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selling, and Massachusetts and Pennsylvania one-eighth each. Sails are one-third from Massachusetts. Salt is one-half from New-York. Scales are one-half from Vermont. New-York leads in ship and boat building, Massachusetts, Maine and Maryland following in their order. Stoves are one-third from New-York. Refined sugar one-half from the same State, Missouri, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania ranking each about one-eighth. Tanneries are two-thirds in New York, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts. Manufactured tobacco is over one-third from Virginia, and one-tenth from New York, Pennsylvania and Kentucky each. New-Jersey leads in trunks and carpet bags. North Carolina has three-fourths of the turpentine. Pennsylvania is first in wigs and curls, and, with Massachusetts, manufactures three-fourths of the whips. White lead is from New-York. Locksmiths from Pennsylvania. New-York and Massachusetts produce two-thirds of the wire. Two-thirds of the wooden ware come from NewHampshire and Massachusetts. In woollens we find that Massachusetts has one-third and New-York one-fifth. Generally, New-York is the largest manufacturer, and the cases to the contrary are so rare that we give a list of them:

Proportion. Vermont, Scales,..

40 per cent. Massachusetts,

Bonnets and Straw Hats,.
Paper,...
Boots and Shoes,
Cottons,
Nails...

Woollens,
Connecticut,

Guns,...
Hardware,.
India Rubber Goods,

40
Rhode Island,
Calico,..

40 New Jersey,

Trunks,
Pennsylvania,..

Coal,..
Cotton and Wool, mixed,.
Glass,
Ilosiery,.
Iron,.

Perfumes,
California,..

Gold,.. Delaware,

Gunpowder, Virginia,

Tobacco,.. North Carolina, .

Turpentine, Missouri,.. Castor Oil,

75 Kentucky,

Bagging and Hemp, Ohio,

Lard Oil,..

Provisions, Wisconsin,

Lead,... The order in which the States rank as manufacturers is New-York, twenty-three per cent.; Massachusetts and Pennsylvania, fifteen per cent.; Connecticut, five per cent.; New-Jersey, four per cent.; Maryland, three per cent.; Virginia, three per cent.; Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Missouri

, Maine and Kentucky, over two per cent. each; Indiana and Illinois, one and a half each ; or the fifteen States have eighty-six per cent., leaving to the other twenty-one States and territories only fourteen per cent. of the total manufactures. See the following tables:

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GENERAL SUMMARY OF MANUFACTURES IN THE UNITED STATES.

Cost of

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No. of

Male MANUFACTURES. Establish- Capital.

Female Cost of Value of

hands. hands. ments.

labor product.

material. Agricultural implements,... 1,833 $3,564,202 $ 2,445,765 7,211 1 $2,167,868 $ 6,842,611 Asheries,.... 569 485,760 812,190 1,020

243,672 1,401,583 Bagging, Rope and Cordage, 417 3,341,506 5,612,247 5,258 799 1,192,789 8,002,893 Bakers,

2,027 3,390, S24 8,367,370 6,851 376 1,960,416 13,294,229 Blacksmiths,..

10,373 5,884,1495,111,888 24,983 19 6,508,032 16,048,536 Bonnets, Straw Braid, &c.,... 68

336,850 982,674 303 3,468 592,824 1,687,248 Bookbinders & Blank Books, 235 1,063,700 1,560,830 1,778 1,690 901,404 8,225,678 Boots and Shoes,.... 11,305 12,924,919 28,848,374 72,305 32,949 21,622,608 63,967,408 Boxes, packing,..

206 355,156 500,470 878 13 286,500 1,053,741 Brass Foundries, .

148

1,595,090 2,112,592 1,666 12 591,672 3,625,618 Breweries,

431 4,072,380 3,055,266 2,336 11 654,144 5,723,568 Bricks,...

1,603 4,367,912 1,474,028 16,726 619 4,235,088 6,610,781 Britannia and Plated Ware,.. 91 592,150 760,978 1,120 156

414,140 1,535,765 Brushes,...

146 710,800 638,859 1,500 905 533,460 1,578,579 Cabinet Ware,

4,242 7,303,356 6,089,516 20,997 1,013 6,638,568 17,663,064 Calico Printers,

42 3,922,800 10,462,044 8,351 729 1,088,904 13,650,805 Carpenters and Builders, 2,790 3,289,308 7,011,930 15,276 6 5,599,820 16,856,819 Carpets,...

116 3,852,981 3,075,592 8,551 2,305 1,246,560 5,402,634 Cars, rail-road,... 41 896,015 1,893,676 1,5.31

664,708 2,493,558 Chandlers,

487 4,145,400 7,006,767 2,660 156 775,300 10,199,730 Chemicals, 170 2,335,715 8,235,350 1,835

422,560 4,979,630 Clocks, 28 490,800 456,834

23 278,508 1,281,500 Clothiers and Tailors,... 4,278 12,509,161 25,730,258 35,051 61,500 15,032,840 48,311,709 Coaches and Carriages,. 1,822 4,973,707 3,955,689 13,992 58 4,268,904 11,073,630 Coal mining, ....

510 8,317,501 246,414 15,112 6 4,069,188 7,173,750 Coffee and Spice,

48 435,662 843,254 305 12 99,900 1,240,614 Combs,...

151 633,637 843,482 1,426 362 494,196 1,615,850 Confectioners, 883 1,035,551 1,691, S24 1,388

458,904 8,010,671 Coopers,..

2,902 2,383,040 2,644,582 11,900 16 8,201,204 7,126,817 Copper and Brass,...

175 2,850,981 3,062,661 2,388 2 856,044 4,942,901 Cottons,

1,074 76,032,578 37,776,064 35,295 62,661 17,267,112 65,501,687 Cottons & Woollens (mixed,) 103

1,711,720 2,321,986 2,667 1,901 808, 752 3,693,781 Cutlery and Edge Tools,..... 401

2,321,595 1,439,462 4,247 28 1,420,844 3,818,241 Distilleries,

968 5,409,834 10,513,201 3,985 23 1,089,864 15,770,240 Dyers,.. 46 331,950 754,379 434 26 127,820

1,086,795 Fisheries,

1,407 8,962,403 71,517 0,814 424 4,639,188 10,056,109 Flour and Grist Mills, 11,891 54,415,381 113,036,698 23,260 50

5,680,164 186,056,736 Furriers,

49 1,116,800 643,170 646 430 248,724 1,598,695 Gas,...

30 6,674,000 503,074 950 2 390,684 1,921,746 Glass,

94 3,402,350 1,556,833 5,571 97 2,094,576 4,641,676 Gold Mining,

1,015 1,814,012 67,711 4,804 80 3,639,832 9,551,859 Guns,... 817 577,509 269,673 1,547

518,292 1,173,014 Hardware,

340

3,539,025 3,013,688 6,149 881 1,973,904 6,957,770 Hats and Caps,..

1,048 4,427,798 7,100,028 6,974 8,226 8,179,700 14,319,864 Hosiery,

85

544,735 415,113 835 1,490 360,836 1,029,102 India Rubber Goods,

34 1,455,700 1,605,728 1,010 1,558 537,828 3,024,335 Iron Forges, 375 8,517,011 5,838,505 7,698

2,310,760 9,002,705 Iron Foundries,

1,319 14,722,749 8,634,024 18,938 31 6,279,912 20,111,517 Iron Furnaces,....

404 16,618,860 7,538,118 20,847 207 5,011,300 13,491,898 Iron Manufactures,...

99 603,500 596,664 1,079 8 409,728 1,425,843 Iron Mining, 197 923,775 63,651 2,192 8

590,866 1,217,803 Iron Rolling,

64 5,214,700 4,853,150 3,800 20 1,451,748 6,986,081 Lamps,..

26 486,300 490,862 918 20 290,424 1,060,022 Lead,

156

603,196 1,532,585 787 16 181,756 2,150,069 Lime,

761 1,124,072 1,106,776 2,834 4 785,746 2,286,942

345

ra0

GENERAL SUMMARY OF MANUFACTURES IN THE UNITED STATES.-(Continued.)

No. of

Cost of
MANUFACTURES.
Establish- Capital.

Male Female Cost of Value of

hands. hands. ments.

labor product.

material. Look. glass & picture frames, 108 $ 445,240 $544,980 884 79 $ 847,976 $ 1,252,746 Lumber, sawing and planing, 17,895 40,088,427 27,593,529 51,766 452 13,022,052 68,520,966 Machinists and Millwrights,.. 1,062 19,225,918 11,367, 728 27,834 58 9,639,912 27,998,344 Medicines, Drugs & D. Stuffs, 143 1,427,375 1,657,886 693 184 276,488 8,508,465 Milliners,

532

660,193 1,496,866 181 3,638 610,836 2,761,989 Morocco Dressers,..

116 1,387, 750 2,286,995 1,796 171 623,772 8,561, 595 Musical Instruments,..

204 1,545,935 698,168

2,307 24 1,054,728 2,580,715 Nails,...

87 4,429,498 4,438,976 5,227 4 1,812,972 7,662,144 Oil, Lard,..

41 362,950 1,271,602 182 11 58,956 1,617,669 Oil, Linseed, 168 896,650 1,477,645 477

2 143,664 1,948,934 Oil, Whale,

50 2,791,000 6,492,876 492 52 198,468 7,839,980 Oil Cloths,

56 640,700 829,706 648 2 178,854 1,256,994 Paper, .

443 7,260,864 5,555,929 3,835 2,950 1,497,792 10,187,177 Patent Leather,

20 592, 100 886,495 687 150 262,248 1,368,800 Plumbers,...

124 646,225 1,297,119 1,037 8 377,944 2,343,607 Pork and Beef Packing,... 185 3,482,500 9,451,096 3,267 9 1,231,536 11,991,642 Potteries,..

484 777,544 275,083 2,246 43 607,418 1,466,063 Powder, Gun,

54 1,179,223 860,997 576 8 192,588 1,590,832 Printers and Publishers,

678 5,862,715 4,964,225 6,989 1,279 2,737,808 11,586,549 Rice Mills,.. 210,000 1,209,000 200

80,400 1,462,000 Saddles and Harness,

3,515 8,969,379 4,427,006 12,598 360 3,154,008 9,935,474 Sails,.....

183 266,380 850,414 838 10 849,644 1,654,503 Salt and Salt Refining,..

840 2, 640,860 1,051,419 2,699 87 753,860 2,177,945 Sash and Blinds,

433 1,066,355 859,827 2,448 49 840,924 2,277,061 Sewing Silk..

27 428,350 848,945 295 554 152,712 1,209,426 Silversmiths, Jewelers, &c.,.. 683 8,828,170 4,920,619 4,873 889

2,131,296 9,401,765 Ship Building and Boats,. 892 5,182,309 7,286,401 12,623 6 5,922,676 16,595,683 Starch,..

146 692, 675 799, 459 686 S 193,224 1,261,468 Stone and Marble Quarries,.. 1,144 4,032,182 2,475,760 9,996 5 3,431,194 8,180,115 Stoves and Ranges,... 3,179,475 2,913,943 4,227

1,617,274 6,124,748 Sugar Refiners,

23 2,669,000 7,662,655 1,614 12 604,248 9,898,800 Tanners and Curriers, .. 6,528 20,602,945 22,865,253 22,451 124 5,606,110 37,702,333 Tin and Sheet Iron Works... 2,280 4,129,587 4,305,359 7,365 28

2,863, 100 8,933, 158 Tobacconists,

1,418 5,008,295 7,341,728 12,261 1,975 2,420,208 13,491,147 Trunks and Carpet Bags,....

116 356,660 763,816 1,056 264 886,160 1,558,388 Turners........

440 603,615 407,043 1,624 27 493,020 1,374,449 Turpentine,..

S56 1,663,692 1,484,316 8,369 68 447,348 2,855,657 Umbrellas,

80 761,760 1,399,607 814 1,762 433,548 2,505,622 Upholsterers,

155

565, 635 983,961 804 708 865,580 1,790,683 Wheelwrights,

4,226 3,146,211 1,886,551 11,542 7 8,157,544 6,827,451 White Lead, 51 3,124,800 3,541,072 1,508

512,388 5,242,213 Wire and Wire Workers,

83 537,725 584,518 658 18 208,128 1,033,249 Wooden Ware,......

197 530,165 436,676 1,328 82 872,132 1,138,078 Wool Carders,

630 739,925 1,251,550 1,071 22 225,972 1,789,476 Woollens, carding & fulling, 1,817 26,071,542 24,912,455 29,919 14,976 7,167,900 89,848,557 Miscellaneous,

564 4,015,370 3,249,944 4,247 742 2,281,378 10,050,504 All manufactures producing less than one million of dollars annually, are omitted. It will be seen by the foregoing table, that there is only one manufacturing interest producing over one hundred millions of dollars; of the second class, producing over fifty millions of dollars, and less than one hundred millions, there are three; of the third class, producing between twenty-five and fifty millions of dollars, there are four; of the fourth class, between ten and twenty-five millions of dollars, there are eighteen kinds; of the fifth class, producing between five and ten millions of dollars, there are twenty-one kinds; of the sixth class, producing between one million and five millions of dollars, there are fifty-four kinds..

230

CONDENSED TABULAR STATEMENT OF THE AGGREGATES OF MANUFACTURES IN EACH

STATE AND TERRITORY.

rau

Value of product.

No. of States and

Cost of

Cost of

Male Female
Establish- Capital.
Territories.

hands. hands.

labor per
mente.
material.

annum, Mlabama,

1,026 $3,450,606 $2,224,960 4,397 539 $1,105,824 'Arkansas, 261 305,015 215,789 812

30 159,876 California,.. 1,003 1,006,197 1,201,154 8,964

8,717,180 Connecticut, 3,737 25,876,643 23,608,971 34,248 16,483 12,485,984 Delaware,

531

2,978,945 2,864,607 8,237 651 936,924 Dist. of Columbia,. 403 1,001,575 1,405,871 2,034 536 757,684 Florida,..

103 547,060 220,611 876 115 199,452 Georgia,

1,522 5,456,483 3,404,917 6,650 1,718 1,709,664 Illinois,...

3,162 6,217,765 8,959,827 11,066 493 3,204,336 Indiana,

4,392 7,760,402 10,369, 700 13,748 692 3,728,844 Iowa,

522

1,292,875 2,356,881 1,687 20 478,016 Kentucky,

8,609 11,810,462 12,165,075 19,576 1,900 5,106,048 Louisiana,

1,008

5,032,424 2,459,508 5,458 759 2,033,928 Maine,

3,974 14,699,152 13,553,144 21,853 6,167 7,485,588 Maryland,..

3,725 14,934,450 17,690,836 22,729 7,488 7,403, 832 Massachusetts, 8,852 88,940,292 85,856,771 107,784 69,677 41,934,786 Michigan,... 2,033 6,563, 660 6,186,328 8,990

354 2,717,124 Mississippi,..

947 1,815,820 1,275,771 3,046 108 771,528 Missouri,.... 2,923 8,576,607 12,798,351 14,880 928 4,692,648 New Hampshire,... 3,211 18,242,114 12,745,466 14,103 12,989 6,123,876 New-Jersey,.. 4,207 22,293,258 22,011,871 29,068 8,762 9,364,740 New-York,

23,553 99,904,405 134,655,674 147,737 51,612 49,131,000 North Carolina,.... 2,663 7,456,860 4,602,501 12,473 2,128 2,383,456 Ohio, .

10,622 29,019,538 34,678,019 47,054 4,437 13,467,156 Pennsylvania,.. 21,605 94,473,810 87,206,377 124,688 22,078 37,163,232 Rhode Island,

864

12,935,676 13,186,703 12,923 8,044 5,047,080 South Carolina,.... 1,430 6,059,265 2,787,584 5,992 1,074 1,127,712 Tennessee,.. 2,887 6,527,729 5,166,886 11,080 959 2,247,492 Texas,

809 639,290 894,642 1,042 24 322,368 Vermont,..

1,849 5,001,377 4,172,552 6,894 1,551 2,202,348 Virginia,

4,740
16,109,143 18,101,181 25,790

8,320

3,434,476 Wisconsin,

1,262

3,382,148 5,414,931 5,798 291 1,712,496 Minnesota, 5 94,000 24,800

18,540 New Mexico,.. 23 68,300 110,220 81

20,772 Oregon,... 52 843,600 809,560

388,620 Utah,....

$ 4,525, 876

537,908 12,862,522 47,114,585 4,649,296 2,690,258

668,335 7,082,075 16,534, 272 18,725,423

8,551,783 21,710,212

6,779,417 24,661,057 83,043,892 157,743,994 11,169,002

2,912,068 24,324,418 23,164,508 39,851,256 237,597,249

9,111,050 62,692,279 155,044,910 22, 117,688 7,045,477 9,725,608 1,168,538

8,570,920 29,602,507 9,293,068

58,300 249,010 2,236,640

285

14 44,400
337,381 51

9,984

291,220

Aggregate,

123,025 $ 533,245,351 $ 555, 123,822 731, 137 225,922 $ 236, 765,464 $ 1,019,106,616

RATES OF TOLL ON THE NEW-YORK CANALS, 1861.

Established by the Canal Board, on persons and property transported on

the New-York State Canals, to take effect on the opening of Navigation.

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Toll is to be computed upon the weight (“1,000 pounds per mile") of all articles contained in the following list, unless otherwise stated, opposite to the article excepted :

cte. m. fr. Articles not enumerated going towards tide water,...

0 25 Agricultural productions of the United States, not particularly specified, 0 2 5 Apples,....

0 2 0 Ashes, pot and pearl,..

2 0 Ashes, leached,

0 6 Bacon,......

1 0 Barley,

30 Barrels, empty, transported in boats,

1 0 Barrels, empty, transported in rafts,..

6 0 Bars of iron,

0 2 0 Barytes,

3 0 Beans,..

0 2 5 Bed plates for steam engines, (cast iron,).

0 2 0 Bedstead stuff, (see Lumber, No. 3,).

0 2 0 Beef, salted,..

0 Bloom iron,

0 Boat knees, (see Lumber, No. 3,).....

0 2 Boats propelled by steam, having preference at the locks over other boats, per mile,....

4 0 Boats in tow of such steamboat, not exceeding four, and having such preference, per mile,..

4 0 0 Boats not propelled by steam, or in tow, and having such preference, per mile,

4 0 0 Boats used chiefly for the transportation of passengers upon all canals, per mile.....

4 0 0 On the same, if they elect to commute for tolls upon passengers,.

3 0 0 Boats used chiefly for the transportation of property, per mile,.

0 0 On the same, if they elect to commute for tolls upon passengers,. 2 3 0 Bolts, staves, if carried in boats,..

0 1 6 Bolts, staves, if carried in rafts,..

0 5 0 Bones for manure,....

0 Bones other than for manure,.

0 0 Boxes, stuff for, (see Lumber, No. 3,).

0 Bran,....

0 Broom handles, (see Lumber. No. 3,)..

0 Brush backs, (see Lumber, No. 3.)..

0 Brush bandles, (see Lumber, No. 3,).

0 0 Buffalo skins,

0 0 Butter,

0 Butts, stave, if carried in boats, .

0 1 5 Butts, stave, if carried in rasts,..

0 6 0 Cabinet ware,..

0 4 0 Carts,...

0 4 0 Car axles, ... Car wheels, (iron.).... Carriages and sleighs... Casks, empty, transported in boats,.. Casks, empty, transported in rafts,.. VOL. XXV.-NO. II.

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