Sivut kuvina

extent; and if he be a stranger to the refined pleasures of the wealthy, he is unacquainted also with a desire of them, and by consequence, feels no want.

His plain meal satisfies his appetite, with a relish probably higher than that of the rich man, who sits down to his luxurious banquet.

5. His sleep is more sound ; his health more firm; he knows not what spleen, languor, and listlessnessc are. His accustomed employments or labours are not more oppressive to him, than the labour of attendance on courts and the great, the labours of dress, the fatigue of amusements, the very weight of idleness, frequently are to the rich.

6. In the inean time, all the beauty of the face of nature, all the enjoyments of domestic society, all the gaiety and cheerfulness of an easy mind, are as open to him as to those of the highest rank, The splendour of retinue, the sound of titles, š the appearances of high respect, are indeed soothing, for a short time, to the great. But, become familiar, they are soon forgotten. °Custom effaces their impression. They sink into the rank of those ordinary things, which daily recur, without raising any sensation of joy.

7. Let us cease, therefore, from looking up with discontent and envy to those, whom birth or fortune has placed above us. Let us adjust the balance of happiness fairly. When we think of the enjoyments we want, we should think also of the troubles from which we are free. If we allow their just value to the comforts we possess, we shall find reason to rest satisfied, with a very moderate, though not an opulents and splendid, condition of fortune. Often, did we know the whole, we should be inclined to pity the state of those whom we now envy.


SECTION XIII, U-ni-for-mi ty, yo-ne-får-metė, violence sameness, resemblance to itselt, s Ex-claim, éks-blame', to cry out even tenour

with vehemence b Lev-i-ty, lèv'-ve-te, lightness, incun- Gid-dy, gid'-de, whirling, unsteadly. stancy

heedless 610-80-lent, ?n'-58-lent, haughty, over- 1 E-qua-uim-i-ty, d-kwa-nim'-e-te, ebearing

vennegs of mind Spouse, spóůze, one joined in mar-li Mag-ni-fy, mág-né-fl, to moko grande riage

extol Tur-bu-lenço, tør'-bi-linge, tumult

Patience under provocations our interest as well as duty.

1. The wide circle of human society is diversified by an endless variety of characters, dispositions, and passions. Uniformityis, in no respect, the genius of the world. Every man is marked by some peculiarity which distinguishes him from another; and no where can two individuals be found, who are exactly and in all respects alike. Where so much diversity obtains, it cannot but happen, that in the intercourse which men are obliged to maintain, their tempers will often be ill adjusted to that intercourse; will jar, and interfere with each other.

2. Hence, in every station, the highest as well as the lowest, and in every condition of life, public, private, and domestic, occasions of irritation frequently arise. We are provoked, sometimes, by the folly and levity of those with whom we are connected ; sometimes, by their indifference or neglect; by the incivility of a friend, the haughtiness of a superior, or the insolente behaviour of one in lower station.

3. Hardly a day passes, without somewhat or other occurring, which serves to rufile the man of impatient spirit. Of course, such a man lives in a continual storm. He knows not what it is to enjoy a train of good humour. Servants, neighbours, friends, spouse, and children, all, through the unrestrained violence of his temper, become sources of disturbance and vexation to him. In vain is affluence; in vain are health and prosperity. The least trifle is sufficient to discompose his mind, and poison his pleasures. His very amusements are inixed with turbufence and passion.

4. I would beseech this man to consider, of what small moment the provocations which he receives, or at least imagines himself to receive, are really in themselves ; but of what great moment he makes them, by suffering them to deprive him of the possession of himself. I would beseech him, to consider, how many hours of happiness he throws away, which a little more patience would allow him to enjoy : and how much he puts it in the power of the most insignificant persons to render him miserable.

5. “But who can expect,” we hear him exclaim, " that he is to possess the insensibility of a stone? How is it possible for human nature to endure so many repeated provocations ? or to bear calmly with so unreasonable behaviour ?" My brother ! if thou canst bear with no in

stances of unreasonable behaviour, withdraw thyself from the world. Thou art no longer fit to live in it. Leave the intercourse of men. Retreat to the mountain, and the desert; or shut thyself up in a cell. For here, in the midst of society, offences must come.

6. We might as well expect when we behold a calm atmosphere, and a clear sky, that no clouds were ever to rise, and no winds to blow, as that our life were long to proceed without receiving provocations from human frailty. The careless and the imprudent, the giddy and the fickle, the ungrateful and the interested, every where meet us. They are the briers and thorns, with which the paths .)f human life are beset. He only, who can hold his course among them with patience and equanimity," he who is prepared to bear what he must expect to happen, is worthy of the name of a man.

7. If we preserved ourselves composed but for a moment, we should perceive the insignificancy, of most of those provocations which we magnifyi so highly: When a few suns more have rolled over our heads, the storm will, of itself, have subsided ; the cause of our present impatience and disturbance will be utterly forgotten.Can we not then, anticipate this hour of calmness to ourselves; and begin to enjoy the peace which it will certainly bring ?

3. If others have behaved improperly, let us leave them to their own folly, without becoming the victim of their caprice, and punishing ourselves on their account. Patience, in this exercise of it, cannot be too much studied by all who wish their life to flow in a smooth stream. It is the reason of a man, in opposition to the passion of a child. It is the enjoyment of peace, in opposition to uproar and confusion.


SECTION XIV. a Sphere, sfère, a globe, orb, circuit whole of any commodity, for the b Prim-i-tive, prim'-e-liv, ancient, for sake of selling at a high price mal

If Pre-cid-i-tate, pre-ip-pe-tate, to has€ Am-bit-ion, dm-bish'-&n, the desire of ten, hurry rashly preferment

Fal-la-cious, fai-ia'-shås, deceitful d Ul-ti-mate, 81'-te-mat, the very last, sh Wo, wo, grief, sorrow, misery final

i Per-nic-ious, pêr-nish:-ås, destruce En-gross, en-grose', to purchase the tive

Moderation in our wishes recommended. 1. The active mind of man seldom or never rests satisfied with its present condition, how prosperous soever.

Originally formed for a wider range of objects, for a higher spheres of enjoyments, it finds itsell, in every situation of fortune, strained and confined. Sensible of deficiency in its state, it is ever sending forth the fond desire, the aspiring wish, after something beyond what is enjoyed at present.

2. Hence that restlessness which prevails so generally among mankind. Hence, that disgust of pleasures which they have tried ; that passion for novelty that ambition, of rising to some degree of eminence or felicity, of which they have formed to themselves an indistinct idea. All which may be considered as indications of a certain native, original greatness in the human soul, swelling beyond the limits of its present condition, and pointing to the higher objects for which it was made. Happy, if these latent remains of our primitivet state, served to direct our wishes towards their proper destination, and to lead us into the path of true bliss.

3. But in this dark and bewildered state, the aspiring tendency of our nature unfortunately takes an opposite direction, and feeds a very misplaced ambition. The flattering appearances which here present themselves to sense ; the distinctions which fortune confers; the advantages and pleasures which we imagine the world to be capable of bestowing, fill up the ultimated wish of most men.

4. These are the objects which engrosse their solitary inusings, and stimulate their active labours ; which warm the breasts of the young, aniinate the industry of the middle aged, and often keep alive the passions of the old, until the very close of life.

5. Assuredly, there is nothing unlawful in our wishing to be freed from whatever is disagreeable, and to obtain á fuller enjoyment of the comforts of life. But when these wishes are not tempered by reason, they are in danger of precipitating us into much extravagance and folly. Desires and wishes are the first springs of action. When they become exorbitant, the whole character is likely to be tainted.

6. If we suffer our fancy to create to itself worlds of ideal happiness, we shall discompose the peace and order of our minds, and foment many hurtful passions. Here, then, let moderation begin its reign; by bringing within reasonable bounds the wishes that we form. As soon as they become extravagant, let us check them, by

proper reflections on the fallaciousnature of those ob. jects, which the world hangs out to allure desire.

7. You have strayed, my friends, from the road which conducts to felicity; you have dishonoured the native dignity of your souls, in allowing your wishes to terminate on nothing higher than w rldly ideas of greatness or happiness. Your imagination roves in a land of shadows. Unreal forms deceive you. It is no more than a phantqm, an illusion of happiness, which attracts your fond admiration ; 'nay, an illusion of happiness, which often conceals much real misery.

8. Do you imagine that all are happy, who have attained to those summits of distinction, towards which your wishes aspire ? Alas! how frequently has experience shown, that where roses were supposed to bloom, nothing but briers and thorns grew! Reputation, beauty, riches, grandeur, nay, royalty itself, would, many a time, have been gladly exchanged by the possessors, for that more quiet and humble station, with which you are now dissatisfied.

9. With all that is splendid and shining in the world, it is decreed that there should mix many deep shades of wo. On the elevated situations of fortune, the great calamities of life chiefly fall. There, the storm spends its violence, and there the thunder breaks; while safe and unhurt, the inhabitants of the vale remain below ;-Retreat, then, from those vain and perniciousi excursions of extravagant desire.

10. Satisfy yourselves with what is rational and attainable. Train your minds to moderate views of human life, and human happiness. Remember, and admire, the wisdom of Agur's petition : " Remove far from me vanity and lies. Give me neither poverty nor riches. Feed me with food convenient for me: lesť I be full and deny thee; and say, who is the Lord? or lest I be poor, and. steal; and take the name of my God in vain." BLAIR.

SECTION XV. a Plan-et, plán'-it, a body that movesje Maj-es-ty, måd’-jès-té, dignity, royal round the sun

title b E-ther, e'-thér, an element ficer than s Mil-ton, mil'-tn, a celebrated Poet air

g Con-stel-la-tion, kön-stål-la-shån, a c Lu mi-na-ry, lu'-me-nå-re, a body cluster of fixed stars that gives light

A Or-dain, dr-dine', to appoint, decree a Gal-ax-y, g41-14k-sd, the milky wayli Ia-fi-nito,ln'-fe-mit, unbounded, endles,


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