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without uttering one complaint against the severity with which she had been treated.
16. She said, that her offence was, not that she had laid her hand upon the crown, but that she had not rejected it with sufficient constancy; that she had less erred through ambition than through reverence to her parents, whom she had been taught to respect and obey : that she willingly received death, as the only satisfaction which she could now make to the injured state ; and though her infringement of the laws had been constrained, she would show, by her voluntary submission to their sentence, that she was desirous to atoner for that disobedience, into which too much filials piety had betrayed her : that she had justly deserved this punishment for being made the instrument, though the unwilling instrument, of the ambition of others : and that the story of her life, she hoped, might at least be useful, by proving that innocence excuses not great misdeeds, if they tend any way to the destruction of the commonwealth.
17. After uttering these words, she caused herself to be disrobed by her women, and with a steady serene countenance, submitted herself to the executioner.
SECTION V. .. a Or-to-grul, dr'-to-grål,
respect Viz-ier, viz-yère, prime minister of g De-lib-er-ate, de-11b'-er-ate, to think the Turkish empire
in order to chose c Di-van, de-vån', council of the ori-th Riv-u-let, fy'-4-let, a brook, a ental princes, a hall
streamlet Cyg-net, sig'-nét, a young swan i Fic-tion, fik'-shån, the act of feigae Man-date, man' date, a command, al. ing, a falsehood precept
li A-musa, a-mås', to heap up f Ven-er-a-tion, vên-êr-d'-shån, awfulls
9. Ortogrul ; or, the vanity of riches. 1. As Ortogrula of Basra was one day wandering along the streets of Bagdat, musing on the varieties of merchandise which the shops opened to his view ; and observing the diffrent occupations which busied the multitude on every side, he was awakened from the tranquillity of meditation, by a crowd that obstructed his pas sage. He raised his eyes, and saw the chief viziers who, having returned from the divan, was entering his palace.
2. Ortogrul mingled with the attendants; and being supposed to have some petition for the vizier, was pera mitted to enter. He surveyed the spaciousness of the apartments, admired the walls hung with golden tapestry, and the floors covered with silken carpets ; and despised the simple neatness of his own little habitation.
3, “ Surely,” said he to himself, “ this palace is the seat of happiness : where pleasure, succeeds to pleasure, and discontent and sorrow can have no admission. Whatever nature has provided for the delight of sense, is here spread forth to be enjoyed. What can mortals hope or imagine, which the master of this palace has not obtained? The dishes of luxury cover his table! the voice of harmony lulls him in his bowers; he breathes the fragrance of the groves of Java, and sleeps upon the down of the cygnetsd of Ganges.
4. “ He speaks, and his mandatee is obeyed; he wishes, and his wish is gratified; all, whom he sees, obey him, and all, whom he hears, flatter him. How different, Oh Ortogrul, is thy condition, who art doomed to the perpetual torments of unsatisfied desire; and who hast no amusement in thy power, that can withhold thee from thy own reflections ! : 5. "They tell thee that thou art wise ; but what does wisdom avail with poverty ? None will flatter the poor ; and the wise have very little power of flattering themselves. That man is surely the most wretched of the sons of wretchedness, who lives with his own faults and follies always before him; and who has none to recon
cile him to himself by praise and veneration, I have · long sought content, and have not found it; I will from this moment endeavour to be rich."
6. Full of his new resolution, he shut himself in his chamber for six month to deliberates how he should grow rich. He sometimes purposed to offer himself as a counsellor to one of the kings of India ; and sometimes resolved to dig for diamonds in the mines of Golconda.
7. One day, after some hours passed in violent fluctua. tions of opinion, sleep insensibly seized him in his chair. He dreamed, that he was ranging a desert country, in search of some one that might teach him to grow rich; and as he stood on the top of a hill, shaded with cypress, in doubt whither to direct his steps, his father appeared on a sudden standing before him.' • Ortogrul,” said the old man, " I know thy perplexity; listen to thy father; turn thine eye on the opposite mountain."
8, Ortogrul looked, and saw a torrent tumbling down the rocks, roaring with the noise of thunder, and scattering its foam on the impending woods. "Now," said his father, “behold the valley that lies between the hills." Ortogrul looked, and espied a little well, out of which issued a small rivulet. "Tell ine now," said his father,
dost thou wish for sudden affluence, that may pour upon thee like the mountain torrent, or for a slow and gradual increase, resembling the rill gliding from the well?"
9. “Let me be quickly rich," said Ortogrul; “let the golden stream be quick and violent.” « Look round thee,” said his father, " once again.” Ortogrul looked and perceived the channel of the torrent dry and dusty; but following the rivuleth from the well, he traced it to a wide lake, which the supply, slow and constant, kept always full. He awoke, and determined to grow rich by silent profit, and persevering industry.
10. Having sold his patrimony, he engaged in merchandize ; and in twenty years purchased lands, on which he raised a house, equal in sumptuousness to that of the vizier, to which he invited all the ministers of pleasure, expecting to enjoy all the felicity which he had imagined riches able to afford. Leisure soon made him weary of himself, and he longed to be persuaded that he was great and happy. He was courteous and liberal : he gave all that approached him hopes of pleasing him, and all who should please him, hopes of being rewarded. Every art of praise was tried, and every source of adulatory fictioni was exhausted.
11. Ortogrul heard his flatterers without delight, because he found himself unable to believe them. His own heart told him its frailties; his own understanding reproached him with faults. "How long," said he, with a deep sigh, "have I been labouring in vain to amassi wealth, which at last is useless ! Let no man hereafter wish to be rich, who is already too wise to be flattered."
the fancy & Frag-ment, fråg'-ment, a broken g As-ton-ish-ment, &-ton-Ish-ment, ex® piece
trome surprise d Sooth, 888th, to flatter, please in Ad-mi-ra-tion, ad-mè-rå'-shån, won
Revoerie, rive-re, o loose musing, dor, the act of adminion
The hill of science. In that season of the year, when the serenity of the sky, the various fruits which cover the ground, the discoloured foliages of the trees, and all the sweet, but fading graces of inspiring autumn, open the mind to beneyolence, and dispose it for contemplation, I was wandering in a beautiful and romantic country, till curiosity began to give way to weariness; and I sat down on the fragmente of a rock overgrown with moss ; where the rustling of the falling leaves, the dashing of waters, and the hum of the distant city, soothedd my mind into a most perfect tranquillity; and sleep insensibly stole upon me, as I was indulging the agreeable reveries, which the objects around me naturally inspireds. .
2. I immediately found myself in a vast extended plain, in the middle of which arose a mountain higher than I
had before any conception of. It was covered with a multitude of people, chiefly youth; many of whom pressed forward with the liveliest expression of ardour in their countenance, though the way was in many places steep and difficult.
3. I observed, that those, who had but just began to climb the hill, thought themselves not far from the top; but as they proceeded, new hills were continually rising to their view; and the summit of the highest they could before discern seemed but the foot of another, till the mountain at length appeared to lose itself in the clouds. As I was gazing on these things with astonishments, a friendly instructer suddenly appeared : “the mountain before thee," said he, " is the Hill of Science. On the top is the Temple of Truth, whose head is above the clouds, and a vale of pure light covers her face. Observe the progress of her votaries; be silent and attentive." • 4. After I had noticed a variety of objects, I turned my eye towards the multitudes who were clinbing the steep ascent; and observed among them a youth of a lively look, a piercing eye, and something fiery and irregular in all his motion. His name was Genius. He darted like an eagle up the mountain; and left his companions gazing after him with envy and admiration : but his progress was unequal, and interrupted by a thousand caprices. When pleasure warbledi in the valley, he mingled in her train. 1.5. When Pride beckoned towards the precipice, he ventured to the tottering edge. He delighted, in devious: and untried paths; and made so many excursions from the road that his feebler companions often outstripped him. I observed that the muses beheld him with partiality :m but Truth often frowned and turned aside her
6. While Genius was thus wasting his strength in eccentric" flights, I saw a person of very different appearance, named Application. He crept along with a slow and unremitting pace, his eyes fixed on the top of the mountain, patiently removing every stone that obstructed his way, till he saw most of those below him, who had at first derided his slow and toilsomer progress.
7. Indeed, there were few who ascended the hill with equal, and uninterrupted steadiness; for besides the difficulties of the way, they were continually solicited to turn aside by a numerous crowd of appetites, passions