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Speech of ADHERBAL" to the Roman Senate, imploring their
protection against JUGURTHA'. FATHERS!
1. It is known to you, that king Micipsa, my father, on his death-bed, left in charge to Jugurtha, his adopted son, conjunctly with my unfortunate brother Hiempsale and myself, the children of his own body, the administration of the kingdom of Numicia directing us to consider the senate and people of Rome as proprietors of it. Hie charged us to use our best endeavours to be serviceable to the Roman commonwealth : assuring us, that your protection would prove a defence against all enemies; and would be insiead of armies, fortifications, and treas
2. While my brother and I were thinking of nothing but how to regulate ourselves according to the directions of our deceased fatherm-Jugurtha--the most infamous of mankind !-breaking through all ties of gratitude and of common huinanity, and trampling on the authority of the Roman commonwealth, procured the murder of my unfortugate brother; and has driven me from my throne and native country, though he knows 1 inherit, from my grandfather Masinissa," and my father Micipsa, the friendship and alliance of the Romans,
3. For a prince to be reduced, by villany, to my distressful circumstances, is calamity enough ; but my misfortunes are heightened by the consideration, that I find myself obliged to solicit your assistance, fathers, for the services de you by my ancestors, not for any I have heen able to render you in my own person. Jugurtha has put it out of my power to deserve any thing at your hands; and has forced me to be burdensome,k before I could be useful to you.
4. And yet, if I had na plea, but my undeserved misery-a once powerful prince, the descendant of a race of illustrious monarchs, now, without any fault of my own, destitute of every support, and reduced to the necessityi of begging foreign assistance, against an enemy who has seized my throne and my kingdom-if my unequalled distresses were all I had to plead-it would become the greatness uf the Roman commonwealth, to protect the injured, and to check the triumph of daring wickedness over helpless innocence.
5. But, to provoke your resentmentm to the utmost, Jugurtha has driven me from the very dominions, which
the senate and people of Rome gave to my ancestors ; and, from which, my grandfather, and iny father, under your umbrage, expelled" Syphaxo and the Carthaginiansp. Thus, fathers, your kindness to our family is defeatedı ; and Jugurtha, in injuring me, throws contempt upon you.
6. O wretched prince! Oh cruel reverse of fortune ! Oh father Micipsa! is this the consequence of thy generosity; that he, whom thy goodness raised to an equality with thy own children, should be the murderer of thy children ! Must, then, the royal house of Numidia always be a scene of havoc and blood? While Carthage remaincd, we suffered, as was to be expected, all sorts of hardships from their hostile attacks ; our enemy near; our only powerful ally, the Roman commonwealth, at a distance.
7. When that scourge of Africa was no more, we congratulated ourselves on the prospect of es: blished peace. But, instead of peace, behold the kingdom of Numidia drenched with royal blood ! and the only surviving sun of its late king, ffying from an adopted murderer, and seeking that safety in foreign parts, which he cannot command in his own kingdom.
8. Whither-Oh! whither shall I fly? If I return to the royal palace of my ancestors, my father's throne is seized by the murderer of my brother. What can I there expect, but that Jugurtha should hasten to imbrue,« in my blood, those hands which are now reeking with my brother's ? If I were to fly for refuge, or for assistance to any other court, from what prince can I hope for prutection, if the Roman commonwealth give me up? Froin my own family or friends I have no expectations.
9. My royal father is no more. He is beyond the reach of violence, and out of hearing of the complaints of his unhappy son. Were my brother alive, our mutualo sympathy would be some alleviation. But he is hurried out of life, in his early youth, by the very hand which should have been the last to injure any of the royal family of Numidia.
10. The bloody Jugurtha has butchered all whom he suspected to be in my interest. Some have been destroyed by the lingering torment of the cross. Others have been given a prey to wild beasts; and their anguish made the sport of men, more cruel than wild beasts. If there be any yet alive, they are shut up in dungeons, there to drag out a life more intolerabley than death itself.
11. Look down, illustrious senators of Rome! from hat height of power to which you are raised, on the unexampled distresses of a prince, who is, by the cruelty of - wicked intruder, become an outcast from all mankind. et not the crafty insinuationsof him who returns murer for adoption, prejudice your judgment. Do not lisen to the wretch who has butchered the son and relaions of a king, who gave him power to sit on the same brone with his own sons.
12. I have been informed, that he labours by his emisaries to prevent your determining any thing against him a his absence; pretending that I magnify my distress, ind might for him, have staid in peace in any own kinglom. But, if ever the time comes, when the due vengeance from above shall overtake hiin, he will then dissembled as I do. Then he, who now, hardened in wickedness, triumphs over those whom his violence has laid low, will, in his turn, feel distress, ar:d suffer for his impiouse ingratitude to my father, and his blood-thirsty cruelty to my brother.
13. Oh murdered, butchered brother! Oh, dearest to my heart-now gone forever from my sight !--but why should I lament his death ? He is, indeed, deprived of the blessed light of heaven, of life, and kingdom, at once, by the very person who ought to have been the first to hazard his own life, in defence of any one of Micipsa's family. But, as things are, my brother is not so much deprived of these comforts, as delivered from terror, from flight, from exile, and the endless train of miseries which render life to me a burden.
14. He lies full fow, gored with wounds, and festering in his own blood. But he lies in peace. He feels none of the miseries wbich rend my soul with agony and distraction, while I am set up a spectacle to all mankind, of the uncertainty of human affairs. So far from having it in my power to punish his murderer, I am not master of the means of securing my own life. So far from being in a condition to defend my kingdom from the violence of the usurper,& I am oblíged to apply for foreign protection for my own person.
15. Fathers ! Senators of Rome! the arbiterst of nations ! to you I fly for refuge from the murderous fury of Jugurtha. By your affection for your children; by your love for your country; by your own virtues ; by the majesty of the Roman commonwealth: by all that is sacred,
and all that is dear to you-deliver a wretched prince from undeserved, unprovoked injury; and save the kingdom of Numidia, which is your own property, froin being the prey of violence, usurpation, and cruelty.
SECTION III. a A.pos-tle, à-pos'-sl, applied to them great degree
whom our Saviour sent to preach m Per-se-cute, pêr'-se-ků!c, to pursue 6 A-grip-pa, a-grip-på, the son of He with malignity rod Agrippa
n Jour-ney, jár-ne, to travel from place c Per-mit, për mit', to allow, to suffer to piace, a parsuge d E-spec-ial-iy, è spesi'-al-lė, princi-o Re-ceive, ré-séve', to take or obtain pally, chiefly
p For-give-ness, fôr-flv-mes, the act of e Pa-tent-ly, pa'-shent-lè, calmly, with forgiving
out rage under pain or affliction la In-her-it-ance, in hår'-rit-anse, a patTes-ti-fy, tês - te fl, to witness, prove rimony
Phar-i-see, får'-ré sė, a hypocrite ir Vision, vizh'-un, sight, a phantom À lg-cred-i-ble, iu kred' e-bl, oot to be s Ob-lain, db-tane', to gain, procure credited
t Per-suade, pér-swado', to bring to an i Naz-a-reth, náth'-a-réth, the name of opinion a city
Ju Per-il-ous, për'-171-18s, dangerous j Syn-a-gogue, sin'-a-gog, Jewishlo Com-po-sure, kom-pd-zhure, arrange
church k Blas.pheme, blás-feme', to speak with i E-spouse, e-spðúze', to betroth, wed, irreverence of God
defend 1 Ex-coe-ding-ly, ék-see-ding-lé, to al
The APOSTLE« Paul's noble defence before Festus and
AGRIPPA. 1. AGRIPPA said unto Paul, thou art permitted to speak for thyself.--Then Paul stretched forth his hand, and answered for himself. I think myself happy, king Agrippa, because I shall answer for myself this day before thee, concerning all the things whereof I am accused by the Jews ; especially," as I know thee to be expert in all customs and questions which are among the Jews.Wherefore I beseech thee to hear me patiently.
2. My manner of life from my youth, which was at the first among my own nation at Jerusalem, know all the Jews ; who knew me from the beginning, (if they would testify,k) that after the straitest sect of our religion, I lived a Pharisee. And now I stand and am judged for the hope of the promise made by God to our fathers ; to which promise, our twelve tribes, continually serving God day and night, hope to come: and, for this hope's sake, king Agrippa, I am accused by the Jews.
3. Why should it be thought a thing incredibles with you, that God should raise the dead? I verily thought
with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth ;; and this I did in Jerusalem. Many of the saints I shut up in prison, having received authority from the chief priests: and when they were put to death, I gave my voice against them.
4. And I often punished them in every synagogue,j and compelled them to blaspheme;k and being exceedingly mad'rgainst them, I persecutedm them even unto strange cities. But as I went to Damascus, with authority and commission from the chief priests, at mid-day, o king! I saw in the way a light from heaven, aboye ihe brightness of the sun, shining round about me, and them who journeyed" with me.
5. And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice, speaking to me and saying, in the Hebrew tongue, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? It is hard for thee to kick against the pricks. And I said, who art thou, Lord ? And he replied, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest.
6. Bui rise, and stand upon thy feet: for I have appeared to thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister, and a witness both of these things, which thou hast seen, and of those things in which I will appear to thee; delivering thee from the people, and from the Gentiles, to whom I now send thee, to open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God; that they may receiver forgivenessp of sins, and inheritance, amongst them who are sanctified by faith that is in me.
7. Whereupon, O king Agrippa! I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision;" but showed first to them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and through all the coasts of Judea, and then to the Gentiles, that they should repent, and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance. For these causes, the Jews caught me in the temple ; and went about to kill me.
8. Having, however, obtained help from God, I continue to this day, witnessing both to small and great, say. ing no other things than those which the prophets and Moses declared should come; that Christ should suffer ; that he would be the first who should rise from the dead; and that he would show light to the people, and to the Gentiles.
9. And as he thus spoke for himself, Festus said, with a loud voice, “ Pau , thou art beside thyself; much learn