« EdellinenJatka »
gently,y use the sacraments;z join my prayers with the public prayers of the congregation,a and give alms to the poor, according to my ability. And
ship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers. And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, praising God, and having favour with all people. Acts ii. 42, 46, 47.
Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine. 1 Tim. iv, 13. Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge. 1 Cor. xiv. 29. I will declare thy name unto my brethren'; in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee. Psalm xxii. 22.
2 And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them. Acts xx. 7.
ore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another. I Cor. xi. 33. And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers. Acts ii. 42-46.
I exhort, therefore, that first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men: for kings, and for all that are in authority : that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty. For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour. I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting. 1 Tim. ii. 1, 2, 3, 8. Else, when thou shalt bless with the Spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned, say Amen, at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest? For thou verily givest thanks well, but the other is not edified. I Cor. xiv. 16.
b Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him; that there be no gatherings when I come. 1 Cor. xvi. 2. Now, therefore, per. form the doing of it: that as there was a readiness to will, so there may be a performance also out of that which ye have. For if there be first a willing mind, it is accepted according to that a man hath, and not according to that he hath not. For I mean not that other men be eased, and ye burdened; but by an equality, that now at this time your abundance may be a supply for their want, that their abundance also may be a sup
further, that all my life time I should abstain from evil actions, yielding unto the Lord, that he may, by his Holy Spirit, work in me his work, and so I may begin in this life that everlasting sabbath."
104. Q. What does God enjoin us in the fifth commandment?
A. That we should render to our parents, and to all who are put in authority over us, due honour, love, and faithfulness; and that we should submit ourselves with such obedience, as is proper to their commands and chastisements. And further,
ply for your want: that there may be equality. As it is written, He that had gathered much had nothing over; and he that had gathered little had no lack. 2 Cor. viii. 11-14. Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver. 2 Cor. ix. 7-10. &c. Gal. ii. 10. Rom. xv. 26.
e And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the Lord. Isaiah lxvi. 23.
Children, obey your parents in the Lord; for this is right. Honour thy father and mother ; which is the first commandment with promise: that it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth. Servants be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of heart, as unto Christ, with good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men. Eph. vi. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7. Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as unto the Lord. For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church. Ephes. v. 22. Col. iii. 18—20, 22-24. My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother. Prov. i. 8. Hear, ye children, the instruction of a father, and attend to know understanding. Prov. iv. 1; xv, 20 ; xx. 20. Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is
also, that we should, by our patience, bear with their faults and manners,e always remembering that it is God's will that we should be governed and directed by their hands.
105. What does God require of you in the sixth commandment?
A. That neither in thought, nor in gesture, much less in deed, I should reproach, hate, or harm, or kill my neighbour, either by myself, or by
no power but of God; the powers that be are ordained of God. Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordi. nance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. Wherefore ye must needs be subject. Rom. xiii. 1, 2, 5.
e Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old. Prov. xxiii. 22. Servants, be sub. ject to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the forward. 1 Pet. ii. 18. Tit. iii. I, 2. & ii. 9, 10.
# And ye, masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening; knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him. Eph. vi. 9. Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God : and they that resist shall receive to themselves damna. tion. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same: for he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid ; for he beareth not the sword in vain, for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil. Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake. For this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing. Render, therefore, to all their dues : tribute to whom tribute is due: custom to whom custom : fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour, Rom. xiii. 2-7.
another ;8 but that I should cast away all desire of revenge. Furthermore, that I should not injure myself, nor cast myself wilfully into any danger.i Wherefore, for the prevention of murder, God hath armed the magistrate with a sword. j
Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: but I say unto you, that whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment : and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council ; but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire. Matt. v. 21, 22. We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not his brother abideth in death. Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him. 1 John iii. 14, 15. Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed : for in the image of God made he man. Gen. ix. 6. Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart; thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. Lev. xix. 17.
ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath. Eph. iv. 26. Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath. Rom. xii. 19. Agree with thine adversary quickly. Matt. v. 25. Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Lev. xix. 18. Matt. xviii. 35.
i And Paul cried with a loud voice, saying, Do thyself no harm; for we are all here. Acts xvi. 28. So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. Eph. v. 28. Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. Matt. iv. 7. Luke iv. 12.
For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid ; for he beareth not the sword in vain; for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil. Rom. xiii. 4. If a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die. Exod.
106 Q. But this commandment seems to forbid murder only?
A. But by forbidding murder, God further teaches us that he hates the very root and cause of murder, to wit, envy,k hatred, and desire of revenge,m and accounts them all for murder. .
xxi. 14. Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed. Gen, ix. 6. Then Jesus said unto him, Put up again thy sword into its place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword. Matt. xxvi. 52. Moreover, ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer, which is guilty of death ; but he shall be surely put to death. Num. xxxv. 31.
* A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones. Prov. xiv. 30. He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, &c. from such withdraw thyself. 1 Tim. vi. 4, 5. Wherefore, laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, as new born babes, desire the sincere milk of the word. 1 Pet. ii. 1, 2. Full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity, &c. knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death. Rom. i. 29, 32.
| He that hateth his brother is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, and knoweth not whither he goeth, because that darkness hath blinded his eyes. 1 John ii. 11. Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart. Lev. xix. 17.
m Slow to wrath; for the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God. James i. 19, 20. Let all bitterness and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice. Eph. iv. 31. Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place to wrath ; for it is written, Vengeance is mine ; I will repay, saith the Lord. Rom. xii. 19. Matt. v. 25.
n Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer; and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him. 1 John iii, 15. John viii, 44.