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HARTLE G. Berry & Son, 63, Church-st., W. Hartlepool In Dock available or at sea. POOLS. A. Harris, 3, Church-street,

Emerson, 5, George-street, HUMBER B. Cooke & Son, 44, Saville-street, Hull. In River, White Boote Rds., DISTRIOT./Castle & Pagan, Commercial-road.

Grimsby Rds., or at sea. Newton Brothers, Princes Dock,

Weather or ship's draught W. T. Parrott, Albert Dock,

renders tug necessary. LIVERPOOL. T. Bassnett & Co., 10, Bath-street, Liverpool. In River or any Dock avail. J. Bruce & Son, 26, Wapping,

able. The outer walls of Chadburn & Son, Waterloo road,

the Docks were marked Frodsham & Keen, St. George's-crescent ,, about 1968 with the de. Graham & Parkes, 43, Canning-place

grees for vessels adjusting W. Gerrard, 25. South Castle-street,

in the River Allowance D. M'Gregor & Co., 72,

now to be made for the Sewill,

difference in variation. LONDON Bryer & Son, 104, Minories,

London. At Greenhithe. Three sets (THAMES

T. 'Hemsley & Son, King-st., Tower-bill, „ of Buoys placed by the
DISTRIOT). Henry Hughes & Son, 59, Fenchurch-st., | Thames Gonservancy.
J. Imray & Son, 89. Minories,

No charge for Buoys.
Lilley & Son, London-street,

Tug usually employed, but
D. M'Gregor & Co. 57, Fenchurch-st., , not always necessary.
Norie & Wilson, 156, Minories,
J.D. Potter, King-street, Tower-hill,
Dames Pyott, 74, W. India Dock-road,
Reynolds & Son, 32, Crutched Friars,
W. H. Rosser, 14, America-squart,

F.Wiggins & Sons, 10, King-st., Tower-hill ,,
MIDDLESBRO'. W. Pickering & Co., Docks, Middlesbro'. In River or at Sea.
NEWPORT. c. & E. Williams, 56, Dock-st., Newport, Mon. In Dock or in Newport Rds.
PLYMOUTH. F. Smith, 48, South-side-street, Plymouth. In the Sound or in Dock.
SOUTH J. B. Thomas, High-street, Southampton. In River, at Sea, or any
AMPTON. John Grose, 32, Oxford-street, »

place available. SUNDERLAND C. Hutchinson & Co., Norfolk-st., Sunderland. Generally at Sea, or in Dock J. Morton, Savill-place, East,

when weather is too heavy U. W. Plumb, Bridge-crescent, J. J. Wilson, 19, Hudson-road,

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cent,

SWANSEA.

B. R. Cousens, 20, Wind-street, Swansea. In any Dock available or in
J. Webber & Son, 104, Oxford-street, the Bay. Nocharges in Dock

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THE TYNE.

T. L. Ainsley, Mill Dam, South Shields. At sea off Tyne entrance.
IC,& W. Hutchinson, Corstorphinetown, „ | Bearings from objects on
J. Morton, Mill Dam,

shore, or by syn,
Wilson & Gillie, New Quay, North Shields.
W. H. Moralee, Union-street,
IG. Lowther, Quay, Newcastle-on-Tyne.

TABLE, Showing the dimensions of the Common Links; Weights and Scale

of Proofs for Chain Cables supplied for Her Majesty's Navy.

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ADMIRALTY CRANE CHAIN. Close linked for Rigging, Cranes, &c., extreme length of link not to

exceed 5 diam., and to be proved by a Proving Machine. in.

in. it diam. 304 ton | 7 diam.

21 t ds. 27. 22

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FORMULA FOR SAFE LOAD ON CHAINS (WORKING

LOAD).
D = Diam. in fths of an inch.

DEV
W=Safe Load in tons.

W=D3
Thus in fin. Chain,D=6
Then

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REMOVAL OF WRECKS. The “Wrecks Removal Act," 1877, gives powers to the Local Harbour Authority at every port to clear away any wreck forming an obstruction, in default of the owner's proceeding to do so, and to re-imburse itself from the sale of any materials recovered, either of the ship or of its cargo. Where there is no local authority, the lighting and buoying authority is to have jurisdiction, and the same powers of removal, re-imbursing itself in the same manner.

As, however, the expenses of recovery of the materials of an iron ship greatly exceed the value of the materials when recovered, certain of the principal harbour authorities have applied for, and have obtained, further powers, and the Thames and Humber Con. servancies, the Mersey Harbour Board, the Clyde Lighthouse Trust, and the Commissioners of Cork and of Waterford Harbours, have, with some others, power to enforce payment by the owners of a wrecked ship of all expenses incurred in the removal of the obstruction.

The “Wrecks Removal Act," 1887, has been amended by the "Wrecks Removal Amendment Act,” 1889, which extends the meaning of the word “obstruction" in the former Act.

In France, the measure of liability is now limited to the value of the ship and cargo. By abandonment of these the owner of a vessel wrecked in French waters escapes all further liability to the Government.

STANDING RULES FOR STEAM VESSELS AT SEA. Officer of the Watch to keep his look-out on the Bridge, not leaving it except when necessary. At night he will be careful to see, from time to time, that the side and masthead lights are burning brightly, and kept trimmed ; that the look-out man is at his post, and that the Ship is steered her course. Where an order book is not kept, the course given to be marked on the Log-slate (which should always be kept in the Chart-room), the Officer relieving to examine same before taking charge. The bearing of the North Star to be noted frequently and entered in the Log, with the direction of the Ship's head at the time of observation. Amplitudes never to be neglected. All courses given are by the Bridge or Standard Compass. The Officer in charge of the Deck to observe if any change or difference takes place between any or either of the Compasses, i.e., more than usual, if so, call the Master. Log to be hove every two hours, if Patent Log is towing it should be verified by common Log. Barometer registered every four hours, and to be frequently noted during unsettled weather. Masters and Officers are respectfully requested NEVER to forget the three L's--LATITUDE, LOOK-OUT, and LEAD. No Chart-room ought to be without Celestial Maps hung up.

The Master, when leaving the Deck for rest, shall see that Chart is on the table for the use of the Officer in charge, with instructions to be called on all occasions of doubt.

Pump wells to be sounded by Carpenter at 8 a.m. and at 8 p.m., and to be reported to Chief Officer who reports same to Captain previous to making eight bells; and wells to be sounded not less than once in four hours during bad weather, any unusual quantity of water to be reported to Captain and Engineer of watch. Carpenter to note soundings on the board (where one is kept) in addition to verbal report. Officer of the watch to report changes of weather, particularly so in cases of fog, heavy rains and haze, a large number of Ships, or anything unusual connected with the Ship, such as thick volumes of smoke going right ahead, so that the course may be altered if prudent to do so. Watch on deck to be kept round the wheel-house, so as to be ready for Officer's orders, and save him from leaving the Bridge to look for the hands.

Master, Officers, and Carpenter to see that all Steering Gear is in working order.

Chief Officer to see that the Forecastle is cleaned out at proper times; also to see the Winches are always in working order.

Carpenter to work all Sluice Valves once a week, and as a rule keep them closed at sea, except when wanted to run water to Engine-room.

Carpenter to look after all Tarpaulins and Wedges for Hatchway Battens, and during fine weather the ventilator covers are to be taken off, and one hatch from each hatchway, and to be closed again before dark. Chief Officer to see that the coal trimmers keep the grating on bunker holes, and put covers on every evening coming in dark; any neglect of this to be reported to the Chief Engineer.

The Ash Shoot is to be used for the purpose of keeping the Ship clean. GENERAL RULES TO BE OBSERVED ON BOARD

SHIP IN PORT OR AT ANCHOR. The Officer to see that the Anchor Lamp is burning brightly before leaving the deck. Deck never to be lelt without a look-out.

Chief Officer has general charge, and will see that a proper account of Cargo and Stores is kept both in taking in and discharging, and also see that the Carpenter looks at limbers, and sees that the pumps are all clean and tank cocks in working order, and all scuppers clear in 'tween decks before cargo is stowed there; the Chief Officer to see the Shackles of Chain Cables are in working order (White Lead will be found the best thing for this purpose). Wood Pins (American Elm is good for pins).

Second Officer, and also Third, will be under directions of Chief, either to tally cargo or to look after holds, and, if necessary, to keep a hold book. Ship never to be left without an Officer on board except in Harbour or Dock, and not then until the Watchman takes charge, and Watchman not to leave until one of the Officers come. ** Any suggestions for further information will be appreciated. JAS. HENDERSON, 45, West Sunnyside, Sunderland,

British Shipmasters' & Officers' Protection Society.

AIDS TO MEMORY, IN RHYME.

By THOMAS Gray, Assistant Secretary, Board of Trade. Two Steamships, When all three lights I see ahead,

Meeting. I port my helm and show my Red. Two Steamships/GREEN to Green or Red to RedPassing Clear. Perfect safety-go ahead !

Two Steamships Crossing. Note.-This is the position of greatest danger; there is nothing for it but good look-out, caution and judgment, with prompt action.

All ships must keep a good look-out, and steamships must stop and go astern if necessary.

If to my Starboard RED appear,
It is my duty to keep clear-
To act as judgment says is proper-
To Port-or Starboard--Back-or Stop her.
But when upon my Port is seen
A Steamer's Starboard light of Green,
There's naught for me to do but see
That GREEN to Port keeps clear of me.

SHIPPING ACTS.

DIGEST OF LAWS RELATING TO THE CARRIAGE OF
PASSENGERS BY SEA, WITH APPENDIX,

AS EMBRACED IN
THE PASSENGERS ACTS 1855 AND 1863."
VOYAGES FROM UNITED KINGDOM.

Title and Scope of Acts.
Section 1, Act 1855. Repeals Act of 1852.
Section 2, Act 1863. Commencement of Act 1863.
Section 13, Act 1863. Both Acts to be construed as one.
Section 2, Acts 1855 and 1863. Short title of Acts and reference.
Section 3, Act 1855. Definition and number and gender clause.
Section 3, Act 1863. Definition of " passenger ship.”

Section 4, Act 1855. Ships and voyages to which Acts extend and exemptions.

Section 4, Act 1863. Mail steamers not exempt.

Section 5, Act 1855. Penalty on fraudulently using certificate of exemption, or using fraudulent certificates.

Machinery for executing Act. Section 6, Act 1855. Board of Trade to carry Act into execution.

Section 7, Act 1855. Board of Trade may sue and be sued in the name of their Secretary or one of themselves, and to be exempt from personal liability.

Section 8, Act 1855. Board of Trade to appoint Emigration Officers and Assistants in the United Kingdom for purposes of Act. Governors to appoint in the Colonies.

Section 9, Act 1855. Duties of Emigration Officers to be per. formed by Officers of Customs in certain cases.

Section 10, Act 1855. Facilities to Emigration Officers to inspect any ship, whether passenger ship or not.

Sections II and 17, Acts 1855 and 1863. No passenger ship to be cleared without Emigration Officer's certificate that the requirements of the Act have been fulfilled, or without bond being given to the Crown.

Section 13, Acts 1853 and 1863. Passenger ship clearing out or sailing without obtaining Emigration Officer's certificate or giving bond to the Crown to be forfeited. Matters relating to Ship to be attended to before sailing, Number of

Passengers, Fittings, Stores, Surgeon, &c. Section 13, Act 1855. Passengers to be carried only on two decks. Cabin passengers may be carried in poop or deck house in addition, if their number does not exceed one to every 100 tons of the ship's reg. tonnage.

Section 14, Act 1855. Rules for determining number of passengers to be carried.

Section 5, Act 1863. Number of passengers to be limited only by space, and not by tonnage check.

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