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-under the forms and instructions prescribed by the Register:

-Comptroller contin

ues to instruct on these returns:

[Same subject.]

[Same subject.]

[Same subject.]

-Register's instructions on returns of Commerce and Navigation, &c.

412. Collectors are informed, that the Register of the Treasury will, hereafter, furnish them with the forms of the returns to be made to his office, in conformity with the provisions (29) of the act of the 10th Feb'y, 1820, "for obtaining accurate statements of the foreign commerce and navigation of the United States;" as also with the "Blank Registers," &c., which may be required for vessels: C's folio cir. 31st July, 1821; V. 2, p. 14.

413. An abstract, or list of goods imported, is required to be arranged according to form, in order to facilitate the entries in the books of the Register of the Treasury: C's cir. October 19th, 1824; V. 2, p. 387.

414. The aforesaid abstract of goods imported is altered to conform to, and embrace articles mentioned in, the Tariff Act of 21st May, 1828: C's cir. 12th August, 1828; V. 2, p. 579.

415. An abstract of articles (glass for example) paying compound or ad valorem and specific duties, is required to be returned to the Register of the Treasury, according to form transmitted: C's cir. 10th January, 1840; V. 3, p. 781.

416. A form of an abstract or list of goods imported is prescribed, in order to give uniformity to the entries on the Books of the Register of the Treasury: C's cir. 19th October, 1841; V. 3, p. 899.

417. (Collectors are instructed by the Register of the Treasury how to make their quarterly returns of "the Commerce and Navigation of the United States, according to forms prescribed, to exhibit the kind, quantity, and value, of the goods imported and exported; also the tonnage of vessels, &c.: See Register's circular letter of the 28th June, 1831; in C's cirs. V. 3, p. 166.) (30.)

(29.) The only circular instruction addressed by the Register to Collectors, on the returns here spoken of, that is known to exist, is that of the 28th June, 1831, referred to-No. 417 post, prescribing the forms by which those returns are to be made-a list of which is ap pended to "Table II, of Collectors' accounts and quarterly returns," as prescribed by the Comptroller in this circular of the 31st July, 1821, and in the other circular there referred to.

(30.) It is deemed proper to give entire, in the form of a note, the Register's circular to Collectors, from which the above abstract is made, and which is referred to in the preceding note.

"TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Register's Office, June 28th, 1831.”

"SIR: To enable this Department to comply with the resolution of the Senate of the United States, transmitted to you by circular from this office of the 17th March, you are requested to prepare, in addition to the returns now made, exhibits of the imports and exports of foreign merchandize, compiled agreeably to the forms annexed hereto.*

"Provision is made under the proper dutiable head for the kind, quantity, and value, of all goods imported into, and exported from, your District, subject to ad valorem duties.

"As there is no provision made by law for ascertaining the quantities paying duty on their value, (except in the case of certain woollens and cottons,) you will be governed by the quantities stated in the invoice; which document, it is presumed, will contain sufficient data on this head to furnish the information required by the resolution.

"In making up the imports and exports, particular attention should be paid in designating the manufacture to which the article belongs, whether of wool, cotton, silk, flax, hemp, iron, copper, brass, tin, pewter, and lead, (except shot and leaden pipes,) leather, wood, and marble, glass, japanned, plated, and gilt wares; as the omission of such designation may embarrass the classification of the articles here. It will be proper, also, that all goods be expressed by their invoice or mercantile name.

"Blankets to be designated in quantity and value, as Duffels, Point, or Rose.

* The forms were not preserved with this circular, but are similar to those on the same subject given in the Comptroller's circular of the 31st July, 1841, which circular and forms are given at length in the Appendix, No. II.

418. (In consequence of great dissatisfaction in Congress at the delay of the "annual statements of the Commerce and Navigation of the United States," "by the Register of the Treasury," who attributes it to the delays of Collectors in making their returns to him, the Collectors are entreated to make extra efforts, with an allowance of additional Clerks for that object, if necessary: S's cir. 31st August, 1832; V. 2, p. 292.

419. A quarterly abstract of Aliens arriving in each collection district is required to be returned to the Secretary of State: C's cir. 13th July, 1798; V. 1, p. 157.

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420. (For the naturalization of Aliens, and the terms of their residence in the United their naturalization preliminaries, &c; States, rules are prescribed; and how far it is the duty of Collectors of the Customs to attend to the execution of the Naturalization act: C's cir. 19th September, 1798; V. 1, p. 161.)

421. (The form of a certificate, which is required to be granted by a Collector to an their certificates of Registry. Alien, of his or her Registry, according to the Naturalization act: C's cir. 19th September, 1798; V. 1, p. 162.)

422. The Secretary of State, in his circular letter to Collectors, dated the 30th November, 1819, requires, in pursuance of the 4th and 5th sections of the act of 2d March, 1819, that a quarterly return be made to the Department of State, according to form transmitted, of all passengers taken on board of a vessel in a foreign port or place, destined for, and arriving in their respective Districts in the United States-giving their names, their age, sex, occupation, country, &c: See circulars of the Secretary of the Treasury; V. 2, p. 123.

Quarterly returns of all passengers from abroad, to be made to Secretary of State.

"Worsted stuff goods, in all their varieties, as Bombazetts, Calmancors, Camlets, Circassians, Denmark Satteens, Lastings, Lustres, &c., &c. "The extra returns now called for comprehend only the ad valorem goods; but as the resolution of the Senate embraces also the quantity of each article paying a specific duty, it will be necessary that your attention be drawn to such of that class, the values of which have not heretofore been separately stated; so that each particular kind of wine, oil, fruits, spices, and other articles having a general head, may have the value attached to their special kind and quantity, according to their rate of duty. Your future returns of imports and exports of specific articles, you will be pleased to render according to this new arrangement of theirs.

"No. 1 exhibits the form for rendering the Imports.

"No. 2 exhibits the form for rendering the Exports.

"No. 3 is a form for rendering the merchandize exported entitled to drawback. It will exhibit the amount of drawback payable upon every article exported entitled to debenture; and show the amount payable in your district upon the actual exportations during the quarter. "In making up this abstract, convenience points out the necessity of commencing with the lowest ad valorem rate of duty, the others following in succession, and the specific articles in the order in which they stand in the abstracts of imports and exports.

"No. 4 exhibits a series of forms for keeping a record of the square yard goods, of cotton twist, yarn, and thread, and of leghorn, grass, and chip hats, flats, braids, &c., imported or exported. Transactions under these forms, or either of them, will form a part of your quarterly returns.

"Nos. 5, 6, and 7 will exhibit the tonnage employed in the foreign and coasting trade, and the number of seamen employed in the navigation of such tonnage. They are intended to furnish the information obtained from the tonnage abstract heretofore rendered with your account to the Auditor.

"A vessel entering one port from abroad, and proceeding to another, will, in the latter port, be entered, as, for example, "from Halifax via Portland."

"Your attention is also requested to see that the returns of imports to this office agree with the dutiable abstract forwarded with your ac


"The specific articles in quantity ought to be the same in both abstracts; and the value of ad valorem goods should be less than the dutiable abstract by 10 or 20 per cent. and the additional value of woollens, cottons, leghorn hats, &c., under their respective minimums. "It is unnecessary to transmit blank returns to this office: your letter will enumerate such as are forwarded, as embracing all the transactions of your district during the quarter, required either by this circular, or under the act of the 20th February, 1820. "Signed,

"T. L. SMITH, Register."

Of the coming of Paupers to the United States.

423. (Consuls and Consular Agents are requested to contribute information, in pursuance of a resolution of the Senate respecting the deportation of PAUPERS from Great Britain and other countries for the United States: S's cir. 7th July, 1836; V. 3, p. 104.

NEUTRALITY REGULATIONS exceptions to, in favor of France:

-violations of, in our ports, to be prevented, &c.:

-said instructions explained:

-distinction further explained, between


Of the system of Commerce and Navigation, as modified in time of War and contingent Warembracing the Embargo regulations-Sea Letters, Mediterranean Passports, Letters of Marque and Reprisal, (31.)—Neutrality regulations, with instances of national comity, &c.

424. During the state of war in Europe, privileges are given by the Secretary of the Treasury to French privateers and national armed vessels, exclusive of those of other belligerants, to make entry into ports of the United States of their captured vessels and goods, on the ordinary terms of merchant vessels-paying duties on goods and tonnage, &c.: S's cir. 30th May, 1793; V. 1, p. 140.

425. Repeated instances of contraventions of our Neutrality having taken place in our ports during the present state of war in Europe, the Secretary of the Treasury issues orders to Collectors how to counteract them in future, by establishing a watchful supervision in their respective Districts, together with regulations adopted by the President for their enforcement: S's cir. 4th April, 1793; V. 1, pp. 147, 149.

426. The aforesaid instructions of the 30th May and 4th instant are explained, making more plain the exclusion of certain prizes of vessels fitted out in the United States-being, technically, not armed vessels of France, which, by Treaty stipulations, are deemed by the Secretary to be entitled to privileges of entry, &c., while others coming into our ports are required to depart: S's cir. 22d August, 1793; V. 1, p. 150.

427. French privateers, armed and equipped in ports of the United States, not being enprivateers and nation- titled to the privileges of the national armed vessels of France, in bringing in and disposal armed vessels of ing of their prizes in ports of the United States-Collectors are required to ascertain the France, as to privilege, &c. value of all British vessels and cargoes captured and brought into ports of the United States by French privateers fitted out in ports of the United States, in order thereby to ascertain the subsequent losses on the same by detention, waste, or spoliation—and transmit to the Secretary the documents in each case: S's cir. 10th February, 1794; V. 1, p. 152.

Embargo of 1794:

428. Collectors are informed of the enactment, by resolution of Congress, laying an Embargo for 30 days to detain all vessels in the ports of the United States, except those licensed for the coasting trade or the fisheries; which latter classes, nevertheless, are to give bond and sureties for the strict observance of the conditions of their licenses: S's cir. 26th March, 1794; V. 1, p. 154.

(31.) Many of the regulations growing out of a state of war, or quasi war, having already been incidentally noticed in the preceding sections, in the connections there calling for their elucidation, particularly those of Sea Letters, Mediterranean Passports, and Letters of Marque, which have been introduced, in observance of a more important ruie of classification, in "Section 1, on the system of Marine Papers," from No. 164 to 187, reference must here be made to those notices, to save repetition in this Section, not calling for so much exactness.

429. The said Embargo is continued until the 25th May next: S's cir. 18th April, 1794; -continued: V. 1, p. 155.

430. Swedish vessels are, by resolution of Congress, made exceptions to the Embargo remitted in favor of Swedish vessels, temrestrictions, so that such as have been entered may receive clearance as usual; a copy of porarily. which, in each case, is to be transmitted to the Secretary: S's cir. 23d April, 1794; V.1, p. 156.

431. The French DECREE altering her "NATIONAL FLAG," is transmitted to Collectors for their information: S's cir. 28th May, 1794; V. 1, p. 157.

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432. Collectors are reminded of the instructions of the 4th August, 1793, respecting pro-lation of, in our ports, per vigilance in suppressing, and bringing to punishment, violations of Neutrality in ports of to be punished: the United States, according to the act of 1794, "to prevent certain crimes against the United States': S's cir. 17th June, 1794; V. 1, p. 158.


433. Further admonitions are given, respecting the enforcement of our neutral obliga- obligations explaintions-with particular explanations of what constitutes an unlawful military equipment of vessels, in ports of the United States, for the annoyance of either of the belligerants: S's cir. 6th October, 1794; V. 1, p. 161.

434. Reference is made to the instructions of the 30th May, 1793, giving privileges in our ports to French commissioned privateers fitted out in ports of the United States, similar to those of the "National vessels" of war of France-which privileges are hereby rescinded, (32) as being contrary to the restrictions of the 22d article of our Treaty with France, and of the 24th article of our Treaty with Great Britain: S's cir. 30th June, 1796; V. 1, p. 174.

435. A series of rules and instructions are given to Collectors, for their government, in relation to the prizes of French privateers arriving with their prizes in ports of the United States, in a damaged or helpless condition, requiring repair, or other relief, preparatory to proceeding with their property to depart from our waters, according to law: S's cir. 26th November, 1796; V. 1, p. 181.

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436. American merchant vessels, trading to the East Indies, are alone permitted to arm-certain merchant vessels may arm in themselves for self-defence during the state of war in Europe; and vessels suspected of ar- self-defence, without riving in American ports for purposes of depredation on American commerce, are required violating neutrality. to be seized: S's cir. 8th April, 1797; V. 1, p. 184.



437. An abstract of the vessels of citizens of the United States, and cargoes, captured and cargoes detained and detained from their respective destinations, under the authority of any foreign nation, by foreign capture, a list of, called for: distinguishing which, is required to be made out according to form, and forwarded to the Department, for the use of Congress: S's cir. 15th February, 1798: V. 1, p. 191.

(32.) It is manifest, from the instruction of 10th February, 1794, which makes all proper distinction in this matter, that the objectionable part of the instruction of the 30th May, 1793, was a clerical error; as, in that of February following, the Secretary seemed not conscious of having given the contrary of what he then set forth-which, in fact, superseded the necessity of the above revocation of June, 1796. See the entire circular in the APPENDIX at the end of this Volume, marked No. I.

-call repeated:

-privilege of arming in self-defence,

438. The said call of the 15th instant is repeated, with some extension of details: S's cir. 24th February, 1798; V. 1, p. 192.

439. The privilege of arming in self-defence is extended by the President to all mertended to all merchant chant vessels of the United States employed in regular and lawful commerce-with due

vessels :


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vessels are not exclu

caution required not to take on board more arms, &c., than are wanted, lest they violate the law prohibiting the exportation of arms and munitions of war: S's cir. 21st March, 1798; V. 1, p. 194.

440. Our commercial intercourse with France and her dependencies being suspended by law, the course to be observed by Collectors, in executing the provisions of the law, is pointed out by the Secretary of the Treasury, with sundry rules prescribed for their government: S's cir. 12th February, 1799; V. 1, p. 197.

441. The attention of Collectors is called to the exception made by proclamation of the President on the aforesaid suspension of intercourse with France and her dependencies, so far as it respects certain ports of the Island of St. Domingo: S's cir. 26th June, 1799; V. 1, p. 199.

442. The act of the 27th February, 1800, "further to suspend commercial intercourse between the United States and France and her dependencies," is transmitted to Collectors, without remark: C's cir. 1st March, 1800; V. 1, p. 191.

443. The aforesaid exceptions of the 26th June, 1799, are extended to all the ports of St. Domingo, on certain conditions, by proclamation of the President-restoring our commercial intercourse with that Island: S's cir. 27th September, 1800; V. 1, p. 202.

444. The act "to continue the act to suspend commercial intercourse with parts of the Island of St. Domingo," having passed the Legislature, its provisions will continue to be strictly enforced: S's cir. 24th February, 1807; V. 1, p. 248.

445. Collectors are informed that it was not intended by the President's proclamation of ded by proclamation, the 2d July instant, to prohibit any British merchant vessel from entering ports of the



[Same subject.]

Supplement to-1808.

United States. All such, even though they be armed, and have letters of marque, are to be admitted to entry: S's cir. 10th July, 1807; V. 1, p. 249.

446. Congress having on this day passed an act "laying an Embargo on all vessels in the ports and harbors of the United States," instructions are given to Collectors for executing the same: S's cir. 22d December, 1807; V. 1, p. 251.

447. Further instructions are given for executing the aforesaid Embargo, with authority to use force in detaining vessels: S's cir. 31st December, 1807; V. 1, p. 252.

448. A supplementary act having been passed on this day, more effectually to enforce the Embargo, instructions are given to execute the same: S's cir. 9th January, 1808; V. 1, p. 257.

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