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Me from attempting. Wherefore do' I affume 456
These royalties, and not refufe to reign,
Refusing to accept as great a share
Of hazard as of honor, due alike
To him who reigns, and fo much to him due
Of hazard more, as he above the rest

455 High honor'd sits ? Go therefore mighty Powers, Terror of Heav'n, though fall’n; intend at home, While here shall be our home, what beft


east The present misery, and render Hell More tolerable; if there be cure or charm 460 To refpit, or deceive, or flack the pain Of this ill mansion : intermit no watch


450.- Wherefore do I asume &c.] vw Xpu Aurtoire jeta e pesa Our author has here caught the (pi

τοισιν εονίας, , rit of Homer in that divine speech Esspezvende peyns maus eins ar of Sarpedon to Glaucus, Hliad,

TIGOAnoni &c.

XII. 310.

Τλανκς, τη δη γωι τετιμημεθα

μάλισα Edpn 7, XPERIIN TE, id col's

Ev Aurini canles de ters wi's

Και τεμενα νεμομεθα μεγα

Ξανθοιο παρ' οχθας, ,
Kadov, QUtd2016 xau tip8p115 V

e poegio;

Why boaft we, Glaucus, our ex

tended reign, Where Xanthus' streams enrich

the Lycian plain, Our numerous herds that range

the fruitful field, And hills where vines their purple

harvelt yield, Our foaming bowls with purer

nectar crown'd, Our feasts enhanc'd with music's

sprightly found?


Against a wakeful foe, while I abroad
Through all the coasts of dark destruction feek
Deliverance for us all: this enterprife 465
None shall partake with me. Thus saying rose
The Monarch, and prevented all reply,
Prudent, lest from his resolution rais'd

the chief might offer now (Certain to be refus’d) what erst they fear'd; 470 And fo refus’d might in opinion stand His rivals, winning cheap the high repute Which he through hazard huge must earn. But they Dreaded not more th’adventure than his voice Forbidding; and at once with him they role; 475


Why on those shores are we with phim is faperior to a Man. And joy survey'd,

is it not a probable prefumption, Admir'd as heroes, and as Gods that Milton (whose dislike to kings obey'd ?

is very well known) by putting Unless great acts superior merit these len‘irzents into the mouth of prove,

the king of Hell intended ar oblique And vindicate the bounteous fatir upon the kings of the Earth, pow'rs above.

whose practice is so often directly "Tis our's, the dignity they give, contrary to them?

to gráce ; The first in valor, as the first in 465. this enterprise place. &C. Pope.

None pall partake with m.] The

abruptness of Satan's conclufion is This is one of the nobleft and beft- very well express’d by the speech fpirited speeches in the whole Iliad: breaking off in the middle of the but (as Mr. Hume says) is as much verse. exalted in the imitation, as a Sera

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476. Their

Their rising all at once was as the sound
Of thunder heard remote. Towards him they bend
With awful reverence prone; and as a God
Extol him equal to the Hig'hest in Heaven : ....
Nor fail'd they to express how much they prais'd,
That for the general safety he despis’d 1:1481
His own: for neither do the Spirits damn'd


476. Their rifing all at once was that, and made that remark to preas the found

vent their boasting

* Pearce. Of thunder' biard remote.] The As our author has drawn Satan rising of this great assembly is de- with some remains of the beauty, scribed in a very sublime and poeti- fo he represents him likewise with cal manner. Addison.

fome of the other perfections of

an Arch-Angel; and here in he has 483.-lef bad men frould boaft &c.) follow'd the rule of Ariftotle in his Here Dr. Bentley alks, whether Poetics, chap. 15. that the manthe Devils retain some of their vir- ners should be as good as the natue, on purpose les bad men should ture of the subject will possibly adboast &c. This being an absurdity, mit. A Devil all made up of wickhe reads less should bad men boaft &c. edness would be too shocking to any But there is no occasion for the al- reader or writer. teration. To take the force of the 489.-while the north-wind sleeps,] word left, we must suppose the au- So Homer expresses it, Iliad. y. thor to have left his reader to supply 524. some such expression as this, This remark (of the Devils not lefing -oop'&us nos refu @ Bopsco. all their virtue) I make, left bad that wind generally clearing the men should boast &c. Dr. Bentley ly, and dispersing the clouds. knows that in in Greek, and ne in Every body must be wonderfully Latin are often thus used. Milton delighted with this fimilitude. The here seems to have had in view images are not more pleasing in naEph. II. 8, 9. By grace ye are saved ture, than they are refreshing to through faith not of works, left the reader after his attention to the any man pould boaft. Not, that foregoing debate. We have a fithey were saved not of works, on mile

of the fame kind in Homer, purpose lifi any man should boaft; but apply'd upon a very different but St. Paul puts them in mind of occasion, Iliad. XVI. 297.

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Lose all their virtue; left bad men should boast
Their specious deeds on earth, which glory excites,
Or close ambition varnish'd o'er with zeal. 485
Thus they their doubtful consultations dark
Ended rejoicing in their matchless chief :
As when from mountain tops the dusky clouds
Ascending, while the north-wind Neeps, o'er-spread


it :

As dor'aq' ufnans xapuons o- Homer says only that he remov'd ρες μεγαλο/ο

the thick clouds from the mountain Kwok UXIylw yepea Ww 540978

top, and so it is explained in the

note of Pope's Homer, which γερετα Ζευς, ,

shows that the translation and notes Εκ τ' εφανον πασαι σκοπιαι, και were not always made by the fame opwoyés ateli,

person. We have a fímile too, Kel vanal, segvolev f'ap upepo much of the same nature in a Son

net of Spenser, as Mr. Thyer hath egryn amset ai@np.

obseryed. Sonnet 40, So when thick clouds inwrap the mountain's head,

Mark when she smiles with amiable O'er Heav'n's expanse like one chear, black cieling spread;

And tell me whereto can you liken Sudden, the Thund'rer with a flashing ray,

When on each eye-lid sweetly do Bursts through the darkness, and

appear lets down the day :

An hundred Graces as in shade The hills fhine out, the rocks in

to fit. prospect rise,

Likest it seemeth, in my simple wit, And streams, and vales, and fo Unto the fair sun-fhine in fumrests (trike the eyes,

mer's day; The smiling scene wide opens to That when a dreadful storm away the fight,

is fit, And all th? unmeasur'd æther Through the broad world doch flames with light,

spread his goodly ray:

At fight whereof each bird that fits Mr. Pope translates it as if Jupiter on spray, lightend, which makes it a horrid And every beast that to his den rather than a pleasing scene; but was fled,


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Heav'n's chearful face, the louring element

490 Scowls o'er the darken’d landskip snow, or shower; If chance the radiant sun with farewel sweet Extend his evening beam, the fields revive, The birds their notes renew, and bleating herds Attest their joy, that hill and valley rings. 495 O shame to men! Devil with Devil damn'd Firm concord holds, men only disagree Of creatures rational, though under hope Of heav'nly grace: and God proclaming peace, Yet live in hatred, enmity, and strife

500 Among themselves, and levy cruel wars, Wasting the earth, each other to destroy: As if (which might induce us to accord)

Man Come forth afresh out of their late 494.-bleating herds] Dr. Bentdismay,

ley reads flocks, and fays that herd And to the light lift up their is a word proper to cattel, that do drooping head.

not bleat. "But herd is originally the So my storm-beaten heart likewise common name for a number of any is cheared,

fort of cattel: Hence Shepherd, With that fun-fhine, when cloudy that is Sheepherdsman, see VII. 462. looks are cleared.

Pearce. See also a fimile of the fame kind - Bleating herds is much such an exin Boethius De Conf. L. 1. and in prefsion as Spenser's flercy cattel in Dante's Inferno. C. 24.

Colin Clout's come home again.

496. O fame to men! &c.] This 489. o'erspread reflection will appear

the Heav'r's chearful face,] Spenser, tinent and natural, when one con

more per Fairy Queen, B. 2, Cant. 12. St. 34. fiders the contentious age, in which And Heaven's chearful face enve- Milton liv'd and wrote. Thyer.

loped. Tbger.

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