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edk in all his sentiments, and as he rose in greatness, rising also in guilt; till at last he completed that whole character of iniquity,' which he once detested.
Haman; or, the misery of pride. 1. AHASUEROS,a who is supposed to be the prince known among the Greek historians by the name of Artaxerxes, had advanced to the chief dignity in his king'. dom, Haman, an Amalekite, who inherited all the ancient enmity of his race to the Jewish nation. He appears, from what is recorded of him, to have been a rery wicked minister.' Raised to greatness without meriis, he employed his power solely for the gratification of liis passions. * 2. As the honours which he possessed were next to royal, his pride was every day fed with that serviler homage, which is peculiar to Asiatic courts; and all the servants of the king prostrated themselves before him. In the midst of this general adulations one person only stooped not to Haman.
3.' This was Mordecair the Jew; who, knowing this Amalekite to be an enemy to the people of God, and with virtuous indignation, despising that insolence of prosperity with which he saw him lifted up, “ bowed not, nor did him reverence." On this appearance of disrespect from Mordecai, Haman " was full of wrath : but he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone."
4. Personal revenge was not sufficient to satisfy him. So violent and black were his passions, that be resolved
to exterininate, the whole nation to which Mordecai belonged. Abusing, for his cruel purpose, the favour of his credulous sovereign, he obtained a decreek to be sent forth, that, against a certain day, all the Jews throughout the Persian dominions should be put to the sword.
5. Meanwhile, confident of success, and blind to approaching ruin, he continued exulting in his prosperity. Invited by Ahasuerus to a royal banquet, which Esther the queen had prepared," he went forth that day joyful, and with a glad heart.". But behold how slight an incident was sufficient to poison his joy! As he went forth, he saw. Mordecai in the kings's gate; and observed, that he still refused to do him homage : " He stood not up, nor was moved for him ;" although he well knew the formi: dable designs, which Haman was preparing to execute.
6. One private man, who despised his greatness, and disdained submission, while a whole kingdom trembled before him ; one spirit, which the utmostu stretch of his power could neither subdue nor humble, blasted his triumphs." His whole soul was shaken with a storm of passion. Wrath, pride, and desire of revenge, rose into fury:
7. With difficulty he restrained himself in public; but as soon as he came to his own house, he was forced to disclose the agonyo of his mind. He gathered together his friends and family, with Zeresh his wife: “He told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and of all the things wherein the king had promoted him; and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants of the king.
8. He said, moreover, Yea, Esther the king suffered no inan to come in with the king, to the banquet that she had prepared, but myself; and to-morrow also am I invited io her with the king." After all this preamble;? what is the conclusion ? " Yet all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate."
9. The sequelr of Haman's history I shall not now pursue. It might afford matter for much instruction, by the conspicuous justice of God in his fall and punishment. But contemplating only the singular situation, in which the expressions just quoted present him, and the violent agitation of his mind which they display, the following reflections naturally arise :
10. How miserable is vice, when one guilty passion creates so much torment! how unavailing is prosperity, when in the height of it, a single disappointment can de
stroy the relish of all its pleasures ! how weak is human nature, which in the absence of real, is thus prone to form to itself imaginary woes! ;
. SECTION IV: . a Ag-pire, ås-pire', to desire with eagor-t. cause Dess.
Is For-ti-tude, för-de-tido, courage; Mod-ern, mod'-důrn, late, not ancient bravery c Rog-er-As-cham, roj.jůr-as'-kám, tu-il Fe-lic-i-ty, fe-lis-d-1 tor to Queen Elizabeth
pleasure d Re-plete, re-plete', quite full
im Scaf-fold, skår'-röld, a slight frame e Lit-er-a-ture, lit-tér-ra-túre, learning, 'n Con-stan-cy, kón'-sián-bé, resolu
tion s Pref-er-a-ble, préf -får-4-bl, eligible to of-tence, of-rense', crime, injury better
p In-fringe-ment, in-frinje'-ment, breach; En-ter-priso, én-ter-prizo, a hazar-| violation dous undertaking
-stråne”, to compel h Re-lin-quish, re-ling'-kwish; to for-|* .A-lone, &-fone', to answer for sake, leave, release
is Fil-ul, ifl'-yal, pertaining to a son
* Tend, tënd, tu watch, to move toj Zeal, zéle, ardour for any person or wards
Lady Jane Gray. 1. This excellent personage was descended from the royal line of England by both her parents.
She was carefully educated in the principles of the reformation ; and her wisdom and viriue rendered her a shining example to her sex. But it was her lot to continue only a short period on this stage of being; for, in early life, she fell a sacrifice to the wild ambition of the duke of Northumberland, who promoted a marriage between her and his son, lord Guilford Dudley; and raised her to the throne of England, in opposition to the rights of Mary and Elizabeth..
2. At the time of their marriage she was only about eighteen years of age, and her husband was also very young : a season of life very unequal to oppose the interested views of artful and aspiringa men; who instead of exposing them to danger, should have been the protectors of their innocence and youth.
3. This extraordinary young person, besides the solid endowments of piety and virtue, possessed the most en gaging disposition, the most accomplished parts; and being of an equal age with king Edward V1. she had received all her education with him, and seemed even to possess a greater facility in acquiring every part of manly and classical literature.
4. She had attained a knowledge of the Roman and Greek languages, as well as of several modern tongues
had passed most of her time in an application to learning; and expressed a great indifference for other occupations and amusements usual with her sex and station.
5. Roger Ascham,' tutor to the lady Elizabeth, having at one time paid her a visit, found her employed in read ing Plato, while the rest of the family were engaged in a party of hunting in the park; and upon his admiring the singularity of her choice, she told him that she received more pleasure from that author, than others could reap from all their sport and gaiety."
6. ller heart, repleted with this love of literature and serious studies, and with tenderness towards her husband, who was deserving of her affection, had never opened itself to the flattering allurements of ambition; and the inforination of her advancement to the throne was by no means agreeable to her. She even refused to accept the crown; pleaded the preferables right of the two princesses; expressed her dread of the consequences attending an enterprizes so dangerous, not to say so criminal; and desired to remain in that private station in which she was born.
7. Overcome at last with the entreaties, rather than reasons, of her father, and father-in-law, and above all, of her husband, she submitted to their will, and was prevailed on to relinquish" her own judgment. But her elevation was of very short continuance. The nation declared for queen Mary; and the lady Jane, after wearing the vain pageantry of a crown during ten days, returned to a private life, with much more satisfaction than she felt when royalty was tenderedi to her.
8. Queen Mary, who appears to have been incapable of generosity or clemency, deterinined to remove every person, from whom the least danger could be apprehended. Warning was, therefore given to lady Jane to prepare for death ; à doom which she had expected, and which the innocence of her life, as well as the misfortunes to which she had been exposed, rendered no unwelcome news to her.
9. The queen's bigoted zeal, i under colour of tender mercy to the prisoner's soul, induced her to send priests, who molested her with perpetual disputation; and even & reprieve of three days was granted her, in hopes that she would be persuaded, during that time, to pay, by a imely conversion to popery, some regard to her eternal 10. Lady Jane had presence of mind, in those melana choly circumstances, not only to defend her religion by solid argument, but also to write a letter to her sister, in the Greek language; in which, besides sending her a copy of the Scriptures in that tongue, she exhorted her to maintain, in every fortune, a fike steady perseverance.
11. On the day of her execution, her husband, lord Guilford, desired permission to see her ; but she refused her consent, and sent him word, that the tenderness of their parting would overcome the fortitudek of both; and would too much unbend their minds from that constancy, which their approaching end required of them. Their separation, she said, would be only for a moment; and they would soon rejoin each other in a scene, where their affections would be forever united ; and where death, disappointment, and misfortune, could no longer have access to them, or disturb their eternal felicity.
12. It had been intended to execute the lady Jane and lord Guilford together on the same scaffold,~ at Tower hill ; but their council, dreading the compassion of the people for their youth, beauty, innocence, and noble birth, changed their orders, and gave directions that she should be beheaded within the verge of the Tower.
13. She saw her husband led to execution; and hav. ing given him from the window some token of her remembrance, she waited with tranquillity till her own appointed hour should bring her to a like fate. She even saw his headless body carried back in a cart; and found herself more confirmed by the reports which she heard of the constancyn of his end, than shaken by so tender and me. lancholy a spectacle.
14. Sir John Gage, constable of the tower, when he led her to execution, desired her to bestow on him some small present, which he might keep as a memorial of her. She gave him her table book, in which she had just written three sentences on seeing her husband's dead body; one in Greek, another in Latin, and a third in English.
15. The purport of them was, " that human justice was against his body, but the Divine Mercy would be favourable to his soul, and that if her fault deserved puns ishment, her youth, at least, and her imprudence, were worthy of excuse; and that God and posterity, she trusted, would show her favour." On the scaffold, she made á speech to the bystanders, in which the mildness of her disposition led her to take the blame entirely on herself,