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Might in that noise reside, of whom to ask
and the dreaded name At whose dread name the trembOf Demogorgon;] There was a
ling furies quake, notion among the Ancients of a
Hell stands abash'd, and earth's certain deity, whose very name foundations fhake? they supposed capable of pro
Who views the Gorgons with inducing the most terrible effects, and which they therefore dreaded
And your inviolable flood defies? to pronounce. This deity is men
Rowe. tion'd as of great power in incantations. Thus Ericho is introduced And likewise Tirefias by Statius, threatning the infernal Powers for Thebaid. IV. 514. being too slow in their obedience by Lucan, Phar. VI. 744.
Scimus enim et quicquid dici nos
cique timetis, Paretis ? an ille
Et turbare Hecaten, nî te, ThymCompellandus erit, quo nunquam
bræe, vererer, terra vocato
Et triplicis mundi summum quem Non concussa tremit, qui Gorgona
scire nefaftum eft, cernit apertam,
Illum sed taceo. Verberibusque suis trepidam castigat Erinnym,
And Ismen threatens in the same Indespecta tenet vobis qui Tar- strain in Tasso, Cant. 13.
St. tara; cujus Vos estis fuperi; Stygias qui peje. Per lungo disusar già non fi scor
da, c. rat undas ? Yet, am I yet, ye sullen fiends, I have not yet forgot for want obey'd ?
of use, Or must I call your master to my What dreadful terms belong this aid?
Of Demogorgon; Rumor next and Chance, 965
My tongue (if ftill your stubborn and takes notice also of the dreadhearts refuse)
ful effects of his name, B. 1. Cant. i. That so much dreaded name can St. 37. well repeat,
A bold bad man, that dar'd to call Which heard great Dis cannot
by name himself excuse,
Great Gorgon, prince of darkness But hither run from his eternal
and dead night, feat. Fairfax.
At which Cocytus quakes, and Styx The name of this deity is Demo is put to flight. gorgon, which some think a cor- Well therefore might Milton diruption of Demiurgus; others ima- ftinguish him by the dreaded name gin him to be so call'd, as being of Demogorgon: and the name of able to look upon the Gorgon, Demogorgon is as much as to say that turned all other spectators to Demogorgon himself, as in Virgil stone, and to this Lucan seems to Æn. VI. 763. Albanum nomen is a allude, when he says
man of Alba, Æn. XII. - qui Gorgona cernit apertam. men Echionium, id eft Thebanum,
is a Theban; and we have a meSpenser too mentions this infernal morable inftance of this way of deity, Fairy Queen, B. 1. Cant. 5. speaking in Rev. XI. 13. And in
the earthquake were fain ovoudra Which wast begot in Demogorgon’s av@pwtwv names of men seven thouhall,
Jand, that is seven thousand men. And saw'st the secrets of the world And besides these authorities to unmade:
justify our author, let me farther
add what the learned Mr. Jortin and places him likewise in the hath suggested, that this name " is immenfe abyss with Chaos, B. 4.
“ to be found in Lactantius, the Cant. 2. St. 47
“ Scholiaft of Statius on Thebaid. Down in the bottom of the deep “ IV. 516. Dicit Deum Demoabyss,
It is also Where Demogorgon in dull dark- “ to be found in Hyginus, pag. 11.
“ Edit. Hamburg. Oct. 1674. Ex Far from the view of Gods and « Demogorgone et Terra Python, Heaven's bliss,
• draco divinus, if the place be The hideous Chaos keeps, their “ not corrupted. See Muncker dreadful dwelling is :
there." And Mr. Thyer jufti
T'whom Satan turning boldly, thus. Ye Powers And Spirits of this nethermost abyss, Chaos and ancient Night, I come no spy, 970
fies the use of the word against Mr. Addison seems to disapprove of Dr. Bentley by another passage in these fictitious beings, thinking our author's Latin works, p. 340. them I suppose (like Sin and Death Apud vetuftiflimos itaque mytholo- improper for an epic poem : but I giæ scriptores memoriæ datum re- see no reason why Milton may not perio Demogorgonem Deorum om- be allow'd to place such imaginary nium atavum (quem eundem et beings in the regions of Chaos, as Chaos ab antiquis nuncupatum ha- well as Virgil describe the like beriolop inter alios liberos, quos fuf- ings, Grief, and Fear, and Want, tulerat plurimos, Terram genuiffe. and Sleep, and Death, and Dif
cord likewise within the confines 965. - Rumor next and Chance,] of Hell; and why what is acIn Satan's
voyage through the Chaos there are several imaginary deemed a fault in the other. Sec
counted a beauty in one should be persons described, as residing in Æn. VI. 273. & c. that immense waste of matter. This may perhaps be conformable Vestibulum ante ipsum, primisque to the taste of those critics who in faucibus orci, are pleased with nothing in a poet Luctus, et ultrices posuere cubilia which has not life and manners Curæ : ascribed to it; but for my own Pallentesque habitant Morbi, tripart, I am pleased most with those ftisque Senectus, passages in this description which Et Metus, et malesuada Fames, et carry in them a greater measure of turpis Egestas, probability, and are such as might Terribiles visu formæ: Letumque, poflibly have happen'd. Of this Laborque : kind is his first mounting in the Tum confanguineus Leti Sopor, smoke that rises from the infernal et mala mentis pit, his falling into a cloud of Gaudia, mortiferumque adverso nitre and the like combustible ma
in limine Bellum, terials, that by their explosion still Ferreique Eumenidum thalami, et hurried him forward in his
Discordia demens his springing upward like a pyra
Vipereum crinem vittis innexa mid of fire, with his laborious pas. cruentis. sage through that confusion of clcments which the
Just in the gate, and in the jaws calls poet
of Hell, The womb of nature, and perhaps Revengeful Cares, and sullen Sorher grave. Addison.
rows dwell; VOL. I.
With purpose to explore or to disturb
And pale Diseases, and repining Virgil and Milton that Discord is Age ;
made the last of these imaginary Want, Fear, and Famin's unre- beings, but how much greater an
idea have we of Discord with a Here Toils,and Death, and Death's thoufand various mouths than with half-brother Sleep,
fnaky hair, Forms terrible to view, their fen
Vipereum crinem vittis innexa crus try keep;
entis ! With anxious Pleasures of a guilty mind,
We may farther observe in justifi. Deep Frauds before, and open cation of Milton, that the like Force behind;
fhadowy beings are introduc'd in The Furies iron beds, and Strife Seneca, Herc. Fur. 686. in Stathat shakes
tius's description of the house of Her hiling treffes, and unfolds Mars. Theb. VII. 47. in Clauher snakes. Dryden. dian In Rufin. I. 30. and in Spen.
fer, Fairy Queen, B. 2. Cant. 7. Every reader, I believe, has been St. 21, &c. The passages at large pleased with this description; and would swell this note to too great it is impoflible to be plealed with a length, and therefore the reader Virgil, and to be displeased with is only referred to the places. Milton. We may observe both in
To your behoof, if I that region loft,
Thus Satan; and him thus the Anarch old,
972. The secrets of your realm,] word diflurb will be proper enough This passage has been objected to as in I. 167. without any reason. He means
and difturb probably secret places, as in ver. His inmost counsels from their 891. Secrets is used here as fecreta destin'd aim; Sometimes in Virgil :
and the word explore will be very In fecreta senis ducam :
proper, as in VII. 95. Georg. IV.403. What we, not to explore the sea
Of his eternal empire.
981. Directed no mean recompense Antrum immane petit :
it brings &c.] My course Æn. VI. 10. directed may bring no little recomAnd likewise in Spenser, Fairy pense and advantage to you, if I Queen, B. 6. Cant. 12. St. 24.
reduce that loft region, all usurpa
tion being thence expell'd, to her And searched all their cells and original darkness and your fway secrets near.
(which is the purport of my pre
sent journey) and Or if we understand by secrets se- erect the standard there of ancient eret counsels and transactions, the Night.
999. - if