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A handsome face first led him to suppose
Once he expressed a doubt if she could look
You read, you say—what your attainments are."
Where the huge picture nodded from the wall
“Entirely, madam! else were I possessed By a strong spirit who could never rest. Yes, yes, no more I question-here I close The theme forever_let us to repose." 1817–18.
SAMUEL BUTLER (1) HUDIBRAS. “Written in the Time of the Late Wars.”—Title-page of the 1674 edition. Canto I. 1-14, 65-90, 119–26, 187–228. The title may have been taken from Spenser's Faerie Queene, II. ii. st. 17, 37, where the knight Huddibras perhaps stands for the Puritans. The Grub Street Journal, in 1731, derived the name from Hugh de Bras, the patron saint of Devonshire, the home of Colonel Rolls, supposed by some to be the original of Hudibras; it is more probable, however, that the original was Sir Samuel Luke. of Bedfordshire, a rigid Presbyterian and a colonel in the Parliamentary army, with whom Butler lived for some time (see "Hudibras,” I. 1. 905-8). (10. long-eared: a reference to the short hair of the “Roundheads,” which made their ears more conspicuous, and doubtless also to the genus asinus. (13. Sir Knight: Hudibras. 1 30. mood and figure: in scholastic logic, syllogisms—or arguments by the use of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusionwere classified according to their mood and figure, or form.
(2) 42. Tycho Brahe: a great Danish astronomer (1546-1601). Erra Pater: a nickname (said to be derived from a Jewish astrologer), here applied probably to William Lilly (1602-81), a famous English astrologer. 51. true blue: “Genuine, lasting blue, blue being taken as a type of constancy; .... unwavering, stanch; specifically applied to the Scotch Presbyterians or Whig party in the seventeenth century, from the color (blue) adopted by the Covenanters in contradistinction to the royal red.”—The Century Dictionary. 1 53. errant=wandering (Latin “errare,” to go about, to wander); cf. “knight errant.' 1 54. the true Church Militant: the Church Militant, in contrast to the Church Triumphant in heaven, is the church fighting against sin in this world; the next lines show that Butler is using “militant" in its literal sense and referring to the Presbyterians' part in the civil war.
(3) 73, 74. In opposition to the spirit of merry-making encouraged by the English Church, the Presbyterians fasted on Christmas and other festivals. 1 86. The Presbyterians and Puritans were accused of being secretly given to the creature comforts which they publicly denounced: “Sir John Birkenhead queries whether Mr. Peters did justly preach against Christmas pies the same day that he eat two minced pies for his dinner.”—Grey's note.
CHARLES SACKVILLE, EARL OF DORSET (4) SONG. Sub-heading, “Written at sea, in the first Dutch war (1665), the night before an engagement.” 129. Opdam: the Dutch admiral. 132. Goree: a district on the
(5) 38. vapour=boast. 144. main: a hand, or throw, at dice (Latin "manus, hand). 145. ombre: a game at cards; see Pope's “Rape of the Lock,” III. 25 ff. (p. 97).
(6) ON A LADY Who FANCIED HERSELF A BEAUTY. 17. blackguard: the term was used of vagrant city boys, who ran errands, carried torches to light passengers along the dark streets, etc. 18. link=torch.
JOHN WILMOT, EARL OF ROCHESTER (10) A SONG. 16. fantastic=controlled by fantasy, capricious.
JOHN OLDHAM (10) TO THE MEMORY OF MR. CHARLES MORWENT. Stanza 21.
(11) 8, 9. It was formerly believed that at the winter solstice the halcyon, or kingfisher, laid its eggs in nests floating on the sea and that the sea was then calm for a fortnight.