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4folatát.RD COLLEGE Charles Eloodsheed June 19 1928)
BE it remembered, That on the fifth day of July, in the forty-seventh year
of the Independence of the United States of America, A. D, 1822. E. & E.
book, the right whereof thoy claim as proprietors, in the words
liminary observations on the principles of good reading, improv-
In conformity to the act of Congress of the United States, entitled “An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, anit Books, to the authours and proprietors of such copies, during the times thereile mentioned ;” and also, to the act, entitled "An act supplementary to an aut. entitled, “An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authours and proprietors of such copies during the timo therein mentioned,' and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of De signing, Engraving and Etching historical and other prints."
RICHARD R.'LANSING, Clerk of
the „Vorthern District of N. Yurk.
* By misprision of the Clerk, the names of E. & E. Hogford, wers mecret in the record and certificate, justead ni Jerelniah Condrich
An attempt to improve a work stamped with the name of the immortal Murray and clothed with universal patronage, may be deemed the height of presumption. But the Author has not handled the reader irreverently ; for he has left it in precisely the same shape in which he found it: except that a few pages are added to its size by placing a vocabulary over each section, giving the definition and true pronunciation of the most impor. tant words, agreeably to the principles of the celebrated John Walker. Walker's orthography is also given to the work for the purpose of uniformity. Mr. Murray says, that the English Reader is “ designed to assist young persons to read with propriety and effect; and to improve their language and sentiments." To every one, who can read Murray's title page, it is evident, that young persons can not read the following work with propriety and effect, without a perfect knowledge of the words of which it is composed. Neither can their language and sentiments be much improved, by prating over a work, without regard either to pronuneiation or definition. As there can be no diversity of opinion on this point, the only question is, what is the most convenient and expeditious method of acquiring a pecessary knowledge of words ? All will agree, that the best method of becoming acquainted with words, is to consult them, as they occur in the writings of the best authors. But the drudgery of looking out words in a full dictionary, (which must be repeated as often as the learner may forget them,) added to the loss of time and the expense of having dictionaries tumbled to pieces in the hands of children, calls loudly for improvement. The publick are now invited to determine, whether a pronouncing vo. cabulary placed at the head of each section, is not a more desirable inode of acquisition, than to ramble over Walker's full work, for every unknown word that may occur.
By the aid of this vocabulary, teachers can furnish their pupils with lessons in spelling, pronunciation, and definition, to be committed to memory, previously to reading the sections, from which the words are selected. The letters of reference will guide the pupil in the application of the definitions. Thus a key is hung over each section, inviting the young reader to unlock the door, and view the treasure, which Mr. Murray has pre. pared for him.
Should any material errour be discovered in the vocabulary, by any one, who will communicate the proper corrections to the authour, the favour will be received with gratitude.
MANY selections of excellent matter have been made for the benefit of young persons. Performances of this kind are of so great utility, that fresh productions of them, and new attempts to improve the young mind, will scarceiy be deemed superfluous, if the writer makes his compilation instructive and interesting, and sufficiently distinct from others.
The present work, as the title expresses, aims at the attainment of three objects: To improve youth in the art of reading; to meliorate their language and sentiments; and to inculcate some of the most important principles of piety and virtue.
The pieces selected, not only give exercise to a great variety of emotions, and the correspondent tones and variations of voice, but contain sentences and members of sentences, which are diversified, proportioned, and pointed with accuracy. Exercises of this nature are, it is presumed, well calculated to teach youth to read with propriety and effect. A selection of sentences, in which variety and proportion, with exact punctuation, have been carefully observed, in all their parts, as well as with respect to one another, will probably have a much greater cffect, in properly teaching the art of reading, than is commonly imagined. In such constructions, every thing is accommodated to the understanding and the voice; and the common difficulties in learning to read well, are obviated. When the learner has acquired a habit of reading such sentences, with justice and facility, he will readily apply that habit, and the improvements he has made, to sentences more complicated and irregular, and of a construction entirely different.
The language of the pieces chosen for this collection, has been carefully regarded. Purity, propriety, perspicuity, and, in many instances, elegance of dicfion, distinguish them. They are extracted from the works of the most correct and elegant writers. From the sources whence the sentiments are drawn, the reader may expect to find them connected and regular, sufficiently important and impressive, and divested of every thing that is either trite or eccentrick. The frequent perusal of such composition, naturally tends to infuse a taste for this species of excellence; and to produce a habit of thinking and of composing, with judgmeut and accuracy. *
That this collection may also serve the purpose of promoting piety and virtue, the Compiler has introduced many extracte, which place religion in the most amiable light; and which recomiend a great variety of moral duties, by the excellence of their nature, and the happy effects they produce. These sub
* The learner, in his progress through this volume and the Sequel to it, will meet with numerous instances of composition, in strict conformity to the rules for promoting perspicuous and elegant writing, contained in the Appendix to the Authour's English Grammar. By occasionally examining this conformity, he will be confirmed in the utility of those rules; and be enabled to apply them with ease and dexterity.
It is proper further to observe, that the Reader and the Sequel, besides teaching to read accurately, and inculcating many important sentiments, may be considered as auxiliaries to the Authour's English Grammar; as practical illus trations of the principles and rules contained in that work.
jects are exhibited in a style and menner, which are calculated to arrest the atiention of youth, and to make strong and durable impression on their minds.* .
ThCompiler has been careful to avoid every expression :nd sentiment that mixt: gratify a corrupt nuind, or in the least degree, offend ihn Carr ear of inDocence. This ha conceives to be peculiariy incumbent on every parson, who wriia: for the benefit of you . It would, indeed, be grea, and happy im provement in educacior, If no writiogs were allowed to come uncer thoir notice, but such as are perfectiy innorent; and if, on all proper occafiore, they were enzonraged to povuse those which tend to inspire a dus revoience for virtue, and en abhorrence of vice, as well as to animate them with rertiments of picty and g'indoess. Such iropressions deeply cngraven on thei: mints, and connected with all their attainments, could scarcely fuil of attending them through life: ar i producing a solidity of principle and chaiscter, that would be able to 129.pt the darger arising from future intercourse with the wcrid.
The Autbour has endeavoured to relieve the gra:e and reliaus parts of his collection, by the occasional admission of pieces, which &niusa as well as instract. If, however, any of his readers should think it cracing too great a proportion of the former, it may be some apology to observe that in the existing publications designed for the perusal of young persoas, be preponderance is greatly on the side of gay and amusing productiors. Too much attention may be paid to this medium of improvement. When the imagination, of youth
Pris publis on the this metertained the intenterte
garded with indifference; and the influence of good affections is either feeble or transient. A temperate use of such entertainment seems therefore requisite, to afford proper scope for the operations of the understanding and the heart.
The reader will perceive, that the Oompiler has been solicitous to recommend to young persons, the perusal of the sacred Scriptures, by interspersing through his work, some of the most beautiful and interesting passages of those invaluable writings. To excite an early taste and veneration for this great rule of life, is a point of so high importance, as to warrant the attempt to promote it on every proper occasion.
To improve the young mind and to afford some assistance to tutors, in the arduous and important work of education, were the motives which led to this production. If the Authour should be so successful as to accomplish these ends, even in a small degree, he will think that his time and pains have been well employed; and will deem himself amply rewarded.
*In some of the pieces, the Compiler has made a few alterations, chiefly verbal, to adapt them the better to the design of his work.