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UNDER ACT OF CONGRESS APPROVED MAY 15, 1882.
IN TWO VOLUMES.
On page 10, next to last line in third paragraph, for "each” read “such.”
On page 69, Schedule L-SILK AND SILK Goods, first line, for particularly” substitute "partially."
On page 69, Schedule L-SILK AND SILK Goods, in paragraph third of said schedule, for • dried” read “dyed.”
On page 72, SCHEDULE N-SUNDRIES, after the paragraph commencing “Osier” and before the paragraph commencing “Papier-mache,” insert
Paintings, in oil or water-colors, and statuary, not otherwise provided for, forty per centum ad valorem. But the term “statuary," as used in the laws now in force imposing duties on foreign importations, shall be understood to include professional productions of a statuary or of a sculptor only.
THE TARIFF COMMISSION,
APPOINTED UNDER ACT OF CONGRESS APPROVED MAY 15, 1882.
DECEMBER 4, 1832.-Referred to the Committee on Ways and Means and ordered to
The honorable SPEAKER
of the House of Representatives of the United States : SIR: The undersigned, constituting the Tariff Commission established by the act of Congress of May 15, 1882, have the honor to submit the final report of the results of its investigations, and the testimony taken in the course of the same, the presentation of which by you to the honorable House of Representatives of the United States on the first Monday of December, 1882, in compliance with the requirements imposed upon the Commission by said act, is respectfully requested.
The terms of the law under which the Commission has acted are as follows:
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That a Commission is hereby created, to be called the “ Tariff Commission," to consist of nine members.
Sec. 2. That the President of the United States shall, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint nine commissioners from civil life, one of whom, the first named, shall be the president of the Commission. * *
Sec. 3. That it shall be the duty of said Commiesion to take into consideration and to thoroughly investigate all the various questions relating to the agricultural, commercial, mercantile, manufacturing, mining, and industrial interests of the United States, so far as the same may be necessary to the establishment of a judicious tariff, or a revision of the existing tariff, upon a scale of justice to all interests, and for the purpose of fully examining the matters which may come before it. Said Commission, in the prosecution of its inquiries, is empowered to visit such different portions and sections of the country as it may deem advisable.
SEC. 4. That the Commission shall make to Congress final report of the results of its investigation, and the testimony taken in the course of the same, not later than the first Monday of December, eighteen hundred and eighty-two; and it shall cause the testimony taken to be printed from time to time and distributed to members of Congress by the Public Printer, and shall also cause to be printed for the use of Congress two thousand copies of its final report, together with the testimony.
It will be seen by the act abore recited that the first duty which devolved upon the Commission was an investigation, or prosecution of inquiries, in relation to all the various questions bearing upon the establishment of a judicious tariff, by means of taking testimony in relation to the agricultural, commercial, mercantile, manufacturing, mining, and industrial interests of the United States, and that for this purpose the Commission was empowered and impliedly directed to visit such different portions and sections of the United States as it might deem advisable.
It is proper that a brief recital condensed from the daily records of the Commission should be given of the course of procedure in this preliminary work, the results of which, in the volumes of printed testimony herewith subunitted, form a material portion of this report.
The first session of the Commission was held at Washington, on the 6th of July, 1882, and the sessions were continued in that city seven days, during which all the (letails of administrative organization were completed. The first series of sessions for hearing testimony, commencing on the 19th of July, were held at Long Branch, N. J., that place having been selected for such hearings on account of its easy access from the cities of New York and Philadelphia, and comparative accessibility from the principal business centers of the East. The opportunity was also afforded by the proximity to New York to obtain the testimony of the principal experts of the custom-house in that city, in relation to the amendments desirable in the administrative portions of our customs
The methods pursued in subsequent bearings were here adopted, viz, of having the sessions for receiving testimony open to the public, while ample facilities for reporting were given to the press; of publishing general invitations, but of making no personal requests for the reception of testimony except to official persons; of assigning by letter or telegraph the time when each witness desiring an appointment should be heard; of bearing with absolute impartiality persons of all shades of economical opinion, and of submitting for publication all written or printed statements read to the Commission, as well as oral statements which were faithfully reported by its official stenographer.
After a series of sessions continuing for twenty-nine days, including two days occupied in visiting the custom house in New York and one day at Trenton, N. J., and hearing all the witnesses who were prepared to give testimony, the Commission deemed it advisable to prosecute its inquiries in other portions and si ctions of the country. After a session of three days in the city of Boston, Mass., the other New England States not being visited on account of their comparative proximity to the two last-named places of session, a route of travel was laid out to embrace the principal business centers of the Middle States and of the West and South.
The Commission originally contemplated visits to the Pacific and Gulf States, which were abandoned for want of time. Appointments were duly published for the hearings in the different cities hereafter named, and every appointment was kept with absolute punctuality. This could have been accomplished only through provisions of exceptional facilities for traveling and au indifference to the fatigue attending rapid transit. Within a period of less than five weeks, public sessions for hearing testimony were heid in the following-named cities, a session having been held o. every working day during that period, and during which over 6,000 miles were traversed, principally at night, with the addition of 1,000 miles in visiting the last three places.
The cities visited during the route of travel above referred to were:
Milwaukee, Wis., one day's session, September 11.
The public sessions, for hearing testimony, closed at the latter city on the 16th of October.
The official announcement of the prevalence of a dangerous epidemic in the Gulf States having rendered the proposed visit to those States inexpedient, Commissioner Kenner, of Louisiana, consented to discharge the duty of personally obtaining such testimony in that section of the country as might be offered after due publication of his presence for that purpose, an arrangement which the Commission has reason to believe was satisfactory to the interests of that section. The proposed visit to the Pacific States having proved impracticable within the brief time at the command of the Commission, formal official communications were addressed to each of the governors of the States of California, Colorado, Nebraska, Nevada, and Oregon, and of the Territories of Arizona, Dakota, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Wasbington, and Wyoming, requesting them to give notice of the desire of the Commission to receive statements from their respective States and Territories. Such statements as have been transmitted in pursuance of these requests have received the same consideration as if personally submitted, and are embodied in the published testimony. Upon this, the first and least difficult part of its work, the Commission permits itself to look with satisfaction, as it may do with propriety, since the only merit claimed for this work is diligence and impartiality in its performance. The number of witnesses examined and statements made was 604. The number of places visited was 29. The number of days occupied in taking testimony was 78, and the testimony taken occupies 2,625 ponted pages. This testimony presents a faithful photograph of the various economical opinions of the great business centers of the country, at least so far as the interests in question were willing to present them. It is believed that no exhibit of such opinions, or of the facts in relation to the vast and varied industrial development of the country, so condensed and yet so vivid, or so responsible, from the publicity of the hearings and the personal accountability of the witnesses to the Commission and the public, has ever been presented. Of the character of this testimony it is needless to speak, except in these general terms, as it speaks for itself in the printed pages; and of the great variety of subjects which it embraces, as more fully shown in the index of testimony, it would be useless to attempt a complete abstract. The Commission has, however, made an abstract of the testimony relative to labor and wages in the United States and