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I. The Synod, a Convention of the Bishops and Elders within a District, including at least

Three Presbyteries. The Synod may be Composed either of all the Bishops and an Elder

from each Congregation, or of equal Delegations of Ministers and Elders in a Ratio de-

termined by itself and its Presbyteries. 1. Synod may not Refuse to Receive the Mem-

bers of its Presbyteries, a, b, c, Nor enjoin the Erasure of their Names. 2. The

Synods as Constituted by the Enabling Act of 1870. 3. Changes in the Boundaries

of the Synods, a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, k, l........

4. The Synods as Reorganized in 1881, a; The Enabling Act, b. 5. Synods Formed
since the Reunion.-Nebraska, a; The Columbia, b; Texas, c; Utah, d; Dakota, e;
North Dakota, f. 6. Mode in which a Synod may become a Delegated Body..... 503

II. Quorum of Synod. Seven Ministers, but not more than Three Belonging to one Pres-

bytery. 1. The Rule as to a Quorum must be Observed, a, Invalid Proceedings, how

Cured, b, Acts of Less than a Quorum, Void. 2. Session on the Sabbath for Busi-

ness, Censured, a, b. 3. The Remedy when Synod fails to meet on its Adjournment,

a, Less than a Quorum may Adjourn from Day to Day, The Moderator may fix

Time and Place, b, The Assembly may fix both. 4. Pro re nata Meetings of Synod

are Constitutional, a, The Moderator may call such Meeting, b, c. 5. The Mod-

erator must Specify the Object for which it is Convened. 6. The Moderator

has no Power to Change the Time of Meeting, a, b. 7. The Assembly may Change

the Time and the Place...........

8. Chap. X., Sec. X., Form of Government, does not Apply to Synod. 9. A pro re nata
Meeting to Approve the Minutes Sustained. 10. Action of Synod changing the
Place of Meeting Legalized. 11. How the Place of Meeting may be Changed...... 508

III. Rules as to Corresponding Members, Same as in Presbytery......

12. Reasons for Judicial Actions must be Recorded, a, b, c. 13. The Subject-matter of
a Complaint must be Recorded, as also the Disposal made of it. Synod of Illinois
Central, a; Synod of Baltimore, b; Synod of Nebraska, c. 14. A Special Record
of all Judicial Decisions must be sent up. 15. The Records must be Attested.
Synod of Erie, a; Synod of Baltimore, b. 13. Corrections may not be made after
Review. 14. Records should be kept in Handwriting. 15. Permission given to
Present Printed Records on Conditions Prescribed. 16. The Absentees must be
Recorded. 17. The Record must State the Character of the Complaint and whether
due Notice was given. Papers Adopted must be Recorded. Synod of Columbia, a;
Synod of Minnesota, b. Synod of Missouri. Where a Paper is Recorded, Record
must be made of the Action upon it, c. 18. The Record should be without Abbre-
viations. 19. The Minutes should be Read and Approved before Adjournment.
Synod of Cincinnati, a; Synod of Minnesota, b..........


V. POWERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 1. Decisions and Deliverances on Doctrine.
1. Case of Samuel Harker. 2. Testimony against Universalism and Socinianism, a,
b, c. 3. Case of Hezekiah Balch. 4. Of William C. Davis; His Book-The Gospel
Plan-Condemned. 5. Of Thomas B. Craighead. 6. Of Albert Barnes. 7. Testi-
mony against Doctrinal Errors. 8. An Explication of Doctrines. 9. Testimony
against Certain Disorders and Irregularities. 10. Powers of the Assembly in Dis-
cipline; Definition and Limitations. 11. Testimony of the Assembly on the Out-
break of the Civil War, 1861. 12. Resolutions on the State of the Country, and
Letter to the President of the United States, 1862, a, b, 13. Duty of Citizens to
Support the Administration, 1863. 14. Resolutions Upholding the Government,
1864. 15. Upon the Assassination of President Lincoln, 1865. 16. Powers of the
Assembly in Defining and Determining which are True and Lawful Judicatories.
17. Case of the Walnut St. Church, Louisville; the Assembly passes upon the Valid-
ity of the Election of Ruling Elders, a, b; The Case in the Courts of Kentucky, c;
Appeal Directed to be Taken to the Supreme Court of the United States, d; Final
Report; The Position of the Assembly Sustained by the Supreme Court, e; Report
of the Case; Opinion of the Court, f............

...... 218
18. The Right to Petition and to Memorialize the Assembly Affirmed, a, b. 19. One
who does not Submit Debarred the Right. 20. Bills and Overtures Received only
from Presbyteries and Synods. 21. Memorials Received from Individuals, a, b, c, d.

22. Memorials and Overtures Received from Bodies other than Presbyteries and
Synods, a, b, c, d. 23. The Rule of 1870 Affirmed and Enforced, a, b, c, d, e. 24. The
Rule does not Deny the Right of Petition. 25. Decisions and Deliverances
on Doctrine. Case of John Miller, D. D., a; Case of the Rev. Isaac M. See, b; De-
liverance on the so-called Higher Criticism, c. 26. The Power of Visitation exer-
cised by the Assembly, a; Report of the Committee, b. 27. Pastoral Letter on
Sabbath-schools. 28. Testimony against the Support of Roman Catholic and other
Denominational Institutions by Public Funds.....................................................

2. Of Erecting New Synods; Altering their Bounds, etc., a; Erecting, b; Changing Boun-

daries, c; Transferring Churches, d, Dissolving Synods, e..........

Reorganizing, f; Erecting New Synods, g.....

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4. Of Corresponding with Foreign Churches. 1. The Assembly alone may open Cor-
respondence. 2. Proposals for Correspondence with the New England Churches.
3. Plan of Correspondence with the General Association of Connecticut. 4. THE
PLAN OF UNION and action under it. 5. Correspondence with the Reformed
Churches. a, With the Reformed Dutch Church; b, Amendments of the Plan;
c, Proposal Declined; d, Complaint against Presbytery of North River. 6. Southern
Presbyterian Church Recognized as an Independent Body. 7. Correspondence with
the Southern Presbyterian Church, a, b, c, d, Answer of the Southern Assembly;
e, Action touching the Southern Assembly Declared null and void. 8. Report on
Foreign Correspondence, 1870. 9. Bodies with which the Assembly is at present in
Correspondence, 1873. 10. Power of the Assembly to Expel a Member. 11. Deliv-
erance on the Perils of our System of Public Education. 12. THE PASTORAL LET-
TERS. 1. On Missions. 2. On the Old French War, 1756. 3. On the Repeal of the
Stamp Act, 1766. 4. On the Revolution, 1775. 5. Address to Washington, 1789;
Reply of the President, 1790. 6. On the Results of the French Revolution, 1798.
7. On the Disturbances in Kentucky, etc., 1804. 8. On the Sabbath, 1814. 9. On
Christian Activity, 1817. 10. On prevalent Vices and Immoralities, 1818. 11. On
Revivals and their Abuses, 1832. 12. On the Maintenance of Doctrinal Purity, 1839.
13. On Revivals of Religion, 1849. 14. On Diligence in Repairing the Wastes of
War, 1865. 15. On the Observance of the Sabbath, 1867......


I. The Mode in which Ecclesiastical Rulers should be Ordained to their Offices...

II. Ruling Elders and Deacons to be Chosen in the Mode most Approved, and in Use in that

Congregation; Must be male Members in Full Communion. 1. Elders must be duly

Elected and set apart. 2. The Session may Propose Names to the Congregation.

3. A Meeting of the Congregation to Elect Elders can be called only by the Session,

or some Higher Court. 4. The Remedy, if the Session Refuse. 5. A Superior Ju-

dicature authorizes the Meeting. 6. Irregularity of the Call does not necessarily

Invalidate the Election, a; nor does Irregularity in the Mode of Election Invali-

date the Ordination, b; Those Elected must be Members in Full Communion with

that Church, a. 7. Ministers not Eligible, b; Because not Members of a particular

Church, c; An Exception made in case of Foreign Missionaries, d. 8. Uniformity

in the Mode of Election deemed Impracticable. 9. The Mode most Approved and

in Use may be Changed; There should be a Direct Vote of the Congregation.

10. A Superior Judicature may not Interfere with the Mode in Use. 11. Who are

Electors of Ruling Elders and Deacons? a, Election not made Void where others

than Communicants Vote; b, Only Baptized Persons may Vote; c, and that Com-

municants only should Vote Advised; d, No Distinction to be made as to the Age

of the Electors. 12. Election for a term of years; a, Declared Irregular; b, Over-

ture to limit the Term of Service Declined; c, d, e, Overture to make the Office

Temporary Refused; f, Plan Condemned. 13. The right to Elect to Serve for a

Term of Years aflirmed; Judicial Case; a, History of the Case; b, Action of the

Assembly; c, Minute in the Case; The Office Perpetual, but the Time of its Exer-

cise Left to the Decision of the Church itself; d, Dissent; e, Answer of the Assem-

bly; Limitation of the Term of Service Constitutional...

14. Election Governed by the Mode most in Use and Approved. 15. A Minister not
Eligible as a Ruling Elder. 16. The Word "Congregation" defined as Meaning
Actual Communicants. 17. All Office Bearers must Faithfully Accept the Stand-
ards. 18. No Authority for the Election of Deaconesses. 19. Term Service of
Deacons, a, b...........


III., IV. Upon Acceptance of the Election, the Mode of Ordination and Installation.

V. The Existing Session to give the Right Hand of Fellowship. 1. Mode of Ordina-

tion; Laying on of Hands Approved, a, b, c; But left to the Discretion of the Ses-

sion. 2. Ordination Essential to the Validity of the Judicial Acts of an Elder.

3. Must be Installed on Resuming Office. 4. Order of Installing an Elder already


5. An Elder who has Removed or Resigned, if Re-elected, must be again Installed. 546

VI. The Office of Ruling Elder and Deacon Perpetual; But Either may Cease to Act.

1. Perpetuity of the Office Affirmed, a, b. 2. Restoration to Church Privileges

does not Restore to the Eldership. 3. An Elder without Charge can sit in no

Church Court..........

VII. Of the Way in which an Elder Incapable of Serving the Church to Edification, may be
Relieved of the Functions of his Office; His own Consent or the Action of the Presbytery
must be had. 1. Elders who cannot obey the Superior Court should Resign.
2. They may Resign to promote the Peace of the Church. 3. The Superior
Court directs to cease acting. 4. A Presbytery may direct an Elder to cease to act,
without a request from the Session. 5. When an Elder is unacceptable; the Rem-
edy, to Memorialize Presbytery. 6. When an Elder Resigns, Presbytery may not
order his Restoration. 7. The Official Relations of an Elder terminate with his
Dismission. 8. The Return of a Letter, unused, Restores to Official Position.... 349


I. The Scriptural Requirements; Reasons for Trial of Candidates; Presbyteries shall

License. 1. Preaching without Licensure Condemned as Irregular, a; Disapproved

of, b. 2. On the Licensing and Ordaining of Women, a; Deliverance on the Sub-

ject, b. 3. Education for the Ministry. a, The Board of Education Established;

b, Charter of the Board; c, The Permanent Committee on Education Established;

d, Charter of the Committee. 4. BOARD OF EDUCATION of the Reunited Church.

a, Constitution; b, Act of Incorporation; c, Act Authorizing Transfer of Property

of Committee to the Board; d, Rules of the Board of Education..................... 352

5. Women may not Fulfill the Offices of Public Preachers......

II. Candidates to be under Care of the Presbytery to which they naturally belong; Defined;

Exceptions. 1. The Usage of the Olden Time. 2. Going Abroad for Licensure Dis-

approved of. 3. Candidates for the Ministry should be placed under care of Pres-

bytery; a, Especially in their Theological Studies; b, As soon as Possible, and

Licensed, Ordinarily by the Presbytery to which they belong; c, The Full Term

should not be Shortened. 5. No Candidate to be Received until he has been a

Communicant, and pursued his Classical Studies for a year. 6. Candidates must

Connect themselves with the Presbytery to which they naturally Belong......... 364

7. The above confirmed.........

III. Literary and Moral Qualifications Demanded; Must be a Member of some Particular

Church, and give Satisfaction as to Experience and Motives; Testimonials of Scholarship.

1. A liberal Education Required, a, b; To keep pace with the Progress of Society

and of Letters, c. 2. Letter on the Thorough Literary Training of the Ministry.

3. Liberal Education waived in certain Cases, a; b, Case of John Gloucester.

4. THEOLOGICAL INSTRUCTION; a, Overtures for the Establishment of a Theological

School; b, Plans Proposed; c, Act Establishing the Seminary; d, Agreement with

Trustees of College of New Jersey. e, Terms of Agreement; f, Location fixed at

Princeton. 5. THE SEMINARIES: 1. Princeton; Plan of the Seminary, a; Rules

for Election of Directors, b; Rule for Electing Professors, c; Plan as Amended by

the Assembly of 1870, d; Substitute for Art. II., Sec. I., of the Plan. 6. Report

Detailing the Origin of the Seminaries, and their Relations to the Assembly, 1870.

2. Auburn. 3. Western Theological Seminary; a, Proposition of the Assembly

Accepted; b, Plan of the Seminary; c, Change of Name Authorized. 4. Lane;

The Assembly's Plan Adopted. 5. Union; a, Proposition to the Assembly; b, The

Proposal Accepted by the Assembly; c, Memorial of the Directors. 6. Danville.

7. North-Western, a; Plan of the Seminary Approved, b. 8. German Theological

School, Newark. 9. German Theological School of the North-West, Dubuque. 10. Lin-
coln University; Oversight of Theological Department Accepted. 11. San Francisco.
12. Blackburn University. 7. Limitation of Time within which the Election of a
Professor may be Vetoed.
......... 366

8. Candidates must be Members of some Particular Presbyterian Church. 9. Great

Caution prescribed in the Exceptional Cases. 10. Amendment to Rules of the Board

of Education....

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VI. Time of Study of Theology, at least Two Years. 1. a, Efforts to Extend the Term;
b, A Rule Requiring three years, Unconstitutional; c, Overture sent down, but not
Adopted. 2. Full Term of three years urgently Recommended, a, b, c; Licensure

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