The Physical Geography of South America
The Physical Geography of South America, the eighth volume in the Oxford Regional Environments series, presents an enduring statement on the physical and biogeographic conditions of this remarkable continent and their relationships to human activity. It fills a void in recent environmental literature by assembling a team of specialists from within and beyond South America in order to provide an integrated, cross-disciplinary body of knowledge about this mostly tropical continent, together with its high mountains and temperate southern cone. The authors systematically cover the main components of the South American environment - tectonism, climate, glaciation, natural landscape changes, rivers, vegetation, animals, and soils. The book then presents more specific treatments of regions with special attributes from the tropical forests of the Amazon basin to the Atacama Desert and Patagonian steppe, and from the Atlantic, Caribbean, and Pacific coasts to the high Andes. Additionally, the continents environments are given a human face by evaluating the roles played by people over time, from pre-European and European colonial impacts to the effects of modern agriculture and urbanization, and from interactions with El Ni?o events to prognoses for the future environments of the continent.
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agriculture Amazon basin Amazonia Andean annual areas Argentina arid Armesto Arroyo Atacama Desert Atlantic biodiversity Biogeography Bolivia Brazil Brazilian carbon Cenozoic central Chile chapter Chile climate change coast coastal Colombia continent continental Cordillera crops diversity dominated Earth’s eastern Ecology ecosystems Ecuador Editors El Niño elevations endemic ENSO environmental environments Evolution flood flora Geological glacial glaciers global Gondwana gradient grasslands habitats Holocene human humid impacts increase Jobbágy Journal lakes land landscape late lomas lowlands mammals margin Monte natural Neotropical Niño events northern Chile Nothofagus occur Ocean Pacific Patagonia patterns Perú Peruvian plant plate Pleistocene population precipitation production Quaternary rain forest rainfall region Río rivers savanna seasonal sediment shrublands shrubs slopes South America South American plate southern species steppes subtropical surface tectonic temperate temperature tion trees tropical University Press uplift urban valleys Veblen vegetation Venezuela Villagrán volcanic western winds world’s zone