Sivut kuvina

By Spirits reprobate, and in an hour
What in an age they with incessant toil
And hands innumerable scarce perform.
Nigh on the plain in many

cells preparid,

700 That underneath had veins of liquid fire Sluc'd from the lake, a second multitude With wondrous art founded the maffy ore, Severing each kind, and scumm'd the bullion drofs: A third as soon had form’d within the ground 705


passage has been misunderstood by

704. and scumm'd the bullion Dr. Bentley and others. Strength dross :) Dr. Bentley says that and art are not to be construed in bullion dross is a strange blunder to the genitive case with fame, but in pass thro' all editions : He fupposes the nominative with monuments. that the author gave it, and feumm'd And then the meaning is plainly from bullion dress. But I believe that thus, Learn how their greates monu- the common reading may be dements of fame, and how their

firength fended. The word bullion does not and art are easily outdone &c. fignify purify'd are, as the Doctor

says; but ore boiled or boiling ; 699. And hands innumerable] There were 360000 men employ'd then it is purify'd ore. Agreeably

and when the dross is taken off, for near twenty years upon one of the Pyramids, according to Diodo to this Milton in his tract called of

the Reformation of England, says rus Siculus, Lib. I. and Pliny Lib. 36. cap. 12.

to extract heaps of gold and filver

out of the drollj bullion of the people's 702. a second multitude fins. And Milton makes bullion an With wondrous art founded the adjective here, tho' commonly it is

mally ore,] The first band a substantive ; juft as in V. 140. we dug the metal out of the mountain, haye ocean brim, and in III. 284. a second multitude on the plain hard virgin feed. And fo bullion dross by founded or melted it; for founded may signify the drass that came from it should be read as in the first edi- the metal, as Spenser expresses it, tion, and not found out as it is in or the dross that swam on the surthe subsequent ones; founded from face of the boiling ore. The sense fundere, to melt, to cast metal, of the pallage is this; They founded


A various mold, and from the boiling cells
By strange conveyance fillid each hollow nook,
As in an organ from one blaft of wind

many a row of pipes the sound-board breathes. Anon out of the earth a fabric huge

710 Rose like an exhalation, with the sound Of dulcét fymphonies and voices sweet, Built like a temple, where pilasters round Were fet, and Doric pillars overlaid


or melted the ore that was in the 712. Of dulcet Symphonies) This mass, by feparating or fevering each word is used likewise by Shakekind, that is, the fulphur, earth, fpear, Midsummer Night's Dream, &c. from the metal; and after A& II. that, they found the dross that Uttering such dulcet and harmó. foted on the top of the boiling ore.

nious breath.

Pearce. Bullion drofs, as one would fay gold 713. -- where pilaffers found &c.] dross or silver-drols, the dross which One of the greatest faults of Milarofe from the melted métal in re- ton is his affectation of showing his fining it. Richardson.

learning and knowledge upon every 708. As in an organ &c.] This occasion. He could not so much Simile is as exact, as it is new. And as describe this structure without "We may observe, that our author bringing in I know not how many frequently fetches his images from terms of architecture, which it will music more than any other English be proper for the sake of many poet, as he was very fond of it, readers to explain. Pilafiers round, and was himself a performer upon pillars jutting out of the wall, were the organ and other instruments. set, and Doric pillars, pillars of the

1711. Rofe like an exhalation, ] Doric order; as their music was to The sudden rifing of Pandemo- the Dorian mood, ver. 550, so their nium is supposed, and with great architecture was of the Doric orprobability, to be a hint taken der; overlaid with golden archifrom some of the moving scenes trave, that part of a column above and machines invented for the stage the capital; nor did there want corby the famous Inigo Jones. nice, the uppermost member of the


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With golden architrave; nor did there want:

715 Cornice or freeze, with bofly sculptures graven; The roof was fretted gold. Not Babylon, Nor great Alcairo such magnificence Equal'd in all their glories, to inshrine Belus or Serapis their Gods, or seat

720 Their kings, when Egypt with Affyria trove In wealth and luxury. Th’ascending pile Stood fix'd her stately highth, and strait the doors


intablature of the column, or freeze, and this latter the worse ; because that part of the intablature of co- Alcairo is the modern name of lumns between the architrave and Memphis, and not fo fit to join cornice, so denominated of the La- with Belus or Serapis. But tho' these tin phrygio an imbroiderer, because lines may possibly be faulty, yet it is commonly adorn'd with sculp- that is not authority fufficient for tures in baffo relievo, imitating im- an editor to reject them as spubroidery, and therefore the poet rious. adds, with bolly sculptures graven; 720. Belus or Serapis] Belus the the roof was fretted gold, fret-work fon of Nimrod, second king of is fillets interwoven at parallel Babylon, and the first man wordistances. This kind of work has shipped for a God, by the Chalusually flowers in the spaces, and dæans ftiled Bel; by the Phenimuft glitter much especially by cians Baal. Serapis the same with lamp.light, as Mr. Richardson ob- Apis the God of the Egyptians, serves.

· Hume. 717. Not Babylon, &c.] It must Dr. Bentley obje&ts, that Sérapis .be confessid there is some weight has the accent upon the first fyllable, in Dr. Bentley's objection, that in whereas he quotes authorities to this same narration the author had show that it Mould have it upon the challeng’d Babylon and Memphis, second, as Martial, ver. 694. Babylon the capital of

Vincebat nec quæ turba Serápin Assyria, and Memphis of old Egypt;

amat, and now as quite forgetful he reiterates it, Babylon and Alcairo: and another from Callimachus. But



Opening their brazen folds discover wide
Within, her ample spaces, o'er the smooth
And level pavement: from the arched roof
Pendent by subtle magic many a row
Of starry lamps and blazing crefsets fed
With Naphtha and Asphaltus yielded light
As from a sky. The hafty multitude
Admiring enter'd, and the work some praise
And some the architect; his hand was known



there are other authorities, which dependent lychni laquearibus may serve to justify Milton; for we aureis read in Martianus Capella, Te Se Incensi, et noctem flammis funa. răpin Nilus &c. and in Prudentius lia vincunt. Ifis enim et Serăpis &c. Pearce.

From gilded roofs depending lamps,

display 725. Within,] An adverb here

Nocturnal beams, that emulate the and not a præposition: and there

day, Dryden. fore Milton puts a comma after it, that it may not be join'd in con 728. — and blazing crefsets fed ftruction with her ample spaces. So

With Naphtha and Apbaltus] A Virgil Æn. II. 483.

creset is any great blazing light, as Apparet domus intus, et atria longa and fiery a nature, that it kindles'

a beacon. Naphtha is of so unctuous patescunt.

at approaching the fire, or the fun725.-her ample spaces,] A beau- beams. Apbaltus or bitumen, anotiful Latinism this." So Seneca de. ther pitchy substance. Richardson. fcribing Hercules's descent into And the word creffet I find used likeHell. Herc. Fur. III. 673.

wise in Shakespear, i Hen. IV.

A& III. Glendower speaks, Hínc ampla vacuis fpatia laxantur locis. Thyer.

-at my nativity

The front of Heav'n was full of 726.- from the arched roof, &c.}

fiery shapes, How much superior is this to that of burning creffets. in Virgil Æn. I.726.


738. Nor

In Heav'n by many a towred structure high,
Where scepter'd Angels held their residence,
And fat as princes, whom the supreme King, 735
Exalted to such pow's, and gave to rule,
Each in his hierarchy, the orders bright.
Nor was his name unheard or unador'd
In ancient Greece; and in Ausonian land
Men call’d him Mulciber; and how he fell

740 From


738. Nor was bis name unbeard&c.] Παν δ' ημαρ φερομην, αμα δ' ηςDr. Bentley says, “ This is care

λιώ καταδuωή. lesly express'd. Why does he not

Καππεσον εκ Λημνω" ολιγο d's « tell his name in Greece, as well

τι θυμώ ενης as his Latin name? and Mulciber was not so common a name as

Ενθα με Σινιες ανδρες αφαρ κο« Vulcan.” I think it is very ex μισανο σεσονία. adly express'd. Milton is here speaking of a Devil exercising the Once in your cause I felt his match. founder's art: and says he was not

less might, unknown in Greece and Italy. The Hurl'd headlong downward, from poet has his choice of three names

th'ethereal height, to tell us what they called him in

Toft all the day in rapid circles the classic world, Hephaftos, Vulcan, round; and Mulciber, the last only of which Nor till the sun descended, touch'd designing the office of a founder, he the ground: has very judiciously chosen that.

Breathless I fell, in giddy motion Warburton.

loft ; 740. -- and bow he fell The Sinthians rais'd

mę on

the From Heav'n, &c.) Alluding to Lemnian coast. Pope. these lines in Homer's Iliad. I. 590. Hsu gap ye xai canot' casteuse lengthens out the time of Vulcan's von LEJLANTE,

fall. He not only says with Ho'P4, God Tetaywy, apo Bil- mer, that it was all day long, but λε θεέσιμο: we are led through the parts of the


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