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Of cold Olympus ruld'the middle air,
Their higheft Heav'n; or on the Delphian cliff,
Or in Dodona, and through all the bounds
Of Doric land, or who with Saturn old
Fled over Adria to th' Hesperian fields,
And o'er the Celtic foam'd the utmost iles.

All thefe and more came flocking; but with looks
Down cast and damp, yet such wherein appear'd
Obscure fome glimpse of joy, to have found their chief
Not in despair, to' have found themselves not lost 525
In loss itself; which on his count'nance cast

Like Noah; 13 fapposed to have settled terwards became the name of Hea? in the fouth west part of - Asia Mi- ven among their worshippers'; or nor, about Ponia, which contains on the Delphian clif, Parnaffus, the radical Fetters of his name. His whereon was seated the city Delphi

defcendents were the Tonians and famous for the temple and oracle 2 Grecians and the principal of of Apollo; or in Dodona, a city

Their Gods Were Heaven and Earth; and wood adjoining facred to Jubegitan was their eldest fon, he was piter ; and through all the bounds of is father of the giants, and his em- Doric land, that is of Greece, Dos pite was feifed by his younger bro- ris being a part of Greece; or fled

is Saturn's was by Ju- over Adria, the Adriatic, to th' Hefpiter fon of Saturn and Rhea. perian fields

, to Italy; and on the Thefe first were known in the iland Celtic, France and the other counCrete, now Candia, in which is tries overrun the Celtes, roand mount Ida, where Jupiter is said the utmost iles, Great Britain, Ireto have been born; thence paffed land, the Orkneys, Thule or Iceover into Greece, and refided on land, Ultima Thule, as it is callid, inount Olympus in Theffaly; the the utmoft boundary of the world. frowy top of cold Olympus, as Ho. Such explications are needlefs to mer calls it, Oxup. Toeganvicový those who are converfant with the - Hiad. T. 420. and XVII.615. Ove claffic authors; they are written for

Openi posros. which mountain af those who are not

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529. Some

Like doubtful hue: but he his wonted pride
Soon recollecting, with high words, that bore
Semblance of worth not substance, gently rais'de
Their fainting courage, and difpell’d their fears. 530
Then strait commands that at the warlike sdund A
Of trumpets loud and clarions be upreard 2A
His mighty standard: that proud honor clam’ddar:
Azazel as his right, a Cherub tall;
Who forth with from the glittering staff unfurld! 535
Th’imperial enfign, which full high advanc'd


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9. St. 2.

529. Semblance of worth not fub- Demon, as the learned Dr. Spencer

Atance, ] An expression of hath abundantly proved in his difSpenser's Fairy Queen, B. 2. Cant. sertation De birco emiffario. He

shows that this name is used for Full lively is the semblaunt, though ancient authors Jewish and Chri's

some Demon or Devil by several the substance dead. Thyer.

ftian, and derives it from two He530. Their fainting courage,) In brew words, Az and Axel fignifythe first edition he gave it Their ing brave in retreating; a proper fainted courage, if that be not an appellation for the standard-bearer error of the press.

to the fall'n Angels. We see Mil.. 532. Of trumpets loud and clarions] ton gives Azazel a right to be ftan A clarion is a small shrill treble dard-bearer on account of his ftatranipet, a claro quem edit fono. ture; he had no notion of a dapper

Hume. enfign who can hardly carry his So Fairfax mentions and distin- colors. guifties chem; Cant. I. St. 71, When trumpets loud and clarions 535. Who forthwith &c.] There Thrill were heard,

are several other strokes in the first

book wonderfully poetical, and in 533. that proud bomor clam'd stances of that sublime genius so

Azazel as his right, a Cabernb tall}] peculiar to the author. Such is the Azaze is not the scape-goat, as it is description of Azazel's stature, and commonly calld, but fignifics some of the infernal Standard which he



Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind, c.

gems and golden lustre rich imblaz'd, Seraphic arms and trophies; all the while Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds :

540 At which the universal host

A shout, that tore Hell's concave, and beyond
Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night.
All in a moment through the gloom were seen
Ten thousand banners rise into the air

545 With orient colors waving: with them rose


unfurls; as also of that ghastly With orient colors waving: with light, by which the fiends appear

them rose to one another in their place of A foroft buge of pears;] So Taffo torments: the shout of the whole describing the Christian and Pagan host of fallen Angels when drawn Armies preparing to engage, Cant, up in battel array: the review 20. St. 28. which the leader makes of his in- . fernal army: the flash of light Sparse al vento on deggianda ir le which appear d upon the drawing

bandiere, of theit words: the sudden pro E ventolar su i gran cimier le duction of the Pandemonium : and penne: the artificial illuminations made Habiti

, fregi, imprese, 'arme, e in it. Addifen.


D'oro, e di ferro al sol, lampi, e 543. Frighted the reign of Chaos fulgori. and old Night.] Reign is used

29. like the Latin regnum for kingdom:

Sembra d'alberi densi alta foresta and fo in Spenser's Fairy Queen, L'un campo, e l'altro, di tant' B. 2. Cant. 7. St. 21.

hafte abonda. That Itrait did lead to Pluto's grisly Loose in the wind waved their end

28. reign.

signs light, 545. Ten thousand banners rise in Trembled the plumes that on their to the air

crests were set ; N 3


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A forest huge of spears; and thronging helms
Appeárod, and ferried Thields in thick array ;
Of depth immeasurable: anon they move
In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood

Of flutes and soft recorders; such as rais'd
To highth of noblest temper heroes old
Arming to battel, and instead of

rage Deliberate valor breath'd, firm and unmoy'd diela With dread of death to flight or foul retreaty 555 Nor wanting pow'r to mitigate and swage With folemn touches troubled thoughts, and chase Anguish and doubt and fear and sorrow' and pain From mortal or immortal minds. Thụs they Breathing united force with fixed thought



Their arms, impresses, colors, gold 550. to the Dorian mood &c.] and stone,

All accounts of the music of the Gainst the sun beams smild, fla. Ancients are very uncertain and med, sparkled, thone. confus'd. There feem to have been

three principal modes or measures 29. Ol dry topt oaks they seem'd two among

them, the Lydian, the Phrya forests thick;

gian, and the Dorian. The Lydian So did each hoft with spears and the most sprightly, and the Dorian

was the most doleful, the Phrygian pikes abound. Fairfax.

the moft grave and majestic. And

Tbyer. Milton in another part of his works 548. ferried fields] Lock'd uses grave and Doric almost as fynone within another, link'd and onymous terms. “ If we think clasp'd together, from the French “ to regulate printing, thereby to ferrer, to lock, to fhut close. " rectify manners, we must reguHume. “ late all recreations and pastimes,

“ all

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Mov'd on in silence to foft pipes, that charm'd
Their painful steps o'er the burnt foil; and now
Advanc'd in view they stand, a horrid front
Of dreadful length and dazling arms, in guise 1
Of warriors old with order'd spear and shield, 565
Awaiting what command their mighty chief
Had to impose : He through the armed files
Darts his experienc'd eye, and soon traverse
The whole battalion views, their order due,
Their visages and stature as of Gods,

Their number last he fums. And now his heart
Diftends with pride, and hard’ning in his strength
Glories : for never fince created man,
Met such imbodied force, as nam’d with these


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« all that is delightful to man. pets and other martial music in«No music must be heard, no song cited and inflam'd them more to ♡ be set or sung, but what is grave rage. · See Aulus Gellius, Lib. I. " and Doric." (See his Speech for cap. 11. and Thucyd. L. 5. the liberty of unlicenc'd Printing. Vol. I. p. 149. Edit. 1738.) This 560. Breathing united force with therefore was the measure best fixed thought adapted to the fall'n Angels at this Mov'd on in filence] Thus Homer jun&ture; and their instruments were makes the Grecians march on in flutes and pipes and soft recorders, for filence breathing force, Iliad. III. 8. the same reason that Thucydides oid aplody orgy piguese quesore: and other ancient historians aflign for the Lacedemonians making use

τες Αχαιοι,

Εν θυμω κ. τ. λ. of these instruments, because they inspir'd them with a more cool and 567. He through the armed files deliberate courage, whereas -trum Darts bis experiene'd eye,-] Noc



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