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Meteorolog. Diaries for July and Aug. 1791 690 Fête at Gibraltar in Honour of Prince Edward 716
Printed for D. HENRY by JOHN NICHOLS, Red Lion Paffage, Fleet-ftreet;
State of Weather in July 1791.
27 W gentle 28 SSW gentle
29 S ftrong 30 S ftrong 31 S brifk
1. Wind fo brifk, as to blow the hay, in loading, over the meadows.-12. A general want of grafs.-13. Gathered first ripe gooseberries.-16. Cobwebs upon the hedge banks, blackberry in bloom, wheat in bloom, vegetation again going forward, the brown hue of the fields fomething changed, grafs fprings a little.-18. About fix o'clock this evening, the wind round the compafs in the courfe of ten minutes, and with violence.-25. Thunder, and a violent hail-ftorm, at a village not far diftant.-28. Hay-harveft chiefly finished, the crop not fo heavy, but fuperior in quality to the coarfe long grafs of last year. Hay well got. Fall of rain this month, 2.5-10ths of an inch; evaporation, 4-4-1oths.
METEOROLOGICAL TABLE for August, 1791. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer.
59 2993 rain
69 57 29,89 fair
55 30,14 fair
31 fair 25 fair
grey and black clouds, no fun, very cold, rain at
blue fky, white clouds, ftormy rain
grey and black clouds, rain
blue fky, white clouds, unpleasant day
blue fky, a few white clouds, good hay day
clear blue fky, charming day
gloomy, thunder, much rain
blue fky, white veil, black clouds, calm at even-
overcaft, clears up, rain at night
Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer.
77 64 29,91 fair W. CARY, Mathematical Inftrument-Maker, oppolite Arundel-Street, Strand.
Weather n. pts. in Aug. 1791.
Mr. URBAN, XXX
BEING THE SECOND NUMBER OF VOL. LXI. PART II.
Mr. URBAN, Aug. 19. YOUR readinefs to encourage whatever may contribute to the happinefs or welfare of others tempts me to fend to you the following obfervations, which, if put in practice, night, I think, conduce to the health of thofe alluded
to in it.
Hinckley, Aug. 18. YESTERDAY took a ride to High Crofs, having heard the evening before that it had been ftruck by lightning. By **** the inclofed sketch you will fee the prefent appearance; all the upper part of the Crofs was thrown down, and many of the ftones fplit by the lightning, and thrown about, in part, perhaps, by the crampings of the iron within the ftones. 唐唐扈獻
The fituation is high, and it was more expofed than any other object in the neighbourhood. It happened about 20 minutes before one o'clock on the morning of the 16th inftant. The flash of lightning, and the explofion of the thunder, were noticed at Hinckley at the dif tance of about five feconds of time, which agrees pretty well as to the diftance. The preceding day was hot and fultry. Reaumur's thermometer ftood at 20°, that is, about 77° of Fahrenheit's. I apprehend the ftorm was not fo violent at Hinckley as at many other places, for I believe it was very extenfive; but we had a great deal of vivid, pale lightning for many hours. The first appearance of the ftorm and thunder, I obferved, came from the South and South-weft, gradually approaching the latter part of the afternoon of the 15th inftant. J. ROBINSON.
Having, fome years ago, had frequent occafions of going into Buckinghamshire, in which the manufacture of lace is a conftant employment of the women, I much lamented their univerfally dif eafed appearance. Their countenances are generally pale, and of a yellowish colour; and not a few of them are de formed in their bodies. It evidently appeared to me that thefe imperfections are brought on by their courfe of life. Reflecting on thefe circumftances, I refolved to try whether thefe bad effects might not, in fome degree, be prevented.
While working of lace, they lead a fedentary life; their bodies bent forward over their cushions, which reft on their laps. Their bodies being bent, the lungs have not a free play; whence arife various complaints in their breafts. The liver and bowels being alfo preffed upon, the circulation of the fluids in their feveral veffels is impeded; whence flatulences and obftructions, and confequent pains in the abdomen.
The fchools in which the boys and girls are taught are low rooms, kept clofe and warm, because their employ does not require the degree of exercife neceffary to create warmth. In fuch rooms grown women generally affociate together. The air in thefe rooms becomes loaded with perfpirable matter, and other effluvia, arifing from their bodies. Their breathing in the confined air renders it unfit for refpiration. It is well known to medical practitioners, that very dangerous fevers, and other difeafes, arife from confined :r. The boys educated in thefe fchools are foon called
Called forth into the open air, to be varioufly employed in active life; and thus, generally, foon get the better of the bad effects contracted during their
As there was a fchool in the village to which my bufinefs occafionally called me, I refolved to try fuch means as occurred to me to be proper for preventing the abovementioned inconveniences.
In order, in the first place, to prevent the bad effects of vitiated, confined air in the fchool, I made an opening in the cieling of the fchool-room, clofe to the chimney-flue; and from that opening caufed a flue to be built, as high as the chimney, the fide of the chimney making one fide of this new flue. The heat of the fire warming the chimney-flue, the motion of the air in the new flue was thereby accelerated; and by these means there was a conftant current of air upwards from the school in the new fluc, efpecially when the door or windows were opened: and as the noxious, putrefcent animal particles are known to afcend in the air, they are thus conftantly carried off, and hereby a perpe. tual ventilation is formed, the fchool continuing as warm as before. Such openings in affembly (or other crowded) rooms would be found convenient.
To prevent the inconveniences arifing from the bent pofture of the body while at work, 1 caufed a frame to be made, to fupport the pillow to fuch an height as to be at a proper diftance from the eye when the perfon working food upright; and, in order to give them occafional relief, I caufed a refting fupport for the feet to be made in the lower part of the frame, when they were inclined to fit on a feat placed behind them. By this means the body was conftantly upright. This kind of relief is found fo convenient, that, in many merchants' offices, their writing-desks are of fuch an height as to admit of the clerks ftanding or fitting, thereby occa fonaily refting themfelves. While in the country, I prevailed on a fmart, fenfible girl in the neighbourhood to work at a frame which I had made for her, which pleafed her much. I am forry to mention, that, on enquiry, I have not been informed that this practice is followed. S. A.
the best and most fashionable I could
RECEIPT for making CHOCOLATE
attorney at law, in Chefterfield,
A tender husband, and a friend fincere,
Thefe hines, M. Urban, are meledi. ous enough, and were written by the late Bithop kalifax, whole titer Mr. Burton had married. But this, however, is a very bad epitaph, as it informs not po!
terity of the particular circumftances of the fubject of it, viz. that he was a native of the borough of Chesterfield, where his father had been a member of the corporation; that he married one of the three daughters of Mr. Robert Halifax, an apothecary of Mansfield, in the county of Nottingham; that he died without illue, and lett bis wife a widow.
And as to the laft line, in which we are to fuppofe the poignancy of the infcription to confift, one can hardly think it true, because it is equally applicable to the late John Elwes, efq. and many another worthlefs character, who are often found to have a strict regard to juftice, to meum & tuum, without one grain of goodness of heart. And thus mere integrity, when fole and unaccompanied by other virtues, falls fo far fhort in value of the exalted virtues of benevolence and beneficence, that it can never place a man on a level with Mr. John How ard, with faints and angels, who, neverthe efs, were all the works, the noble and beft works, of Gud.
N your ufeful and entertaining Magazine of laft month there is a letter figned W. C. rafhly charging the Quakers with Deifm; and as boldly alerting, that the author of a book, called "The Snake in the Grafs," best knew how to detect them, &c. &c.
Now this anonymous calumniator may be fecure in his hiding-place, as a perfon beneath the notice of writers of ability and character. It is enough juft to condefcend to obferve, that, by unfounded accufations, he has manifefted, moft glaringly, both his malice and his ignorance. Mrs. Knowles, in the Johnfonian dialogue allu led to, fully clears their Society of the Doctor's infinuation of Destin; and their numerous writings prove them alfo to be incontrovertibly found in the Chriftian faith. "The Snake in the Grafs" fpeedily met with an effectual anfwer, in a publication intituled "A Switch for the Snake." This wholefome Switch prefently whipped him into cover, whence he never after ventured to peep out his head. If W. C. expects to be attended to, let him manfully fupport his charges with his name! Heroes draw not their fwords on fhadows! M. N.
in proof of the famenefs of two diftant nations, as of the Americans*, for example, being defcended from the Britons of this ifland, because the name of a bird, penguin, fignifies in Welth white-head, agreeable to the defcription of the fowl, which may be only a cafual coincidence; and though fill lefs can be inferred from the Naraganfet-rock infcriptions, once thought to be Phenician, and that an argument might be drawn from thence, that the Carthaginians or Poni had been there †, but at last turned out to be only either fome unmeaning fcratches, or at beft Tartarian characters ; yet, furely, Mr. Urban, we have good and fufficient grounds now for believing, from the va rious authorities and probable evidence produced in your Magazines for this year (pp. 329, 396, 612), that certain Britons do actually exift in North Ame rica, and are at this time a great and powerful nation. Query, therefore, whether it would not be well worth while for the Government to interpofe, and to fend out fome adventurers at the public expence, furnishing them with all manner of neceffaries, and promifing them fome competent, or rather liberal, rewards, if fuccefsful, in order to explore more fully the latitudes alluded to in thofe papers, for the purpoft, firft, of alcertaining the matter of fact; and then, if the ftatements of the feveral papers fhould prove true, of profecuting a trade with that congenial nation, which, as one has abundant reafon to believe, would prove at leaft as beneficial as that of Botany Bay, or Nootka Sound. I would propole then, that the adventurers fent on this important difcovery, for fuch I efteem it, fhould be four or fix in number, for fear of accidents or fick nefs; that they fhould be fent from hence to Canada in a king's fhip; and, lally, that they fhould be all Britons from North Wales, healthy and robuft, fenfible and intelligent, and the more literate the better, for the making of all proper obfervations on what they may tee, and hear, and feel. From the public fpirit of Mr. Pennant, Sir, I cannot at all doubt but he, though he has taken a folemn leave of the nation as a writer, would condefcend to give himself the trouble, if properly appted to, of feeking out in his own country the required number of perfons to qualified as above. L. E.