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Of Moloch homicide, lust hard by hate ;
Till good Jofiah drove them thence to Hell.
With these came they, who from the bordring flood
Of old Euphrates to the brook that parts

Egypt from Syrian ground, had general names
Of Baälim and Ashtaroth, those male,
These feminine. For Spirits when they please
Can either sex affumé, 'or both; so soft
And uncompounded is their essence pure, 425
Not ty'd or manacled with joint or limb,


ber boughs unto the sea, and ber about the operation of Demons, branches unto the river, that is from where a story is related of a Dethe Mediterranean to the river mon's appearing in the shape of a Euphrates --to the brook that parts woman; and upon this a doubt is Egypt from Syrian ground, most pro- rais’d whether fome Demons are bably the brook Befor mention'd males, and others females ; and it in Scripture, near Rhinocolura, is asserted that they can assume ei.' which city is aflign'd sometimes to ther sex, and take what shape and Syria and sometimes to Egypt. color they please, and contract or 422. Baälim and Antaroth, These they are of an aery nature. dcó xal

dilate themselves at pleasure, as are properly named together, as they frequently are in Scripture; exas 79 wu74, Tots ow Me and there were many Baälin and men ò av oregito gnila petatu. many. Ashtaroth; they were the gę. To apG 10 owuar. ča

πωσας, και χρωματα τιν eneral names of the Gods and God. desses of Syria, Palestine, and the nigwr peegs, tots espais amp neighbouring countries. It is fup- SUORVISETO, note de 1995 yua posed that by them is meant the

Vor ustalande popony &c. See sun and the host of Heaven.

Mszanas 78 Yenas u eel grepy eteesia

δαιμονων διαλογ. 70.-77» 423. For Spirits when they please Edit. Lutet. Parif. 1615. Such an

&c.] These notions about extraordinary scholar was Milton, Spirits seem to have been borrowd and such use he made of all sorts from Michael Psellus his dialogue of authors


437. With

Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones,
Like cumbrous flesh; but in what shape they choose
Dilated or condens’d, bright or obscure,
Can execute their
aery purposes,

And works of love or enmity fulfil.
For those the race of Israel oft forsook
Their living ftrength, and unfrequented left
His righteous altar, bowing lowly down
To bestial Gods; for which their heads as low 435
Bow'd down in battel, sunk before the spear


437. With these in troop &c.] mountain of corruption, 2 Kings Afløreth or Astarte was the God- XXIII. 13. as here by the poet dess of the Phænicians, and the th' offensive mountain, and before moon was adored under this name. that opprobrious bill, and that bill She is rightly said to come in troop of scandal. with Aftaroth, as she was one of 446. Thammuz came next &c. ] them, the moon with the stars. The account of Thammuz is finely Sometimes she is called queen of romantic, and suitable to what we Heaven, Jer. VII. 18. and XLIV. read among the Ancients of the 17, 18. She is likewise called the worship which was paid to that Goddess of the Zidonians, 1 Kings idol. The reader will pardon me, XI. 5. and the abomination of the if I insert as a note on this beauZidoniens, 2 Kings XXIII. 13. as tiful passage, the account given us she was worshipped very much in by the late ingenious Mr. MaunZidon or Sidon, a famous city of drel of this ancient piece of worthe Phænicians, situated upon the ship, and probably the first occaMediterranean. Solomon, who had fion of such a superstition. “We many wives that were foreigners, came to a fair large river was prevail'd upon by them to in- « doubtless the ancient river Ado. troduce the worship of this God “ nis, so famous for the idolatrous dess into Ifrael, 1 Kings XI. 5. “ rites performed here in lamentaand built her temple on the mount « tion of Adonis. We had the of Olives, which on account of “ fortune to see what may be supthis and other idols is called the “ posed to be the occasion of that

“ opinion

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Of despicable foes." With these in troop
Came Astoreth, whom the Phoenicians call'd
Astarte, queen of Heav'n, with crefcent horns ;
To whose bright image nightly by the moon 440
Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs,
In Sion also not unsung, where stood
Her temple on th' offensive mountain, built
By that uxorious king, whose heart though large,
Beguild by fair idolatresses, fell

445 To idols foul. Thammuz came next behind,


« opinion which Lucian relates, according to the traditions died “ viz. that this stream at certain every year and reviv'd again. He « seasons of the year, especially was slain by a wild boar in mount « about the feast of Adonis, is of Lebanon, from whence the river as a bloody color; which the Hea. Adonis descends : and when this " thens looked upon as proceed- river began to be of a reddish “ ing from a kind of sympathy in hue, as it did at a certain season us the river for the death of Adonis, of the year, this was their fignal « who was kill?d by a wild boar for celebrating their Adonia or “ in the mountains, out of which feasts of Adonis, and the women ** this itream rises. Something made loud lamentations for him, “ like this we saw actually come supposing the river was discolor'd '" to pass; for the water was saind with his blood. The like idola“ to a surprising redness; and as trous rites were transferred to Jeru

we observed in 'traveling, had falem, where Ezekiel saw the wo“ discolor'd the sea a great way men lamenting Tammuz, Ezek. « into a reddish hue, occafion'd VIII. 13, 14. He said also unto me, “ doubilcss by a fost of minium Turn thee yet again, and thou falt “ or red earth, wah'd into the see greater abominations that they do. “ river by the violence of the rain, Then he brought me to the door of *** and not by any tain from Ado- the gate of the Lord's house, which a nis's blood.”

Addison. Was torcards the north, and bebold Thammuz was the God of the Sy- there fert vomen weeping for Tamrians, the same with Adonis, who muz, Dr. Pemberton in his Ob


Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd
The Syrian damsels to lament his fate
In amorous ditties all a summer's day,
While smooth Adonis from his native rock

Ran purple to the sea, suppos’d with blood
Of Thammuz yearly wounded: the love-tale
Infected Sion's daughters with like heat,
Whose wanton passions in the facred porch
Ezekiel law, when by the vision led

455 His eye survey'd the dark idolatries Of alienated Judah. Next came one

Who fervations upon poetry quotes some bis face to the ground before the ark of these verses upon Thammuz as of the Lord; and the bead of Dagon diftinguishably melodious; and they and both the palms of his bands were are observed to be not unlike those cut off upon the threshold (upon the beautiful lines in Shakespear 1 Hen. grunsel or groundfil edge, as Milton IV. A& III. and particularly in the expresses it, on the edge of the sweetness of the numbers; footpost of his temple gate) enly the As fweet as ditties highly penn'd, frump of Dagon was left to him as Sung by a fair queen in a fum- we read Sam. V. 4. Learned mer's bower,

men are by no means agreed in With ravishing division" to her

their accounts of this idol. Some lute.

derive the name from Dagan which

signifies corn, as if he was the in457

Next came one ventor of it; others from Dag, Who mourn'd in earnefl, &c.] The which fignifies a fish, and represent lamentations for Adonis were with- him accordingly with the upper out reason, but there was real oc- part of a man, and the lower part cafion for Dagon's mourning, when of a fish. Our author follows the the ark of God was taken by the latter opinion, which is that comPhilistines, and being placed in the monly receiv’d, and has besides the temple of Dagon; the next morn- authority of the learned Selden. ing bebold Dagon was fallen upon This Dagon is called in Scripture


Who mourn'd in earnest, when the captive ark
Maim'd his brute image, head and hands lopt'off
In his own temple, on the grunsel edge, 460
Where he fell flat, and sham’d his worshippers :
Dagon his name, sea monster, upward man
And downward fish: yet had his temple high
Rear'd in Azotus, dreaded through the coast
Of Palestine, in Gath and Ascalon,

And Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds.
Him follow'd Rimmon, whose delightful seat
Was fair Damascus, on the fertil banks


the God of the Philistines, and bana and Pharpbar, rivers of Dawas worshipped in the five prin- mascus, as they are called 2 Kings cipal cities of the Philistines, men- V. 12. A leper once he loft, Naaman tion'd r. Sam. VI. 17. Azotus or the Syrian who was cur'd of his leAshdod where he had a temple as profy by Elisha, and who for that we read in 1 Sam. V. Gath, and reason resolv'd thenceforth to offer Ascalon, and Accaron, or Ekron, neis her burnt-offering nor facrifice to and Gaza where they had facri- any other God, but unto the Lord, fices and feastings in honor of him. 2 Kings V. 17. And gaind a king, Judg. XVI. Gaza's frontier bounds, Abaz his fottish conqu’ror, who with says the poet, as it was the southern the assistance of the king of Affyextremity of the promis d land to- ria having taken Damascus, law ward Egypt. It is mention'd by there an altar, and sent a pattern Moses as the southern point of the of it to Jerusalem to have another land of Canaan. Gen. X. 19. made by it, directly contrary to

467, Him follow'd Rimmon, &c.] the command of God, who had Rimmon was a God of the Syrians, appointed what kind of altar he but it is not certain what he was, would have (Exod. XXVII. 1, 2, or why so call's. We only know &c.) and had order'd that no other that he had a temple at Damascus, should be made of any matter or 2 Kings V. 18. the most celebrated figure whatsoever. Ahaz however city of Syria, on the banks of Ab- upon his return remor'd the altar


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