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HARBORS AND RIVERS OF THE U.S.-(Continued.)

LEAST WATER IN CHANNEL WAY.

Spring tides, lowest Spring tides, lowest of of day. Moon's greatest day. Mean.

declination.

Mean, lowest of day.

Date.

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PLACES.

Limits between which depths are given.

San Francisco bay,.

From 4 fathom bank around to southern shore,......
Anchorage off Rincon Point, 450 yards from shore,..
Anchorage off Market-street wharf, San Francisco,..
Off Cunningham's wharf,..

Of Clark's point, 450 yards from shore, ,
San Francisco harbor,.. On the bar,

At best wharves,..
Mare Island Straits,... In mid channel, between Commission Rock and western shore,

In mid channel, between Navy Yard and Vallejo,..
Ballenas Bay,

Inside of breakers on Duxbury reef, about a mile from shore,..
Sir Francis Drake's Bay,.. Half a mile inside the point, and 400 yards from shore,
Bodega Bay,

Half a mile inside of reef, anchorage, 900 yards from shore,...
Coast,....

At Haven's anchorage,..
Albion River,..

Anchorage at entrance,
Mendocino City,

Anchorage inside of point,
Shelter Cove,

Anchorage 500 yards inside of point,.
Humboldt Bay,

On bar, half a mile from shore,.

* Main channel,
Crescent City harbor,. Anchorage half a mile off Crescent City,
Port Orford, or Ewing harbor, Anchorage three-fourths of a mile from Tichenor's Rock,..
Umpquah River,

On bar, opposite mid-channel,..
Columbia River,

North Channel to Baker's Bay,
Entrance into South Channel,*

On bar of uth Channel,...
Shoalwater Bay,

On bar,

66
54
86
42
33
20
25
25
24
17
86
49
48
30
22
21
20
21
46
13
24
19
16
18

Iligh
Water.
Feet.
82.2
70.2
58.2
40.2
46.2
37.2
24.2
30.5
80.5
28.2
21.2
40.0
52.5
52.5
34.5
26.5
25.8
24.8
26.2
51.7
19.1
30.5
25.5
22.5
24.5

Lou
Water.
Feet.
27.6
65.6
53.6
35.6
41.6
82.6
19.6
24.8
24.8
23.6
16.6
85.4
47.5
47.5
29.5
21.5
20.4
19.4
20.4
45.4
12.4
23.4
18.4
15.4
17.1

High
Water.
Feet.
32.6
70.6
58.6
40.6
46.6
87.6
24.6
80.7
30.7
28.6
21.6
40.7
52.9
52.9
84.9
26.9
26.4
25.4
26.9
52.4
19.6
30.9
25.9
22.9
25

Low
Water.
Feet.
26.9
64.9
52.9
84.9
40.9
81.9
18.9
24.0
24.0
22.9
15.9
34.8
46.8
46.8
28.8
20.8
19.7
18.7
19.7
44.7
11.7
22.7
17.7
14.7
16.4

High
Water.
Feet.
32.4
70.4
58.4
40.4
46.4
87.4
24.4
30.3
80.3
28.4
21.4
40.4
52.7
52.7
34.7
26.7
26.1
25.1
26.5
52.0
19.3
80.6
25.6
22.6
24.5

1851.
1851.
1851.
1851.
1851.
1855.
1855.
1856,
1856.
1853.
1855.
1859.
1853.
1853.
1853.
1853.
1853.
1851.
1858.
1858.
1858.
1852.
1852.
1858.
1851.

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* Twenty-one feet may be carried in at mean low water by keeping a little northward and westward, nearer the breakers of the middle sands, and, at the turn, hauling up for Cape Disappointment.

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Grenville harbor,

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VOL. XLV, -NO. II.

Nel-ah harbor,..

..

..

False Dungeness, 4 New Dungeness,

North Channel...
South Channel,..
Anchorage three-quarters of a mile inside of Point Grenville,

and same distance from shore,...
Anchorage a mile inside of Waddah Island, and 450 yards

from shore,....
Harbor anchorage,

Harbor anchorage,
Smith's Island, (north side,). Anchorage near kelp, 450 yards from shore,
Bellingham Bay,

Anchorage 400 yards southwest of Fitzhugh's wharf,.
Port Townshend,

Anchorage 400 yards east of Custom House,...
Port Ludlow,

Anchorage,..
Port Gamble,

Anchorage,..
Seattle,....

Anchorage,..
Blakely harbor,

Anchorage 450 yards inside of entrance,
Steilacoom harbor,

Anchorage off Steilacoom creek, 400 yards,
Olympia harbor,

Mid channel, town 14 miles distant, mission bearing E.NE...

36 54 45 25 60 18 45 86 18 20 46 18 11

42.4 60.4 51.4 81.4 67 25 54.4 45,2 27.2 29.2 55.2 80.0 23

84.8 58.1 44.1 24.4 59.4 17.4 47.4 87.2 17.2 18.2 45.2 17.0 10

43.0 60.9 51.7 81.7 67.4 25.4 54.7 45.8 27.8 29.8 55.8 30.9 23.9

34.1 52.2 43.2 23.8 58.1 16.1 46.3 34.2 16.2 18.2 44.2 16.1 9.1

42.5 60.8 51.8 82.2 68 26 65.2 46.4 28.4 30.4 56.4 31.7 24.7

1851. 1853 1655. 1854. 1855. 1855. 1854. 1855. 1855. 1854. 1856. 1855.

12

In passing from New-York to an eastern port, the first great change in the tides and tidal currents is between the East River and Long Island Sound; the difference between Governor's Island and Negro Point on Ward's Island, at the eastern entrance to Hell Gate, is two hours and forty-five minutes. Between this point and Throg's Point the change is small. The mariner is now in the full tide of the Sound, and between Throg's Point and Fisher's Island there is a difference of time of but two hours and twenty minutes, the greatest part of which is at the head of the Sound and at its entrance—that is, near Throg's Point and Fisher's Island. From off New-London to off Sand's Point the difference is but one hour and forty minutes; so that if the mariner, instead of remaining at Throg's Point, passes onward to Fisher's Island, he would lose but half a tide in the whole

passage.

* The depth in channel way varies between 6 and 8% fathoms. Two bars, each a quarter of a mile, have a less depth than 18 feet. 3 A small shoal, with 12 feet, lies in the middle of the kill, opposite the wharf at Blazing Star; and another, with 10 feet, a quarter of a mile to the northward; but deeper water is found on east side of both. • A shoal, of 4 feet, obstructs the eastern channel, half way between Chelsea and its junction with the main channel. Channel very narrow in the vicinity of Black Beacon. • From Bergen Point light, half way to Newark Bay lighthouse, 17 feet may be carried. ? In a straight line. 8 A shoal of 21.5 feet occurs about a mile below Sing Sing. • Soundings varying between 10 and 15 fathoms.

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SHIP-BUILDING AND TONNAGE OP NEW-YORK.

In order to illustrate more fully the foreign commerce of the State of New-York, the following table will show what proportion of vessels entered these ports, compared with all others in the Union :

I. STATEMENT EXHIBITING THE NUMBER OF AMERICAN AND FOREIGN VESSELS, WITH THEIR

TONNAGE AND CREWS, WHICH ENTERED INTO THE SEVERAL DISTRICTS OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK FROM FOREIGN COUNTRIES, DURING THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1860.

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25,136

66

66

Sackett's Harb., N.Y., 132 98,651

4,005

182

98,651 4,005 Genesee, 183 79,132 2,711 229 48,757

3,176

362 127,889 5,887 Oswego,

691 280,547 6,082 1 ,817 214,900 11,577 2,008 445,447 17,609 Niagara,

81 1,997 182 287 84,899 4,883 318 86,396 4,515 Buffalo,

1,446 (1,801,674 16.308 649 60,560 8,605 2,095 1,362,234 20,108 Oswegatchie,

171 186,566

5,130
178

8,358 844 166702 8,513 Sag Har. & Dunkirk, 80 1,140 100 16

688 67 46 1,778 167 New-York,

2,645 1,856,665 | 41,495 1,337 617,147 25,239 3,982 1,978,812 66,783 Champlain,

278
17,631 600 801 22,959 1,003

579 40,500 1,609 Cape Vincent,

527

424,525 15,214 425 118,124 6,968 952 537,949 22,182 Total State of N. Y., 6,084 3,648,828 91,922 5,231 1,187.620 59,405 11,318 4,836,448 151,327

all other ports, 6,122 2,272,457 | 76,879 5,491 1,166,291 47,166 | 11,613 3,483,748 124,045 Total U. S., 1859-60, 12,206 5,921,285 168,801 10,725 2,353,911 106,571 22,931 9,275.196 275,372

1885-89, 12,035 1,265,613 165,693 10,532 2,540,887 109,989 22 567 1,806,038 265.687 1857-58, 10,785 4,395,642 141,597 10,087 2,209,403 102,476 20,772 6,605,045 244,873 1856-57, 11,304 4,721,870 161,062 11,024 2,464,946 116,797 22 328 7,186,816 277,859 1855-56, 10,307 4,885,484 148,189 11,375 2,486,769 118,984 21,682 6,572,253 267,173 1854-55, \ 9,315 (3,561,891 | 137,251 ( 10,012 (2,083,948 99,891 19,827 5,945,839 (287,149

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II. STATEMENT SHOWING THE NUMBER AND CLASS OF VESSELS BUILT, AND THE TOXXAGE

THEREOF, IN THE STATE OF New-YORK, DURING THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1860.

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III. STATEMENT SHOWING THE NUMBER AND CLASS OF VESSELS BUILT, AND THE TONNAGE

THEREOF, IN THE SEVERAL STATES AND TERRITORIES OF THE UNITED STATES, FROM 1815
TO JUNE 30, 1860, INCLUSIVE.

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1815, .... 18! 8, 1811, 1818 1819, 1830, 1821, 1822, 1828, 1824, 1925, 1526, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1880, 1931, 1832, 1838, 1884, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838 1839, 1840, 1941, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846,.. 1847, 1848, 1849) 1850, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857) 1858, 1859 1860,

154,624 181.668 86,893 82,421 79,817 47,734 65,856 75,846 75,007 90,939 114,997 126,438 108,342 93,875 77,098 58,0941 85,962 141,539 161,626 118,830

46,235 118,627 122,987 118,185 120,989 118,309 118,893 129,083

43,617 108,537 146,018r 188,208 243,782 818,075 256,577 272,2184 298,203 851,493 425,572 535,616 588,450V 469,893 878,804 242,286. 156,601 212,892

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1,071

IV. VESSELS AND TONNAGE CLEARED FROM THE DISTRICT OF NEW-YORK.

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• .

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Fiscal Years.
1926,
1830,
1835,
1810,
1845,
1850,
1855,
1857,
1858..
1859,
1860,

Vessels. Tonnage. Vessels. Tonnage.
208,202

19,655
210,535

32,620 1,226 289,268

433 77,121 1,067 283,149

503 125,619 1,127 341,094

561 142,431 1,379 .. 596,812 1,230 .. 385,666 1,941 .. 1,091,244 1,169.. 354,510 2,307 .. 1,310,875 1,047 .. 445,566 1,901 .. 1,027,390 936 .. 433,608 1,911 925,528 1,175 .. 550,751 2,026 .. 1,056,486 .. 1,376 .. 622,419

Vessels. Tonnuge.

227,857

243,155 1,659 366,389 1,570 408,768 1,688 483,525 2,609 982,478 3,110 . . 1,445,754 3,354 .. 1,756,441 2,837 .. 1,460,998 3,086 .. 1,476,279 3,402 1,678,906

V. STATEMENT EXHIBITING THE NUMBER OF AMERICAN AND FOREIGN VESSELS, WITH THEIR

TONNAGE AND CREWS, WHICH ENTERED INTO THE DISTRICT OF NEW YORK, AND THE COUNTRIES FROM WHENCE THEY ARRIVED, DURING TOE YEAR ENDING June 30, 1860.

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10,370

1.740

Russia on the North,.
7 4,584 125

7 4,584 125 Prussia,

1 810 10 1

310 10 Sweden and Norway,

1,099 26 1 251 9 8 1,850 35 Swedish West Indies,. 452 17 1 122 6

574 23 Danish West Indies,

1,379 58 4 1,570 47 11 2,943 105 Hamburg,

1,584 40 42 56,951 2,467 44 58,535 2,507 Bremen,

64 57,972 2,102

64 57,972 2,102 Holland,

14

260 15

8,781 254 29 19,151 514 Dutch West Indies,

43 8,749 825 5 899 88 48 9,648 863 Dutch East Indies, 4 2,074 70

4

2,074 Belgium,

18 15,523 847 2 1,453 42 20 16,976 899 England, 857 884,168 8,725 149 219,199

9,859 506 603,367 18,114 Scotland, 26 16,810 427 45 34,542 1,877 71

51,332 1,504 Ireland,

1 1,115 24 12 20,926 1,065 18 22,041 1,089 Gibraltar,

2
425

15 4 794 82 6 1,219 47 Malta,

1 219 8 1

219

S Canada, 4 1,078 32 8 885 18

1,463 50 Other British N. Am. Poss... 60 11,098 405

414 68,363 2,711 474 79,461 8,116 British West Indies, 169 84,858 1,834 140 25,228 1,077

808

60,081 2,411 British Honduras, . 12 8,782 128

12 3,782 123 British Guiana,

8 2,618 8S 2 840 is 10 2,953 103 British Possessions in Africa, 9 2,185 81 5 978 40 14 3,163 121 British Australia, . 6 1,469 51

6 1,469 51 British East Indies, 81 29,894 711 8

45 84 81,124 756 France on the Atlantic,.

94 124,589 4,260 18

6,762 216 112 181,351 4,476 France on Mediterranean, 18 7,205

209 26 9,410 808

16,615 017 French North Amer'n Poss.,

7 887 58 7 887 58 French West Indies,

1 178 6

690 49 6

869 Spain on the Atlantic,..

12 8,635 118 2 484 18 14 4,119 181 Spain on the Mediterranean, 87 9,965 824 24 4,896 149 61 14,561 523 Canary Islands,

8 2,342 78 2 480 19 10 2,822 92 Philippine Islands,..

18 19,534 453 1 804 22 19 20,339 475 Cuba,

840 808,571 10.526 85 28,082 1,206 925 836,603 11,789 Porto Rico,

154 31,715 | 1,230 55 10.245 404 209 51,960 1,634 Portugal,

11 2,556 98 11

2,5.36 98 Azores,

1
23 1 197 8

2

896 31 Madeira,

259 7

1 259 7 Sardinia,

1,627 56 7 3,087 119 12 4,714 175 Tuscany,

28 18,713 498 4 2,241 60 27 20,954 498 Papal States,

1 170 8

170

8 Two Sicilies,

15,146

458 89 12,124 478 82 27,270 931 Austria,

6 2,460 79 13 3,730 123 19 6,190 202 Greece,

1 24S
6 1,241 45

1,459 56 Turkey in Asia,

1,109

6 3,302 102 10 4,411 Egypt, 299 9 8 659 27

955 36 Other ports in Africa,

19 6,062 197 2 499 18 21 6,561 215 Hayti,

90 16,053 675 20 3,002 132 110 19,055 S07 San Domingo,

17 3,148 124 23 4,056 182 40 7,204 306 Mexico,

55 17,341 568 5 1,643 43 60 18,984 611 Central Republic,

6 1,116 42

516
22

1,632 64 New-Granada,

100 97,930 4,401 5 1,236 42 105 99,166 4,443 Venezuela, 47 10,230 393 9 1,762

56 11,992

466 Brazil, 187 88,701 1,805 86

9,297 337 178 47,998 1,642 Uruguay, or Cisplatine Rep., 10 3,463 113

10 8,463 113 Buenos Ayres, or Arg. Rep.,. 40 18,914 490

293 10

14,207 440 Chili, 6 3,750 94

6 3,750 94 Peru,., 10 10,675

10 10,675 229 Sandwich Islands,

8 1,072 84

448 ir 5 1,520 51 Other Islands in the Pacific, 8 2,194 55

8 2,194 China,..

47,984 1,230 1,880 45 83 49,314 1,275 Total 1859-60,

2,615 1,356,665 41,495 1,387 617,147 25,283 3,982 1,973,812 66,733 1858–59,

2,657 1,320,290 40,011 (1,245 569,854 23,623 3,902 1:890,144 63,634 1857-58,

2,401 1,273,788 39,666 929 420,431 17,183 3,330 1,694,219 56,549 1856–57,

8,014 1,684,764 49,759 1,054 450,885 18,028 4,068 2,035,649 67,787 1855-56, 2,496 1,381,726

1,033 299,933 3,529 1,681,659 1854–55,

2,588 1,877,788 41,983 1,185 358,169 13,263 3,778 1,735,907 | 55,246

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