« EdellinenJatka »
boldly; and had not proceeded above twenty paces, when the supposed statue of the giant presented itself to our view. We quickly perceived, that what the ignorantinatives had been terrified at as a giant, was nothing more than a sparry concretion,« formed by the water dropping from the roof of the cave, and by degrees hardening into a figure, which their fears had formed into a monster.
4. “Incited by this extraordinary appearance, we were induced to proceed still further, in quest of new adventures in this subterranean abode. As we proceeded, new wonders offered themselves; the spars,m formed into trees and shrubs, presented a kind of petrifiedn grove ; some white, some green; and all recedingo in due perspective. They struck us witls the more amazement, as we knew them to be mere productions of nature, who, hitherto in solitude, had, in her playful moments, dressed the scene, as if for her own amusement.
5. “ We had as yet seen but a few of the wonders of the place; and we were introduced only into the portico of this amazing temple. In one corner of this half illuminated recess, there appeared an opening of about three feet wide, which seemed to lead to a place totally dark, and which one of the natives assured us contained nothing more than a reservoirs of water. Upon this information, we made an experiment, by throwing down some stones, which rumbling along the sides of the descent for some time, the sound seemed at last quashed" in a bed of water.
6. “ In order, however, to be more certain, we sent in a Levantine mariner, who, by the promise of a good reward, ventured, with a flambeau: in his hand, into this narrow aperture. After continuing within it for about a quarter of an hour, he returned, bearing in his hand, some beautiful pieces of white spar, which art could neither equal nor imitate. Upon being informed by him that the place was full of these beautiful incrustations, I ventured'in once more with him, about fifty paces, anxiously" and cautiously” descending, by a steep and dangerous way.
7. " Finding, however, that we came to a precipice which led into a spacious amphitheatre, (if I may so call it,) still deeper than any other part, we returned, and being provided with a ladder, Aambeau, and other things to expeditew our descent, our whole company, man by man, ventured into the same opening; and descending one after
another, we at last saw ourselves all together in the most magnificent part of the cavern."
SECTION IV. a Glit-tet-ing, gilt'-tår-ing, shining sailor brightly
i Am-phi-the-a-tre, am-phd-the-d-tår, Trans-pa-rent, trång-på'-rent, clear, a building in a circular or oval form, translucent
having its area encompassed with c Col-umn, kol-1&m, a pillar, file of rows of seats one above another troops
lj Pres-sure, présh'-shåre, force, oppresThrone, thrine, the seat of a king sion e Al-tar, ál-tår, the place where offer-k Crys-tal,kris--tal, a hard pellucid stone ings to heaven are laid
|| E-gress, e'-grès, the act of going out f Re-ver-ber-a-rion, re-ver-bër d'-shin, m In-scrip-tion, In-skrip'-shản, some
:he act of driving back, or sounding) thing written or engraved, a title back
in Ob-lit-er-ate, ob-lit-têr-rate, to efface, Ven-ture, vēn'-tshire, to hazard, a blot out chance
lo Pen-e-traté, pêñ’-ne-tråte, to pierco h Mar-in-er, mår'-rin-8r, a seaman, a) the surface
The grotto of Antiparos, continued. 1. " Our candles being now all lighted up, and the whole place completely illuminated, never could the eye be presented with a more glittering, or a more magnificent: scene. The whole roof hung with
solid icicles, transparent as glass, yet solid as marble. The eye could scarcely reach the lofty and noble ceiling; the sides were regularly formed with spars; and the whole presented the idea of a magnificent theatre, illuminated with an immense profusion of lights.
2. “ The floor consisted of solid marble; and in several places, magnificent columns;c thrones,d altars, and other objects, appeared, as if nature had designed to mock the curiosities of art. Our voices, upon speaking or singing, were redoubled to an astonishing loudness; and upon the firing of a gun, the noise and the reverberations. were almost deafening
3. “ In the midst of this grand amphitheatre rose a concretion of about fifteen feet high, that, in some measure, resembled an altar; from which, taking the hint, we caused mass to be celebrated there. The beautiful columns that shot up round the altar, appeared like candlesticks; and many other natural objects represented the customary ornaments of this rite.
4. “ Below even this spacious grotto, there seemed another cavern; down which I venturede with my former mariner,and descended about fifty paces by means of
a rope. I at last arrived at a small spot of level ground, where the bottom appeared different from that of the amphitheatre, being composed of soft clay, yielding to the pressure,, and in which I thrust a stick to the depth of six feet. In this, however, as above, numbers of the most beautiful crystalsk were formed ; one of which, particularly, resembled a table.
5. Upon our egress from this amazing cavern, we perceived a Greek inscriptionm upon a rock at the mouth, but so obliterated» by tíme, that we could not read it distinctly. It seemed to import, that one Antipater, in the time of Alexander, had come hither ; but whether he penetrated into the depths of the cavern, he does not think fit to inform us." - This account of so beautiful and striking a scene, may serve to give us some idea of the subterraneous wonders of nature.
SECTION V. a Ex-tend, eks-tend', to stretch out, en- c Per-ish, për'-18h, to die, to be destroyed large
d Prin-ci-pal, pria'-se-pal, chief, capi• En-sue, en-su', to follow, pursue
tal Earthquake at Catanea. 1. One of the earthquakes most particularly described in history, is that which happened in the year 1693 ; the damages of which were chiefly felt in Sicily, but its motion was perceived in Germany, France, and England. It extendeda to a circumference of two thousand six hundred leagues ; chiefly affecting the sea coasts, and great rivers; more perceivable also upon the mountains than in the valleys:
2. Its motions were so rapid, that persons who lay at their length, were tossed from side to side, as upon & rolling billow. The walls were dashed from their foundations; and no fewer than fifty-four cities, with an incredible number of villages, were either destroyed or greatly damaged. The city of Catanea, in particular, was utterly overthrown. A traveller who was on his way thither, perceived, at the distance of some miles, a black cloud, like night, hanging over the place.
3. The sea, all of a sudden, began to roar; mount Ætna to send forth great spires of fame; and soon after a shock ensued," with a noise as if all the artillery in the world had been at once discharged. Our traveller being obliged to alight instantly, felt himself raised a foot from
the ground; and turning his eyes to the city, he with amazement saw nothing but a thick cloud of dust in the air.
4. The birds flew about astonished; the sun was darkened ; the beasts ran howling, from the hills; and although the shock did not continue above three minutes, yet near nineteen thousand of the inhabitants of Sicily perished in the ruins. Catanea, to which city the describer was travelling, seemed the principale scene of ruin; its place only was to be found; and not a footstep of its former magnificence was to be seen remaining,
SECTION VI. a Ex-is-tence, &g-zis'-tênse, state of bene A-byss, 4-bis', depth without bottom ing
f Course, körse, race, passage Sig-wal, sig'-nd!, eminent, memorable g Coun-te-nance, kdůn-te-năese, form < Pre-des-tine, pré cès-in, to decree of face, confidence of mein beforeland
| 12 Su-pe-ri-our, så-pe'-re-år, higher, preI loid, võid, vacant, å space
Creation. 1. In the progress of the Divine works and government, there arrived a period, in which this earth was to be called into existence. When the signalt
moment, predestined from all eternity, was come, the Deity arose in his might ; and with a word created the world. What an illustrious moment was that, when, from non-existeuce, there sprang at once into being, this mighty globe, un which so many millions of creatures now dwell I
2. No preparatory measures were required. No long circuit of means was employed. " He spake; and it was done : he commanded; and it stuod fast. The earth was at first without form, and void ;d and darkness was on the face of the deep.” The Almighty surveyed the dark abyss;e and fixed bounds to the several divisions of nature. lle said, " Let there be light; and there was light."
3. Then appeared the sea, and the dry, land. The nountains rose ; and the rivers flowed. The sun and moon began their courses in the skies. Herbs and plants clothed the ground. The air, the earth, and the waters, were stored with their respective inhabitants. At last, man was made after the image of God.
4. He appeared, walking with countenance erect; and received his Creator's benediction, as the Lord of this new world. The Almignty beheld his work when it was
finished; and pronounced it good. Superiorn beings saw with wonder this new accession to existence. morning stars sang together; and all the sons of God shouted for joy."
SECTION VII. -e Spec-u-la-tive, spék-ků-la-tiv, theo | retical, not practical
li Com-pla-cen-cy, kôm-pla-sên-sé, pleaIn-vet-er-ate, in-vêt'-ter-ate, old, ob sure, civility stinate
j Af-fa-bil-i-ty, af-sa-bil-lé-tè, easi< Re-side, re-zide', to live, to dwell ness of manuers
Foun tain, fåůn'-Lin, a spring, origi- h Op-press, öp-près', to crush, overpow
nal • Be-nig-ni-ty, be-nig'-ne-tė, gracious- i In-ter-ces-sor, in-têr-sës-sûr, medianess, kindness
tor Na-tive, na-uv, natural, original m A-bode, a-bode', place of residence, & Im-port, im-port, to imply
did abide h At-tempt, at-têmt', an attack, essay,'
Charity. 1. CHARITY is the same with benevolence or love;
and is the term uniforinly employed in the New Testament, to denote all the good affections which we ought to bear towards one another. It consists not in speculative ideas of general benevolence, floating in the head, and leaving the heart as speculations too often do, untouched and cold. Neither, is it confined to that indolent nood nature, which makes us rest satisfied with being free from inveterate malice, or ill will to our fellow-creatures, without prompting us to be of service to any.
2. True charity is an active principle. It is not properly single virtue; but a disposition residing in the heart, as a fountaind whence all the virtues of benignity, candour, forbearance, generosity, compassion, and liberality, flow, as so many nativef streams.
From general good-will to all, it extends its influence particularly to those with whom we stand in nearest connexion, and who are directly within the sphere of our good offices.
3. From the country or community to which we belong, it descends to the smaller associations of neighbourhood, relations, and friends; and spreads itself over the whole circle of social and domestic life. I mean not that it importse a promiscuous undistinguished affection, which gives every man an equal title to our love. Charity, if we should endeavour to carry it so far, would be rendered an impracticable virtue ; and would resolve itselt into mere words, without affecting the heart.