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IMMIGRATION OF THE PORT OF NEW-YORK.

Extracts from the Report of the Commissioners of Emigration, for the year

ending December 31, 1860.

Number of Passengers landed at this Port.—The whole number of passengers landed at this port during the year 1860 was 155,371. Of these, 50,209 were citizens, or persons not subject to bonds or commutation, and 105,162 were aliens, for whom commutation was paid, or bonds executed; showing an increase in alien emigrants of 25,840 more than in 1859, and 26,573 more than in 1858, but being 78,611 less than in the year 1857, and 37,180 less than 1856, whilst the proportion to the average of former years, since 1847, is much less than half. Of these emigrants, 47,330 were from Ireland, 37,899 from Germany, 11,361 froin England, and 8,572 from other countries.

Emigrant Refuge and Hospital, Ward's Island.The commissioners hold in fee one hundred and six acres on Ward's Island, together with appurtenant water-rights and marsh partly covered with water. These lands were purchased, as stated in former reports, from time to time, at prices much less than that for which adjoining lands are now sold, and were paid for either from the annual income or from funds obtained on mortgage, with which debt the property, greatly increased in value in itself, as well as by the buildings and other improvements, is still encumbered.

Landing-place for Emigrant Passengers at Castle Garden.—The establishment at Castle Garden, for the exclusive landing-place of emigrants, under the authority of the act of 1855, for the protection of emigrants, has now bad its utility confirmed by the experience of a fifth year. The able and efficient superintendent, John A. KENNEDY, who first organized this department, and to whom we are indebted for much of its usefulness, continued to discharge the duties of this station until June last, when he resigned on accepting the appointment of superintendent-general of the police of the metropolitan district. The duties of his station have been transferred to the secretary and general agent, by whom they have since been efficiently performed. It may be observed, that the combination of these duties with others of the general agent is now made more practical by the removal of all the offices of the commission in the city to Castle Garden.

Marine Hospital, Seguine's Point.—About fifty acres of land, at Seguine's Point, had been purchased in 1858, with a view to the purposes of a marine hospital for pestilential or infectious diseases, by the former commissioners for the removal of Quarantine. It had been abandoned as to those objects, from various causes which have been stated to the legislature, but remained under the charge of this board ; the legal title, as in respect to the other real estate held by them, being vested in the Commissioners of Emigration in trust for the people of the State of New-York. The property having been purchased for the

purposes of Quarantine, and paid for from an appropriation from the State treasury, it seemed perfectly proper to apply whatever sum could be raised, by sale or mortgage, to the support of the present floating hospital.

Operations of the Emigrant Landing Dépôt during the past year. The total number landed, including those not subject to bonds or commutation, was 108,682, against 85,602 in 1859, and 84,226 in 1858. The avowed destination of the passengers will be found on page 296. These passengers arrived from 14 different ports, in 582 vessels, as is shown by table at the foot of this page. Table on page 297 exhibits the relative proportion of steam and sailing vessels bringing these passengers, and a comparative statement of the same for the four preceding years. As an evidence of the favor with which the application of steam vessels to this branch of the passenger trade continues to be received, the number of steamers landing passengers at the dépôt has increased from 22, bringing 5,111 passengers, in 1856, to 109, bringing 34,247, in 1860; and which latter would undoubtedly have been larger, were it not for the partial suspension of one of the foreign lines, which stopped running towards the close of the year. The relative proportion of passengers in steamers, as compared with sailing vessels, is even more marked than in 1859 ; for, while in that year the average number brought by steamers was 23003, against 18431, showing a difference in favor of the former of 49 passengers, the average number brought by steamers last year was 314

7's, against 199311 by sailing vessels, showing a difference in favor of the steamers of 115 passengers per vessel.

The Ports whence Emigrant Passenger Vessels have arrived, together

with the nationality and number of Vessels, and number of Emigrant Passengers and others from each Port, landed at Castle Garden during the Year 1860.

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Number and Destination of Passengers arrived at New-York during the

Year 1860. States where Emigrants said they intended to go.

STATES WHERE BOUND.

Canada West,
California,
Connecticut,
Delaware,
District of Columbia,
Illinois,
Indiana,
Iowa,.
Kentucky,...
Louisiana,..
Massachusetts,..
Michigan,..
Maryland,
Maine,
Minnesota,
Missouri,
Mississippi,..
New-Hampshire,
New Jersey,
New-York,
North Carolina,
Ohio,....
Pennsylvania,
Rhode Island,
South Carolina,
Tennessee, .
Texas,
Virginia,
Vermont,

Number of
Emigrants
going to

STATES WHERE BOUXD.
each of the
different
States.

1,872 Wisconsin,
1,141 Alabama,
2,579 | Arkansas,.

123 Australia,

301 Bermuda,.
4,077 Canada East,
1,106 Central America,.
776 Cuba,...
650 Florida,

321 Georgia,.
6,371 Kansas,
1,478 Mexico,
1,014 Nebraska,.
142 New Brunswick,

466 New-llexico,.
1,614 Nova Scotia,.

15 Oregon,...
123 Prince Edward's Island,
3,414 South America,
56,131 Sandwich Islands,

43 Utah,.
5,195 Vancouver's Island,
9,512 West Indies, .
1,291

296 Uncertain,
209 Unknown,.

63
452 Total,....
270

Number of
Emigrants

going to each of the different States, 2,589

45 21 1 1 5 8 29

17 178 92

9 46 42

1 21 13

1 18

1 905

3

214 3,368

. 108,682

Number and Nativity of Alien Passengers arrived at the port of Nero

York during the year 1860, who were liable to Bonds or Commutation, under the Acts of April 11, 1849, July 11, 1851, and April 13,

1853: From Ireland, 47,330 From Poland,....

80 Germany, 37,899 Belgium,

76 England,

11,361
" Russia,..

61 " Scotland,..

1,617
Norway,

53 France,....

1,549
Capada,

25
Switzerland,
1,422 Nova Scotia,

28 811 Mexico,..

22 Italy, 542 Portugal,

19 West Indies, 523 China,..

13 Denmark, 495 “ Sicily,...

4 Holland, 440 East Indies,

4 Sweden,..

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361 Turkey,
228 Greece,

2 South America,

110 “ Sardinia, . 89 Total,

105,162

« Spain,

Showing the relative proportion of Sailing and Steam Vessels bringing

Passengers which were landed at Castle Garden during the year 1860.

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THE NUMBER OF STEAMERS FROM DOMESTIC PORTS FOR THE YEAR IS AS FOLLOWS: Where from.

1859.

1860. New Orleans,

2 Savannah,

159

168 Charleston,

101

104 Richmond and Norfolk,

106

190 Washington, D. C.,.

17

53 Baltimore,..

185

834 Philadelphia, via Sandy Hook and via Canal,.

667 Portland,..

62

93 New-Bedford,..

156

172 Providence,...

385

410 New-London,

104

53 Wilmington, N. C.,..

15

Total,....

1,485

2,261

Year. 1850,.. 1851, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860,..

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT-ARRIVALS AND PASSENGERS.
Foreign
Passengers,

Passengers
Arrivals.

Foreign.

from Culifornia. 3,487

226,287
3,888
299,081

18,207
3,822
310,335

12,158
4,105
299,425

15,517
4,173
331,809

15,929
3,391
152,234

13,400
3,869
159,284

11,925
8,902
203,499

11,265
3,483
97,632

8,860
4,027
101,320

16,249
4,451
266,627

10,710

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