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And wisdom at one entrance quite shut out.
So much the rather thou, celestial Light,
Shine inward, and the mind through all her powers
Irradiate, there plant eyes, all mist from thence
Purge and disperse, that I may see and tell
Of things invisible to mortal fight.

55 Now

works is an unphilosophical expref- of it and them ever so passionately Sion. If so, and if the sentence and so patiently lamented. They must terminate at blank, why may that will read the most excellent we not read?

Homer, bemoaning the fame misPresented with an universal blank; fortune, will find him far short of All nature's works to me expung'à this. Herodotus in his life gives and ras'd,

us some verses, in which he be

wailed his blindness. Hume. that is, all nature's works being, 52. Shine irward,] He has the in respect to the universal blank, or fame kind of thought more than absence of light from me, ex once in his prose works. See his pung’d to me and ras d. Pearce. Epift. to Emeric Bigot. Orbitatem It is to be wilh'd that some such certe luminis quidni leniter feram, emendation as this was admitted. quod non tam amiffum quam revoIt clears the syntax, which at pre- catum intus atque retractum, ad sent is very much embarass’d. All acuendam potius mentis aciem nature's works being to me expung'd quam ad hebetandam, fperem? and ras'd, 'and wisdom at one en- Epift. Fam. 21. See also his Detrance quite fout out is plain and in- fenfio Secunda, p. 325. Edit. 1738. telligible; but otherwise it is not Sim ego debilissimus, dummodo in easy to say what the conjunction mea debilitate immortalis ille et And copulates wisdom to; And wif- melior vigor eò se efficacius exerat; dom at one entrance quite put out. dummodo in meis tenebris divini

49. ras'd.] Of the Latin vultûs lumen eò clarius eluceat; radere; the Romans who writ on tum enim infirmiffimus ero fimul waxed tables with iron ftiles, when et validiffimus, cæcus eodem temthey struck out a word, did tabu- pore et perspicacissimus; hac poflam radere rase it out.. Light and sim ego infirmitate confummari, the bleslings of it were never hac perfici, poflim in hac obscuridrawn in more lively colors and tate fic ego irradiari. Et fane haud kner Itrokes; nor was the sad lofs ultima Dei cura cæci fumus;


Now had th’almighty Father from above,
From the pure empyréan where he sits
High thron'd above all highth, bent down his eye,
His own works and their works at once to view:
About him all the Sanctities of Heaven

60 Stood thick as stars, and from his fight receiv’d


nec tam oculorum hebetudine, E quanto è da le stelle al basso quam cæleftium alarum umbrâ has inferno, nobis feciffe tenebras videtur, factas Tanto è più in sù de la stellata illustrare rursus interiore ac longè sphera: præftabiliorę lumine haud raro Gli occhi in giù volse, e in un folet,

sol punto, e in una

Vista mirò ciò, che'n se il mondo 56. Now bad th' almighty Father

aduna. &c.] The survey of the whole

When God almighty from his creation, and of every thing that is transacted in it, is a prospect

lofty throne, worthy of omniscience; and as

Set in those parts of Heav'n that

purest are, much above that, in which Virgil (As far above the clear stars every has drawn his Jupiter, as the Chri

one, ftian idea of the supreme Being is

As it is hence up to the highest more rational and sublime than

star) that of the Heathens. The par.

Look'd down, and all at once ticular objects, on which he is de

this world beheld, scribed to have cast his eye, are Each land, each city, country, represented in the most beautiful

cown, and field.

Fairfax. and lively manner, Addison.

Thyer. This picture of the Almighty's looking down from Heaven is

59. and their works] That much the same with that which is the works of his own works, Taffo gives in the following lines, the operations of his own creaCant. 1. St. 7.

tures, Angels, Men, Devils. Quando da l' alto foglio il Padre 61. — and from his fight received eterno,

Beatitude pas utterance ; ) Our Ch' è ne la parte più del Ciel fin- author here alludes to the beatifie cera :

vifion, in which divines suppose X 4



Beatitude past utterance; on his right
The radiant image of his glory fat,
His only Son; on earth he first beheld
Our two first parents, yet the only two
Of mankind, in the happy garden plac'd,
Reaping immortal fruits of joy and love,
Uninterrupted joy, unrival'd love
In blissful solitude; he then survey'd
Hell and the gulf between, and Satan there
Coasting the wall of Heav'n on this side Night



the happiness of the Saints to or air, but without firmament, withconsift. Thyer.

out any sphere of fixed stars over 62. on his right

it, as over the earth. The sphere The radiant image of his glory fat, of fixed stars was itself compre

His only Son; ] °According to St. hended in it, and made a part of it. Paul, Heb. I. 3. His Son who

77. Him God beholding from bis being the brightness of his glory, and

profpeet high, the express image of his person

Wherein past, present; future he fat down on the right hand of the

bebolds] Boethius, an aumajesty on high. Let the discerning thor not unworthy of our poet's linguist compare the preceding de imitation, describing the Deity uses scription of God with that by Taf- exactly the same terms. Qui cum fo, Cant. 9. Stan. 55, 56, 57,

ex alta providentiæ specula respicit, Hume. quid

cuique eveniat. De Conf. Phi 72. In the dun air] This is the aer bruno of the Italians, who al- Quæ fint, que fuerint, veniantque most constantly express a gloomy Uno mentis cernit in ictu. dusky air in these terms. Thyer.

Metr. 2. Thyer. 75. Firm land imbofom'd, without

79. Thus to his only Son foreseeing firmament, &c.] The uni Spake.) If Milton's majesty verse appear'd to Satan to be a so- forsakes him any where, it is in lid globe, incompass'd on all fides those parts of his poem, where the 'but uncertain whether with water divine Persons are introduced as


Tof. L. 4.

Ib. L. 5.

In the dun air sublime, and ready now
To stoop with wearied wings and willing feet
On the bare outside of this world, that seem'd
Firm land imbofom'd, without firmament, 75
Uncertain which, in ocean or in air.
Him God beholding from his prospect high,
Wherein past, present, future he beholds,
Thus to his only Son foreseeing spake.

Only begotton Son, seest thou what rage 80 Transports our Adversary? whom no bounds

Prescrib'd, speakers. One may, I think, ob- of Christianity, and drawn togeserve that the author preceeds with ther in a regular scheme the whole a kind of fear and trembling, dispensation of Providence with whilft he describes the sentiments respect to Man. He has repre. of the Almighty. He dares not sented all the abstruse doctrins of give his imagination its full play, predestination, free-will and grace, but chooses to confine himself to as also the great points of incarnasuch thoughts as are drawn from tion and redemption (which natuthe books of the most orthodox di- rally grow up in a poem that treats vines, and to such expressions as of the fall of Man) with great may be met with in Scripture. The energy of expression, and in a beauties therefore, which we are clearer and stronger light than I to look for in these speeches, are ever met with in any other writer. not of a poetical nature, nor fo As these points are dry in themproper to fill the mind with sen-selves to the generality of readers, timents of grandeur, as

with the concise and clear manner, in thoughts of devotion. The pas- which he has treated them, is very fions, which they are design d to much to be admired, as is likeraise, are a divine love and reli- wise that particular art which he gious fear. The particular beauty 'has made use of in the interspersof the speeches in the third book ing of all those graces of poetry, consists in that shortness and per. which the subject was capable of spicuity of ftile, in which the poet receiving. Satan's approach to the has couch'd the greatest myiteries confines of the creation is finely



Prescrib'd, no bars of Hell, nor all the chains
Heap'd on him there, nor yet the main abyss
Wide interrupt can hold; so bent he seems
On desperate revenge, that shall redound
Upon his own rebellious head. And now
Through all restraint broke loose he wings his way
Not far off Heav'n, in the precincts of light,
Directly towards the new created world,
And Man there plac'd, with purpose to assay
If him by force he can destroy, or worse,
By some false guile pervert; and shall pervert,
For Man will hearken to his glozing lies,
And easily transgress the sole command,
Søle pledge of his obedience: So will fall,
He and his faithless progeny: Whose fault?
Whose but his own? Ingrate, he had of me
All he could have; I made him just and right,
Sufficient to have stood, though free to fall.

Such imaged in the beginning of the both them who stood and them speech, which immediately fol.

who fell ; lows.

Addison. Freely they stood who stood, and

féll who fell. Bentley. TOI. both them who stood and

them who failds] Both the 108. — (reason alfo is choice) ] antitheton and the repetition in the The author had express’d the same next line fhow that the author sentiment before in prose.“ Many

5 there be that complain of divine

“ Proyi


gave it,

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