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Adventures of the Mutineers on board the Bounty. 431 lancholy and painful state, nature still ties and new productions, which, durremained his only comfort and re- ing the latter part of his life, had lief. He used to be carried to his been brought him by M. Mutis from museum, where he viewed the trea- Carthagena and New Grenada, and sures which he had collected with fo by his other pupils from the Cape of much labour, and manifested a parti. Good Hope and Afva. cular delight in examining the rari. (To be concluded in our next.)



OUR readers well know the his. Chriftian the moment he had com

tory of tbis mutiny by the in- mitted the attrocious deed. He beteresting account published by Cap- came penlive, while a few of the otain Bligh after his return home, It thers began to laugh and joke about happened on the 28th of April the dismal situation of the Captain 1789, at a little distance from Tofoa, and his companions. This raillery, one of the Friendly Islands. The increased Christian's agitation, which mutineers who kept pofleffion of the became so great that he was unable to Bounty were in all 25, and the moft conceal it. He said on deck till the able men of the ship's company, viz. launch was out of sight, but he never Fletcher Chriftian, master's mate looked at it without the strongest e. Peter Heywood, Edward Young and motions. He began to be afraid George Stewart, midshipmen, Char- even of his own party, and when he les Churchill, mafter at arms, John went down to the cabin to examine Mills, gunner's mate, James Morri- the stores, he enjoined Churchill and fon, Boatswain's mate, Thomas Bur- Heywood to stay on deck and be pare kitt, Matthew Quintal, John Sumner, ticularly vigilant. John Milward, William M'Koy, Hen The thought of what was past prery Kilbrant, Alexander Smith, Wil- vented them of thinking of what was liam Musprat, Michael Byrne, Tho- to come. They were now returning mas Elison, John Williams, Isaac to Otaheite, but never once consulted Martin, Matthew Thomson and Rich- among themselves what they should ard Skinner seamen, William Brown, say to the natives. Indeed Churchgardener, Joseph Coleman, armourer, hill hinted something of it to ChrifCharles Norman, and Thomas M'In- tian, but he seemed quite indifferent tosh, carpenter's mates. The three about the matter, imagining that any last, with Ifaac Martin, were detain. story they thought proper to tell ed contrary to their inclination. would be credited by the natives.

When Captain Bligh was turned They were determined not to stop adrift and the Bounty set sail, some at any of the Islands, but make the of Christian's party cried out, “Huz- utmost expedition to reach, for Otaheite," which gave him 'The weather however becoming temmuch offence, as he dreaded the Cap. pestuous, and the wind unfavourable, tain's following him thither. In or- they were obliged to anchor at an der therefore to deceive the boat, Island about seven leagues from their they steered W. N. W. but as soon intended port. They tarried here as the launch was out of sight, made three days, during which time they for Otaheite.

saw no inhabitants, and the land wore Remorse seems to have feized a dreary appearance. Having now

Ed. Mag. June 1796.


3 1

a freth

a fresh breeze, they weighed and were soon followed by others, who stood for Otaheite.

were equally surprised at meeting While palling Annamcoka they with their old friends; but Tinah were vilited by several canocs from and Poeeno alternately inquired the the neighbouring islands. These na- meaning that Captain Bligh sent them tives, who knew them, expreffed back; why allo he did not come with great astonishment at their return, then and bring Captain Cooke, for while Christian pretended that fome whom they entertained fo great a revery urgent reasons required their gard. To these questions Chriftian lonyer itay at Otaheite. Nothing returned very forry aniwers, and with material occurred during the remain- fome equivocations evaded others. der of their palage.

The chiefs undertanding that there All the murineers agreed that people were come to settle among Christian Gould take the command, them, immediately began, according which at first he seemed tó decline, to cultom, to choose each bis Tayo, withing to resign it to Stewart. He or friend. Their notions of friend. however accepted it, while Stewart ship are indeed very extraordinary. acted under him.

When a person becomes a Tayo, to On their approaching the island he any one; it is expected of that perfon ordered every man to remain under that he will cherith his friend's wise, arms, left the Captain night have the neglect of which would occasion contrived to visit some of the neigh- much cooiness and indifference. They bouring districts, and communicated are however exceedingly faithful to kis misfortunes, more particularly to their friends, for they would shudder Tinah, a chief of Otaheite, who was at the thoughts of betraying them. exceedingly partial to him. Chris, They are likewise ready to supply tian of course knew that the natives their wanis even to their own injury; would be inclined to take his part, and when those who have Tayos die and perhaps unite their force to re, without issue, their titles and estates, cover the veslela These apprehen agreeable to the law of Tayoship, de. fions were foon removed by Church. volve to their chosen friends, with hill, who remarked the impoflibility whom, according to custom, they of Captain Bligh's reaching Otaheite, change names at the time their friend. or any of the adjoining iflinds, with thips are contracted. out their observing the launch; not. The mutineers now landed, while withitanding, it was deemed advisable the best refreshments that the place that they should all remain on their afforded were immediately provided. guard.

It is impossible to defcribe the pleaAs soon as they were in sight of sure which some of the females felt Oraheite several of the natives came upon seeing their former gallants: off in canoes to learn the cause of they were particularly assiduous in their unexpected return; Christian preparing the most agreeble food for told them that Captain Bligh bad their reception. discovered that Captain Cooke was Captain Bligh while he was here alive and at Whyiutakee, and that had a tent erected for his own use : both he and his officers were deter- Christian immediately took poffeffion mined to remain there with him. of this, telling the chiefs that he was This news accordingly spread, but the now Captain Chriflian during Bligh's ftory created much surprise.

absence. To this all bis accomplices Tinah and Poceno, iwo chie's re- affented and behaved to him with almarkably attached to captain bligh, fomed refpe&t. iminediately haitened on board. They The lip's company were divided

Adventures of the Mutineers on board the Bounty.

433 into two parties, one to remain on the men dared to thew the least difu. board the vessel, the other on shore approbation of what was done, for by turns.

fear of being immediately destroyed ; A short time after they had land- for several suspected that Christian ed, Churchill, whom Christian had had given secret orders to fome of made his most constant companion, his most particular friends to put to became the Tayo of a great chief in inftant death any who should comthe upper districts, and received an plain or mutter at their present fituinvitation to his house. Christian, in "ation, leit the natives should discover order to court the favour of the chiefs, what had happened, and of course rewas remarkably profule in his prevenge their ill-treatment of Captain fents; he was likewise cunning Bligh. enough to take the merit of all the Some of the natives who visited donations, which created a degree the Bounty committed several de preof jealousy between him and his con dations. Christian complained to federates.

"Tinah of his people's thefts and milTinah regularly visited Chriftian behaviour: This chief, when Cap. every day, both on thore and on tain Bligh was in the island, had board. This chief, however, could been very afliduous in recovering not conceal his dissatisfaction at the whatever was stolen ; but now affairs absence of Captain Bligh and the seemed to wear a different comother officers; nor could he indeed plexion. Tinah paid little or no atreconcile it to himself why the Cap. tention to Christian's complaints, nor tain would not return and abide in seemed to be in the least concerned Otaheite in preference to any other for whatever lofs he sustained. The island. Iddeah, Tinah's wife, who fact was, the natives thought they had been remarkably attached to were at liberty to do whatever they Captain Bligh, became exceedingly liked, since the Captain, whom they melancholy at his seeming indifer- looked upon as the chief of those

On this account the enter. English, was absent: and Christian tained an averfion to Chriftian and was afraid to assume too much auhis accomplices, and seldom accom- thority, for fear he might incur their panied her husband in his visits. displeasure, and be consequently aban

During the intervals of folitude, doned by them. Christian was frequently seized with It was observed that Christian had, remorse and horror at what he had previous to his departure from this done. Reflection almost set him island with the Captain, entertained mad, and he certainly felt more an. a passion for some of the female na. guish at the commission of the muti- tives ; to one he was particularly atny than any of his confederates. tached. She was young, affection. Whenever Churchill or Stewart were are, genteel, and setting aside the difin his company he endeavoured to figurements which the customs of resume his vivacity and shake off the country render general, the might those gloomy terrors which occasion- well be accounted handsome. Their ally clouded his mind. "Churchill mutual affection was remarkable, and was naturally poffefsed of a sprightly the fincerity of their loves indisputa. disposition; his presence, therefore, ble. In short, they were married, is a great mealure, dispelled the according to the fashion, which is no other's upeasiness, and helped to keep more than making a bargain with up his fpirits.

the parents and exchanging mutual Martin likewise expressed much promises before all the friends who unhappiness when alone, but none of are on the occafion invited. Among





these people polygamy is allowed; dered at, that they fhould be more and what is not more wonderful than attached to men, though ftrangers, true, they enjoy domestic harmony who they knew would both preserve even with a plurality of wives. and love their offspring, than even

Among the Otaheiteans, instead to their own countrymen, who bad of the wife bringing any property to so frequently put the favage custom the husband, it is a rule, whenever a in execution. This, then, accounts man chooses a female for his compa. for their partiality to our adventurnion, that he must buy her of her pa. ers, who were equally charmed by rents, who are generally very unrea. their gaiety, and attached by their sonable in their demands: and if the remarkable constancy; for notwithhusband does not continue his 'pre. Atanding the levity of their difpofsents in a regular manner, it is in the tion, and natural inclination to mirth, father's power to take home his they were always fincere in their lovechild and dispose of her in a more proteftations. profitable manner: thus it appears Christian being looked upon by that interest subdues all ties of pa- the natives as a chief among rental affection; and traffic of this people, thought it absolutely necef kind is so common, that the young la sary to support the character, though dies themselves are by no means in appearance ;

it was, however, with strangers to their own value, being much difficulty that he could comalways present at the time they are mand even a feigned respect, for febargained for, and not a little con- veral of his party became tired of ceited when they cost a good price. doing him this outward homage, and This mode of getting wives was very in their moments of jealous reflection, inconvenient to 'our adventurers, as considered themselves as good as be, their stock was now growing low, and deemed it therefore unworthy and they had not wherewithal to their characters as men, to pay him continue their donations ; besides, that respect which they did not think what they had was in common to all; he deserved: thus the ringleader of for Christian, dreading any quarrel or these mutineers, the very man who jealousy among themselves, agreed stimulated them to the daring act of that there should be no private pro- rebellion, found it impossible to perty, and a speedy consumption was quench that fpirit which he before naturally the confequence. They encouraged, and, with reason indeed, were, in fome measure, however, apprehended a mutiny among themenabled to give presents by the quan: felves. The want of honest friends tity of presents they received. added much to his remorse and fear,

It is in the husband's power also nor was he affured of the fincerity of to put away his wife if he disapproves those with whom he consulted and of her, and in such case the fruits of advised. In this precarious situation their connection are destroyed; but it behoved him more and more to obif the husband becomes a tender fa. tain and secure the affe&tions of the ther, and espouses his child, then natives: for which reason, though the marriage state is said to be con. labouring under all the difficulties firmed. There is no doubt but the before observed, he supported his affection of English fathers made a seeming authority, and acted in the Strong impression upon the women of fame manner as the chiefs of the Otabeite, who, notwithstanding the illand ; he not only indulged himself barbarous custom of their country, with a plurality of wives, but likeare remarkable for their maternal wise entertained a number of concu. feelings. It is not then to be won. bines, choosing such females as were

Adventures of the Mutineers on board the Bounty.' 435 in his fight, the most accomplished applications Churchill would refer and agreeable. He gave a loose to them to Heywood, Heywood to passion, which served in a great mea: Christian, and so on, by which means sure to dispel those gloomy thoughts they were amused for a while; but which occasionally stole in to the Tinah at last took an opportunity of great annoyance of his reft, and to renewing his request when they were banish from his mind the commission all together. Christian, however, of that crime which he never recol- evaded giving him either a promise lected but with horror and confu- or a refusal, saying, that it was neifion.

ther in his power to ascertain the Christian was in high estimation time of his departure, nor to comply among the ladies of Otaheite, who with their request till he had consultwere not a little affiduous in their ed Captain Bligh; for though he endeavours to render the place as was Captain Chriftian, he gave them agreeable and commodious as posli, to understand that he was still fubble. Several presents of cloth he servient to the orders of Capt. Bligh, received from his female visitors, being all the same as an inferior chief who, according to the custom of the among them. Afterwards he gave island, came with it. wrapt round Tinah, and many other chiefs who their bodies, and as they feldom became troublesome in their folicitabrought small quantities, they ap- tions, an absolute denial, by observ. peared uncommonly bulky and cor. ing, that the Bounty was too small a pulent whenever in this generous vefsel for their reception, and that mood.

they had not at present a sufficiency Next to Christian, Heywood, of accommodations. Christian, howChurchill, Stewart, and Young, were ever, to keep these people in good the greatest favourites with the wo- humour, told them that Capt. Bligh men. Coleman, who was exceeding. had given orders that a large ship ly ingenious and prudent, was like- should be got ready as soon as poliiwife highly respected, but this man ble, and that every neceffary article was so referved and thoughtful that should be provided for their safe conhe partook of little amusement. His veyance to England. only pleasure was in assisting the na The mutineers, fone more and tives in building canoes, houses, nou. fome less, began now to entertain - rishing their plants, &c. Being re- fears of their situation. Both Chrifmarkably clever both for invention tian and Young doubted the permaand the execution of his works, he nency of the natives attachments, rendered no finall assistance to the and suspected that their plan of setpeople during his stay in the island. tling at Otaheite would be attended

As yet Christian 'had not indicat- with inevitable danger. Martin and ed to the natives his design of re Norman lamented already their conmaining among them, and several of dition, which, in the words of the the chiefs

, particularly Tinah, who former, was no better than "perpewere desirous of visiting England, and tual banilhment," as they were wana being introduced to King George, dering about like " vagabonds upon made their application to Christian, earth." Churchill, who was ChrilChurchill, and Heywood, whom they tian's most constant counsellor and looked upon as those of the greatest adviser, recommended to him to keep weight, for leave to accompany them his ground, observing, that they to England, as they were still led to would have a worse chance with imagine that some time or other they ilanders they were unacquainted intended to depart. Duriog these with, than with those people with


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