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SERMON LXXVI.

THE SUFFERINGS OF CHRIST FORETOLD IN

THE OLD TESTAMENT:

Acts üi. 18.

But those things, which God before had shewed by the

mouth of all his Prophets, that Christ should suffer, he

hath so fulfilled. Many good arguments there are different in kind, which SERM. conspire to persuade the truth of our religion; such as are LXXVI. the intrinsic reasonableness, excellency, and perfection of its doctrine; the miraculous works performed in attestation thereto; the special favour of Providence declared in the support and propagation thereof : but upon no other ground do the Scriptures so much build its truth, and our obligation to embrace it, as upon the exact correspondence and conformity thereof to all the ancient Scriptures, which did foreshew or foretell its revelation and introduction into the world; to those especially which described the personal characters, circumstances, and performances of our Lord : to this our Lord, in his discourses and disputes with incredulous people, referred them ; Search the Scriptures, said he, because in them ye expect John v. 39. to have eternal life; (that is, to find the true way of saving truth leading thereto;) and those are they which testify of me : by this he instructed and convinced his Disciples; be- Luke xxiv. ginning from Moses and

from all the Prophets, he expound- 37. i 70. ed unto them in all the Scriptures the things concerning him

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15. . 14. John i. 45.

23.

SERM. self: and, These (said he to them presently before his deLXXVI.

parture) are the words which I spake unto you, while I was Luke xxiv. yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were

written in the law of Moses, and in the Prophets, and in the Psalms concerning me: this the Apostles, in all their

preaching, (whereby they taught, proved, and persuaded Acta iü. 22. the Christian doctrine,) did chiefly insist upon; Moses, saith

St. Peter, truly said unto the Fathers, yea, and all the Pro

phets from Samuel, and those that follow after, as many as Acts x. 43. have spoken, have likewise foretold of these days ; and, To aiii . 27; xv. him, saith he again, give all the Prophets witness, that

through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive Acts xviii. remission of sins. And of St. Paul it is said, that he 28. xxviii, mightily convinced the Jewsshewing by the Scriptures,

that Jesus was the Christ; and-he expounded, and testified the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both out of the Law of Moses, and out of the Prophets: thus the chief Apostles and founders of our religion in their public discourses; and in their Epistles they observe the same method ; as particularly asserting Christian doctrines and duties by the testimonies of Prophetical Scriptures, so

generally affirming our religion to be chiefly grounded on 1 Pet. i. 10. them; of which salvation (saith St. Peter, concerning the

salvation exhibited by the Gospel) the Prophels did inquire, and search diligently, who prophesied of the grace to come unto you; and (in regard to the conviction of others) he seems to prefer the attestation of this kind before the special revelation immediately made to the Apostles ; for having

spoken of it, he subjoins, και έχομεν βεβαιότερον τον προφητικόν 2 Pet. i. 19. nóyov We have also a more sure word of prophecy; where

unto ye do well, that ye do take heed, as unto a light that

shineth in a dark place, until the day dawon, and the dayRom. xvi. star arise in your hearts. And St. Paul saith, that the mys25, 26. i. 2.

tery, which was kept secret since the world began, was then

mude manifest, and by the prophetical Scriptures, according 2 Tim. iii. to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to

all nations, to the obedience of faith ; and, The holy Writings, he telleth Timothy, were able to make him wise to the salvation, which is, by the faith of Jesus Christ ; that

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is, they were able to shew and persuade to him the truth SERM. of Christianity, which promiseth salvation to all that hearti-LXXVI. ly embrace it and observe its laws.

Such a stress was laid upon this probation by the founders of our religion ; and no wonder ; for that it is not only extremely forcible in itself, but hath some particular uses, and some peculiar advantages beyond others. The foreknowledge of future contingent events, (such as were many of those concerning our Saviour, depending upon the freest acts of human will,) as it is for the manner of attaining it most incomprehensible to us, so it is most proper to God, and by all men so acknowledged; future contingencies being secrets which no man, no angel, no creature can dive into, they being not discernible in their causes, which are indeterminate; nor in themselves, who are finite. The prediction therefore of such events could not otherwise than proceed from his pleasure; neither could he yield it in way of favour and approbation to that which was not perfectly true and good : this way therefore doth absolutely confirm the truth and goodness of Christian doctrine; it withal manifests the great worth and weight thereof, as implying the particular regard and care God had of it, designing it so anciently, laying trains of providence toward it, and preparing such evidences for the confirmation thereof; it together into the bargain maintaineth the truth of the Jewish dispensation, the sincerity of the ancient Patriarchs and Prophets, and the vigilant care the divine goodness hath always had over the state of religion, and toward the welfare of mankind; never leaving it destitute of some immediate revelations from himself. It had a peculiar aptitude to convert the Jews, who were possessed with a full persuasion concerning the veracity and sanctity of their ancient Prophets ; and could not therefore doubt concerning the truth of that, which appeared conforniable to that which they had foretold should be declared and dispensed for their benefit This probation also hath this advantage, that it singly taken doth suffice to convince; whereas others can hardly do it otherwise than in conjunction with one another, and

SERM. especially with its aid : for the goodness of the doctrine LXXVI. may be contested in some points ; and however good it

seem, it may be imputed to human invention : strange effects may be deemed producible by other causes beside divine power ; and they may be suffered to be done for other ends than for confirmation of truth; they are also commonly transient, and thence most liable to doubt. Providence also is in many cases so mysterious and unsearchable, that the incredulous will never allow any inferences to be drawn from it: but the plain correspondence of events to the standing records of ancient prophecies (obvious and conspicuous to every one that will consult and compare them) concerning a person to be sent by God, who should have such circumstances, and be so qualified, who should in God's name preach such doctrines and perform such works, is a proof, which alone may assure any man, that such a person

doth come from God, and is in what he declareth or doeth approved by him: no counterfeiting can here find place; no evasion can be devised from the force of this proof.

This way therefore of discourse our Lord and his Apostles (whose business it was by the most proper and effectual methods to subdue the reasons of men to the obedience of faith and entertainment of Christian truth) did especially use; as generally in respect to all things concerning our Lord, so particularly in regard to his passion ; declaring it to happen punctually according to what had

been foreseen by God, and thence foreshewed by his ProLuke xviii. phets, rightly understood : He took the twelve, saith St. 31, 32, 33. Luke of our Lord, and said unto them, Behold, we go up

to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the Prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished : for he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shalt be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on; and they shall

scourge him, and put him to death. And again, after his Luke xxiv. resurrection, he thus reproves his Disciples; O fools, and 25, 26, 46. slow of heart to believe all that the Prophets have spoken :

Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? They did not then (partly being blinded

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2, 3. xxvi.

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with prejudice, partly not having used due industry, and SERM.
perhaps not excelling in natural capacity, however not yet LXXVI.
being sufliciently enlightened by divine grace) apprehend,
or discern, that, according to the prophetical instructions,
our Lord was so to suffer ; but afterward, when he had
opened their understanding, that they might understand the Luke xxiv.
Scriptures, they did see, and specially urge this point;
then St. Peter declared, that the Spirit of Christ, which 1 Pet. i. 11.
was in the Prophets, did testify beforehand the sufferings
of Christ, and the glory that should follow; then it was their
manner to reason (as is said of St. Paul) out of the Scrip- Acts xvil.
tures, opening and alleging that Christ must needs have suf-

22, 23.
fered : saying none other things than those which the Pro-
phets and Moses did say should come, that Christ should
suffer ; delivering first of all, that Christ died for our sins, 1 Cor. xv. 3.
according to the Scriptures: this is that which in my text St.
Peter doth insist upon, affirming about the passion of Christ,
that it not only had been predicted by one, or more, but fore-
shewed by an universal consent of all the Prophets; to illus-
trate and confirm which assertion of his, is the scope of our
present discourse; to perform which after having briefly touch-
ed the state of the matter in hand, we shall apply ourselves.

That the Messias was to come in an humble and homely manner; (without appearance of worldly splendor or grandeur ;) that he was to converse among men in a state of external poverty and meanness; that he was to cause offences, and find oppositions in his proceedings; that he was to be repulsed and rejected, to be hated and scorned, to be disgracefully and harshly treated, to be grievously persecuted and afflicted; yea, that at last he was to be prosecuted, condemned, and executed as a malefactor, is a truth indeed, which the Jews (although they firmly believed and earnestly expected the coming of a Messias) did not, and indeed were hardly capable to entertain. It was a point repugnant to the whole frame of their conceits; yea, inconsistent with the nature and drift of their religion, as they did understand it; for their religion in its surface (deeper than which their gross fancy could not

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