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£ S£ s.f£ s.f£ s. s. £ s. £ 5.1£ s. £ s.f£ s. £ s. £ s. £ s. s.l£ s. £ s. £ s. Greenhithe or Long Reach .. 9 130 171 11 51 91 13 1 18 2 3 2 9 2 15 3 2 3

61

3 11 4 6 4 18 5 10 Erith

..JO 15 II 5 1 101 152 02 51 2 11 2 17 3 4 3 11 4 1 4 11 5 5 5 19 6 17 7 15
Woolwich or Blackwall

01 61 121 162 4 2 10 2 16 3 4 3 11 3 19 4 7 4 19 5 116 117 118 16 10
Gravesend Reach and vice, Moorings, London Docks, City
versa ......

Canal, or St. Kath.'s Docks 1 41 III 18 2 52 12 2 19 3 6 3 14 4 2 4 11 5 0 5 15 6 10 7 15 9 O IO TO12
Sheerness, Stangate Creek, or
Blackstakes

2 102 153 03 43 10 3 154 0 4 7 4 14 5 4 5 14 6 6 6 18 7 13 8 8 9 610
Chatham

12 18 3 33 8 3 13 3 184 34 81 4 15 5 2 5 126 2 6 17 7 12 8 5 9 810 811 8
Woolwich or Blackwall. O 171

Or 31 61 121 182 41 2 1 2 3 0 391 3 18 4 8 4 18 5 16 6 147 148 14
Moorings, London Docks, City
Greenhithe, or Long Reach, Canal, or St. Kath.'s Docks 1 31 6191 142 2 2 10 2 18 3 6 3 14 4 3 4 12 5

II
and vice versa

6 8 11 9 16
Sheerness, Stangate Creek, or

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Blackstakes

2 183 13
43 713 144 14 8 4 15 5 2 5 10 5 18 6 8 6 18

7 13
8 8

9
Chatham
3 63 93 12 3 154 34 11 4 19 5 7 5 13 6 3 6 13 7 8 8

3 14 9 4 10 19 IT 19
Moorings, London Docks, City
Woclwich, or Blackwall, and
Canal, or St. Kath.'s Dockso 171
01 31 6191 121 15 I 18 2

2 61 2 10
2 141 2 18

3

2 3 6 3 10 3 14
vice versz

Sheerness, Stangate Creek, or
Blackstakes
3 63 10 3 143 18 4 2 4 10 4 18 5 8

5 18 6 10 7 2 7 14 8 5 8 14 10 TO IT 1513 0
Chatham
3 14 3 174 04 34 114 1915 7 5 17 6 7 6 1917 118 5 8 14 9 411

513 IO
Chatham

Sheerness, Stangate Creek, or
Blackstakes

1.15l18/2
112 412 11 2 1813 51 3 12 3 1914

6 ols 71.514/6 zlou, i 5

610 4

2

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dt, to be regulated as follows, viz., for zin and under no addition, for more than zin and under gin, the medium between the
two rates, for gin and upwards, the rate for the next foot. For removing a ship or vessel from moorings into a dry or wet
dock, or from one part of the river situated above Blackwall to another part of the river so situated, for a ship under 300
tons 15), of 300 to 600, 21/, of 600 to 1,000, 31/6, above 1,000, 42). In the Thames above Gravesend, for a boat of a class
carrying an anchor of above 4 cwt with a corresponding tow-line 42), for a boat of a class carrying an anchor of above 2 cwt,
21!, for a boat of a class carrying an anchor under 2 cwt, 15). Per trip for the whole distance from Gravesend to London,
and in proportion for any part of that distance, and for each man's service in those boats 8/ tide.

Towage.-As per agreement.

Officials.-Sec. to Thames Conservancy, J. H. Gough ; Harb. Masters-London, Capt. L. Bowen; Charlton, Commr.,
T. Fitzgerald, R N.; Gravesend, Capt. R. Marsden ; Controller-Gen. H.M. Cust., J. J. Weir; Coll. H.M. Cust., H.
Lindsay.

PARTICULARS OF VARIOUS DOCKS IN LONDON.
B.-Blackwall. L.-Limehouse. THW.-Trinity High Water.

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Ş B45 (L36 SB38 | L 36

55

Ş B162B241 (B20

L1501|L22 (1171
s B160 S B212 (B18
(L151 L18 (L13

27

231 25

213 155

no lock

22

Now under the London and India Docks Joint Comniittee.

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East

&
West
India
Dks. Co.,

Ld.

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West India Export...
South-West India.
Junction Dock.
River Entrance.
Black wall Basin.
River Entrance.
South Dock Basin.
South Dock, River En. B.
Do.

L.
East India Import....

Do. Export.

Do. Basin.
Upper River Entrance...
Lower Do
Collier Do.
Tilbury Tidal Basin.

Do. Main Dock.
Millwall..
Albion.
Basin.
Canada.
Island..
Stave
Russia.
South.
Greenland.
Norway
Lady.
Timber Ponds.

64

311 21 1 211

100

100

47 5 2105 24 IO 5

31

11
53

20
172
300

45
23
555 45

26

Mil. Dock
450 28
11)

Co., Ld.
23 SURREY COMMERCIAL DOCKS.
15. There are fourriver entrancesto these Docks, viz.
3}
Name.
Length. Width.

Depth
on sill.

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THE LONDON & INDIA Docks Joint COMMITTEE, under the London & St. Katharine and East and West India Docks Act, 1888, are now working the undertakings of both the London and St. Katharine's, and the East and West India Docks.

THE LONDON & ST. KATHARINE DOCKS. In addition to the above docks, an extensive railway depôt in East Smithfield (in connection with the docks); and the Cutler-street warehouses, in Houndsditch and Bishopsgate, City. The St. Katharine Docks adjoin the London Docks. Both these docks have large warehouses and sheds specially adapted for housing, working, and showing wool, tea, coffee, indigo, cigars and manufactured tobacco, dried fruits, sugar, four, ivory, spices, bark, gums, metals, drugs, cotton, bacon, &c. The vaults beneath the

warehouses hold about 65,000 pipes of wine, 10,000 puncheons of spirit, 6,500 tons of oil, 50,000 hogsheads of brandy, 8,000 puncheons of rum. The Royal Victoria Docks are just below Blackwall. The Royal Albert Docks are a prolongation of the Royal Victoria Docks, with which they are connected by a short passage, Soft long. The two docks are together 2 m long; The new deep-water entrance to the Royal Albert Docks, which provides a third means of access to the docks, where vessels of large size may lie, is 55oft long by Soft wide, and has 36st of water, allowing margin for the largest draught merchant vessels afloat, and there is also extensive wharfage accn., and a large landing-stage upwards of 1,00oft long These docks are in direct communication with the London and St. Katharine's Docks and all the different railways. In the Royal Victoria Dock is special accommodation for receiving and storing Australian and New Zealand sheep and American beef and mutton in refrigerating chambers capable of holding 60,000 carcases at a time. Special facilities also for landing and storing grain. Extensive shed accn. Docks are lighted by electric light, and afford accn. for the largest vessels. In the Albert Docks are two dry docks, one 502st. in length, the other 410ft. The Gallions Hotel (Albert Dock) is the property of the Dock Co. The Railway Depôt, East Smithfield, connected with the docks by frequent trains. Here goods are distributed for the warehouses, for London, and for all parts of the kingdom. The Cutler-street warehouses occupy four acres in the centre of the City, and are largely used for the storage of valuable property. There are cranes of the most approved type provided throughout the entire system of docks, and there is also a Hoating steam crane capable of listing 30 tons, available for service at any part of the docks; together with shear-legs, worked by steam, to lift heavy weights up to 60 tons, and a hydraulic crane to lift about 15 tons. The charges of The LONDON & ST. KATHARINE Docks Co. and the EAST AND West INDIA Dock Co. include so many different classifications and special descriptions that space does not allow a record of them. Indeed the same remark applies equally to the charges of all the London companies.

The EAST AND West INDIA Dock estate comprises the East India Docks at Blackwall, the West India Docks at Poplar, the Tilbury Docks opposite Gravesend, the Depot in Commercial-road, and the warehouse in Crutched Friars. The East India Docks and West India Docks (213 acres of land and 127 acres of water, with warehouse accommodation for 212,000 tons,) are in direct communication with all the principal railways. The crana ge power consists of 222 hydraulic and 19 steam cranes--also of two floating derricks (listing power 20 and 30 tons respectively). At the West India Docks there is extensive accommodation for the timber trade and frozen meat business, also a depôt for wines and spirits (storage capacity 40,000 puncheons). The docks at Tilbury, about 20 miles from London Bridge, in direct communication with all the principal railw.nys, comprise a tidal basin and inner docks, and some 450 acres of land. The quays of the vidal basin (water area 19 acres; depth from 4511 HWST. to about 26st LWST.) are filled with sheds and cranes for the discharge and loading of baggage and cargo. At the NW. quay there is a large business in transhipment and other goods to and irom the Continent. On the SW. side of the basin a

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coaling jetty with hydraulic cranes is provided for the discharge of coal from colliers into barges or railway trucks. A large hotel, fitted with all the most recent improvements and lighted by electricity, stands on the river bank within 100yds of the entrance and the baggage warehouse. The lock leading from the basin to the inner docks is Soft wide and 700ft long. Parallel with the lock are 4 dry docks, which can be entered from either the basin or inner docks, the two larger (width 70ft, depth on sill 35ft) and the two smaller dry docks (width 6oft, depth on sill 27st) have a length which can be varied (by means of movable caissons) from 400 to 550ft. The inner docks (depth 38ft) consist of a main dock (1,00ost long, boost wide) and three branch docks (1,600st long. 300ft wide). The quays of these docks (1,300 ft in lengih) are fitted with 24 sheds (each 30oft long and 120ft wide), with lines of rail in front and at the back of each shed. The cranage power consists of some 60 movable hydraulic cranes and leads, and a floating derrick capable of lifting 50 tons. Electric light is employed throughout the whole dock system.

Officials.- Joint Committee : Managers, H. W. Williams and E. H. Baily ; Secretary, II. J. Morgan. London and St, Katharine's Dock Company : Secretary, S. J. Becher. East and West India Dock Company: Secretary, J. G Broodbank. Superintendents : G. Cox (London and St. Katharine Docks), T. Beck (East and West India Docks), W. Walker (Royal Victoria Dock), C. H. W. Haynes (Royal Albert Dock), R. Adams (Tilbury Dock), A. Champ (Town Warehouses) : Chief Engineer, R. Carr; Dock Masters, Captain J. H. Duckham (East Intia Dock); Capt. W. E. Dove (West India Dock); Capt. T. F. E. Ayles (Tilbury Dock); Capt. G. D. Taylor (London Dock): Capt. Irvine Ross (St. Katharine's Dock); Capt. C. Hogg (Royal Victoria Dock); Capt. G. B. Linch (Royal Albert Dock).

Chief Office, Dock House, 109, Leadenhall Street, E.C.

THE SURREY COMMERCIAL Docks occupy nearly the whole of a peninsula in the Thames, between the Lower Pool and Limehouse Reach. The principal trade of these docks is in limber, grain, and seed. There are sheds for the storage of prepared wood goods covering about 20 acres, and granary accommodation for 300,000 qrs.

The area of piling ground for the storage of wood cargoes is 222 acres. The length of the quayage available for use by vessels is about 5 miles. The Surrey Canal--the property of the Dock Company—which is over 4 miles in extent, and has an area of about 40 acres, runs from the docks at Rotherhithe to Camberwell, with a branch to Peckham. The docks are in communication with the L.B. & S.C. Ry., on the south of the Thames, and with the various railways on the north of the river. Charges.-Tonnage rates on steamers and sailing vessels vary from 3d to 1/ reg. ton. for dues, and hd to id reg. ton for rent per week. Special rates for vessels wholly grain laden, and various exceptions and special rates.

Officials.-Sec., J. Griffin ; Supt., S. Brownfield ; Engineer, J. A. McConnochie ; Dock Master, Capt. Welch.

Chief Office, Dock House, 106, Fenchurch-st., E.C.

The MILLWALL Docks are smuate on the Isle of Dogs, imme. diately south of the West India Docks. Land entrance from the Millwall Dock Station of the N.L. & B. Rys. River entrance from Limehouse Reach, just opposite the New (or South) Dock of the Surrey Commercial Dock Company and about two-thirds of

a mile south of the entrance to the South West India Dock. The entrance lock is 450ft long and soft wide, depth on sill, 28ft below Trinity H.W.M. It is crossed by the ferry road, opening on to the outer dock, which occupies the whole of the shorter, and about a. third of the longer limb. The docks are in the form of the rather narrow gnomon of a parallelogram, about 8ooyds x Gooyds. The longer arm, running north and south, is 350ft wide, and the shorter arm, which runs east and west, also 350ft wide. The whole system covers about 204 acres—36 of water and 168 of land. The capacity of the docks is stated at “about 100,000 tons gross register." The docks are in communication with all the principal railway companies north of the Thames. The principal business is with steamers, chiefly to and from European and American ports. The chief Imports are grain and timber.

Officials.-Gen. Man., G. R. Birt; Sec., H. J. Robinson ; Supts. (outdoor), J. Campbell, (indoor) J. S. Wood; Dock Master, Capt. D. Home.

Offices, Dock House, 1, Railway Place, Fenchurch-st., E.C. LONDONDERRY, Ulster. On the river Foyle, 23 miles

from the sea. Lat. 55° 1' N ; long. 7° 18' W. Pop. 28,497. Auth, Port and Harbour Commissioners, under Acts 17 and 18 Vict., c. 177; 37 and 38 Vict. c. 49, and 45 and 46 Vict., C. 142. P. C. THW. f. and c. 8h im; Sp. rise 7}ft; Ñ. rise 6st. D. The channel winds towards Derry, with a depth of about 16ft, deeping as the town is neared from 3 and 4 to 6 and 7 fathoms near the S. end of the city. Rys. B. & N.C., G.N.R. & L. & L.S.R. Tr.-I. Timber, grain, iron, coal, flax, seed, flour, and guano; E. Principally agricultural produce. Accn. Harbour is large and commodious; the quay-side extends for about two miles along the river ; vessels may anchor anywhere in front of the town ready for hauling alongside the quays. There is a graving dock 305 ft long (on foor), 50 feet wide at entrance, depth of water HWST. 1511 6in; NT. 13ft. Large vessels lighten off Quigley's before proceeding to Derry. One 60-ton crane, one 5-ton, and one 1-ton.

Charges.-Tonnage rates vary from fd to gd ton.

Pilotage.—District. From one mile outside or seaward of the North-east Buoy on the Tuns Bank to Bridge at Londonderry. Rates per vessel. Inwards :-7ft and under, 14), 7ft and under 8ft, 21, 8ft and under gft, 2/2, 9st and under roft, 2/4, roft and under Lift, 2/8, nift and under 12ft, 3), 12ft and under 13ft, 3/4, 13ft and under 14st, 3/8, 14ft and under 15ft, 4/, 15ft and upwards 4/4 foot, and inches in proportion. Outwards :--7ft and under, 10/6, 7ft and under 8ft, 1/6, 8ft and under gft, 1/9, 9ft and under rost, 2), soft and under uift, 2/3, rist and under 12ft, 2/6, 12st and under 13ft, 2/9, 13ft and under 14ft, 3), 14ft and under 15ft 3/3, 15ft and upwards 3/6 foot, and inches in proportion. Vessels of 40 tons register and under, when sailing in ballast, free. Vessels of 30 tons burthen per register and under, pay 10/ inward, and 6/ outward ; above 30 tons and not exceeding 40 tons, it bound coastwise sailing in ballast 61 outwards; windbound vessels half pilotage in and half pilotage out, to or from Moville or Quigley's Point. All vessels laden with bark under 120 tons, pay 6d foot extra pilot. age ; 120 tons and not ex. 150 tons 9d; exceeding 150 tonsil foot extra. All ships from, or if bound to, foreign ports having on board half their reg: tonnage of cargo, or with passengers to pay 4d foot pilotage, in addition to the above rates. Yessels

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