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A handsome face first led him to suppose
There must be talent with such looks as those:
The want of talent taught him now to find
The face less handsome with so poor a mind;
And half the beauty faded when he found
His cherished hopes were falling to the ground.
Finch lost his spirit; but e'en then he sought
For fancied powers: she might in time be taught;
Sure there was nothing in that mind to fear;
The favourite study did not yet appear.

Once he expressed a doubt if she could look
For five succeeding minutes on a book;
When, with awakened spirit, she replied
He was mistaken and she would be tried.
With this delighted, he new hopes expressed:
“How do I know? She may abide the test.
Men have I known, and famous in their day,
Who were by chance directed in their way.
I have been hasty.-Well, Augusta, well,
What is your favourite reading? prithee tell.
Our different tastes may different books require;
Yours I may not peruse and yet admire.
Do then explain.” “Good Heaven!” said she, in haste,
“How do I hate these lectures upon taste!"
“I lecture not, my love. But do declare-

You read, you say—what your attainments are."
"Oh, you believe,” said she, “that other things
Are read as well as histories of kings,
And loves of plants, with all that simple stuff
About their sex, of which I know enough!
Well, if I must, I will my studies name:
Blame if you please-I know you love to blame.
When all our childish books were set apart,
The first I read was 'Wanderings of the Heart';
It was a story where was done a deed
So dreadful that alone I feared to read.
The next was 'The Confessions of a Nun'-
'T was quite a shame such evil should be done;
Nun of-no matter for the creature's name,
For there are girls no nunnery can tame.
Then was the story of the haunted hall,




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Where the huge picture nodded from the wall
When the old lord looked up with trembling dread;
And I grew pale and shuddered, as I read.
Then came the tales of winters, summers, springs,
At Bath and Brighton-they were pretty things !
No ghosts nor spectres there were heard or seen,
But all was love and flight to Gretna Green.
Perhaps your greater learning may despise
What others like, and there your wisdom lies.
Well-do not frown-I read the tender tales
Of lonely cots, retreats in silent vales
For maids forsaken and suspected wives,
Against whose peace some foe his plot contrives;
With all the hidden schemes that none can clear
Till the last book, and then the ghosts appear.
I read all plays that on the boards succeed,
And all the works that ladies ever read-
Shakspeare and all the rest,-I did indeed!
Ay, you may stare; but, sir, believe it true
That we can read and learn, as well as you.
I would not boast-but I could act a scene
In any play, before I was fifteen.
Nor is this all, for many are the times
I read in Pope and Milton, prose and rhymes;
They were our lessons, and at ten years old
I could repeat—but now enough is told.
Sir, I can tell you I my mind applied
To all my studies, and was not denied
Praise for my progress.-Are you satisfied ?"

“Entirely, madam! else were I possessed By a strong spirit who could never rest. Yes, yes, no more I question-here I close The theme forever_let us to repose." 1817–18.







SAMUEL BUTLER (1) HUDIBRAS. “Written in the Time of the Late Wars.”—Title-page of the 1674 edition. Canto I. 1-14, 65-90, 119–26, 187–228. The title may have been taken from Spenser's Faerie Queene, II. ii. st. 17, 37, where the knight Huddibras perhaps stands for the Puritans. The Grub Street Journal, in 1731, derived the name from Hugh de Bras, the patron saint of Devonshire, the home of Colonel Rolls, supposed by some to be the original of Hudibras; it is more probable, however, that the original was Sir Samuel Luke. of Bedfordshire, a rigid Presbyterian and a colonel in the Parliamentary army, with whom Butler lived for some time (see "Hudibras,” I. 1. 905-8). (10. long-eared: a reference to the short hair of the “Roundheads,” which made their ears more conspicuous, and doubtless also to the genus asinus. (13. Sir Knight: Hudibras. 1 30. mood and figure: in scholastic logic, syllogisms—or arguments by the use of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusionwere classified according to their mood and figure, or form.

(2) 42. Tycho Brahe: a great Danish astronomer (1546-1601). Erra Pater: a nickname (said to be derived from a Jewish astrologer), here applied probably to William Lilly (1602-81), a famous English astrologer. 51. true blue: “Genuine, lasting blue, blue being taken as a type of constancy; .... unwavering, stanch; specifically applied to the Scotch Presbyterians or Whig party in the seventeenth century, from the color (blue) adopted by the Covenanters in contradistinction to the royal red.”The Century Dictionary. 1 53. errant=wandering (Latin “errare,” to go about, to wander); cf. “knight errant.' 1 54. the true Church Militant: the Church Militant, in contrast to the Church Triumphant in heaven, is the church fighting against sin in this world; the next lines show that Butler is using “militant" in its literal sense and referring to the Presbyterians' part in the civil war.

(3) 73, 74. In opposition to the spirit of merry-making encouraged by the English Church, the Presbyterians fasted on Christmas and other festivals. 1 86. The Presbyterians and Puritans were accused of being secretly given to the creature comforts which they publicly denounced: “Sir John Birkenhead queries whether Mr. Peters did justly preach against Christmas pies the same day that he eat two minced pies for his dinner.”—Grey's note.

CHARLES SACKVILLE, EARL OF DORSET (4) SONG. Sub-heading, “Written at sea, in the first Dutch war (1665), the night before an engagement.” 129. Opdam: the Dutch admiral. 132. Goree: a district on the

Dutch coast.

(5) 38. vapour=boast. 144. main: a hand, or throw, at dice (Latin "manus, hand). 145. ombre: a game at cards; see Pope's “Rape of the Lock,” III. 25 ff. (p. 97).

(6) ON A LADY Who FANCIED HERSELF A BEAUTY. 17. blackguard: the term was used of vagrant city boys, who ran errands, carried torches to light passengers along the dark streets, etc. 18. link=torch.

JOHN WILMOT, EARL OF ROCHESTER (10) A SONG. 16. fantastic=controlled by fantasy, capricious.


(11) 8, 9. It was formerly believed that at the winter solstice the halcyon, or kingfisher, laid its eggs in nests floating on the sea and that the sea was then calm for a fortnight.

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