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The commerce and navy of Belgium, 477 Tortugas, coast survey of,.

173
" Coolie traffic,..

275
harbors of the

20
“ cork trade,....
541 Traffic, the coolie,...

278
" cotton culture of China, 465 Trades and employments of France, 608
question,

..378, 479 Trade and navigation of France. ... 542
Supply Association of Man-

and navigation of Gt. Britain
chester,

470
in 1860,.

638
“ derelict Erin Go Bragh,.

305 and products of Siam,. 409
“ direct route to Liverpool,. 620 of Baltimore,..

131
drug trade for 1860,....
261 of California,

62
Drummond light,.

306 of France and England under
duty on coffee,

97
the new treaty,...

41
" French fisheries,.

95 of the Ottoman empire,.
international exhibition of 1862,

of Turkey,...

541
the coffee,

228
“ Ladrone Islands......

298
the cork,

541
lake trade,.....
540 the lake,...

540
light-house service of Gt. Britain, 395 with the west coast of Africa, 462
“ linen trade of Great Britain, 543

with Japan,..

95
" lumber trade of New-England,.. 639 with Thibet,

404
" Malta and Alexandria cable, 539 with Turkey,...

409
" masts of the Warrior,.... 400 Treasury decision on canary seed,.. 419
“ Mauve and Magenta colors,.... 316

on caustic soda,.. 421
new British law on bankruptcy

on hollow ware,.. 528
and insolvency,

591

on human hair,.. 420
new congressional apportionment, 283

on lake trade,... 540
" N, Y. Produce Exchange,. 516

on printed cotton
Clearing-House, report of, 157

handkerchiefs,. 629
“ oil seeds of commerce,..

460

on Swedish iron,. 423
“ Pacific Steam Navigation Co.,... 519

on tan'd calf-skins, 421
“ rail-road system of Mass... . 113

on tare on segars, 422
“ ratio of wages and profits,.. 629

on Tyrian dye,... 420
“ Russian Pacific telegraph,

on unmanufactur-
“ salt trade of the United States,.. 256

ed tobacco,... 420
“ Sandwich Islands,...

521

on window glass, 419
“ seal fishery of Labrador,

463

on woollen card.
sugar pines of the Sierras,. 402

cloth,.... 529
" tariff act of August, 1861,. 233

on yarns of the
" Texas and New-Orleans R. R.,.. 298

tow of flax,... 422
" tobacco trade of the U. S., ..... 544 Treaty between France and Italy,.. 526
treaty between France and Eng., 627

Turkey, 411
“ wild silk worms of India, 281

Gt. Brit. and

528
Thibet, trade with,.

404

and Japan, 275
Tides and currents, N. Y. harbor,... 167

Russia and China, . . 527
Timber, Canadian, for France,.... 316

U. S. and Japan,... 184
varieties for ship-building,. 383

and Denmark, 619
Tobacco, Baltimore trade of, 1841-

and Paragu'y, 195
1860,...

132 Troops, North, and South., health of, 610
exports of, 1821-1860,... 58 Troy and Greenfield R. R., hist. of,. 129
Kentucky and Virginia, 55, 635 Turkey, French treaty with,. 411
manufactured, 1856—1860, 56

the trade of,..

541
of U. S.,... 544
the trade with,.

409
prices of, N. Y., 1849–61, 151

treaty with Gt. Brit.,...94, 528
seed leaf,

57 | Turk's Island, new light-house at,... 91
trade for the year 1860,.. 04 Tyrian dye, duty on,.

420
1861,... 107

U
1860–61, 635
Toledo, exports of grain, 1859-1860, 673 United States Assay Office, N. Y.,
past, present and future of,. 660 operations of,...

273
receipts of grain, 1859-1860, 573 United States, Califor. gold, 1848–60, 67
Tolls on rail-roads, (law case,)...... 351

census of, 1826-'60,.. 77
" rate of, New-York canals, 145

congressional appor-
Tonnage and ship-building of N. Y., 178

tionment,...

283

534

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United States, cotton crop, growth Vessels, time signal for, in England, 312
and consumption of,

stranded, crews of...

307
cotton expt. of, 3, 6, 339, 497 Victoria, population of, .

609
497, 501 Vienna, money market of,.

646
cotton manufac, of,... 14 Virginia, coast survey of,..

170
export of breadstuffs

cotton crop of, 1858—261,. 498
and provisions,.... 269

statistics of manufactures, 144
ca export of drugs, 267

tobacco imports,1851—'60, 65
export of flour, wheat

vessels built in, 1860,..... 181

484 Vital statistics of England for 1860, 288
imports of drugs, 267

of Scotland

288
of dry goods,. 69
of salt,
259

W
of tea,

272

Wages in Eng. cotton mills, rates of, 12
manufactures of, 1850, 139
Warehouses, fire-proof,..

416
value of, 144

War risks on life insurance,.. 103
marine statistics,..... 25

307
mercantile marine of,: 449 Warrior, the masts of,

steamers, French,..

400
mint, receipts of Cali-

430
fornia gold,......: 67 Weight of cotton bale,..
Watertown and Rome Rail-Road,

...3, 8
patent law, amend. of, 489 Western Rail-Road of Mass., hist. of, 128
balt trade,...

256

W. Indies, cotton supply, 1806—'56, 3
ship-building,

179

weight of cotton bale of,
southern harbors of,. 17

Whalebone, prices of, New-York,
spindles of,..

14
1849_261,...

161
tariff, history of,.
503

485
vessels, sailed from

Wheat, foreign export of,

Whitney, Eli, invent. of cotton gin, 561
ports of,
182

17
Upland cotton, aver. weight per bale,

Wilmington, N. C., harbor of,..
9
Window glass, duty on,

419
price of, 1820—1860, 7
remarks on,.

Wine and liquor trade for 1860,.
337

206
Utah, statistics of manufactures,..

Wines, French,
144

consumption of,..... 412

prices of, 1856—1860,...47, 101
Value of manufactures of U. S.,.... 144

Wisconsin, statistics of manufactures, 144

vessels built in, 1860,... 181
Varnish, India rubber,.
496

280
Ventilation of ships,.

Wool, British trade in,...
611

history of, in United States,.. 136
Vermont, statistics of manufactures, 144

151
vessels built in, 1860,.... 181 Woollen card-cloth, duty on,;

prices of, 1849—'61,.....

528
Vessels built in United States from
1815 to 1860,..

179

Woollens, imports of, 1849–60,...69, 74
World, population of,.

287
confiscation of,.

526
disasters to, for 1859-1860, 28

Wright, Elizur, letter on war risks
on life insurance..

103
ent'd at port of N. Y., 1860, 180
from south'n ports, fines on, 423

Y
iron and wooden,.

393
plates for,..

316 Yachtmen, interesting to,...... 305
lost in 1860—'61,...

30 Yarn, prices of, 1816—1860,..
June and July, 1861, 630 | Yarns of the tow of flax, duty on,... 422

66

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Bound copies of Volume XLV., and of preceding volumes, will be furnished
to order, price three dollars each; or will be exchanged for Nos., at a charge of
fifty cents each, on application to the publisher, 61 and 63 William-street, N. Y.

JOIN W. AMERMAN, Printer, 47 Cedar Street, N. Y.

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I. VALUE OF BRITISH COTTON GOODB IN 1860.-II. PROGRESS OF THE COTTON MANUFACTURE FROM 1836 TO 1860.-III. COTTON TRADE OF GREAT BRITAIN AT Sıx DECENNIAL PERIODS, AND WEEKLY CONSUMPTION SINCE 1847.-IV. IMPORTS OF COTTON INTO GREAT BRITAIN, 18201859, FROM THE UNITED STATES, BRAZIL, MEDITERRANEAN, British East INDIES, BRITISH WEST INDIES, WITH THE ANNUAL AVERAGE PRICE OF UNITED STATES UPLANDS, BRAZIL AND EAST INDIA SURAT COTTON.-V. CAPACITY OF THE COTTON BALE.-VI. STOCK OF COTTON AT LIVERPOOL, 1844-1860.- VII. THE CHIEF MANUFACTURING COUNTRIES OF EUROPE COMPARED WITH THE UNITED STATES.–VIII. COTTON MANUFACTURE OF FRANCE.-IX. HOLLAND AND TIE NETHERLANDS.-X. LABOR AND WAGES IN ENGLAND.-XI. SPINDLES AND PRODUCTION IN THE UNITED STATES.-XII. EXPORTS OF COTTON MANUFACTURES FROM GREAT BRITAIN, AND AVERAGE PRICE OF Goods, 1815-1860.

I. VALUE OF BRITISH COTTON GOODS.

We have before expressed the opinion, that the value of British manufactured goods exceeds annually four hundred and fifty millions of dollars ; while the total cost of the raw material being only one hundred and fifty millions of dollars, (£34,550,000 sterling,) there is a resulting profit to England of three hundred millions of dollars, in round numbers. This is confirmed by a recent statement in URE's History of the Cotton Manufacture, (London, H. G. Bohn, 1861,) where it is stated :

“The total cotton manufacture for home and foreign use, according to Mr. Poole, (Statistics of British Commerce,) may be reasonably assumed at twice the value of the raw material consumed. And this assumption is borne out by the estimate given upon the authority of Messrs. Du Fay & Co., of Manchester. Hence, as we paid more than £30,000,000 for the raw cotton we consumed in 1859, this would give an aggregate value of £90,000,000 for the cotton manufacture at present, including the price of both raw material and finished products.

“ We know, from the official returns, that more than one-third of our entire exports in 1859 consisted of cotton. Besides which, there has to VOL. XLV.-NO. I.

1

be added the proportion of cotton which forms part of £12,000,000 more exported in the shape of mixed woollens, haberdashery, millinery, silks, apparel and slops. The home consumption of cottons, which a few years ago was calculated to average £25,000,000 annually, must have greatly increased, so as to bear a close approximation to the quantity exported, £48,000,000. The amount of actual capital invested in the cotton trade of the kingdom is believed to be now about £60,000,000 sterling."

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II. RAPID PROGRESS OF THE COTTON MANUFACTURE IN ENGLAND.

In the year 1846, only fifteen years ago, the total value of British manufactured cottons was only forty-four millions sterling; whereas, in 1860, the value is officially reported at £92,013,000. The growth of these manufactures since the year 1836 is shown in the following tabular statement;

VALUE OF THE HOME AND EXPORT TRADE IN British MANUFACTURED Cotton Goods,

1836-1860.

Years. 1836, 1837,. 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841,. 1842,. 1843, 1844, 1845,. 1846,. 1847, 1848, 1849,. 1850,

Com puted value
of the cotton

consumed.
£15,081,011

10,777,351
13,132,102
12,692,165
13,243,773
12,089,309
10,664,723
11,382,861
11,621,328
11,400,319
13,018,609
13,004,679
10,280,939
13,859,999
17,937,100
16,225,429
16,641,239
18,425,879
18,251,081
19,619,888
22,129,599
25,925,228
26,254,800
27,530,774
33,264,877

Declared value
of cotton manu-
factures ecc-

ported.
£ 24,632,058

20,596,123
24,147,726
24,550,375
24,668,618
23,599,478
21,679,348
23,447,971
25,805,348
26,119,331
25,599,826
23,333,225
22,681,200
26,775,138
28,257,401
30,088,836
29,878,087
32,712,902
31,745,857
34,779,141
38,232,741
39,073,420
43,001,322
48,208,444
52,013,482

Computed ralue
of home con-

sumption.
£19,059,600

15,505,018
20,970,133
11,951,943
24,948,037
16,244,807
15,510,963
19,822,940
17,060,290
20,868,763
18,974,766
13,113,489
16,422,693
16,666,441
17,569,591
18,210,520
21,278,107
22,860,293
23,348,190
19,957,379
18,842,111
21,084,283
17,385,712
28,164,770
40,000,000

Total value
of the British
cotton miinu-

facture.
£ 43,691,658

36,101,141
45,117,859
36,502,318
49,616,655
39,744,285
37,220,311
43,270,911
42,865,638
46,988,094
44,574,592
36,446,714
39,103,893
43,441,576
45,826,992
48,299,356
51,256,194
55,573,195
55,094,047
54,736,520
57,074,852
60,157,703
60,387,034
71,373,214
92,013,482

1851,..

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1852,. 1853, 1834,. 1855,. 1856,. 1857,.. 1838, 1859, 1860,

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