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Friday dependent on the honouring of bills | The House of Commons is called upon toof exchange in London on Thursday, might night to perform a sorrowful but à noble be subjected to great inconvenience, duty. It has to recognise, in the face of

MR. WALPOLE said, in reference to the country and of the civilised world, the what had fallen from the hon. Member for loss of the most distinguished of our citizens; Guildford (Mr. Mangles), as to the propriety and it has to offer to the ashes of the great of extending the operation of the Bill beyond departed the solemn anguish of a bereaved London; that he had considered that point nation. a great deal, and it seemed to him that as Sir, the princely personage who has left the inconvenience to be provided against- us was born in an age more fruitful of great namely, the obstruction to business likely events than any other period of recorded to be caused from a dense mass of people, time. Of its vast incidents, the most Fould not extend beyond the metropolis, it conspicuous were his own deeds—deeds was useless to make the measure applicable achieved with the smallest means and to the whole country. As to the general against the greatest obstacles. He was, question mooted by the hon. Member for therefore, pot only a great man, but the Kendal (Mr. Glyn), it was well worthy of greatest man of a great age. Amid the consideration whether it would not be ex- chaos and conflagration which attended the pedient to introduce a general Bill repeal- close of the last century there arose one of ing former Acts, and giving the Crown those beings who seem to be born to master power, by proclamation, to place days de- mankind. It is not too much to say that voted to any peculiar solemnity on the same Napoleon combined the imperial ardour of footing-as regarded bills of exchange- Alexander with the strategy of Hannibal. as Sundays, Fast days, and Thanksgiving The kings of the earth fell before his days.

fiery and subtle genius, and at the head MR. J. L. RICARDO said, that as the of all the powers of Europe, he deBill provided that a bill of exchange paid nounced destruction agaiust the only land before two o'clock on Friday should be that dared to disobey him and be free. subject to no notarial charges, it might be The Providential superintendence of the assumed that it would be duly honoured if world seems scarcely ever more manifest paid under those circumstances.

than when we recollect the dispensations of MR. WALPOLE said, that the Bill our day—that the same year which gave would make bills of exchange due on the to France the Emperor Napoleon, produced 18th presentable and payable on the day also for us the Duke of Wellington ; that before, in the same way as if the 18th in the same year they should have emwore a Sunday; but, inasmnch as the pre-braced the same profession ; and that, nasenting of bills on the 17th might subject tives of distant islands, they should both payers to certain notarial charges, it was have repaired for their military education provided that in the event of their meeting to that illustrious land which each in his their liabilities by two o'clock on the fol. turn was destined to subjugate. During lowing Friday those notarial charges should that long struggle for our freedom, our not be enforced.

glory-I might say for our existence An Hon. MEMBER asked whether it Wellesley fought and won fifteen pitched Fould not be better to make all bills due battles--all of them of the highest class on the 18th payable on the day after the concluding with one of those crowning funeral ?

victories that give a colour and a form to MR. WALPOLE, in reply, said, that history. During that period that can be the point had been fully considered. All said of him which can be said of no other the commercial authorities whom he had captain that he captured three thousand consulted strongly recommended that there cannon from the enemy, and never lost a should be no departure from commercial single gun. usages.

But the greatness of his exploits was, Bill read 3°, and passed.

perhaps, even surpassed by the difficulties

which he had to encounter. For he had to FUNERAL OF THE DUKE OF WELLING- encounter a feeble Government, a factious TON—THE QUEEN'S MESSAGE.

Opposition, a distrustful people, scandalous

allies, and the most powerful enemy in the The Queen's Message considered.

world. He won victories with starving The CHANCELLOR OF THE EXCHE- troops, and he carried on sieges without QUER rose and said : Mr. Speaker, Sir, munitions. And as if to complete the fa

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tality which attended him throughout life our lives we see ordinary men who may be
in this respect, when he had at last suc- successful Ministers of State, successful au-
ceeded in creating an army worthy of the thors, successful speakers-—But to do all
Roman legions and worthy of himself, this this with genius is sublime. Doubtless, to
invincible host was broken up on the eve of be able to think with vigour, with clear-
the greatest conjuncture of his life, and he ness, and with depth in the recess of the
had to enter the field of Waterloo with raw cabinet, is a fine intellectual demonstration;
levies and discomfited allies. But the star but to think with equal vigour, clearness,
of Wellington never paled. He has been and depth amidst bullets, appears the lof-
called fortunate, but fortune is a divinity tiest exercise and the most complete
which has ever favoured those who are triumph of the human faculties.
at the same time sagacious and intrepid, Sir, when we take into consideration the
inventive and patient. It was his own prolonged and illustrious life of the Duke
character that created his career-alike of Wellington, we are surprised how small
achieved his exploits, and guarded him a section of that life is occupied by that
from every vicissitude; for it was his sub- military career which fills so large a space
lime self-control alone that regulated his in history. Only eight years elapsed from
lofty fate.

Vimiera to Waterloo; and from the date Sir, it has been of late years somewhat of his first commission to the last cannonthe fashion to disparage the military cha- shot which he heard on the field of battle, racter. Forty years of peace have, per- scarce twenty years can be counted. After haps, made us somewhat less aware how all his triumphs he was destined for anconsiderable and how complex are the other career; and the greatest and most qualities which go to the formation of a successful of warriors—if not in the prime, great general. It is not enough that he at least in the perfection of manhood must be an engineer, a geographer, learned commenced a civil career scarcely less sucin human nature, and adroit in managing cessful, scarcely less splendid, than that men—he must also be able to fulfil the military one which will live for ever in the highest duty of a Minister of State, and memory of men. He was thrice the Amthen to descend to the humblest office of a bassador of his Sovereign at those great commissary and clerk; and he has to dis- historic Congresses that settled the affairs play all this knowledge, and to exercise of Europe; twice was he Secretary of all these duties, at the same time, and State; twice he was commander-in-Chief under extraordinary circumstances. At of the Forces; once he was Prime Minister every moment he has to think of the eve of England; and to the last hour of his and of the morrow--of his flank and of his life he may be said to have laboured for

He has to carry with him ammu- his country. It was only a few months nition, provisions, and hospitals. He has before we lost him that he favoured with to calculate at the same time the state of his counsel and assistance the present adthe weather and the moral qualities of visers of the Crown respecting that war in man; and all these elements that are per- the East of which no one could be so competually changing he has to combine, petent to judge, and he drew up his views sometimes under overwhelming heat, and on that subject in a state paper characsometimes under overpowering cold-some- terised by all his sagacity and experience; times even amid famine, and often amid and, indeed, when he died he died still the the roar of artillery. Behind all these active chieftain of that famous Army to circumstances, too, there is ever present which he has left the tradition of his the image of his country, and the dreadful glory. alternative whether that country is to wel. Sir, there is one passage in the life of come him with laurel or with cypress. the Duke of Wellington which in this Yet this image he must dismiss from his place, and on this occasion, I ought not to mind; for the general must think-and let pass unnoticed. It is our pride that not only think he must think with the he was one of ourselves—it is our glory rapidity of lightning, for on a moment that Sir Arthur Wellesley once sat on more or less depends the fate of a most these benches. If we view his career in beautiful combination, and on a moment the House of Commons by the tests of more or less depends the question of glory success which are applied to common men, or of shame. Unquestionably, Sir, all his career, although brief, was still distinthis might be done in an ordinary manner, guished. He entered the Royal Councils and by an ordinary man, as every day of and filled high offices of State. But the


success of Sir Arthur Wellesley in the sense of duty-that, I trust, was never lost. House of Commons must not be tested by But that he has inspired public life with a the fact that he was a Privy Councillor or purer and more masculine tone, I cannot a Secretary of a Lord Lieutenant. He doubt; that he has rebuked by his career achieved here a success which the greatest restless vanity, and regulated the morbid Ministers and the most brilliant orators susceptibility of irregular egotism, is, I may never hope to accomplish. That was think, no exaggerated praise. I do not a great Parliamentary triumph when he believe that among all orders of Englishrose in his place to receive the thanks of men, from the highest to the lowest, from Mr. Speaker for a brilliant victory; and, those who are called on to incur the most later still, when at that bar to receive, Sir, serious responsibilities of office, to those from one of your predecessors in memo- who exercise the humblest duties of our rable words the thanks of a grateful Senate society—I do not believe there is one for accumulated triumphs.

among us who may not experience moSir, there is one source of consolation ments of doubt and depression, when the which I think the people of England pos- image of Wellington will occur to his sess at this moment under the severe be- memory, and he finds in his example supreavement over which they mourn-It is port and solace. their intimate acquaintance with the cha. Although the Duke of Wellington lived racter, and even the person of this great so much in the minds and hearts of the man. There never was a man of such people of England—although at the end of mark who lived so long and so much his long career he occupied such a prominent in the public eye. I will be bound there position, and filled such august offices, no is not a Gentleman in this House who one seemed to be conscious of what a has not seen him; many there are who space he occupied in the thoughts and have conversed with him; some there feelings of his countrymen until he died. are who have touched his hand. His The influence of true greatness was never, image, his countenance, his manner, his perhaps, more completely asserted than in voice are impressed on every memory and his decease. In an age in which the besound almost in every ear. In the golden lief in intellectual equality datters so much saloon and in the busy market place to the our self-complacency, every one suddenly last he might be found. The rising genera- acknowledges that the world has lost its tion among whom he lived will often recall foremost man. In an age of utility, the his words of kindness; and the people fol- most busy and the most common sense lowed him in the street with that lingering people in the world find no vent for their gaze of reverent admiration which seemed woe, and no representative for their sorrow, never to tire. Who, indeed, can ever for- but the solemnity of a pageant; and we get that venerable and classic head, ripe who are assembled here for purposes so with time and radiant as it were with different-to investigate the sources of the glory?

wealth of nations, to busy ourselves in

statistical research, to encounter each other “ Stilichonis apex et cognita fulsit Canities."

in fiscal controversy we offer to the world

the most sublime and touching spectacle To complete all, that we might have a per- that human circumstances can well profect idea of his inward and spiritual nature duce-the spectacle of a Senate mourning -that we might understand how this so

a Hero, vereign master of duty fulfilled the mani

Sir, I beg leave to move a Resolutionfold offices of his life with unrivalled ac

“ That an humble Address be presented to Her tirity, he himself gave us a collection of Majesty, humbly to thank Her Majesty for having military and administrative literature which given directions for a public interment of the morno age and no country can rival. And, tal remains of his Grace the Duke of Wellington, fortunate in all things, Wellington found in the cathedral church of St. Paul, and to assuré in his lifetime an historian whose immortalHer Majesty of our cordial aid and concurrence in

giving to the ceremony a fitting degree of solempage now ranks with the classics of that nity and importance.” land which Wellesley saved.

Sir, the Duke of Wellington has left to LORD JOHN RUSSELL: I ask the perhis country a great legacy-greater even mission of you, Sir, and the House, to than his fame; he has left to them the con- second the Motion of the right hon. Gentemplation of his character. I will not say tleman the Chancellor of the Exchequer. of England that he has revived here the I do not wish to add a single word to those

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155 Indian Territories- {COMMONS} The Select Committee.

156 eloquent terms which have fallen from the the authorities and the agency by which right hon. Gentleman. I wish only to say the government of India was conducted at that the whole House is, I believe, pre- present under the Act now in force-that pared to unite in offering this testimony of first and principal portion of the inquiry respect to the memory of the late illus- had been completely exhausted by the trious Duke.

Committee which sat in the last Session, Resolved, Nemine Contradicente. and which had reported the whole of the The CHANCELLOR OF THE EXCHE- results of their inquiries in that voluminous QUER: I now beg to move a Resolu- blue book to which he had already referred. tion

It would be observed, that, in making a “That the House will attend at the solemnity very short report prefixed to the evidence, of the funeral of Arthur Duke of Wellington in the Committee had adverted to that which the cathedral of St. Paul on Thursday next.” he (Mr. Herries) could not refrain from Resolution agreed to.

noticing also—he meant the favourable

tendency of all the evidence they had colStanding Orders suspended. The CHANCELLOR OF THE EXCHE | under the Act which was now in force,

lected respecting the governmental agency QUER then moved the appointment of a that was to say, the government of India Select Committee, to “consider the cir- by the agency of the East India Company, cumstances relating to the attendance of under the control and subject to the authis House and this place at the funeral of thority of the Crown. He might also state Arthur Duke of Wellington in the cathe- to the House that the remaining topics of dral church of St. Paul.' Motion agreed to; Select Committee ap- importance, though not of such primary

the inquiry, which were likewise of great pointed.

consequence as that to which he had al

luded, were, first, the military establishINDIAN TERRITORIES—THE SELECT

ments of India; in the next place, the COMMITTEE.

financial management of that great emMR. HERRIES, in moving for the re- pire; and, after these, other subjects of appointment of the Select Committee on great interest relating to the judicial adIndian Territories, said, he would remind ministration, to the educational system, the House that a Select Committee was and to the progress of works of internal appointed early in the last Session of Par- improvement in India. All these were liament upon this important subject. The questions which would require close and Government had lost no time in nominating serious attention on the part of any

Comthat Committee, in consideration of the mittee that might be appointed with renear approach of the time when it would ference to our East Indian territories. And be indispensably necessary that some con- when they should have completed their clusion should be arrived at with regard to examination into the judicial, civil, and the future government of India. He did military administration, and the financial not anticipate that any objection would be management of the affairs of India, he could raised to the reappointment of the Com- not but hope that after receiving the report mittee on the present occasion—for though, of the Committee's inquiries, the House in point of form, a new Parliament being would feel itself in a condition to legislate now returned, the Motion must be for the upon the great question, whether the goappointment of a Committee, yet the Mo-vernment of that country should continue tion would be practically for the reappoint- to be conducted upon the principles of the ment of the Committee which sat in the Act which was now in force—that of the late Parliament. That Committee had


1833—or whether any other system prosecuted its inquiries with continuous should be adopted. He had adverted to application, and with great success. If this point, because it was necessary to rehon. Gentlemen would take the trouble of mind the House that the period within looking into the very voluminous report of which legislation must take place was now the evidence taken by that Committee, comparatively narrowed. In the year

1854 they would find that it contained a mass of the Act for the better government of Her the most useful and valuable information, Majesty's Indian Territories would cease both oral and written. The inquiry was and determine, unless in the meanwhile it arranged under six principal heads; and should be the pleasure of Parliament to the first of these, and by far the most im- renew it. It was obvious, therefore, that portant-namely, that which concerned in the course of the present Session—and

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he called the present Session the sitting right hon. Gentleman; but there were inwhich would be extended through part of terests in connexion with India which renext year-it would be indispensable that quired very considerable attention at the some Aet should be passed providing for present time, for since 1833, when the the government of India, and it was for last Act on the subject had been passed, this reason that he moved thus early for the aspect of Indian affairs had completely the appointment of a Committee. He changed. He trusted that one or two could not avoid pointing out to the House Scotch Members might be added to the the fact, that in the course of the late Committee. general election they had unfortunately Motion agreed to. lost some important Members of the Com- Select Committee appointed “ To inmittee, as it stood in the last Session of quire into the operation of the Act 3 & 4 Parliament; it would be necessary, there- Will. IV., c. 85, for effecting an arrangefore, that he should do something more on ment with the East India Company, and the present occasion than merely nominate for the better government of Her Majesty's the Committee as it existed last Session; India Territories till the 30th day of April, and that he should propose some additional 1854.” names to the Members of that Committee. The total number of the Members of the

MIDNIGHT LEGISLATION. Committee last year had been fixed at MR. BROTHERTON rose to move & thirty-one; and it was so well attended that Resolution to the effect -" That in the he was sure the House would agree with present Session of Parliament no business him in thinking that that number was shall be proceeded with in that House after quite sufficient to be assembled for the pur- midnight; and that at Twelve o'clock at pose; for they were aware that there were night precisely, Mr. Speaker do adjourn some subjects which did not attract so full the House without putting any question.” an attendance as others. He thought, He looked upon his Motion as one of conthen, that a greater number than thirty- siderable importance, and when it was conone was not desirable on the Committee, sidered that every Legislature in Europe and that was the number which he in- and America conducted their business in tended to propose. Of these, only twenty- the daytime, he thought it most prepossix who had served on the last Committee terous that the British Legislature should would be available for the present; and he not be content to close its proceedings by should, therefore, besides moving the ap- Twelve o'clock at night. He trusted he pointment of the Committee, also move should have the support of the Government that the following five Gentlemen be Mem- on the present occasion, as also the supbers, in the room of the five Gentlemen port of the Members of the legal profession, who were not available-namely, Mr. Mac- who, when they were obliged to sit late in aulay, Mr. E. Ellice, Lord Stanley, Mr. that House, must find it impossible to attend Robert Clive, and Lord Palmerston. to their avocations the next morning. As

MR. HUME seconded the Motion. He matters now stood, the officers and clerks regretted that the East India Company had of the House were sometimes obliged to renot shown any intention to bring before main at their posts for fifteen or sixteen the Committee the testimony of educated hours, and the persons who were connected and intelligent native chiefs and gentlemen with the Administration could not pay

that as to the feelings and sympathies, the full attention to their business which they wants and desires, of the natives with re- might do if the House would only close its spect to the government of the Company. proceedings at a reasonable hour. It might However, he trusted advantage would be be objected that inconvenience would arise taken of the exertions of native societies from adjourning the House always at a which had been formed at Bombay and fixed hour, as in such case some hon. MemBengal to collect information on this sub-bers might occasionally speak against time; ject, and that the persons who would be but on Wednesdays they terminated the sent over to this country by these societies sitting at a fixed hour, and that inconwould be examined before the Committee. venience had not practically been felt.

MR. J. MACGREGOR thought that a And even if there should be inconvenience little more time should have been allowed now and then, it would be a less evil than before appointing a Committee of this im- wasting time by debating for two or three portance. Of course there could be no hours after midnight whether the debate objection to the names proposed by the should be adjourned or not. It might be

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