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Valentine Augustus Browne.
Francis Plunket Dunne, (Bourke) Lord Naas.
William Henry Ford Cogan,
Sir Charles Henry Coote,
Oliver Dowell John Grace.
Charles Gavan Duffy. bt.
Sir Robert Gore Booth, bt.,
Richard Swift. Lord A. E. Hill,
Hugh Lyons Montgomery, David Stewart Kerr. John Brady.
Francis William Russell. Maurice O'Connell.
LONDONDERRY. Rt. hon. (Claud Hamilton)
Lord C. Hamilton.
Sir Robert Alexander Fer- John Esmonde.
Chichester Samuel For-William Henry Magan,
William Pollard Urquhart.
Sir Charles Denham Or- John George.
John Thomas Devereux. Mervyn Edward Archdall, George Henry Moore,
WICKLOW. Sir Arthur Brinsley Brooke, George Gore Ouseley Higbt.
Hon. William Thomas Spen.
cer (Wentworth Fitzwil. Sir Thomas John Burke, bt., Frederick Lucas,
liam) Viscount Milton, Thomas Bellew. Matthew Elias Corbally.
William Wentworth Fitz
william Hume. GALWAY (BOROUGH).
MONAGHAN. Anthony O'Flaherty, Charles Powell Leslie,
YOUGHALL. Martin Joseph Blake. Sir George Forster, bt. Isaac Butt,
FIRST SESSION OF
PARLIAMENT OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, APPOINTED TO MEET 20 AUGUST, 1852, AND FROM THENCE CONTINUED TILL 4 NOVEMBER, 1852, IN THE SIXTEENTH YEAR OF THE REIGN OF
HER MAJESTY QUEEN VICTORIA.
FIRST VOLUME OF THE SESSION.
HOUSE OF LORDS, The LORD CHANCELLOR said : My
Lords and Gentlemen, we have it in com-
shall hereafter be informed of the THE PARLIAMENT.
cause of calling this Parliament together; THE Fifteenth Parliament of the United but, it being necessary that a Speaker for
Kingdom was dissolved by Proclamation the House of Commons should first be on the 1st July; and, at the same time, chosen, you, Gentlemen of the House of writs were ordered to be issued for calling Commons, will for that purpose return to a new Parliament, wbich writs were made the place prepared for your meeting, and returnable on Friday the 20th August. there be pleased to choose a Speaker, and The Parliament so called was prorogued present such person whom you shall so to the 21st October; and thence to the choose here To-morrow at two o'clock for 4th November; and accordingly met this Her Majesty's Royal approbation. day for despatch of business.
The Commons then withdrew. The Parliament was opened by Commis- The Lord Chancellor-Singly, in the sion:--the Lords Commissioners being the first place, took the Oaths at the Table. Lord Chancellor, the Lord President of
Certificate of the Sixteen Peers for the Council (the Earl of Lonsdale), the Scotland-Read. Lord Privy Seal (the Marquess of Salis
Several Lords—Took the Oaths. bury), the Lord Steward of the Household" (the Duke of Montrose), and the Parliament after the Death of his Cousin
The Viscount Falmouth--Sat first in Duke of Northumberland, First Lord of Viscount Falmouth (Earl of Falmouth). the Admiralty. The Lords Commissioners being seated
The Lord Congleton-Sat first in Parin front of the Throne, and the Commons liament after the Death of his Father. (who were sent for) being at the Bar, House adjourned till To-morrow. VOL. CXXIII. THIRD SERIES.]
HOUSE OF COMMONS,
a considerable degree of personal respon
sibility attaches to any individual who rises Thursday, November 4, 1852. to propose any hon. Member for so high
and important an office, on whose ability CHOICE OF A SPEAKER.
and efficiency to discharge these duties, This being the day appointed for the so much of the regularity of our proceednew Parliament to meet for despatch of ings must necessarily depend; for such & business, a large number of the Members task, I am well aware that there are many returned to serve for the Counties, Cities, other hon. Members in the House on whose and Boroughs of the United Kingdom, as- judgment the House would have much sembled in the house of the Commons, more reason to rely, and it would have and the Clerk of the House, Sir Denis Le been presumptuous in me to put myself Marchant, took his seat in front of the into such a position. But on the present table.
occasion, fortunately, I am relieved from Presently the Gentleman Usher of the any difficulty in this respect; because I reBlack Rod brought a message from the joice to see among us again, my right hon. Lords Commissioners appointed to open Friend the Member for North Hampshire, the Parliament, desiring the immediate who has filled the chair of this House duattendance of the House to hear Her Ma- ring the last thirteen years with so much jesty's Commission read.
advantage to the country and so much The House went ;-and a Commission honour to himself, that the House is left having been read for opening and holding in no doubt, and is relieved from all diffithe Parliament, the Lords Commissioners culty, in selecting the hon. Member best directed the House to proceed to the Elec- qualified among us all to fill that high and tion of a Speaker, and to present him distinguished station. Sir, under these cirTo-morrow at two o'clock in the House cumstances I do not think it is necessary Peers, for the Royal Approbation. that I should trespass upon the attention
And the House being returned, the of the House by dilating upon the onerous Clerk of the House, standing up, pointed duties that attach to the office of Speaker to
of this House. They are sufficiently well MR. ROBERT PALMER, who rose, known to most of the hon. Members who and, addressing the Clerk of the House, sit in this House. Suffice it, therefore, to said : Sir, it now devolves upon this say, that in the choice of Speaker we must House, in obedience to Her Majesty's look to some individual whose intimate accommands, to perform its first and one quaintance with the law and practice of of its most important duties, namely, to Parliament will render him at all times select from among our own body some their ready exponent, and will enable him hon. Member who shall fill, during the to define and lay down the rules and orders present Parliament, the office of Speaker by which our proceedings are regulated, of the House-an office at all times oner- so as to enable us on all occasions imme. ous, and attended with much responsi- diately and confidently to rely upon his bility, and not the less so on the pre- decisions. We must also look for a person sent occasion, when so many hon. Members who will be ready to uphold and defend are returned for the first time to Parlia. the ancient rights and privileges of the ment, who must necessarily, for that reason, House of Commons, if at any time they be but partially acquainted with the rules should become objects of attack from any and proceedings of the House. If upon quarter-privileges, it is well known, which the present occasion it had been my duty were not granted to this House for indivito propose to the consideration of the House dual benefit or for selfish objects, but for the any untried Member—any hon. Gentleman benefit of the community which we are who, for the first time, might be called sent here to represent. We must also look upon to discharge the important duties of for a Gentleman, who, in the heat of the the chair of this House-although I am party contests that sometimes occur in our well aware that there are many hon. Mem- debates, is able to lay aside all party feelbers present who would fully justify any ing, and who will, while presiding over us, choice which the House might think proper maintain a strict and undeviating imparto makemstill for myself, individually, I tiality. For all these qualifications which should have hesitated before undertaking I have enumerated, I am sure that every the task of proposing any hon. Gentleman one who has witnessed the conduct of my so circumstanced; because I am sure that right hon, Friend in the chair will agree
with me in saying that he has proved him- ings of the House if I move, without furself to be most eminently distinguished. ther preface, " That the Right Hon. Charles Therefore I think I may add, that in up- Shaw Lefevre, do take the chair of this holding the dignity of the office, in pre- House as Speaker.” serving an equal and unruffled equanimity LORD ROBERT GROSVENOR : I of temper under all circumstances, in cour- must claim the kind indulgence of the teous demeanour to every Member of the House for a few minutes while I second House, my right hon. Friend has not been the Motion of my hon. Friend the Member exceeded by any of his predecessors. I for Berkshire. I have done so in accorthink I have said sufficient to induce all dance with the wishes of the right hon. those hon. Members who have before had Gentleman opposite, who considers that my seats in this House to agree with me in right hon. Friend the Member for North the Motion I am about to make. But if I Hampshire having formerly belonged to may be permitted to add one word to the the party sitting on this side of the House, large number of Gentlemen, who, for the it would be more agreeable to him, and first time, have been sent here to take part more expressive of that unanimity of opinin our deliberations, I am sure that they ion that should prevail in the election of will not find themselves deceived when I the highest officer in this House, that his assure them that in the transaction of that nomination should be seconded by a Memportion of the private business of the House ber of Her Majesty's Opposition. I enthat may devolve upon them, they will tirely concur in the propriety of that sentialways find my right hon. Friend ready to ment. All I regret is, that the right hon. assist them with his advice and experience Gentleman did not make application to in any difficulties that may arise in the some hon. Member more calculated than transaction of the various duties with which I am to give weight and authority to the they may be entrusted. I am rejoiced to recommendation, and who might more think that on the present occasion it has fairly stand up on this side of the House not been considered necessary to make the as the unofficial organ of that party to question of the choice of a Speaker the test whom I have the honour to belong. I say of party feeling or political strength. Such the unofficial organ, because, as is percircumstances have before occurred; but I haps well known, it is not usual for any myself feel extremely gratified that I am Member holding high office, or who has not restrained by any party considerations, held high office, to propose a candidate for or called upon to surrender those feelings the chair of this House. Be this, howof private friendship and personal regard ever, as it may, it gives me the sincerest which I entertain for my right hon. Friend. satisfaction to have this public opportunity I am sure that all those who have witness- of bearing my testimony to the manner in ed his conduct in the chair will agree with which my right hon. Friend Mr. Shaw me when I say, that the uniform urbanity Lefevre has performed the duties of his of my right hon. Friend in his high station arduous position. I am quite sure that I has more than proved the wisdom of the give utterance not only to my own senti. choice which this House made in 1839, ments, but also to those of every hon. Genconfirmed as it has been on two subsequent tleman from amongst whom I rose to occasions by the unanimous approval of the second this Motion, when I say that not House. I trust the House on the present only are we proud of the right hon. Genoccasion is about to exhibit an equal de- tleman as having sprung from the ranks of gree of unanimity, and to place my right our party, but also, entirely laying aside hon. Friend in the chair without a dissen- all party feeling whatever, we are more tient voice. In so doing we shall be of- proud of him as a Member of that Legisfering to my right hon. Friend the only lature to which we all in common belong. reward we have it in our power to bestow The merits of Mr. Shaw Lefevre as for the eminent services he has already ren- Speaker of the House are so well known dered to the House-services which I am not only to those who have had the adsure he will continue to render with equal vantage under his auspices of taking part zeal and equal ability in the event of his in the business of the House, but also to being again chosen by the House, and, if the public at large, that it would be a possible, with increased efficiency from his work of supererogation almost either in longer and more matured experience. After this House or elsewhere to dilate at the long and eminent services of my right any length upon them; and certainly hon. Friend, I shall best consult the feel- upon this occasion it would be extremely so, after the good taste, good feeling, to fill the chair of this House is the right and ability with which the hon. Mem- hon. Gentleman the Member for North ber who preceded me has referred to Hampshire - a man who, while for so them. But before I sit down, I should many years upholding the independence, like to make one remark which I hope the the honour, and the dignity of this branch House will not consider as foreign to the of the Legislature, has been enabled so subject now under discussion. It is said to conduct himself as to conciliate the to be one of the infirmities of human na- good will, the respect, and the esteem of ture to give an undue prominence, an every Member of every class and every undeserved importance, to the events party amongst us. passing around us ; but if I have any SiR ROBERT H. INGLIS: The ordue appreciation of the circumstances of dinary term used in addressing the indithe time in which we are now living, there vidual honoured by the choice of the House has rarely been in the history of the world is to congratulate him. My feeling, Sir, & more remarkable crisis than that at in rising is not merely to congratulate him, which the Imperial Legislature has been but far more the House by whom he is now summoned for the transaction of bu- chosen. In your presence, Sir, and in the siness. When the liberties of Europe-- presence of so many hon. Members of large when the right of full, free, and open dis- experience in this House, it is needless to cussion—I might almost say the right of add a single word as to the personal fitness public opinion-hang by a thread-at a of the right hon. Gentleman; but it is not moment of this sort I am sure it will be unfit and not unnecessary perhaps to recall acknowledged that the character of this to the recollection of some, and to take the House is deeply involved in the manner in liberty of stating to others, the very difwhich its proceedings shall be carried on. ferent amount of time and labour which is I think at this moment it becomes us to now required of the Speaker of this House. act with unusual prudence, calmness, and That time and labour have been bestowed circumspection. I think we should take most cheerfully and actively, and most the utmost pains that the liberty of free beneficially for the public service, by the thought and free discussion, which we have right hon. Gentleman to whom again those happily enjoyed for so long a period, should duties are about to be committed. Why, not be abused for any personal party or Sir, a hundred years ago the Speaker had factious purposes, but that we should not, perhaps, the tenth part of ihe labours guard it as a sacred trust committed to which now devolve upon the occupant of our care-I think I may say without any that chair. A hundred years ago but exaggeration-for the benefit of mankind three debates appear in the Parliamentat large. If, then, this be the position in ary history of one Session, and but fifteen which we now stand—and that it is such divisions are recorded in the journals. not in my opinion only, I believe I may In the last year we had 242 divisions; gather, from the assent with which my and the Speaker, whom I trust again to remarks have been received by the House, have the honour of addressing in that casurely it is a matter of great rejoicing pacity, bas sat not less than 13,000 hours that we can avail ourselves of the services in the discharge of his duties as Speaker, of a man whose nice tact, discriminating since first he was elected, in 1839, to that judgment, conciliatory demeanour, large high post of dignity and duty. When and varied experience, and indefatigable I contrast the labour of former Speakattention, so eminently qualify him to be ers—when I hear of only one Speaker the moderator of our discussions and the filling the chair during the whole reign president of our debates ; at a moment, too, of George I., and one other during the when apart from those disturbing causes whole reign of George II., I must say to which I have adverted, the nicely- that the right hon. Gentleman has combalanced state of parties would render pressed into the period of his services more the office of Speaker one of great deli- labour, more attention, and more successcacy and unusual difficulty. I will not now ful energy than any one of his predecestrespass further on the attention of the sors had ever done. Therefore, knowing House, and shall, therefore, conclude by what he has been, rejoicing that he is still seconding the Resolution of my hon. Friend entrusted with such health and energy as the Member for Berkshire, which I under- will enable him to continue to us his valu. stand to be, that in the opinion of this able services with the same success, I assembly, the most fit and proper person should not have taken the liberty of adding