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COMMERCIAL CHRONICLE AND REVIEW.

PROGRESS OF BUSINESS-IMPORTS-EXPORTS-DOMESTIC PRODUCE-DRY GOODS TRADE-CUSTOV.

HOUSE REVENUE-LARGEB PORTION OF BREADSTUFFS_TABLE OF EXPORTS-GRALS AT THE
WEST-GRAIN FOR FREIGHTS-BANK LOANSRATES OF EXCHANGE-ADVANCE IN RAIL-ROAD
FREIGHT8-INCREASE OF CANAL TOLLS—TELEGRAPH COMMUNICATION-IMPORTS AND STOCKS
OF SUGAR AND COFFEE-TREASURY LOAN-THE BANKING MOVEMENT—CLEARING-HOUSE FOR
EIGHT YEARS,

GREAT activity has prevailed during the month in shipping at this port. The foreign demand for breadstuffs has given an impulse to prices and to freights. The canals and rail-roads are overburdened with freight for the Atlantic ports, at prices more remunerative than hitherto.

Tide-Water Receipts.—The receipts at tide-water of flour, wheat, corn and barley, for the years 1860 and 1861, have been as follows:

Flour.
Wheat.

Corn.

Barley.
Nine Months.

bushels.

bushels 739,100 10,393,600 12,020,900 942,800 1861,

871,700 18,174,000 16,673,200 522,300

bbls.

bushels.

1860,..

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Increase, 1861,... 132,600 7,780,400 4,652,800 Dec. 420,500 Reducing the wheat to flour, the excess in the receipts of 1861 is equal to 1,688,680 barrels of flour.

The receipts at tide-water of the principal articles of produce, from the opening of the canals to and including October 14th, have been as follows:

1859.
1860.

1861. CANAL OPEN,

April 15.
April 25.

May 1.
Flour,
bbls., 360,000

739,100

871,700 Wheat,

bushels, 1,745, 100 10,393,600 18,174,000 Corn,

2,379,000 12,020,900 16,673,200 Barley,

670,900
942,800

522,300 Rye,...

176,700
213,800

536,200 Oats,

3,425,500 4,758,800 3,806,100 The rail-roads and canals have been tested, during the last two months, to their utmost capacity. The following is the new tariff of the roads from Chicago on East-bound freights, which took effect this month :

Flour in lota,
CHICAGO TO

4th class.

Wood. Suspension Bridge, N. Y., rail,

$0 45 $0 90 $0 90 Buffalo, N. Y., rail,

0 45
090

0 90
lake,

0 40
O 80

0 75 Albany and Troy, N. Y., rail,.

0871
1 75

1 50 Albany, lake,..

0 821
1 65

1 45 New-York, rail,

0 904
1 85

1 60
lake,..

0 871
1 75

1 45 Boston, via Albany, rail,

1 70 lake,..

1 95

0 92
1 85

1 50 « Grand Trunk, rail,

0971
1 95

1 75 Portland, rail,..

0 974
1 95

1 75 Pittsburg, Pa., rail,

0 43
0 85

090 lake,

0 40
0 80

0 88 Philadelphia, Pa., rail,

0 871 1 75

1 50 lake,.. O 824 1 65

1 35

Aty bols.

and over.

974

The increased business on the New-York State canals is shown in the fact that the tolls have increased twenty-five per cent. compared with last

year, viz. :

ENTERED.

April 25 to October 14, 1860,.....

$2,284,084 May 1 to October 14, 1861,.

2,845,572 According to the official returns, the foreign imports, of all descriptions, landed at the port of New-York during the month of September, were but a little over seven millions of dollars, of which one and a quarter million were specie; so that the total imports for the month, in produce and merchandise, were but six millions of dollars, against sixteen millions for the same month in each of the last two years :

FOREIGN IMPORTS AT NEW-YORK IN SEPTEMBER.
1858,
1859.
1860.

1861. For consumption,.. $11,180,523 .. $12,470,440.. $11,616,137 .. $3,106,298 For warehousing,.. 2,900,700 2,177,966 2,835,734 1,390,766 Free goods......

1,253,829 1,810,626 2,652,332 1,577,385 Specie and bullion, 138,243 184,553 . 255,695. 1,231,012

Total entered,... $16,473,295 .. $ 16,643,585 .. $ 16,260,450 .. $7,305,461 Withdrawn,..... 2,905,062 .. 2,898,441 .. 4,007,272 .. 2,938,464

This decline has excited surprise, since it is unprecedented in the history of the trade. The imports of specie from foreign ports, since January 1st, are a little over thirty-five millions. If this be deducted from the total imports, the aggregate of merchandise and produce received for nine months will fall below one hundred millions, which is but little over half the corresponding total in the last two years

. We annex a comparative summary for the nine months ending October 1st :

FOREIGN IMPORTS AT NEW-YORK FOR NINE Montus, FROM JANUARY 1st.
ENTERED.

1858.
1859.
1860.

1861, For consumption,.. $ 76,582,434 .. $144,397,670 .. $129,786,408 .. $ 41,657,913 For warehousing,.. 20,232,150. 28,351,768, 32,395,925 34,492,899 Free goods..... 16,552,095 .. 23,160,678. 21,469,063 23,651,574 Specie and bullion, 2,021,173 .. 1,834,054 .. 1,147,633 . 35,186,730

Total entered,... $115,387,852 .. $ 197,744,170 .. $184,799,029 .. $134,989,116 Withdrawn, 31,097,577 .. 20,305,309. 24,090,639. 31,549,666

This decline is a marked one throughout the year, although it is greatest for the last quarter. We have compiled a quarterly summary, leaving out the imports of specie, which have been insignificant in former seasons : QUARTERLY STATEMENT OF FOREIGN IMPORTS AT NEW-YORK, FROM JANUARY 1st.

1858.
1859.
1860.

1861. First quarter...... $ 29,044,464 . $ 59,116,788 .. $ 64,702,778.. $ 46,290,767 Second quarter, 32,740,170. 70,048,086 . 53,025,238 31,658,441 Third quarter,... 53,603,218 .. 68,579,296... 67,081,000. 21,853,178

Total, 9 months, $ 115,387,852 .. $ 197,744,170 .. $184,809,016 .. $ 99,802,386

The importations of foreign dry goods at New-York for the month of September were less than two millions, the bulk being in woollen goods, wanted for fall and winter consumption; the total goods on the market being only $3,403,976, or less than half what it was in the month of September, 1860. The stocks in warehouse are now much reduced, and also the stocks in first and second hands in the market.

IMPORTS OF FOREIGN DRY GOODS AT NEW-YORK FOR THE MONTH OF SEPTEMBEE.

Entered for Consumption.
MANUFACTURES OF 1858.

1859.
1860.

1861. Wool,

$1,910,232 .. $2,005,381 $ 2,431,129.. $943,070 Cotton, 881,692 .. 862,065

746,431 . 194,273 Silk, 2,077,703 1,998,329 2,039,271

375,830 Flax,..

404,768
614,930
544,315

145,788 Miscellaneous, 301,912. 518,268 . 512,969

98,287

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Total on market, $6,597,583 .. $6,631,905 ..

Entered for Warehousing. MANUFACTURES OF

1858,

1859. Wool,

$ 178,150.. $ 185,812 .. Cotton,

100,492

115,460 Silk,

44,416 . 67,446 Flax,.

79,043 . 130,088 Miscellaneous,

46,607 . 38,287 .

1860.
$ 160,150..
176,704.
46,468
48,329
34,419..

1861. 144,823 61,368 99,324 19,957 19,394

Total, ....
For consumption,..

$ 448,708 ..
5,576,307 .

$ 537,093 .
5,990,973 .

$ 466,070 ..
6,274,115 ..

$344,866 1,757,198

Entered at port, $6,025,015 .. $6,528,066 .. $ 6,740,185 .. $2,102,064 IMPORTS OF FOREIGN DRY GOODS AT THE Port OF New-YORK FOR NINE MONTHS

FROM JANUARY 1st.

Entered for Consumption.
MANUFACTURES OF 1858.

1859.
1860.

1861. Wool,

$13,890,836 .. $ 28,375,357 .. $ 26,379,832 .. $7,235,754 Cotton, .

7,557,996 .. 18,866,286 12,653,087 . 2,844,499 Silk,

14,459,562 .. 27,476,406 28,530,675 .. 7,370,310 Flax,..

3,359,963. 8,089,840. 5,428,610.. 1,517,549 Miscellaneous, 2,698,170. 4,695,304 . 4,815,331 .. 1,738,588

Total, .

MANUFACTURES OF
.Wool,
Cotton,
Silk,
Flax,..
Miscellaneous,.

$41,966,527 .. $ 87,503,193 .. $77,807,535 .. $ 20,706,700

Withdrawn from Warehouse.
1858.
1859.
1860.

1861.
$4,003,246 $ 2,578,390.. $2,869,485 .. $5,390,458

3,280,663 1,404,902 2,248,651 3,748,918 3,065,465. 796,003. 1,423,510 .. 4,381,136 1,868,026

880,313, 729,296 .. 1,576,928 1,136,379 354,466 .. 501,240 .. 693,767

Total, .

$ 13,353,779 .. $ 6,014,074 .. $7,772,182 .. $ 15,791,207 For consumption,.. 41,966,527.. 87,503,193 77,807,535 .. 20,706,700

Total on market, $55,320,306 .. $ 93,517,267 .. $ 85,579,717.. $ 36,497,907

MANUFACTURES OP
Wool,
Cotton,
Silk,
Flax,.
Miscellaneous, .

Entered for Warehousing.
1858.

1859.
$ 1,909,642 .. $2,886,053 .
1,648,030. 1,264,009
1,032,557 .. 734,493

728,273. 689,330.
483,884. 380,879..

1860.
$2,922,210..

2,139,212.
1,312,614..

410,382 .
499,993 ..

1861. $5,577,828

3,730,936 4,912,349 1,359,351

866,839

Total, ...... $5,802,386 . $5,954,764 .. $7,284,411 . $ 16,477,303 For consumption,.. 41,966,527 87,503,193 . 77,807,535 20,706,700

Entered at port, $47,768,913 .. $ 93,457,957 .. $ 85,091,946 .. $ 37,184,003

The contrast for the nine months ending 1st October is still stronger, the importation of dry goods being about one-fourth the amount reported for 1859 or 1860; but the quantities withdrawn from warehouse and placed upon the market are more than double those of the nine months of 1860, thus making the total upon the market thirty-six millions, or fortythree per cent. of last year, and only thirty-nine per cent. of 1859.

The Custom-House revenue has fallen off, relatively, on the one hand, by the greater proportion of free goods landed to take advantage of the old tariff, and increased, on the other hand, by the higher rates of duty, as fixed by the tariff act of August 5, 1861, and the greater total withdrawn from warehouse. Included in the receipts from customs in September were $1,449,096 of Treasury Notes, or nearly seven-eighths of the whole amount. Of the duties since 1st January, $7,487,997, or nearly half, were paid in these government obligations. The payments in these notes are about over, as the Treasury now receives them at par for subscriptions to the new loan, and the duties will hereafter mostly be paid in specie. The cash duties received at New-York for the nine months were as follow: Cash DUTIES RECEIVED AT New-YORK FOR NINE MONTHS. 1858. 1859. 1860.

1861. First six months,.. $ 11,089,112 .. $19,912,181 .. $18,339,679 .. $ 10,585,335 In July,

3,387,305 . 4,851,246 .. 4,504,066 2,069,591 In August,

3,545,119 4,243,010. 4,496,243 1,558,824 In September,... 2,672,935 .. 2,908,509. 3,038,803 . 1,642,382

Total, 9 months, $ 20,694,472 .. $31,514,949 .. $30,378,781 .. $ 15,856,132

The exports for September have been very large. The corresponding total last year (i. e., the exports for September, 1860) was larger, exclusive of specie, than the total for any previous month of any year since NewYork was settled. The advices from Europe serve to show that the export trade for the remainder of the year will be quite as heavy. It will be seen that the shipments of specie for the last month hardly amount to a noticeable item: ExporTS FROM New-YORK TO FOREIGx Ports FOR THE MONTH OF SEPTEMBER,

1858.
1859.
1860.

1861. Domestic produce, $3,521,992 . $4,946,612.. $ 9,232,931 $ 9,877,909 For, mdse., (free,).. 169,863

188,072 . 46,620

30,013 For, mdse., (dut.,).. 204,390

635,132 . 620,394

264,168 Specie and bullion, 3,239,591 . 8,267,681 . 3,758,734 .. 15,756

Total exports,.. $7,135,836 .. $14,037,497 .. $13,658,679 .. $10,187,846 Total, ex. specie, 3,896,245 .. 6,769,816 .. 9,899,945 .. 10,172,092 .pkgs., 123,762 .. 136,557 .. 73,340 .. 89,908 Beef,

The exports, exclusive of specie, since January 1st, 1861, are ninety-six millions, against sixty-nine millions for the same period of last year, and forty-nine millions for the same time in 1859. We annex a comparative summary :

EXPORTS FROM NEW YORK TO FOREIGN PORTS FOR NINE MONTHS, FROM JANUARY 1sz.

1858.
1859.
1860.

1861. Domestic produce, $41,534,618 .. $43,470,969 . $63,527,320. $ 90,560,438 For, mdse., (free,).. 1,125,561. 2,327,879. 1,983,127. 1,976,632 For. mdse., (dut.,).. 2,986,672 3,447,668 . 4,136,725 4,140,079 Specie and bullion, 20,602,848 57,926,455 . 39,357,284 . 3,279,814

Total exports,.. $ 66,249,699 .. $ 107,172,971 .. $ 109,004,456 .. $ 99,956,963 Total, ex. specie, 45,646,851 49,246,561.. 69,647,172 .. 96,777,149

These heavy exports are made up largely of corn, (8,613,811 bushels) wheat, (over seventeen million bushels, and of four (two million barrels.) Provisions, too, form a very important part of the aggregates. Cut meats have been shipped this year to the extent of three times that of 1860, and eight times that of the corresponding period of 1859.

Receipts of Produce.- We have compiled our usual monthly summary of the movements of produce at the port of New-York. The receipts show a large increase in flour, an immense gain in the arrivals of wheat and corn, and a considerable increase, also, in meat provisions. There is, for obvious reasons, a decrease in the supply of cotton and naval stores. The following will show the comparative receipts during the first nine months in each of the last four years :

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Receipts of Certain Articles of Produce at the Port of New-York for the first Nine

Months of the Years 1858-1861.
1858.
1859.
1860.

1861. Ashes,....

13,962 .. 17,855 .. 18,351 .. 16,092 Breadstuffs : Wheat flour,

2,695,656 .. 1,621,732 2,162,667 .. 2,933,529 Corn meal,

69,797 . 6,490 86,401 71,815 Wheat,.

.bushels, 2,716,488 1,204,541 8,361,821 15,752,583 Rye,

238,033 126,417 142,552 465,662 Oats,

1,463,785 2,255,586 2,957,886 2,628,509 Barley,

72,203 468,662 421,180 808,091 Corn,..

6,295,038 .. 2,160,723 9,433,165 13,470,107 Cotton,

..bales, 307,250 .. 317,082 .. 331,286 .. 242,094 Naval stores:

Crude turpentine,..bbls., 82,515 .. 71,490 .. 45,581 .. 32,254 Spirits

111,926 116,196 .. 119,972 45,081

430,750 586,834 526,276 .. 193,354 Tar....

29,172 31,156 .. 42,759 48,467 Pitch,

3,270 .. 2,667

5;585

2,137 Provisions: Pork,

34,632 46,900 29,868 23,285 Cut meats,

76,758 55,206 47,001 72,479 Butter,

258,191 182,023 256,683 265,923 Cheese,..

250,769 253,938 428,532 396,719 Lard, .tcs. and bbls., 80,141 .. 57,292

42,517 81,907 .. kegs,

18,970 24,514 35,887 Whiskey,

...bbls. 106,991 .. 81,801 .. 140,154 .. 213,308

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Rosin,....

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