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Treasury Department, August 19, 1861. Sir, Messrs. NAYLoR & Co., of your port, have made inquiry as to whether Swedish iron, shipped by way of London, Hamburg or Bremen, and from thence re-shipped to the United States by either Bremen, Hamburg or American vessels, will be subject to the discriminating duty of ten per centum provided for by the 3d section of the act of August 5, 1861. Swedish iron, so imported, will not, in my opinion, be liable to the discriminating duty in question. I am, very respectfully, S. P. CHAse, Secretary of the Treasury. HIRAM BARNEY, Esq., Collector of Customs, New-York.
Ninety-five vessels entering this port from the ports of the seceded States, without the proper clearances, have, in the last few months, been fined $100 each, under the act of February 18, 1793, regulating the coasting trade. The fines have been paid, and the masters and owners have entered protest and applied for redress under the remitting act of March 3, 1797. In consideration of the fact that the ports from which these vessels sailed were in possession of persons in insurrection against the United States, an order has been issued by the Secretary of the Treasury instructing the Collector at this port to release the amount of fines paid in every case where it is proved that the masters and owners attempted to obtain proper clearances. Merchandise forfeited by the same parties is to be returned on payment of duties. The fines of seventy-five vessels have been refunded since June 1. Henceforth, where the violation of the revenue laws arises from the obstruction of their due execution in southern ports, the Collector at this port is instructed by the Secretary of the Treasury, before taking any serious action in the matter, to allow the parties interested to lodge a statement with him setting forth all the facts and circumstances relating to the case, which statement will be transmitted to the Treasury Department, together with the Collector's report and views of the particular case for consideration. While awaiting the decision of the department, no fine or penalty will be imposed, nor any deposit in lieu thereof will be received. The collector will not place any restriction upon the vessel or merchandise, but will permit the entry to be made in the regular way.
REQUIRING AN oATH of ALLEGIANCE, AND To support THE CONSTITUTION of THE UNITED st ATEs, to be ADMINISTERED To cent AIN PERsons IN THE CIVIL SERVICE of THE UNITED STATES.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be the duty of the heads of the several departments to cause to be administered to each and every officer, clerk or employee, now in their respective departments, or in any way connected therewith, the following oath, viz.: “I do
solemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be) that I will support, protect and defend the Constitution and government of the United States against all enemies, whether domestic or foreign, and that I will bear true faith, allegiance and loyalty to the same, any ordinance, resolution or law of any State convention or legislature to the contrary notwithstanding; and, further, that I do this with a full determination, pledge and purpose, without any mental reservation or evasion whatsoever ; and, further, that I will well and faithfully perform all the duties which may be required of me by law. So help me God !" And that each and every such civil officer and employee in the departments aforesaid, or in any way connected therewith, in the service or employment of the United States, who shall refuse to take the oath or affirmation herein provided, shall be immediately dismissed and discharged from such service or employment.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the oath or affirmation herein provided for in the first section of this act may be taken before any justice of the peace or notary public, or other person who is legally authorized to administer an oath in the State or District where the same may be administered. And that any violation of such oath by any person or persons taking the same shall subject the offender to all the pains and penalties of wilful and corrupt perjury, who shall be liable to be indicted and prosecuted to conviction for any such offence, before any court having competent jurisdiction thereof. And provided further, That such offender shall be forthwith discharged from such service or employment.
Approved August 6, 1861.
REPUDIATION IN TENNESSEE. The State of Tennessee having passed a law discriminating between creditors outside and inside of the Confederate States, the State Comptroller has issued the following notice :
COMPTROLLER'S OFFICE, Nashville, Tenn., July 3, 1861. By virtue of an act of the legislature, passed the 1st inst., I hereby give notice that the interest upon all State bonds, or bonds
which the State may be liable, will be paid at this place; provided, that said bonds are not owned now, or were not owned on or subsequently to the 15th of April, 1861, by citizens or corporations of the non-slaveholding States of the United States of America. Satisfactory proof of ownership, on and after the 15th of April, will be required by the affidavit of the holder, and other proof where the party is not personally well known, taken before a notary public, or other persons authorized to administer an oath in the county where taken. Citizens and corporations of friendly foreign powers will be paid in sterling or other exchange.
J. T. DUNLAP, Comptroller.
COTTON IN NEW-ORLEANS. We have before us a New-Orleans circular, covering the recommendation of the cotton factors of that port to withhold cotton from market. It is as follows:
The undersigned, cotton factors in the city of New-Orleans, in view of the interests of all parties, recommend to their various customers and correspondents not to ship any portion of their crops of cotton to this city, or to remove it from their plantations, until the blockade is fully and entirely abandoned, of which due notice will be given. [Signed by 135 names and firm names.]
OFFICE of BoARD of UNDERWRITERs, New-Orleans, July 23, 1861.
At a meeting of the board, held to-day, the following resolution was adopted and ordered to be published:
Resolved, That no river insurance on cotton bound to this port, nor fire insurance on cotton in the city of New-Orleans, be taken until the blockade of the port is raised and its free navigation resumed. Cotton on plantations may be insured to the extent of three-fourths its value, provided it is stored in lots of not exceeding one hundred and fifty bales, and the lots at least three hundred feet apart.
JAMEs H. WHEELER, Secretary.
The circular, which is signed W. Cox & Co., thus urges the necessity of the course required by the above documents:
“It is clear that, so long as the port continues blockaded, no cotton can be sold, and it would be bad policy to permit an accumulation in our warehouses. The enemy would be invited to attack a city whose successful investment would place in his hands a sufficiency of cotton * * * to relieve him from the complications of the blockade.
“Our cotton warehouses are crowded together in certain portions of the city, and a single spark might kindle a conflagration unprecedented in the history of this country, bringing ruin upon planter and factor, and disaster upon the Confederacy.”
We are informed, that by a new law now enforced in Cuba, all coolie laborers, at the expiration of the seven years' apprenticeship for which they were imported, are required to choose between an immediate return to their native country or become “apprentices for life.” It is likely to happen that in many cases these unfortunate creatures are unable to pay their passage-money, or that they fail to get seasonable information in regard to the termination of their stipulated term of service; in either case they are consigned to perpetual servitude. The effect of this is simply to transfer the slave trade from the coast of Africa to China and India, for few adventurers are likely to run the hazard of capture with a cargo of Africans on board, when they can obtain coolies with impunity, and perhaps get about as well paid for their trouble. It is, probably, a fact, that at present a smaller number of slavers are afloat than at any time for many years past, (chiefly owing to the depreciation in sugars and consequent falling off in the demand for labor,) while the coolie traffic is engaging increased attention. Negroes are more valuable than any other class as field hands, and consequently bring a larger price; but coolies do quite as well for general service.—Journal of o.
THE regular monthly meeting of the Chamber was held Thursday, September 5th, PELATIAH PERIT, Esq., President, in the chair. About twenty members present. The following were elected members: Messrs. BENJAMIN G. ARNold, No. 125 Front-street; FREDERICK STURGES, No. 125 Front-street, and Joseph WILLETs, No. 113 Water-street. On motion of Mr. GEoRGE OPDYKE, Dr. FRANCIS LIEBER, LL.D., Professor of History and Political Science in Columbia College, was elected an honorary member. Mr. George W. BLUNT moved that a special meeting of the Chamber be held on Monday, September 9th, at one o'clock, to elect three members of the Board of Pilot Commissioners for two years, as provided by the Revised Statutes, Vol. II., p. 429, viz.:
“There shall be, in the city of New-York, a board, entitled ‘The Board of Commissioners of Pilots,' consisting of five persons, to be elected as soon as convenient after the passage of this act, and to hold their offices respectively for two years from the time of their election, and until others shall be elected.
“Three of such commissioners shall be elected by the members of the Chamber of Commerce of the city of New-York, at a meeting to be called for the purpose, to be specified in the notice for the meeting; and the certificate of the secretary of that body, or other officer regularly performing his duties for the time being, shall be prima facie evidence of such election.”
Mr. GeoRGE OPDYKE said that, with the concurrence of the President and several members of the Chamber, he had prepared a few resolutions upon the subject of the war and condition of the country, which he would read:
Whereas, The progress of the war for the defence of the Union and Constitution has given evidence of a degree of strength and energy on the part of those who are madly striving to destroy them, which can be only subdued by the marshalling of an overwhelming force; and whereas, it is evident that to this end all the resources, both in men and means, in the loyal States will be needed if we would avoid a protracted struggle and secure the blessings of an early, honorable and enduring peace; . whereas, humanity and interest alike demand the speedy attainment of this end, erefore, Resolved, That this Chamber, in view of the unexpected magnitude of the contest, deems it a duty to renew its pledge to the government of earnest sympathy and support. Resolved, That the members of the Chamber, having entire confidence in the integrity and ability of the head of the Treasury Department, will exert their best efforts, individually and collectively, and in their connections with moneyed institutions, to strengthen the financial resources and credit of government. Resolved, That this Chamber pledges to the government its unfaltering support in a vigorous prosecution of the war until every rebel has laid down his arms and every State returned to its allegiance. The contest, it believes, admits of no other termination, since any other basis of peace would dishonor the nation and prove to the world that our cherished form of popular government is a failure. Resolved, That all the aid afforded to the enemy, either by supplying means of F.; the war or by openly advocating their cause, is treasonable, and should e promptly punished with the utmost rigor of the law and by the stern rebuke of public opinion. Resolved, That the decisive course recently adopted by the government and its ...; officers affords gratifying proof that the future of this contest is not to be controlled by the quixotic idea of prosecuting war in the spirit of peace, but that the guilty conspirators will be made to feel, both in their persons and their property, all the rigors that the usages of civilized warfare will justify. Mr. OPDYKE said he had but a few words to say in support of the resolutions. It seemed to him that, in view of the exhibition of power on the part of the rebels, beyong any thing we had any reason to apprehend, calling for united and vigorous efforts on the part of the North to oppose them, the Chamber ought again to renew its pledges of support to and confidence in the government. It was well known that until a very recent period this contest, on behalf of the United States government, had been conducted with a great deal of mildness and leniency; so much so as, in the opinion of many, to retard our progress, weaken our strength and prolong the struggle. Recently, however, we had evidence that that policy was changed; and it seemed to him proper that the Chamber should express its hearty concurrence in that change. Gen. P. M. WETMoRE said the whole subject had been so recently exhausted in the eloquent argument presented by the Hon. Mr. Holt, of Kentucky, that any advocacy of the resolutions just presented would be unnecessary. But he took the opportunity to remind the Chamber that on that floor, on the 19th of April, was first put forth to the country the tone which loyal men were expected to take upon this question. The key-note was struck here which, in a few days, was followed by the grand Union demonstration in Union Square. From this Chamber rang forth the trumpet-peal of patriotism which was heard to-day, and which would be heard to all time; and he rejoiced, as one of the merchants of New-York about to go off the stage, that the merchants, in their collective capacity, representing in this Chamber all the interests and duties and principles of commerce, had set forth the doctrine that loyalty was to prevail in this contest, and that the war was to be fought out to the end, preserving the rights, and duties, and interests, and laws of the Union under which we had lived for three-quarters of a century. He would also remind them that on that same day a group of capitalists assembled in a corner of the Chamber and took measures to .. ten millions to government, as evidence of the sincerity with which they supported the resolutions passed. The records handed down from the time of the revolution presented no page more honorable to the character of New-York merchants than the proceedings of the 19th of April; and he felt more than ever proud that he belonged to this commercial community. Commerce had always been true and loyal in our country, as New-York had shown when sending forth four loyal men to declare the principles of liberty in the first Congress held after the prostration of the Colonial government; and God grant that commerce, and the men who administered its duties and enjoyed its privileges might always be true to the country as had been the merchants of New-York in this great emergency which had come upon us. WILLIAM K. STRoNG cordially concurred in seconding the resolutions, and desired to add a few words from his own observation and inspection during the last two weeks at the seat of government, where he had been taking great interest in the movement of that gigantic machine, which