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1813.] Remarks on the Weather at Carlisle, in 1812. esperienced a dead calm. The range hood, was not all dissolved before the of the thermometer, this month, gives the end of this month. excessive variation of forty degrees. July. The greatest height of the there

February was most unseasonably mild, mometer this month 68°, and the averand extremely wet. The average tem- age 56o.8, are unusually low for the seaperature 41°05, and density 29.53 inches, son, The weather was invariably cold ; are in unison with the quantity of rain, from the 3d till the 19th it was very dry, 4.62 inches. The surrounding mountains with parching northerly winds. were sometimes covered with snow. August.-The weather during this

March.—The average temperature of month was also cold for the season; the this month 360-65, is 40.4 lower than average temperature 57.0.3 is only half that of the last, and nearly as low as a degree higher than that of the pre. January, excepting one pild day (28th,) ceding month. The quantity of rain the weather was throughout extremely 2.58 inches, fell chiefly in moderate cold. Much snow fell here, and in the showers. On the 3d we had some peals surrounding country it was drifted to an of thunder; and on the night of the 13th, immense depth. Not a mild shower of and the following morning, listant thun. rain fell; the quantity 2.75 inches, is der, with incessant gleams of lightning. sleet and meited snow. Two brilliant September was fair and seasonable till parhelia were observed here from eight the 9th; the remainder of the month was o'clock till near eleven on the morning of often showery and drizzling, and rather the 9th; the sun was in the centre, and unfavourable for the harvest, In the the parhelia on each side, distant about Jatter part of the month, the temperature {wenty-five degrees, in a line exactly was very variable; on the morning of the parallel to the horizon; the sky, during 29th we had a hoar-frost, when ice was this period, was streaked with horizontal observed. lines of thin white vapour; the parhelia October.-The weather during this were tinged with prisinatic colours, like month, though moist and gloomy, was those of the rainbow. Barometer at the not marked by violent winds, or heavy tiine 80 37, and rising.

rains, yet the barometer continued unApril.-The weather continued with usually low, the average being 29.4. On unabated severity during the whole of the 19th, the mercury sunk to 28.13, and, this month. The highest degree of the excepting on the 15th of December, thermometer 51°. and the average for the 1809, when it was 28.06, is the lowesc whole month 400.97, are onprecedented ever observed here. here; the snow which fell frequently co

November.--The 7th, 8th, 19th, 20th, vered the ground, and a great quantity 21st, and 22d, were severe frost; ou the lay on the neighbouring mountains. On 21st the thermometer was 12° below the the 26th we had a loud peal of thun- freezing point. The rest of the month der, and a heavy shower of hail. was moist and drizzling, and at tiines

May.—The first week was extremely rather stormy. On the 17th, snow was cold and ungenial; between the 7th and observed on the mountains. 8th we experienced an increase of 37° December.-The first six days were of temperature. The weather afterwards very old and moist; on the 7th, a severe, was seasonable and pleasant, with light but dry and pleasant frost, commenced, showers, till the middle of the month, which coulinued without intermission till when it again became cold and very the 16th, when that and the iwo followdrouglity, which continued will the 23d. ing days were rather stormy, with show. The remainder was exceedingly fine, ers of snow. On the 22d, upwards of with refreshing showers, when vegetation three inches depth of snow fell. The began to make rapid progress.

weather continued varying between frost June.—The former balf of this month and thaw from the 16th till the 28th, was temperate, but very droughty, not a when the snow was all dissolved. The drop of rain having fallen. The latter last four days of the month were ex. part was wet, gloomy, and exceedingly tremely mild and stormy. cold for the season; che rain which tell In the Monthly Magazine for Febru. was generally mixed with hail. On the ary 1809, page 10, will be found a sume 17th and 25th we had soine peais of mary of the temperature, density, and thunder. The great quantity of snow quantity of rain ai Carlisle for the eyes which fell in Marclı, and drified on the preceding years. Perhaps ii may bob sics of the mountains in this neighbour. be uninteresting to bring into one point

Ea

of

of view, the average for the whole of the mercury is perfectly free froin air and last twelve years.

moisture. The rain-gauge is a copper The annexed meteorological summary vessel, the cylinder of which is four of the last twelve years, may be consi- inches diameier, and the area of she dered as sufficient io establish the tem- funnel is ten times that of the cylinder; perature, density, and quantity of rain consequently, when there is ten inches of this place. The instruments are very of rain in the cylinder, it is one inch of superior, and the times of registering surface. Other particulars, with respect have been attended to with a necha- to the hours of registering, local situanical exactness. The barometer has a tion, &c. will be found in the former large open bason, and the column of voluines of the Monthly Magazine.

Barometer,

Barometer,
Thermometer,

Rain,
Annual Mean

Annual Mean. Annual Range. Annual Quantity.
Inches. Inches.

Inches,

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To the Editor of the Monthly Mugacine. and scientific view of those diseases SIR,

termed bilious, than is vulgariy enterTHE prevalence of chronic complaints tained; and that the hints suggested will

in that class of disease which arises tend to warn himn of the first encroachin an alınost imperceptible way, and ad. ments of disease in the animal system; vance by slow degrees, will naturally in. by which incaus lie may place himself duce the inquirer to ask for the cause of under medical treatinent, ere the malady that prevalence, as the increase of those becomes established ; as it is a fact, I bemaladies within late years fully cvinces lieve, generally admitted, that many disthat there are some very active agents eases, which have bafiled and rendered engaged in their origin and existence. 'void all the eiforts of professional skill, To ascertain this cause is perhaps a very and which, in the event, have proved witficult task, as it is veiled in some ob- fatal, might have been checked and rescurity; but it is the wish and intention of strained in their commencement, had the writer, in the prosecution of the sub- their first symptoms been watched and ject, to point out some of the most general early treatinent adopted. I could adduce

To discover the exciting agents many striking instances, within my own of disease is certainly gratifying to the knowledge, of the truth of this assertion; physiological inquirer, and must afford but it is needless, as it is a fact too well instruction and amusement to the invo of known to be doubted. Medical assist. general science; but it ranks far behind auce is seldom resoried to, until sympin respect to importance, to possessing a tums become desperate, and a disease knowledve of the plan of treatment best confirmed; conscquently, much more aulapted to combat disease, or to stay its time is required, and less chance of a progress when only in a state of com- perfect recovery, i han if the first advances menceinent; and, though it is far from were watched and aitended 10. Bile, as my intention in these pages to enter into is vulgarly known, is a very undefined the minutiæ of disease or its treatment, term; and, as there are so many misconi. veil conceive, that he observations in- ceptions, which will be tiiken norice of verspersed, will have the effect of viving repuecting the term bilions, among the the unproressiapat reader a mere racional: unprotesional public, I conceire it is

absolutely

causes.

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1813.] Remarks on Voltaire's Criticism of Shakespeare. 29 absolutely necessary, in order to sub. Shakespeare's mixture of Buffoonery and stantiate my future observations, to give Sulemnity,) that he says, This mixture is the reader a general idea respecting the intolerable. These severe criticisins vf true nature of bile, and the mode of its Voltaire might have been, perhaps, the secretion, not with any view to particu- result of wit, more than of judgment and Jarize, but merely to state what is suffi. precision; I should be inclined to think, cient to correct any errors he may have that these criticismis on our immortal imbibed upon the subject; without this countrymen may fail, as well as that of previous explanation, it is iinpossible the bis knowledge of our history of the latunprofessional peruser could perfectly ter, his own pen bas dropped glaring compreliend the remarks suggested. evidence. 27, Carburton-street, D.ll. Davies. In his Preface to Thomas Corneille's Fitzroy-square.

Earl of E:sex, Monsieur de Voltaire al

lows, that the Truth of flistory has been To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. grossly perverted in that piece; in excuse,

he pleads (which is natural for hini), that, SIR,

when Corneille wrole, the Noblesse of THE observations of an ingenious France were much unread in Englista your Miscellany, some months since, that they study it, such misrepresendrew my attention to the beautiful lines; tations would not be suffered. Yci, for“ Blow, blow, thou winter's wind;"

getting that the age of ignorance is and reminded me of a translation, in corrected, he undertakes, from the over

elapseil, and that the learned may yet be Latin sapphics, I had niade of them fowing of his reading, in give the nobis many ytars since.

I found the two lity of his own country a detail of Queen words cæcos and visus marked under- Elizabeth's favourites; ainongst whom, neath; which, with the word temerè, (he says) Rubert Dudley was the first; sufticiently shew how decided I must and the Earl of Leicester, the second. have been at that time for retaining the Is it possible that we must inform Vol. reading seen."

I cannot recollect taire himself, that Robert Dudiey, and what could induce me so pointedly to the Earl of Leicester, are the same per. maintain the text; though my prejudice sons! This fully certities, that the runs strongly on all occasions in that di

greatest ininds are subject to error. rection, unless the case is absolutely deso

Enfield,

M. Cogan. perate. Possibly there may bave been Nov. 13, 1812. some discussion on this subject, about the year 1787. I sutjoin a copy, and, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. with great deference to your correspon- SIR, deni, must beg to be excused for contiauing in the same opinion.

sition for insertion in your repository Blow, blow, thou winter's wind of useful and entertaining varieties Æstuent imbres hyemale, venti

was written in a few minutes, by a young Dira bacchantor: furias nivales

man who is diffident of his own abilities. Vincit ingratze malus ille mentis

He has composed various other short Crimine fcedus.

pieces, both in rhyne and blank verse; Dente mordaci rabidæ procellæ,

and, as your Magazine is perused toy many Ingerunt cæcos temere dolores ;

readers of great taste and discrimination, Visus ingrati feriora pangit

I am desirous of the opinion of some of Vulnera cordi.

your correspondents, upon this commu. Jupiter durus rigeat pruinâ, Aora brumalis gelidum rigescat;

nication, to ascertain whether the author

ought to cultivate his powers of fancy, Contulisse, eheu! benetacta frustra, Acrius urit.

or turn his attention to other subjects of Tu licet rugis glaciale flumen

a different nature and importance. Asperas, pejora hyemis nivose

Sept. 11, 1812. HENRY ENFIELD, Spiculis iaum peredunt omissi

Pectus amici. Lockhanstead. J. T. A. REED.

" Now darkness roils up this vast black

scroll to che end of the Wesi, and leaves this To the Editor of the Alonthly Nugazine. moshey cavity of air, and the expanded earth,

to the'majestic God of day, who pours froin SIR,

his goiden urn, exhaustless, a wide-spreading N perusing Voltaire's edition of Cor. food of silvery light. All things rejoice at

MORNING

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SIR,

sence of the King of the East. Roses open notoriety. Mrs. Southcott, feeling a na: their ruby lips, and breathe soft their choicest tural wish to inonupolize fame, could fragrance; birds praise his powerful beauty, not endure that avoiher should also be. pouring forth sweetest notes of thrilling elo

come popular as a dealer in dreams and quence; earth smiles, well pleased ; air dances visions.

However, the zeal with in many a curious maze; and the lake and the river receive, with shining face of joy, the

which Mr. Tozer defends the opinions of soft impressions of the lovely light.

the prophetess at his chapel, near the Shall man, Lord of earth and sea, who

Obelisk, Saint George's Fields, in some walkech erect in the majesty of his form,

measure perhaps counterbalances the who stampech on the earth, and saith, “it loss of Mr. Carpenter. The multitude is mine;" who stretcheth out his right hand are fond of the marvellous; and absurfor a sceptre, and commands the beasts and dity is sure to be sanctified by Scripture the fowls; whose eyes span the Heavens; proofs. whose voice is the thunder of terror; whose I was once present when Mr. Car. thought pierces through the Heaven of Hea

penter explained the representations of ven, and follows the comer's course, and the visions, said to be seen by the afore. reaches into the fathomless cavern of futu- said youth; they were then drawn and sity; shall God-like man lie buried under the coloured on large paper, and held up ube darkness of his eye-lios, in unprofitable and der his pulpit, while he wamed to the monotonous oblivion, dead to the countless audience, the time and place at which felicities of light ! Awake! thou who art

those wonders were seen. so capable of varied happiness, call into life

The absurdi. thy numerous powers-thy senses, shake off ties be related, and the confidence with old sloth, ruuse up thy vigour like a lion, which lie declared his firm belief in them, go forth, and inhale, at every porc and every

alınost induced me to doubt the evidence seuse, the pleasures of the morn, unspeakable of my own senses. -Mr. Hann, who was in beauty.

formerly one of Mrs. Southcolt's follow

ers, has, since his recantation, taken up To the Editor of the Monthly Mugazine. the pen to expose her jinpudence and

falsehoods: according to him," she openCOUR correspondent“ Philalethes" ed her commission in 1792," and declared

has contradicted a statement made herself to be the woman spoken of in by me, in my sketch of the foriner and the Revelations; that her business is to present state of Lainbeth, &c. I can warn the world of the near approach of have no disrespect for the writer, but I the Millenium, and to seal ihe people do not like noticing anonymous replies, for the enjoyment of the same to the and, indeed, have but little iuclination, amount of 144,000, &c. &c. (See his or time, for controversy.

Life of Joanna Sruthcott, Letter to the In the hasty sketch' which I gave of Bishop of London, &c.) remarkable objects or occurrences,

I With'respect to the letter, or seal, as might have mentioned the quarrel be- it is termed, which has excited so much tween Mr. Carpenter and Joanpa South. inquiry among the curious, the following cott; but felt no wish to dwell more par. is a description of one which was pru. sicularly on that subject. But it might fanely broke open, and presented to me pot have occurred to your correspon.

as a curiosity. dent, that negative information is not al In the centre of an oval which occu. ways satisfactory or candid: he has told pies one side of the paper, is the name us ihat neither Mrs. Southcott nor her of the disciple who is sealed, on the friends ever attend Mr. Carpenter's olher side appears the following words, House of God; but has neglected to in. “ The sealed of the Lord, The elect form us in what particulars their doc- precious Man's Redeinption, To Inberit Irines now differ; and the anıbiguity of the Tree of Lile, To he made Heirs of his language might lead some to doubt God and Joint Heirs with Jesus Christ. whether Mr. Carpenter bad ever been May 21, 1803.” To this, in a scarcely the suppoiter of the awful pretensions legible band, is signed, “ Jounna Southof this extraordinary female, who con Colt." siders herself “the Bride, the Lamb's One of the seals, intended to secure Wife, and the Woman clothed with the the contenis, appears to repre-ent a Sun.". I think my information suffi lion: the other impression has 1. C, with ciently correct lo permit me to say that (wo stars, the explanation of which, shie the ciniet cause of ihe dispute originaled. says, was given hier by the spirit. On in Mr. Carpenter's belief in the visita. the face of this letter appears again the tions of the Youids of Neckinger-Mills name uithe person sealent; and some of

Thein

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1813.) Prizes Distributed by the Smithfield Club.

31 them have these words added_Not to glishmen, to have one of our great men be opened." J. M. FLINDALL. grace this noble emporium, one whom November 15, 1812.

people of every nation may view and

admire, instead of one who is a disgrace To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. to our nation, and an object of conSIR,

tempt NDIGNATION always arises in my Herts, Sept. 15, 1812. W. BEEK Exchange, the statue of that most pro. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, Higate monarch Charles II.

SIR, Greece and Rome erected statues to their heroes, patriots, orators, &c.; when

N order to ascertain, by an annual I

Exhibition, which breeds of oxen, these were seen, their noble actions were sheep, and pigs, respectively, will imrecalled to memory. Beholders thought prove the most in weight of meat, of of them with gratitude. The sight of good quality, for the market, in a given them encouraged others to love their time, and with a given consumption of country; reflected shaine on self.interest food; the Smithfield Club, which was ined inen, and despicable traitors; and stituted in 1998, through the patriotic stimulated youth io obtain such honors. endeavours of the late Duke of Bedford, But, when any one sees, in the first place, distributed their annual prizes in Deceinin the centre of the first city in the world, ber last, on the award of Mr. George the statue of this man, how will he be as- Guerrier of Poplar, Essex ; Mr. Wm. tonished to hear, that he, whom it repre. Harrison of Folkington, Sussex; and Mr. sents, was a drunkard—a profligate-a Emanuel Pester,of Yeovil, Somersetshire, traitor-whose court was a seraglio, the three judges appointed for examining who was a patron of vice; who, to sup- the animals exhibited, and considering port his vicious courses, sold Dunkirk the several particulars in the certificates to Louis XV. of France !

of their breeds, ages, food, &c.-Below Would it not be more grateful to En- is a return of the particulars *.

• Hume, vol. vii., p. 394-Rapin, vol. ii, * See a similar account last year, in vol. p. 619, 640, 653, 675.

xxxiii.

P:

209.

PRIZE OXEN.

Beef.
lbs.

Loose Hide &
Fat. Horps.
lbs. Ibs.

Head. 15s.

Fat. Blood lbs. lbs.

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Mr. John Westcar's 6-year old Hereford

Ox, fed on hay and 600 oil cakes
Mr. John Jenner's 7-year old Sussex Ox, ?

fed on grass and hay, only
Mr. John Westcar's 6-year old Devonshire

Ox, fed on grass, hay, and 500 oil cakes
Mr. John Wesccar's 5-year old Hereford

Ox, fed on hay and turnips
Mr. Janics Tibbit's 5-year old Scotch Ox,

fed on grass and hay
Mr. Robert Hoghe's 6 years and 8 months

old Devon Cow, fed on grass and hay, which has borne three calves

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