« EdellinenJatka »
The exports of domestic produce for the month of May are largely in excess of those of last year, and also exceeding those of any month of the current year.
We annex details for four years :
1861. Domestic produce, $ 4,262,789 $ 5,180,652 .. $5,812,190 $ 10,855,709 Foreign mdse., dutiable, 229,990. 426,002 248,270
567,872 do. free, 113,799 308,096 309,921
Total merchandise,.. $ 4,606,578 $ 5,914,750 Specie and bullion,.... 1,790,275 .. 11,421,032
$ 6,396,853 ..$ 17,335,782 ..$ 11,900,317 $ 11,732,595 The imports for the fiscal year are nominally large, but in reality small. The importations warehoused form a large part of the whole. The following is a summary for four years : Foreigy Imports At New-York For ELEVEN MontiS, ENDING MAY 31. 1858. 1859. 1860.
1861. Six months,.... $ 109,688,702 .. $ 91,082,433 .. $ 116,000,642 .. $ 120,542,384 January,..
8,105,719 19,447,962 21,756,273 26,827,411 February,
9,209,043 18,848,370 19,356,379 16,341,707 March,
11,729,702 20,820,456 23,580,126 18,204,351 April,
11,169,025 22,425,629 16,971,358 14,886,393 May,
11,454,703 23,552,646 16,893,151 14,949,281
Total 11 mos.,
161,356,894 $ 196,177,486 .. $ 214,557,929 .. $ 211,751,527 The cash duties received at the port were, for the first six months of the fiscal year, higher than last year or the previous one, and are second only to the large revenues of 1857. For the month of April the duties were only one-half the average per month; and for May were less than one-third.
Cash DUTIES RECEIVED AT NEW-YORK.
1861. Six months, ending Jan. 1, $ 15,387,618 49 $ 19,322,060 96 $ 17,637,802 21 In January,
3,478,471 38 3,899,166 17 2,059,202 33 February, 3,328,688 93 3,378,043 28
2,528,736 83 March,
3,164,011 25 3,477,545 74 2,489,926 25 April,
3,212,060 49 2,444,267 96 1,643,261 99 May,
3,014,520 39 2,466,462 76 979,145 00 Total eleven months,... $ 31,585,370 93 $ 34,987,546 87 .. $ 27,338,074 61
It is thought that an additional revenue of twenty-five millions can be secured by duty on four articles, viz. : Coffee,
180,000,000 pounds, 5 cents, $ 9,000,000 Tea,
4,500,000 Foreign sugar, 700,000,000
14,000,000 Molasses, 30,000,000 gallons,
1,200,000 The duties levied on tea from 1816 to 1832 were as follows:
1832. Imperial, per lb., 50 cents.
Free. Hyson Skin,
The loans required for the general government form a prominent topic of discourse among merchants in this city. The present market rates for the five and six per cents are lower than for many years. The lowest price in the month of May for the six per cents of 1868 was 80; and the highest, 95. For the five per cents, the range was 754 @ 79. Some modifications of the tariff will be necessary in view of the urgent wants of the treasury. Tea, coffee and sugar will probably be taxed. The highest duty yet levied upon coffee was five cents per pound, and on sugar also five cents per pound. On tea the duty has reached fifty cents per pound.
Besides the proposed and probable loans to the general government, the States are in the market for several loans, viz. : Pennsylvania State five per cent. loan, taken,..
$3,000,000 Indiana State six per cent. loan, June 22, .
1,500,000 Illinois State six per cent. loan, June 25,..
1,000,000 Michigan State seven per cent. loan, repayable 1886,.. 500,000 Iowa State seven per cent. loan, repayable 1881,...
400,000 The exports of breadstuffs to Europe continue large. We annex a summary of the export to Great Britain and Ireland, from September 1, 1860: From
Bil8. Flour. Bul&. C. Jeal. Bush. Wheat. Bush. Corn. New-York, June 14, 1861, 1,401,946 2,5:32 15,217,625 5,951,478 New-Orleans, May 31,
66,767 1,464,267 Philadelphia, June 6,
1,214,474 641,709 Baltimore,
937,670 831,007 Boston,
14,100 Other ports, May 31,
2,104,026 15,451 Total,.....
2,072,501 3,682 19,553,594 8,918,012 To about same period, 1860, 321,392
1,335,056 1,601,131 1859, 85,813
415,800 332,714 1858, 1,027,899 140
5,053,324 3,165,533 TO THE CONTINENT.
Bols. Flour. Bush, Wheat, Bush. Corn. Bush. Rye. From New York, to June 4, 1861,.. 43,363 1,077,626 41,023 70,861 From other ports, to latest dates,... 7,792
9,073 3,042 From the monthly circular of Messrs. SAWYER, WALLACE & Co., of New-York, we extract the following summary of current prices of tobacco, compared with previous years : TOBACCO.
1858. Planters' lugs,
4 @ 51 4 @4} 54 @ 6 17 @ 71 Common to medium leaf, 6 @ 9
@ 84 6$ @ 8!
@ 10 Good to fine leaf,..... 9 @ 11
9 @ 10 9 @ 11 105 @ 12 Choice selections,. 11 W 13 104 @ 12 111 @ 127 12 @ 13
MONTHLY STATEMENT OF STOCK OF TOBACCO.
Ohio. Total Md. On hand, May 1st, 1861,. 13,709
4,707 Received since,. 3,381
3,604 Delivered since,.. 2,733
2,803 On hand, June 1st, 1861,.... 14,357
15,508 1861. 1860.
1858. Stock in Liverpool, June 1,.. 17,140
10,715 6,937 in London, May 1,.... 18,913
8,462 in Bremen, May 1,.... 8,856
3,793 in N. Orleans, May 25, 17,937
26,481 35,748 in Baltimore, May 25,.. 12,728
24,521 11,502 in New-York, June 1,... 15,508
THE BOOK TRADE.
1. Commentaries upon International Lav. By Robert PHILLIMORE, M. P., of the
College of Advocates and of the Middle Temple. Author of “The Law of Domicil.” 3 vols. 8vo. T. & J. W. Jousson, Philadelphia.
The subject of International Law has assumed fresh importance in the present year, in consequence of the new complications arising from the attempted secession of the Southern States. The foreign relations of the country are seriously disturbed by the temporary and forcible obstruction of the laws of the general government at the South. The law of blockade, at all times, is one of the most interesting ques. tions which affect the intercourse of maritime nations with each other. It is of peculiar importance at this moment, because it affects the foreign and domestic trade of the United States, and threatens to disturb the harmony hitherto existing between this government and European nations. The question of blockade, and the position assumed by the executive in our commercial intercourse with foreign countries, have given rise to animated debates in the British Parliament. Hence the fresh interest felt in works on International Law.
We have had for some years the elaborate works of Chancellor Kent on American Law; Mr. HENRY WHEATON's reliable Treatise on International Law; Mr. DANIEL Gardner's Elements of American Law; the valuable Commentaries on International Law by President Woolsey, of Yale College-all of which claim a place in the public and private libraries of the country. The Commentaries by Mr. PuiLLIMORE cover more ground than either of the works named, in reference to the ancient and modern law of international intercourse, rights and obligations. The author is known to scholars as a member of the College of Advocates, and also of the Middle Temple, London; and as the author of a treatise on the Law of Domicil. lle says, very truly, that international jurisprudence has received, since the civilization of mankind, and especially since the introduction of Christianity, continued culture and improvement; "and it has slowly acquired, in great measure and on many subjects, tho certainty and precision of positive law.” The value of Mr. Phillimore's work is enhanced by a prefatory chapter on the state of International Law before the Christian Era; the Era of GrotICS; from the Peace of Westphalia, 1648, to the Treaty of Utrecht, 1713; the interval thence to the Treaty of Paris, 1763; thence to the French revolution, 1789; and again, up to the middle of the present century, with an elaborate history of international jurisprudence in England.
He gives a critical review of the writings on international law of Zorci, STOWELL, Valin, Domat, PothieR, VATTEL, Grotius, BYNKERSHOEK, PUFFENDORF, HEINECCIUS, LEIBNITZ, WOLFF, Story, Wheatoy and Kent.
The leading chapters of the work are devoted to—I. Foundations of International Jurisprudence. II. Sources of International Law. III. Consent of Nations. IV. Subjects of International Law. V. Objects of International Law. VI. Rights of Independence and Equality. VII. Central America. VIII. Self-Preservation. IX. Free Development of National Resources by Commerce. X. Slaves and Slave Trade. XI. Jurisdiction, Pirates, Extradition. XII. Principle of Intervention, Reprisals, Embargo, War, Neutrals, Colonial and Coasting Trade, Blockade, Contraband, Right of Search, Right of Capture, Tribunals of Prize.
The appendix to the work is very full of documents relating to England, France and Spain, Spanish American Provinces, branches of foreign municipal law, interpretation of treaties, right of sovereigns, embassies, consuls. In fact, no public library, no professional library, would be complete without this elaborate and thorough work of Mr. PHILLIMORE. The references to American decisions and cases add to its high value. 2. General Index to the English Common Law Reports. Second Edition. 2 vols.
By GEORGE W. Biddle and Richard C. McMurtrie. Philadelphia: T. & J. W. Johnson & Co., Publishers.
We are much pleased to see a second edition of this valuable work. The large number of volumes of the American reprint of the “ English Common Law Reports," issued since the former edition of the Digest, have rendered these volumes extremely necessary. To every one a collection of decisions must be almost a sealed book for all practical purposes, until its pages are opened by means of a carefully prepared index of the points decided. This Digest thus opens to us, and furnishes the means of using, to advantage, the amount of learning contained in these Common Law Reports. We take especial pleasure, therefore, in calling attention to the work, believing this series of reports to be of the greatest value to all who would clearly understand the principles upon which all our laws are based. Even on points where our statutes have changed the common law, it is necessary for us to study English decisions, so that we may know the supposed evil the statute was intended to remedy; for only thus can we appreciate fully the object and effect of the statute. 3. Annual of Scientific Discovery; or, Year Book of Facts in Science and Art, for
1861, exhibiting the most important Discoveries and Improvements in Mechanics, Useful Arts, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Astronomy, Geology, Zoology, Botany, Mineralogy, Meteorology, Geography, Antiquities, dc. Together with Notes on the Progress of Science during the year 1860; a list of recent Scientific Publications ; Obituaries of Eminent Scientific Men, &c. Edited by David A. WELLS, A, M. 1 vol. 12.no. pp. 424. Boston : Gould & Lincoln.
This is the twelfth successive issue of this Annual, each edited by Mr. Wells, and each published by Messrs. Gould & LINCOLN. The continued improvement and enlargement of the work from year to year is evidently owing to that increased circulation to which it is every way entitled; and the prosperous result of the enterprise reflects credit upon the ability and sagacity of both author and publishers. This issue is embellished with a portrait of AUGUSTUS A. Gould, and presents a complete compend of the progress of science during the past year. The style and arrangement of this work are excellent, inviting the business man, as well as student, to an examination and perusal of its pages. The articles are generally short, pithy, relieved of unnecessary technical terms. The divisions of subjects are proportionate; and there is a full index, which is too often omitted from such publications. 4. A History of the Destruction of His Britannic Majesty's Schooner Gaspee, on Nar
ragansett Bay, on the 10th June, 1772; accompanied by the Correspondence connected therewith; the Action of the General Assembly of Rhode Island thereon, and the Official Journal of the Proceedings of the Commission of Inquiry, appointed by King GEORGE the Third on the same. By Join Russell BARTLETT, Secretary of State. 1861. Imp. 8vo. Pp. 140. Providence: A. CRAWFORD GREENE, Printer
to the State. 5. The Works of Francis Bacon, Baron of Verulam, Viscount St. Albans, and Lord
High Chancellor of England. Collected and edited by JAMES SPEDDING, M. A., Trinity College, Cambridge, ROBERT LESLIE Ellis, M. A., late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and Docolas DENON HEATI, Barrister at Law, late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Vol. 15; being Vol. 5 of the Literary and Pro
fessional Works. 12mo. pp. 449. Brown & TAGGARD. 6. Quarterly Revievs. Messrs. LEONARD, Scott & Co. have promptly republished
the British Quarterly Reviews for April, 1861.
The Edinburgh Review, No. 230. CONTENTS.—I. Dixon's Personal History of Lord Bacox. II. The Republic of Andorre. III. Political Diaries-Lord AUCKLAND and Lord COLCHESTER. IV. Eton College. V. Remains of ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE. VI. Essays and Reviews. VII. Autobiography and Letters of Mrs. Piozzi, VIII. Fables. IX. Forbes' Iceland, X. Election of President LINCOLN, and its consequences. 7. The Semi-Attached Couple. By the Author of “The Semi-Detached IIouse.”
1 vol. 12mo. Boston: T. 0. II. P. BURNHAM.
One of the best novels we have had for a year. • The Semi-Detached House" was an excellent one, but this is better. The new volume has many characteristics which particularly commend it. Among others it is a scholarly work as regards style and composition ; another, it is intensely interesting, without being sensational or improbable; a third, the author's descriptions of English high life are evidently from actual experience and not romantic imagination ; and finally, the characters are drawn with the hand of a master, the descriptions in many instances being a keen and telling satire upon life, society and people we meet at the present day everywhere. As a sketch of English life in the higher classes, it is admirable and correct. As a work of fiction, it is one which can be read with both profit and pleasure. 8. Considerations on Representative Government. By John STUART Mill. London:
PARKER, Son & BOURN. 9. Ten Weeks in Japan. By the Bishop of Victoria, (Hong Kong.) London: Long
MAN, GREEN, LONGMAN & ROBERTS. 10. Free Trade in Gold; being a reply to the COBDEN-CHEVALIER treatise“ On the probable
fall in the value of Gold,” and an Exposition of the French schemes on the Currency
now maturing. RICHARDSON & Co., 23 Cornhill, London. 11. History of the Shoddy Trade. Price 1s. Being a lucid statement of every part of
that wonderful trade to the present time. By S. JUBB. London: IIoulston &
Wright. Manchester: J. HEYWOOD. 12. The Voyage of the Novara round the World. First volume just ready. The
Circumnavigation of the World, by the Austrian ship Novara. English edition. Containing an unpublished letter from Baron HUMBOLDT. With 400 wood engravings. Dedicated, by special permission, to Sir RODERICK Murcilison. London: SAUNDERS, OTLEY & Co., 50 Conduit-street.
RECENT OFFICIAL REPORTS RECEIVED AT THE OFFICE OF TUE JERCIANTS' MAGAZINE,
York. By A. H. STOUTENBURGII.
STOLTENBURGH. Second Annual Report of the Trustees of the Cooper Union for the Advancement of
Science and Art, 1861. Annual Report of the Baltimore Board of Trade for the year 1860–61. By GEORGE
U. Porter, Secretary. Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on Commerce and Navigation of the United
States, for the year ending June 30, 1860. By Salmox P. Chase, Secretary.
COMMERCE OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK.
Third Annual Report of the Chamber of Commerce of the State of New-York, for the
year 1860–61. 8vo. Pp. 340. Prepared by the Secretary, Mr. J. Suitu HOMANS.
This volume is filled with statistical materials of value to all who feel an interest in the commerce of the City and State of New-York. The volume opens with the proceedings of the Chamber for the year 1860, with a list of members at the close of the year, and a list of Presidents, Vice-Presidents, Secretaries and Treasurers from the establishment of the Chamber in 1768 to this date.
Then follow elaborate tables of imports and exports of every article, of the port of New-York and of the United States. 2. Imporis and exports of each State, each year, 1856—1860. 3. Real and personal property of the City of New York, and population, each year, 1826–1860. 4. Comparative population of each County in the State by each census, 1790 to 1860. 5. Commercial treaties of the year with all nations. 6. The harbors and rivers of the United States. 7. Comparative tariffs of 1842, 1846, 1857, 1861. 8. Annual report on the harbor of New-York.
Annual reports, with copious details, on Ashes; Assay Office; Banks, Banking, Savings Banks ; Boot, Shoe, Hide and Leather Trade; Breadstuffs and Provisions ; California Trade; Canals; China and Tea Trade; Clearing House; Coffee Trade : Cotton; Currants; Dry Goods; Drugs; Emigration; Fire, Life and Marine Insurance; Flour; Freights to Europe, &c.; Fruits; Gold and Silver; Hemp and Jute; Molasses and Sugar; Naval Stores; Rail-Roads of New-York; Rosin ; Rice; Salt; Saltpetre; Tallow; Tar; Tobacco; Wines and Liquors; Wool and other subjects.
* A few extra copies have been printed beyond those wanted for the use of the members. These copies can be had at two dollars each.