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receive as holy signs in remembrance of him ;and further, also, that his suffering and obedience are as certainly ours, as though we ourselves had suffered punishment for our sins, and had satisfied God.
80. Q. What difference is there between the Lord's
supper and the popish mass? A. The supper of the Lord testifies to us, that we have perfect forgiveness of all our sins by means of that one only sacrifice of Christ, which he himself once fully made upon the cross : m then also that we, by the Holy Ghost, are grafted into Christ," who now according to his human nature is only in heaven, at the right hand of his father ;o
· The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the commonion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? 1 Cor. x. 16.
* By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Heb. x. 10. But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins, for ever sat down on the right hand of God. Heb. x. 12. Now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. Heb. ix. 26. Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many. ver. 28. Matt. xxvi. 28; John xix. 30.
· He that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit. 1 Cor. vi. 17. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit. 1 Cor. xii. 13. The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? I Cor. x. 16.
• If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on' the right hand of God. Col. iii. 1. Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high. Heb. i. 3.
and there would be worshipped by us.P But in mass it is denied, that the quick and the dead have the remission of sins for that one only sacrifice of Christ, unless also Christ be daily offered for them by their priests. Farther, also, it is taught, that Christ exists bodily under the forms of the bread and wine; and therefore is to be worshipped in them. And so the very foundation of the mass is
Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an High Priest, who is set on the right hand of the Majesty in the heavens. Heb. viii. 1. Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God. 1 Pet. iii. 22. It is Christ that died, yea, rather that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God. Rom. viii. 34. Acts viii. 52.
P Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father. But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him. God is a spirit; and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth. John iv. 21, 23, 24. Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father; but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father, and to my God, and your God. John xx. 17. And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. And they worshipped him. Luke xxiv, 51–53. If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth at the right hand of God. Col. iii. l. For our conversation is in heaven, from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ. Phil. iii. 20. And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the d, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come. 1 Thess. i. 10.
I do likewise profess that in the mass there is offered a true, proper, and propitiatory sacrifice for the living and the
and that the body and blood, together with the soul and
nothing else than an utter denial of that one only sacrifice and passion of Christ, and an abominable idolatry.
81. Q. Who are to come unto the table of the Lord ?
A. They only who are truly sorrowful that they have offended God by their sins: and yet trust that those sins are forgiven them for Christ's sake; and that all other infirmities which they have are covered by his passion and death; and who desire more and more to increase in faith and integrity of life. But hypocrites, and those who do not truly repent, do eat and drink their own condemnation.s
divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, are truly, really, and substantially in the most holy Sacrament of the Lord's Supper; and that the whole substance of the bread is turned into the body, and the whole substance of the wine is turned into the blood; which change the Catholic Church calls Transubstantiation. Vide The Missal, 17th“ Article of the Popish Creed, which was established by Pope Pius IV. and the Council of 'Trent.--Vide Concil. Lat. tom. xiv, p. 944.
Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; for then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world : but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. Heb. ix. 25, 26. But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins, for ever sat down on the right hand of God. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. Heb. x. 12. 14.
· But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh the same unworthily, eateth and drinketh condemnation to himself. For this cause many are weak and sickly among yon,
82. Q. Are they also to be admitted to this supper who, in confession and life, declare themselves to be unbelievers and ungodly?
A. No. For by this means the covenant of God is profaned.t Wherefore the Church, by the commandment of Christ and his apostles, making use of the keys of the kingdom of heaven, ought to warn them from coming to the supper, till they repent and change their manners.
83. Q. What are the keys of the kingdom of heaven?
and many sleep. I Cor. xi. 28–30. What say I then ? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing? But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacri. fice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than he? 1 Cor. x. 19-22.
· Now in this that I declare unto you I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse. I Cor. xi. 17. When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's Supper. What! have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the Church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you ? Shall I praise you in this ? I praise you not. And if any man hunger, let him eat at home ; that ye come not together unto condemna tion. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup, for he that eateth the same unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. I Cor. xi. 20, 22, 34, 28– 31. But unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth? Seeing thou hatest instruction, and castest my words behind thee. Psalm 1. 16, 17.
A. The preaching of the gospel, and ecclesiastical discipline; by which heaven is opened to believers, and is shut against unbelievers.
84. Q. How is the kingdom of heaven opened and shut by the preaching of the gospel ?
A. When by the commandment of Christ it is publicly declared to all and every one of the faithful, that all their sins are pardoned them by God, for the merits of Christ, if they embrace by a lively faith the promise of the gospel; but contrarily is denounced to all infidels and hypocrites, that the wrath of God and everlasting damnation impend upon them, as long as they persist in their wickedness ; " according to which testimony of the gospel, God will judge them, both in this life, and in that which is to come.
85. Q. How is the kingdom of heaven opened and shut by ecclesiastical discipline ?
A. When, according to the commandment of Christ, they who in name are Christians, but in their doctrines and life prove themselves aliens from Christ, and who (after they have been some
• Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you; as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive yo the Holy Ghost: whosesoever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whosesoever sins ye retain, they are retained. John IX. 21--23. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven ; and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. Matt. xvi. 19.
They profess that they know God; but in works they deny