« EdellinenJatka »
cumstances attending it, while it was ed further regulation. He cou'.d wish thi-( carried on by any-other country in Eu- the age of the flave imported should be rope, would be impracticable. It would restricted to »o. This' would increase be impossible for Great Britain, with their population in the country, snpersedt all her maritime strength, to prevent the necessity of fresh importations, and the smuggling of negroes from other prevent revolts, which arose from the inislands. The experiment had been veterate habits old negroes brought with tried. In the course of the present them. He concluded by giving bis most war, twenty-eight ships of the line were decided negative to the motion, found unable, to prevent a communica- Mr Fox -was equally decided (is he tion between the negroes of the different had ever been) in favour of it. The abiflands. solute consent of the West India proprieHe gave it moreover as his opinion, tors to the abolition, he said, could never that the Parliament of Great Britain be obtained, and the Legislature of Great could not declare the Abolition without Britaiu he maintained possessed powers colonial co-operation; that'they could fully adequate to colonial regulation, not pal's this Act without the consent of France, he observed, stood pledged against the Colonies, and without making in- the Slave Trade, and.when Great Britain <'rrnnificati')n to-' individuals, who had had abolished it, he did not know what been induced to embark their property other nation could take it up. He thea in the trade on the authority of various went into a minute analysis of different Acts of Parliament. A property of arguments advanced by Mr Dundas twenty millions, he understood, was em- against the Bill, and concluded by saybarked in it, which, with the colonial in- ing, that they were now only perfoi•terests, would amount to nearly eighty ming that duty to the public, which they millions. decreed should take place on the ist of Some had pretended to say, that the January 1796; ajnd that they ought to loss of the West Indies would not be es- let the world know that it was not the sentialiy felt by this country. He was fault of that House, if the measure was astonished at such language, and would not now sully accomplished, controvert it by the following statement Serjeant Adair also spoke in favour of of the advantages derived by this cour.- the motion.
try from her colonies in that quarter of Mr Pitt, in a long speech, went thro' the Globe: all the clauses of the Bill. When he came •_ . to that respecting which it bad been author the year 1795, the '">- ed—will you punish a man for what has ports were - - - - £.8,888,673 been sanctioned for a century? he would Net revenue (arising from answci—certainly; after the Legislature
V ss I 1,614,176 has declared that to be a" crime which it
Vellds -----. ... 635 formerly thought to be a piece of .policy.
iQMiage - - iej.oco For his part, he had no apprehensions on
Seamen employed Sooo account of any unfortunate events that
Exports for the fame year, might arise by the passing of this Bill. Foreign and British - - £.3,743,431 Thc evil* resulting from the continuance Vessels ......... 700 of the trade were much more to be dreadTonnage 177,000 cl; and not only justice and humanity,
Seamen ----.-.. u'ooo but found policy, decided in favour of a
Value of foreign produce ' prompt and speedy abolition.
imported, which was re- General Tarkton opposed the motion,
exported through the me- antl moved, That the consideration of
dium of British vessels - £.3,773,000 the subjcct be deferred to that day four
/ months, which being seconded by Mr
Having thus st,»ted the advantages de- Dent, the House divided For the
rived from this country by the West J»- Amendment 74, against it 7c—Majorities, he gave « as his opinioi, that in- ty 4. So that this Bill it of course loft stead of aboliliing, the trade only requir- for this Session.
For JUNE 1796.
Accounts from the French Army in Italy.
Head-Qjurters at Cherasco, April 17.
The Gericral in Chief to the Executive Directory.
"\ FTER the battle of Mondovi, the
j£\. enemy crossed the Sture, and took a position between Coni and Cheralco: The latter place is not onlystrOng on account of its situation, at the conflu ence of the Sture and Fanaro, but also well fortified.
"The 4'h, we were employed in crofling the Elero, and constructing new bridges across the Ptsio j in the evening, our van-guard reached Carru. On the following day, after some ikirmilhes, we entered the town of Bene.
"On the 6th, General Sernerier cannonaded the city of Fossauo, the headquarters of General Colli. The enemy, after having fired a few cannon shot, evacuated the place, and re-crossed the Sture. This conquest is for us of the greatest importance, as it supports our right flank, and affords us great resources in point of provisions.
•• The enemy have retreated to Carignon to cover Turin, which latter place is nine leagues Irom my head quarters.
"Both Fossan6 and Alba are in our possession, and I have ordered bridges to be constructed across the Tanaro, which is a very large and rapid river. We are here in the finest country in the world." (Signed) Buonaparte.
Head- Quarters of the Piedmontefe Army, April »6. 1796.
Conditions of a Suspension of Arms, agreed upon bttween the French and Piedmontefe armies; between Buonaparte, General in Chief of the French army in Iialv, and Baron de la Tour, Lieutenant-General of horse in the service of the King of Sardinia, and the Marquis CostajColonel in Chief of the S;affy Cfcrun.issigjred by the King of
Sardinia to treat with the General 14 Chief of the French Army:
Headquarters at Oberefao, April 18.
Art. I. All hostilities (hall cease between the French army in Italy and the army of the King of Sardinia, from the day that the under mentioned conditions(hall be fulfilled until the expiration of five days after the end of the negotiations, which are to be set on foot to attain the conclusion of a treaty of peace between the two powers, viz.
The fortress of Coni shall be occupied by the French on the »8th of April, of this present year; the fortress of Alessandria shall likewise be taken possession of by the French as soon as possible, and at latest the 30th of April, until the fortress of Tortona can be surrendered tt» them.
II. The French army (hall remain in possession of its conquests, that is to fay* of all the country situated between the right banks of the Sture, and its confluence with the Tanaro, and from thence along the right banks of the river as far as the point where it joins (he river Pc, as long as the French lhall remain in the possession of Alessandria, but after this place (hall have been restored to the King of Sardinia, in consequence of the fortress of Tortona being occupied by the French, the boundaries (hall extend farther from the confluence of the Sture and Tanaro, to the height of Asty, on the right biik of the laid river; From this point, the high road which leads to Nizza de la P.iillc, and from that place to Cassigny, is to serve as a line' of demarcation ; from thence crossing the Borrnida under Casligny, the French army snail remain in possession of the right bank of the Bormida to its discharge into the Tanaro, and from thence to the confluence of this river and the Po.
III. The town and citadel of Coni, as well as the town and citadel of Tortona, stall be surrendered up to the French,
19together with the artillery, ammunition, and provisions, existing in those places', of which an inventory is to be drawn up: The fame mail be done with regard to the town and citadel of Alessandria, which are provisionally to be occupied by the French, until they shall be put in possession of the town and citadel of Tortona.
IV. The French army shall be at liberty to cross the Po under Val.-nce.
V. All extraordinary couriers, Aiflrsr rle-camp, or other Officeis, whom the Commander in Chief may think fit to fend to Paris,mall be allowed to pal's and repass by the shortest way. 'VI. All the troops and efficers in the pay of the King of Sardinia, who serve in the Austrian Army in Italy, are to be comprised in the laid suspension of hostilities.
VII. The citadel of Ceva shall be surrendered, together with all its artillery, ammunition, and provisions, and its gar-' rison is to retreat into Piedmont.
VIII. In the fortresses of Coni and Tortona, as well as that of Alessandria, inventories fha.ll be drawn up of all the' artillery, ammunition, and provisions, delivered up to the French troops, for which the French Republic ihall remain answerable to the King of Sardinia, by restoring the artillery, and paying the value of such part of the ammunition and provisions as shall have been consumed.
The same shall be done respecting the citadel. The troops who occupy these places, Ihall draw into Piedmont with their aims, baggage, and all the honours of war.
(Signed in the minutes)
Lieui-Gen. De La Tour.
ENGLAND. London Gazettes. From the London Gazette, April 36. Extract of a Letter from Vice-Admiral Murray, Commander in Chief of his Majesty's ships and -vessels in North America, to Eyan Nepcan, Esq. Secrete.-. ry to the Admiralty. On the nth instant, arrived L'Aurore, (French Corvette) prize to his Majesty's stiip Cleopatra. She had only 50 men on board when taken.
Admiralty-Office, April 16. 1796. Copy of a Ltturfnm-Commodore Sir
John Borlase Warren, K. B. to Evan ■ Nepean, Esq: dated on board his Majesty's Ship La Pomone, at Sea, April H, 1796.
I beg you will inform their Lordships, that on the 7th instant, Le 3tc du Rjz bearing N E. by E. several sail were seen in the N. E.quarter; and, upon the signal for a general chace being made, it w^s soon perceived that they were a small convoy standing through the straits between the S.raits and the Continent. As the weather .ippeared settled and fine, I considered that it was a proper opportunity to obtain a knowledge of the passage, and continued working through, with the tide in our savour, aster them j but the wind falling when we were in tlie Bay on the other side, I found it was impossible to cut off the brig who escorted them, as she stood close in towards Carr.aret Point, at the entrance of the Goulet, goinp up to Brest, and among the rocks. The boats of the squaoron however cap-.ured the vessels in the inclosed list, who were all laden wirh corn and flour. A floop belonging to the convoy got off with the corvette, which I understand was Le Votigeur of 16 guns.
List of the Vessels belonging to the French Republic, captured by the Boats of the Squadron under the command of Sir John Borlase Warren. K. B. <witbin the Straits on the Coast of France, on April 7, 1796.
A brig. La Marie, of St Maloes, 150 tons, laden with wheat—sent to Engr land.
A brig, name unknown, 100 tons, laden with flour, ditto.
A brig, name unknown, uo tons, laden with wheat, ditto-.
A floop, name unknown, 70 tons, laden with wheat, ditto. /
A brig, name uiknown, 90 tons, laden with wood and wine, lcutled and funk. . J. B. Warren.
Admiralty-CJJice, April 16, 1795.
Extrafi of a Letter from Commodore Sir John Borlase Warren, to Evan Nepean, Esq. dated on board his Mrjesty's Ship La Pomone, cjf the Saints, April 16, 1796,
I beg you will inform their Lordships' that on the 15th instant, at 11 P. M. a fail being discovered in the N. E. quarUr, I immediately gave chace, and at 3 A.. l<l, I earns up with her iu this ship
She Sne proved to be La Robuste ship corvette, mounting aig uns and 145 men, ju.fl come from Brest hound to L'Orient. The squadron under my command also captured a brig loaded with salt, from Cioisie, on the 13th instant.
From the London Gazette, May 17.
Admiralty-Ojstce, May 17, 1796;
ExtraH of a L'tter from Vice-Admiral
Colpoys, dated on board his Majesty's
flip, London, at Spithead, on the nth
inst, to Mr Nepean, Secretary to the
I hetewith transmit you, for \he information of my Lords Commissioners of tfic Admiralty, copies of two letters received from Captain Foote, of his Maj sty's ship Niger, giving me an account us his proceedings at different times I detached him in shore on the coast of France.
Niger, near the Penmarks, April %j.
I have the honour to inform you, that from the time I made the signal of the chace bein;* an enemy's cruizer, I contiDU"d working towards her. By sunset cur shot reached her; and shortly after, the signal being made for three fathoms, I anchored within half cable's length of a rock, (most of which was covtred at liigh water) and a mile from the main land; a spring was got upon the cab*;, and a constant fire kt.pt up till near nine o'clock, when I sent Mess. Long and Thompson,the first and third lieutenants, Mr Morgan, mister's mate, and Mr Patton, midshipman, in the barge and cutters, with their crews and six marines, giving directions to Lieutenant Long to Jet fire to the vessel, if he could not bring her off. At half past ten the boats returned, with the second Captain, a Midshipman, and twenty-six men, having so effectually performed this service, that at twenty minures past twelve (lie Mew up. It was wi!h great difficulty they got alongside the enemy, the tide having ebbed considerably, and they experienced a very obstinate nsiftance, the greatest part of her crew having remained on board, several of whom loft their lives. She proved a corvette lugger, tigged, called L*£cureil, mounting I four-pnunders, commanded by M. Rousseau, having 105 men on board: Sie «as coppered,and had only been launched two years, (S jjnul) E. J. Fwte.
Inclosed is a return of the wounded Officers, Seamen, and Marines:
Return of the Wounded on board of hit
Majesty's Ship Niger, April 16. 1706. Lieut. Long, 1st'Lieutenant, severely
wounded on the head and band. Mr James Patton, Midshipman, on the
head. Three Seamen and twe Marines slightly
wounded. (Signed) E. J. Foote.
SIR, Niger, at Sea, May 8#
In compliance with the orders which I had the honour to receive from you on the 4th instant, I stood for the French, coast, and by seven next morning fetched close in with , the eastern part of Isle Dieu, where I discovered, and immediately gave chace to, and ran a-'hore, a French Schooner and Sloop. The schooner was completely bulged; the floop, laden with wine and brandy, was brought off and taken in tow: but in a short time she became so water-logged that I scuttled her.
Admiralty-OJstce, May 17, 1796. Copy of a Letter from Admiral Peyton, Commander in Chief of his Majesty's Ships in the Downs, to Mr Nepean, Secretary to the Admiralty, dated Maj *5» 1796. SIR, You will be pleased to acquaint their Lordships, that the Flora armed cutter, Lieutenant Reddy, is just returned here from looking into Dunkirk, and ha* brought in with him L'Epevier French lugger, mounting two % pounders and 6 swivels, with 16 men, which she captured close in with Dunkirk. She sailed from Havre de Grace on the loth instant, and had taken nothing.
From, the London Gazette, May 11. WES T INDIES.—JAMAICA. Whitehall, May II, 1796. A Letter, of which the following is an Extract, has been received by his Grace the Duke of Portland, one of his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, from Mijir-General Earl of Balcarras, dated Jamaica, March 16, 1796.
I have the satisfaction to inform your Grace of the termination of the Maroon
Thirty-fix Trelawny Maroons, and all the run-away Negroes who had j 'ined them in rebellion, surrendered their arms en the l/th and nil us March.
The Maroons to windward, who had shewn a most refractory and disobedient spirit since the commencement of the rebellion, have made their submission, and on their knees, in the presence of Commissioners, have sworn allegiance to his Majesty. I shall, by the Packet, inclose the Commission, and the return upon it.
The most perfect internal tranquillity b restored to the Island: The Slaves on every plantation are obedient! contented, and happy.
.Our operations against the Rtb-ls have been carried on with unremitting vigour. In following the enemy into their new recesses, the troops have undeigone fatigue hardly to be credited; the last column which moved against them were five days without one drop of water, except what they found in the wild pines.
Thr Rebels, worn out with fatigue, continually harassed and disturbed in every new settlement, have been cortqutred in a country where no European bad ever thought of penetrating.
The very fortunate close of this war it to be ascribed to the activity and'good conduct of Mijon General. Waipole, and I mod humbly recommend him to bis Majesty'* favour.
Central Assembly of Scotland.
'Edinburgh, May 19. The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland met heie this day. The Right Honourable the Earl of Levtn, his Majesty's Commissioner, attended by several Noblemen and Gentlemen, (amongst whom were Earls Cassilles, Moray, Dumfries, Dalhousie, mi! Hopet*n; Viscount Arbuthnot, Lord Napier, Lord Adam Gordon, &c.) walked in procession to the High Church,, the Hopetoun Fencib!es and the City Guard lining the street's j where his Grace was received by the Leni Provost and Magistrates, in their robes. The Rev. Dr Meek, minister of Cambuslang, preached an excellent discourse, from Proverbs, ch. xiv. ver. 34. "Righteousness exalteth a nation."
After Divine Service, his Grace the Commissioner went to the Assembly Ro«ns,and proceeded to chuse a Moderator. The Rev. Dr Greenfield, Professor Of Rhetoric in the University of Edinburgh. and one of _the Ministers of that city, was unanimously elected. His Majesty's commission, and warrant for one thousand pounds, to be employed in propagating the Christian Knowledge in
the Highlands of Scotland were read* and ordered to be recorded.- After which his Grace the Commissioner opened the Assembly with an elegant speech from the tlwone, to which the Moderator made a suitable reply. <
May aj. The Assembly proceeded to consider the reference from the Synod of Aberdeen, respecting Ministers of Chapels of Ease being elected Members of. Church Judicatoriej. After reasoning, it was moved and seconded, ** That the General Assembly shall declare, that it appears to this Assembly, that Ministers of Chapels of Ease, being in the habitual exercise of the 'functions of the ministerial office, are theYeby disqualified. from sitting as lay members in Judicatoriesof this chgteh." And another motion was made and seconded, «* That a Committee shall be appointed to prepare an Overture on this subject, to be transmitted to the diff:rmtprefbyteriesof the Church." The Assembly, after reason-" ing,' agreed to the following state of .a vote, first, or second; it being understood, if it carried first, that the state of the vote then should be, approve of the first motion or not; and if it carried/esonrf, tnat' then the state of the vote should be, ap-' prove or transmit. And the roll being called and votes marked, it carriedyfr/?; but a second vote not being insisted on, the Assembly,- without a vote, approved of the first motion.
May 14. The Assembly proceeded to the' consideration of the cause of the Rev. Mr Gillanders, minister of Fern, transmitted to them by their Committee of Bill3. Parties being fully heard, after reasoning among the members, upon a motion made, the Assembly Reversed the sentence of the Presbytery- of Brtchen,' which had been affirmed by the Synod of Angus and Mearns, and disapprove of the manner in which the Presbytery have conducted their visitation in the parish of Fern ; Remit this cause to the Presbytery, and ordain them at their first ordinary meeting to pronounce judgment on the accusation brought against Mr Gillanders by Martha Lighton; and thereafter to summon the other persotil, accusers of Mr Gillanders, to ci.me forward, in terms of the form of process, with such of their charges as'they shall think proper, in form of a libel; on which libel rtie Presbytery are to'judge, enjoining the Presbytery, notwithstanding any appeals that may be taken from their sentences, to pronounce judgment en the relevancy of the libel, it any such