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Anecdotes cf Persons connecled with the French Revolution. 411 •

agents. They, indeed, executed vast nevertheless, has not been exempted plans, but they were first conceived from the most bitter calamities that by Carnot; who, fitting in a commit- can afflict suffering humanity, tee at Paris, with the elder Rocham- When la Fayette resisted the combeau and a few more able men, di- mands of the sole remaining legitirected the movements in the Palati- mate power in France, his "widownate, tbe United Provinces, and ed wife" was arrested. Under the Flanders. Louvois attempted to do despotism of Robespierre, slie escapthe same thing, during the reign of ed death only by a miracle, (part of Louis XVI. and failed. It is the her family was actually immolated to property of superior talents, undif- his vengeance,) but what to some mayed by inefficient examples, to will appear more terrible, she expeiucceed. rienced an unremitting captivity of Carnot is a man of a good family; fifteen months, during which, slie sofbut yet he detests the claims built fered all the horrors of a close conupon pedigree. When he entered finement, being immurred within four into the engineers, those of noble des. walls, iubjected to a scanty and cent only were eligible. He has precarious diet, secluded from her lived to see different times, and to children, and prohibited even from patronize one of the greatest generals the light of "heaven. France ever possessed, whom he drew On the death of the tyrant, the from a subordinate situation, to carry voice of humanity was once more his theories into practice. heard, and (he was liberated, and reHe voted for the death of Louis stored to the arms of her afflicted XVI. as did all the present directory, daughters. But she was a wife as one only excepted; who, however, well as a mother! and her beloved transmitted a letter of adhesion to the husband was still in bondage; for he sentence, and lamented that his mis- who had endeavoured to avert the lion prevented him from giving it v>- execution of Louis XVI. (such is va vace. the gratitude of courts,) was Ian

„. , , _ euisliing in an Austrian prison! Madame la Fayette, She ^ccordingly repafred to Ham.

This lady,the wife of aman, whose burgh, accompanied by her children

history is blended with two import- only, for slie had not wealth sufficient

ant revolutions, was a Marchioness to hire a single domestic, and flic pos

before the late changes in France; seises a lofty sense of independence,

the family name of her husband was which taught her to reject pecuniary

also both spelled and pronounced dis- assistance, even from her few remain

fcrently, being then De la Fayette; ing friends. As soon as her health

but the de being a mark of nobili- was a little restored, she posted to

ty, as having a feudal allusion, (the Vienna, and prostrated herself at the

French term it a momme de terre,) it feet of the Emperor, tias, of course, omitted on the ex- Francis III. is in the flower of his

tinction of titles. , youth. The chilling hand of age

Madame la Fayette is an eminent has not yet rendered him morose ; and

instance of the instability of great- sorely victory cannot have blunted

ness, the mutability of fortune, and his feelings, and made him at once

the inefficacy cf wealth. Descend- haughty and insensible! No! no! there

c-d from an ancient lineage, united to is not a prince of this house, from

an ami.'.ble and illustrious hustand, the obscure Count deHapsburg, of a

who possessed estates in Europe, A- former period, to the late powerful

rrjeiica, and the West Indies; soe, tenant of the Imperial diadem, who

has

has had more occasion to Cud and to feel that he is a man.

Weeping beauty did not supplicate in vain; the German monarch raised her frprn her lowly poflure, and promised better'days. With his permission (he flew on the wings of ■Section, and strengthened by conjugal love, knocked at the gate of the fortress that confined her dearly beloved husband, whose speedy deliverance (vain idea !) (he hoped instantly to announce.

The massive bolts of the dungeon give way, the grating hinges of the iron doots pierce the ears j (he and her virgin daughters are eyed,searchr ed, rifled, by an odious and horrible goaler; and those, who but a moment before, deemed themselves deliverers, now find themselves captives!

Reclining in the bottom of thy dungeon, these tears cannot be seen, these sighs cannot be heard, nor can the quick decay of youth and beauty, cankered in the bloom, and dissolving amidst the horrors of a German prison, be contemplated. But the heartof sympathy throbs for you, ye lovely mourners; the indignation of mankind is aroused; the present age shudders at your unmerited sufferings; and posterity will flied a generous tear at their recital. Anguish may not yet rend the bosoms of your persecutors, but a dreadful futurity awaits them, and, were it possible to escape the scourge of offended heaven, they will yet experience all the vengeance of indignant history!

The ci-dfvant Count de .

This nobleman was one of Louis XVTs. Aids-de-camp, and remained in the Thuilleries during the attack of the palace, converted into a fortress by that part of the nolleffe which had not emigrated, but remained firmly attached to what they deemed their interest, and, perhaps, their duty. After the melancholy cata

strophe that ensued, this officer repaired to England, where he expected to be received with open arms j but he now execrates the day that he left his native country. When all his Louis d'ori were expended, he endeavoured to procure subsistence by means of his pen; but failed, as he was entirely ignorant of our venacular tongue, and his own is not so generally understood in this country, as to rewa'rd a French author for his labours.

I met him one day,merry as usual, and to the full as jocular as ever, respecting his own misfortunesj but yet there was an air of chagrin in his countenances squalidness in his looks, and a degree of negligence, if not misery, in his dress, that betokened indigence. After a few minutes convention, I learned, that my surmises were but too true; for he told] me frankly, that being reduced in point of circumstances, and having a turn for mechanics from his early youth, he was determined to convert his former attachment into a trade, and. gain his livelihood by the saw and the plane. On expressing my surprise, he assured me that he did not blussi at such a situation, but, on the contrary, took credit to hinistlf for his resolution of living independent of his friends,' "Bjit by what means are yon to secure this independence?" "Loyalement, comme un charpentier!" And on faying so, be solicited to be employed by me. 1 respect the misfortunes of a man whom I esteem, while I differ with him in opinion; the sorrows, even of an enemy, ought to be held sacred; and 1 possess too much delicacy, ta mention the name of a nobleman, who has become the victim of a blind attachment to royalty.

The Count de is not the only person of rank and family who has been reduced to the most humiliating situation, in consequence of a similar pattiality. A ci-devant dukej

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ODE ON HIS MAJESTY'S BIRTH DAY, June 4.1796.

BY HENRY JAMES PYE, ESQ^ POET LAUREAT.

■fTTHERE are the vows the Muses breath'd,

* * That Discord's fatal reign might cease?

Where all the blooming flow'rs they wreath'd,

To bind the placid brow of Peace;
Whose angel form, with radiant beam,
Pictur'd in Fancy's fairy dream,
Seem'd o'er EuVopa's ravag'd land,
Prompt to extend her influence bland,
Calm the rude clangors of the martial lay,
And hail with gentler liote our Monarch's natal dsy?

For lo! on yon devoted shore,

Still thro' the bleeding ranks of War,
His burning axles steep'd in gore,

Ambition drives his iron car.
Still his eyes in fury roll'd,

Glare on fields by arms o'er-run,
Still his bands rapacious hold

Spoils, injurious Inroad won.
And spurning with indignant frown
The sober Olive's proffer'd crown,
Bids the braxen trumpet's breath
Swell the terrific blast of Destiny and Death.
Shrinks Britain at the found J. tho' while her eye
. O'er Europe's desolated Plains she throws,

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Slow to avenge and mild in victory,

She mourns the dreadlul scene of war and woes.

Yet if the Foe misjudging read

Dismay, in Pity's gentlest deed,

And constrains; Mercy into Fear, >

The blood-flain'd arm of Battle rear;
By insult rous'd, in just resentment warm,
She frowns defiance on the threat'ning storm;

And far as Ocean's billows roar,

By every wave-encircled siiore,
From where o'er icy Seas the gaunt wolfe roves
To Coasts perfum'd by aromatic groves,

As proudly to the ambient Iky,

In silken folds her mingled crosses fly;

The soothing voice of Peace is drown'd

A while in War's tumultuous found,
And strains from Glory's awful Clarion 'blown*
Float in triumphant peal afound Britannia's Throne;

A SCRAP CONCERNING THE CHINESE;.

'I 'HE greatCang-hi, who in hisat- not yet introduced among the Cki

tempts on his country resembled nese; it should seem that they did

Peter the Great, but without his sue- not obtain those arts which they have

cess, though he was equally sensible in common with us, from abroad, but

of the superiority of the Europeans, found them out themselves. Accood

and would have willingly introduced ingly the arts with them are nearly

them among his subjects, caused two what they were at first, and the im

glass-houses to be established at Pe- proveroents of them are about 306

kin with European workmen; but years behind our's. Books that treat

it does not appear that they were of grammar, of nature, and their

continued after his death, or that civil history, geography, household

they promoted the use of glass thro'- management, mechanical arts, mora

eut the empire. At least the win- lity and politics, they have in great

dslws are still supplied with paper or nurr.bers,ar.d are not wanting in poets;

oyster-stiells, and their mirrors are of but of speculative sciences they know

white copper. Of all our glass wares nothing: their philosophers are only

they esteem none but such as are pre- expositors of the books of Cong-fu

pared for dioptrical uses. Since glass tzuj and their priests only teachers of

was so early found out as to have the the dreams of the Eudda 6r Somrao

Phœnicians for its inventors, and is na Coddom.

DESCRIPTION OF THE VIEW. 1 I TIE Castle of Dalhousie, a build- . houfie, who lived in the fourteenth ■*■ ing of great antiquity, construct- century, is celebrated as one of the ed in the old Scottisti taste, is plea- bravest warriors of that age. The santly situated on the northern bank Scouiih youth were emulous of learnof the river South Elk, which runs ing under him the art of war. His at a few yards distance from the foot gallant behaviour at the, battle of Otof the walls. This castle was mo- terburn is celebrated by Froissart.— demised by the proprietor, the late He was appointed by his sovereign Earl of Dalhousie, and has thereby Warden of the Borders; and from, lost much of its former venerable as- envy was treacherously murdered by jiect. Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dab- Douglas of Lidsiidale.

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