieutenant Macartney at 20,493 feet above the level of the sea. The Hon. M. Elphinstone found no diminution of snow on this lofty range in the month of June, although in the neighbouring plain of Peshawer the thermometer marked a temperature of

113 in the shade.

t

See Saturday Magasine, Vol XII., p. 239.

418

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