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Ode on his Majesty's Birth Day.

413 is said to be in partnership with his in order to contribute to their own former cook, in an ordinary, at Ham. support; and I myself know, that burgh, where he himielf acts as a three or four French priests have fete traiteur. A ci-devant princess lodges tled in the neighbourhood of Hamp. in a two-pair of stairs room, in my stead, where they earn fufficient io own neighbourhood. A female, one maintain themselves comfortably.. of the baute Noblele, has just receive Their chief employment is in toys, ed, with gratitude, a few caps and jewelry, &c. I have seen some gold gowns for her children, from a friend ear-rings, finished by them, in a manof mine; and finally, a near relation ner that would do no discredit to our of my own has, within these few best workmen. A priesti lately reweeks, actually purchased a Farren- fused a present, although offered to Stich gówn, wrought by the hands of him in the most polite manner, faya lovely comtele, who once figured ing, that he maintained himself by away amidst all the følendour of the means of a turning loom. On the luxurious and diffolute court of Ver- other hand, a ci-devant profefior as failles.

the Lyceum affured me, that on reIf we are to give credit to an turning from Wandsworth, he was English newspaper, no less than thir- unable to pass the Thames at Batterty-three prieits have died of want, in sea, because he had not a halfpenny consequence of their allowance be. to pay the toll, and was actually ing withdrawn. Many of the monks, obliged to go round by Westminfterin the primitive ages, were obliged bridge, where there is not any tax leby their institutions to learn trades, vied on passengers. ODE ON HIS MAJESTY'S BIRTH DAY, June 4. 1796.

BY HENRY JAMES PYE, ESQ. POET LAUREAT,
WHERE are the vows the Muses breath'd,

That Discord's fatal reign might cease?
Where all the blooming flow'rs they wreathd,

To bind ihe placid brow of Peace;
Whose angel form, with radiant beam,
Pictur'd in Fancy's fairy dream,
Seem'd o'er Europa's ravag'd land,
Prompt to extend her influence bland,
Calm the rude clangors of the martial lay,
And hail with gentler note our Monarch's natal day?
For lo! on yon devoted shore,

Still thro' the bleeding ranks of War,
His burning axles fteep'd in gore,

Ambition drives his iron car,
Still his eyes in fury rollid,

Glare on fields by arms o'er.rung
Still his hands rapacious hold

Spoils, injurious Inroad won.
And spurning with indignant frown
The sober Olive's proffer'd crown,
Bids the brazen trumpet's breath

Swell the terrific blalt of Desting and Death.
Shrinks Britain at the found?, tho' while her eye
O'er Europe's desolated Plains the throws,

Slow

Slow to avenge and mild in victory,
She mourns the dreadful scene of war and woes.

Yet if the Foe misjudging read
Dismay, in Pity's gentlest deed,
And construing Mercy into Fear,

The blood-fain'd arm of Battle rear ;
By insult rous'd, in just resentment warm,
She frowns defiance on the threat’ning form

And far as Ocean's billows roar,

By every wave-encircled More,
From where o'er icy Seas the gaunt wolfe roves
To Coasts perfum’d by aromatic groves,

As proudly to the ambient sky,
In filken folds her mingled crofies fly ;
The foothing voice of Peace is drown'd

A while in War's tumultuous sound,
And strains from Glory's awful Clarion'bloiting
Float in triumphant peal afound BRITANNIA's Throne:

A SCRAP CONCERNİNG THE CHINESE.
THE great Cang-hi, who in his at: not yet introduced among the Chi:

tempts on his country resembled nese; it should seem that they did Peter the Great, but without his fuc-, not obtain those arts which they havč cess, though he was equally sensible in common with us, from abroad, but of the fuperiority of the Europeans, found them out themselves. Accord. and would have willingly introduced ingly the arts with them are nearly them among his fubjeéts, caused to what they were at first, and the inglass-houses to be eltablished at Pe. provements of them are about 300 kin with European workmen; but years behind our's. Books that treat it does not appear that they were of grammar, of nature, and their continued after his death, or that civil history, geography, household they promoted the use of glass thro' management, mechanical arts, moraout the empire. At least the win. lity and politics, they have in great dows are still supplied with paper or numbers, and are not wanting in poets; oyster-shells, and their mirrors are of bat of speculative sciences they know white copper. Of all our glass wares nothing: their philosophers are only they esteem none but such as are pre: expofitors of the books of Cong-fupared for dioptrical uses. Since glass tzu, and their prieits only t'eachers of was so early found out as to have the the dreams of the Budda or Sommo. Phoenicians for its inventors, and is na Coddom.

DESCRIPTION OF THE VIEW. THE Castle of Dalhousie, a build. , houfie, who lived in the fourteenth

ing of great antiquity, construct. century, is celebrated as one of the ed in the old Scottish taste, is plea- bravest warriors of that age. The fantly situated on the northern bank Scottish youth were emulous of learn. of the river South Ek, which runs ing under him the art of war. His at a few yards distance from the foot gallant behaviour at the battle of Ot. of the walls. This castle wa

was mo- terburn is celebrated by Froiffart.dernised by the proprietor, the late He was appointed by his fovereign Earl of Dalhouse, and has thereby Warden of the Borders; and from loft much of its former venerable af. envy was treacherously murdered by peat. Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dali Douglas of Lidaisdale.

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REMARKS ON THE CONDITION AND CHARACTER OF

THE PEASANTS AND CLERGY IN RUSSIA.

FROM LETTERS FROM SCANDINAVIA.

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M
VANY circumstances make it removes them at his pleasure; and if

probable, that, with all the sup- they wilh to marry, they must do it port government can beflow, the, agreeably to his commands. In a' progress of knowledge will not speed. word, a Ruflian peasant depends on ily become extensive in Ruflia. The' his master for every thing. He ca ftate of the countr; is liighly unfa. not, it is true, be sent out of the vourable to its general diffusion. The world without the forms of law; flavery in which the peasants are but, by the negative which every held, checks the spirit of improve master poflefles against the marriage ment in that numerous body of men. of his people, he may be prevented A man who can gain nothing by be. from coming into it; and when once coming wiser than his fellows, will he has got in, bis life may be made hardly be tempted to take much as burdensome as tyranny and caprice trouble in acquiring fuperfluous ac.

can desire. compli!hments, or in bestowing them It is to be expected that a powerthus on his children. A Rullian peasant shamefully unlimited, will be often has nothing that can stimulate him as Thamefully abused. Accordingly to the pursuit of knowledge. He the dominion of the nobles over their sees himself fixed to a particular spot, llaves is least pernicious when it is from which he can have no hope of least active when it leaves the pea.. removing; and surrounded with be- fant to vegetate in hopeless indoings ignorant and brutish like him. lence. If it is exerted to inspire elf. His industry, if he has any, is him with industry, it confiders him ftrictly and permanently appropriat. merely as a machine which does ed. So many days in the week, and more work according as it is impel. fo

niany hours in the day, he knows led with a greater force ; or as a beast he must labour for his master: and, of burden, which is forced to exert be his own neceflities what they may, its strength, by the fpur and the he is sensible that this portion of his whip. The improvement of the time must not be encroached upon. pinds of the peafants is a project If he poffefs horses or cows, or in which has not yet entered into the ftruments of his occupation, a large plan of the Ruffian landholders ; it is portion of what he can earn by them a project that would be generally goes to the use of his master. If he considered by them as chimerical, if has a wife and children, these also not pernicious. The villainous po. are but partially his own: his master licy of despotism has commonly la. may command their services when.' boured to degrade those whom it ever, and in whatever manner, he would govern; and to guard, with pleases. He is hardly permitted to the most jealous circumspection, itir from his hut without his master's every approach through which liglie leave, nor can he earn a single mor may break in on those whom it doom's fel of bread without his permission. to bondage and darkness. In conIf his children are to be taught any sequence of this odious fyftem, the trade, it is the master who orders pealants are trained to consider themwhat that trade shall be, and who selves as beings of an inferior nature; thall be the teacher: if they are to as mere instruments in the hand of go to school, the master fends and their master, who ought to have no Ed. Mag. June 1796.

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