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gard to the gentleman now appointed, Mr. nient for the public service that the House Joseph Long, the position of the hon. at its rising should adjourn till Monday Member, when connected with the Poor next, at Two o'clock, I make that MoLaw Board, must have made him well ac- tion. quainted with that gentleman's intelligence COLONEL SIBTHORP said, he wished and efficiency; in proof of which it was to trespass upon the House for two or three enough to say, that during a period of minutes. He was sure there could be but eleven years he had been unanimously one feeling, that no degree of blame atelected by the citizens at large the senior tached either to the right hon. Gentleman auditor of the corporation, and had fre- who had just sat down, or to any Member quently received the thanks of the corpora- of the Government, for these constant adtion for his honourable and upright conduct. journments; but it was lamentable that

the country should be left in its present COMPLAINT AGAINST THE GOVERNOR state of suspense, occasioning an interrupOF GIBRALTAR.

tion to all the public business of the counMR. BRIGHT said, he begged to put a try. He, and, no doubt, many other hon. question to the right hon. Secretary of Members, were anxious to move for reState for the Colonies. It would be in turns, but they were quite at a loss to know his recollection that a deputation waited to whom to apply for them. He was bound upon him before the dissolution of Parlia- to say, that he had always received the ment, with regard to a certain occurrence greatest attention and courtesy from every at Gibraltar. In the month of March a department of the Government, and he meeting of the merchants and traders of was confident others would say the same thet own was called with the view to pass-thing; but he repeated that it was lamenting a memorial to the Colonial Secretary able the country should be kept in its prewith regard to certain grievances which sent suspense, owing to the incompetency of they complained of. The Governor of those who had dared to wrest the GovernGibraltar issued a notice that the meeting ment of this country from the only hands should not be held. The meeting, there competent to perform the duties of office fore, was not held, and the merchants and in a manner satisfactory to the public at traders were shut out from making known large. But a fair and honourable trial their grievances in the ordinary way to the had not been afforded them, and they were Colonial Office. The right hon. Gentle now about to be displaced by men who men gave the deputation to understand he knew nothing of their business, who had would apply to the Governor of Gibraltar run away from their posts, and who had for bis statement, and inform them of the put him more in mind of Sir John Fal. result. He wished now to ask the right staff's ragged corps than any other body hon, Gentleman whether he had made the of men he could think of. When was this application; if any return had been made to end ? It reflected no credit on the by the Governor of Gibraltar; and if any party opposite, who were attempting to statement or answer had been returned, come in, and he trusted that the country whether he would be kind enough to lay it would express its deep sense of their mison the table of the House?

conduct. Ile firmly believed that if they Sir JOHN PAKINGTON said, he re- did get in they would not retain their membered the circumstance of the deputa- offices for any long period. They were tion to which the hon. Member had alluded, black sheep, and would show themselves and in consequence of the information he in their colours before many weeks were then received he addressed a letter of in-over. He had thought it his duty, on the quiry to the Governor of Gibraltar; but he part of the country- A laugh]-and of had not yet received any explanation in those whom he represented, to make these

observations. Tion. Gentlemen might The House adjourned at a quarter before laugh, but the day would soon come when Five o'clock.

their countenances would bear a very dif

ferent appearance. That was his honest HOUSE OF COMMONS,


SIK ROBERT H. INGLIS said, he Friday, December 24, 1852. wished for one moment to call the atten.

tion of the House to a subject which he ADJOURNMENT OF THE HOUSE.

was equally interesting to both The CHANCELLOR OF THE EXCIIE- sides—he meant the late Arctic ExpediQUER: Sir, I believe it will be conve- I tion. Her Majesty's present Government


was sure

had for some time been desirous that an office; and your Lordships may readily expedition should be sent out in search of believe that my tastes, habits, and pursuits, the vessels which had long been missing in have lain in another way. Arrived, too, that direction; and he was anxious that at the very verge of that period which has right hon. Gentlemen on the opposite side been assigned to human life, it may well of the House should not merely carry out be supposed that other thoughts and that object in the full sense intended by other aspirations might have more protheir predecessors, but that they should do perly been my choice. Nevertheless, I still more, and, instead of sending a mere have felt it to be my duty to obey the sailing vessel, as was at present intended, commands of my Sovereign. My Lords, should apply the agency of steam, which before describing the proceedings which had hitherto been found one essential ele- have recently taken place, I wish to advert ment of success in such an undertaking. to a circumstance which I understand ocWhatever had been done hitherto, humanly curred a few days back in this House; speaking, had been by the intervention of when the noble Earl opposite (the Earl of steam vessels; and he trusted, therefore, Derby) at a time and upon an occasion not that the successor of the noble Duke at altogether usual, accused me and those present at the head of the Admiralty would who acted with me of having entered into not only adopt all that that noble Duke had a species of combination or conspiracy to contemplated, but would apply steam navi- overthrow his Government. My Lords, I gation to this purpose, which was not only believe the accusation was answered at the one of science and humanity, but of actual time by my noble Friend, the noble Duke justice.

near me (the Duke of Newcastle). NeverMotion agreed to.

theless, I wish to add that my share in House adjourned at a quarter after such a conspiracy was not for the purpose Two o'clock till Monday next.

of ejecting the noble Earl from office, but for the purpose of keeping him in office. When it appeared, from the ambiguous and

uncertain nature of an important paragraph HOUSE OF LORDS,

in Her Majesty's Speech, that it was inMonday, December 27, 1852, dispensably necessary that some Resolu

tion should be moved, or some declaration MINUTES.] Took the Oaths. - The Earl of made, of the advantages of free trade, my

only anxiety was that the terms of that

Resolution should be such as the noble MINISTERIAL STATEMENT.

Lords opposite and their colleagues might The EARL of ABERDEEN: My Lords, adopt consistently with their own declarain rising to move the adjournment of the tions, and without doing violence to their House, it is my duty, as it is my desire, to own feelings. Those terms were framed give your Lordships the requisite informa- and adopted; and, singularly enough, they tion respecting the recent construction of had the effect intended by those who preHer Majesty's Government, and to indi- pared them-namely, that of enabling the cate, though very briefly, the principles and noble Lords to continue to hold the offices general policy upon which we propose to which they then held; and, by the assistact. My Lords, I believe it has been the ance and the votes of the very conspirators usual course for men who have been placed themselves, they were so enabled to conin the situation in which I have now the tinue to hold those offices. My Lords, if honour to stand, to profess the diffidence any further evidence is required of the and reluctance with which they have under- nature of that conspiracy, I may state taken the task imposed upon them. I that, precisely at that time, I had myself doubt not they have done so with perfect taken measures to engage a residence at truthfulness, and sincerity; but if that Nice, with the firm determination of pashas been the case with others, your Lord- sing a few winter months upon

the ships may easily imagine how much more shores of the Mediterranean. So much largely i participate in those feelings. for the conspiracy. My Lords, upon Your Lordships must be aware that I have Saturday week, after the division of taken little part in the proceedings of this the previous Thursday night, in the House, except upon such occasions as were House of Commons upon the Budget, necessarily connected with the departments and the resignation of the noble Earl and in which I have had the honour to hold his Colleagues, I received a message from


the Queen desiring my attendance at the he thought I might have done this in Isle of Wight, and informing me at the twenty-four hours. I have taken a week; same time that Her Majesty had been and I can assure him that I have found pleased to summon my noble Friend the that period not at all too much. My Lords, noble Marquess near me (the Marquess of in proceeding now very briefly to touch upon Lansdowne) to attend at the same time and different political points connected with the place. Upon communication with the noble objects and policy of Her Majesty's MinMarquess I found that, in consequence of isters, I need not detain your Lordships at indisposition, he was unable at that time any length upon our relation with foreign to leave his house. I therefore thought it Powers. The truth is, my Lords, that for incumbent upon me to wait Her Majesty's the last thirty years the principles of the further commands. I received them upon foreign policy of this country have never the following day; and, my Lords, I con- varied. There may have been differences fess it appeared to me that the time had in the execution, according to the different arrived when it was possible for men whose hands intrusted with the direction of that political differences the course of events policy; but the foundation of the foreign and recent legislation had almost, if not policy of this country has, I repeat, for the altogether, effaced or removed, and whose last thirty years been the same. It has personal respect and friendship had never been marked by a respect due to all indebeen interrupted—I say I thought that the pendent States, a desire to abstain as much time had arrived when it was possible for as possible from the internal affairs of those persons to act together in the public other countries, an assertion of our own service. I thought that probably the time honour and interests, and, above all, an had come when this country was tired of earnest desire to secure the general peace distinctions without differences, and which of Europe by all such means as were prachad no real effect upon the principles of ticable and at our disposal.

I do not say the policy to be carried out. My Lords, that differences may not have existed, or it appeared to me that if my noble Friend that sympathies may not have been excited the Member for the City of London (Lord on behalf of certain States in their endeaJohn Russell) should entertain the same vours to promote constitutional reforms and views and the same opinions, I might at- to obtain constitutional government; but tempt to undertake the task which had been the principle of our policy has always been imposed upon me, but which, without his to respect the independence, the entire inaid, I should have attempted in vain. I have dependence, of other States, great or neither the youth, strength, or ability, re- small, and not to interfere in their internal quisite for the purpose. But the day before concerns. That will continue to be the I went to the Isle of Wight, having had case; and I trust that we shall still retain an interview with my noble Friend, I as the friendship and good will of all foreign certained that his sentiments were entirely countries, whatever the nature of their goin conformity with my own; and I there-vernment or constitution. If ever it should fore had no difficulty in assuring Her Ma- be the fate of this country to be called jesty that I would endeavour to comply upon to interfere in any matter foreign to with the command which She was pleased ourselves, my earnest desire, my great to lay upon me. My Lords, upon my re- hope is, that we shall never be called upon to turn from the Isle of Wight, I lost no act except to exercise the blessed office of time in endeavouring to fulfil the injunc- the peacemaker. But, my Lords, earnestly tions of Her Majesty; I do not say that as I desire to see the continuance of peace, that was attended with no difficulty; but and anxiously as I wish to promote it, at this I will say, that I found in every quar- the same time I am by no means disposed ter the greatest desire to lay aside all per- to relax in those defensive preparations sonal views and objects, and cordially to which have been undertaken recently, and unite as far as possible in the promotion of which, perhaps, have been too long neg. that policy which we believe to be essen- | lected; not that these preparations indicate tial to the welfare of the country. My any expectation of hostile proceedings from Lords, I have succeeded in preparing others--on the contrary, they are adopted a list for Her Majesty's approval, which in the interest of peace itself; and, as has been fortunate enough to receive the those preparations are essentially defenapprobation of the Queen, and which now sive, they ought not and cannot give umstands for the judgment of the country. Ibrage to any Power whatsoever. But, my The noble Earl stated, I believe, that Lords, the great object of Her Majesty's present Government, the great charac- that must still be pursued, and it is no teristic of that Government, and the mis- doubt one that will meet with the concursion with which they are peculiarly en-rence of your Lordships, and finally will trusted, is the maintenance and the pru- give that satisfaction to the public which dent extension of free trade, and the com- they have a right to receive. It is an obmercial and financial system established by ject which we have all had in view, but the late Sir Robert Peel. My Lords, I which until this time we have not been am not going to enter into a discussion of able to accomplish. My Lords, by the exthe respective merits of direct or indirect tension of education, and by the progress taxation; it is obvious that in a revenue of law reform, I trust the social condition such as ours the union of both is indis- of this country will be materially improved; pensable, and it is to the just distribution and that by the progress which it will be and application of that principle that we our endeavour to make in all that concerns look for the prosperity of the country. In the welfare and happiness of the countryour financial system, my Lords, a difficulty by cautious and steady progress--we hope -a crisis, I would almost say--will neces- that both the intellectual and material sarily arise, by the early cessation of a very condition of the people will be improved. large branch of the revenue. That must My Lords, these reforms will not clude necessarily be supplied ; and doubtless it amendments of our representative system will tax the ingenuity and ability of all -not rashly or hastily undertaken, but by those who are concerned in this undertak- safe, well-considered measures. It can, I ing to accomplish that great work accord-think, hardly be denied by any man that ing to the principles of justice and equity. some amendment of this system is required, My Lords, another matter to which I may and unquestionably the events of the last refer, in which the country is deeply inter- election have not been such as to render ested, and upon which a general expecta- any man more enamoured of the system tion exists, is the extension of national which at present exits. My Lords, the education. This has become a wart-a noble Earl referred, as I understand, to want which the country strongly desires the existence of a Conservative Governto see supplied, and which has engaged ment, and expressed some surprise and the attention of all who have undertaken curiosity to learn how I should be able the direction of public affairs. I am old to carry on the service of the Crown surenough to remember the introduction into rounded by those persons with whom I was this country of the Bell and Lancaster sys- likely to be associated. My Lords, I detem of education, and I well remember the clare to the noble Earl that in my opinion apprehensions it excited, and the opposi- no Government in this country is now postion it encountered; but by degrees these sible except a Conservative Government; have ceased, and the only difference among and to that I add another declaration, us now is, not whether or no education which I take to be as indubitably true, shall be general and universal, but as to that no Government in this country is the mode in which that end can best be now possible except a Liberal Government. effected. I admit that the subject is full The truth is that these terms have no of difficulty, and attended with very grave definite meaning. I never should have considerations. It is undoubtedly my great thought of approaching my noble Friend desire, recognising as I do the vital impor- the Member for the City of London (Lord tance of the religious element in all educa- John Russell), unless I had thought he tion, to see the due influence of the Church was Conservative; and I am sure he never exercised in matters of this kind, consist-would have associated himself with me unently with that perfect right and freedom less he had thought that I was Liberal. which all men are entitled to expect in My Lords, these terms it may be consuch matters in this country, and which it venient to keep up for the sake of party has long been our pride to acknowledge. elections; but the country is sick of these My Lords, another want, and which I may distinctions, which have no real meaning, say the people have now demanded, has and which prevent men from acting togebeen the progress of those law reforms ther who are able to perform good service which, introduced by the late Government, to the Crown and to the country. I trust, were taken up by the noble and learned Lord therefore, that in the just acceptation of now on the woolsack (Lord St. Leonards), the word, whatever the measures proposed and prosecuted with so much vigour, ability, by the present Government may be, they and success in his hands. This is a matter will be Conservative measures as well as Liberal, for I consider both qualities to had not the noble Earl alluded to me perbe essentially necessary. My Lords, the sonally in a manner which renders it imnoble Earl also referred to the necessity of possible for me to remain silent. I would resisting the encroachment of democracy. I not have risen at all on this occasion if am quite ready to unite with him in resist- the noble Earl had not referred to the ciring the encroachment of democracy, or any cumstances which occurred the other evenother encroachment of an illegal character; ing in a manner which makes it impossible but I am at a loss to see where these en- for me to abstain from some remark, and croachments exist. I look in vain for any in a manner, also, which convinces me such indications at the present moment. that on this point the noble Earl must I should say, on the contrary, I never have been greatly misinformed. The norecollect this country more tranquil

, more ble Earl has spoken of the “hostility to contented, less abounding in subjects of the present Government” which I indidanger and alarm, than at the present cated on that occasion. I can assure the moment; -and this prosperity, contentment, noble Earl that any one who has led him and happiness I believe to be mainly ow. to believe that I expressed “ hostility" ing to the system the late Sir Robert Peel towards his Government has greatly mis. established, and which it is our business to informed him. I said, on the contrary, uphold and to extend. No doubt, specu- what I am sure your Lordships will forlative men have at all times in this coun- give me for repeating, and though I am try, in their closets, come to the conclusion sure the noble Earl will believe that I that a democratic form of government may could have said nothing inconsistent with be preferable to a monarchical; but these the high respect I have ever entertained are not men who subvert States, and are for his many estimable qualities—I stated therefore not dangerous in a state of society that at that moment I was anxious to forlike ours. That there must always be men bear from a single expression, in commentreckless, violent, and unprincipled, ready ing on that which had taken place, which for any excess and outrage, is but too true; could in the slightest degree raise a conbut, at the same time, there is less reason troversy, or prejudge what was at issue; to entertain such apprehensions at the pre- and I promised the noble Earl-and I sent moment than I ever recollent in the trust there was nothing inconsistent with course of my life. I have great confidence my respect for him in so qualifying that in the people of this country; and I do be- promise—that if his policy should be based lieve the imputation, and even the existence upon those principles which I believed he of alarm at this moment, is almost a libel held in common with myself—although on the people. My Lords, I regret to have from the associations with which he was been informed that the noble Earl spoke in surrounding himself, I necessarily bad a tone which indicated hostility to Her Ma- some doubts--he might rely upon receivjesty's Government.

I regret it deeply, ing from me, and from my friends, if not because I well know the vast powers of a cordial at all events a sincere and a conthe noble Earl. I am well aware of all scientious support : that he should meet that he is able to do; but I believe that from us more forbearance than had been we have a good cause, and I trust, if it exhibited to us; and that he might rely on can only be made manifest that we are not being met, on our part, by any facsincerely animated by a real desire to pro- tious opposition or unprincipled combinamote the welfare of the great body of the tion, These were the sentiments which I people, we shall have the support of the expressed on that occasion, and these are country, as I am sure we shall have the the sentiments which I am happy to have approbation our own consciences. My an opportunity of repeating. I felt, and Lords, I beg to move that this House at I feel, no hostility to the noble Earl perits rising do adjourn until Thursday, the sonally-I am sure that he himself would 10th of February.

never suspect me of it; and on public The Earl of DERBY : My Lords, so grounds I did not feel, and do not feel, much do I concur in what the noble Earl what can be called hostility to his Adminhas stated, and so little is there in the istration; I shall be rejoiced to find him programme of his Government, so far as enabled to conduct the Government on he has explained it to-night, with which I, principles such as will permit me to give for one, feel I have any cause to complain; him my support. The noble Earl has also that I should hardly have thought it in- used—not once or twice, but five or six cumbent upon me to say a single word, times—the term, as proceeding from me,

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